Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan Katz,Yehuda Lindell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146657027X

Category: Computers

Page: 603

View: 9320

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Cryptography is ubiquitous and plays a key role in ensuring data secrecy and integrity as well as in securing computer systems more broadly. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of this fascinating subject. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, with an emphasis on formal definitions, clear assumptions, and rigorous proofs of security. The book begins by focusing on private-key cryptography, including an extensive treatment of private-key encryption, message authentication codes, and hash functions. The authors also present design principles for widely used stream ciphers and block ciphers including RC4, DES, and AES, plus provide provable constructions of stream ciphers and block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book covers public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, and El Gamal cryptosystems (and others), followed by a thorough treatment of several standardized public-key encryption and digital signature schemes. Integrating a more practical perspective without sacrificing rigor, this widely anticipated Second Edition offers improved treatment of: Stream ciphers and block ciphers, including modes of operation and design principles Authenticated encryption and secure communication sessions Hash functions, including hash-function applications and design principles Attacks on poorly implemented cryptography, including attacks on chained-CBC encryption, padding-oracle attacks, and timing attacks The random-oracle model and its application to several standardized, widely used public-key encryption and signature schemes Elliptic-curve cryptography and associated standards such as DSA/ECDSA and DHIES/ECIES Containing updated exercises and worked examples, Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition can serve as a textbook for undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in cryptography, a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners, or a general introduction suitable for self-study.

Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan Katz,Yehuda Lindell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570261

Category: Computers

Page: 603

View: 3307

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Cryptography is ubiquitous and plays a key role in ensuring data secrecy and integrity as well as in securing computer systems more broadly. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of this fascinating subject. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, with an emphasis on formal definitions, clear assumptions, and rigorous proofs of security. The book begins by focusing on private-key cryptography, including an extensive treatment of private-key encryption, message authentication codes, and hash functions. The authors also present design principles for widely used stream ciphers and block ciphers including RC4, DES, and AES, plus provide provable constructions of stream ciphers and block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book covers public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, and El Gamal cryptosystems (and others), followed by a thorough treatment of several standardized public-key encryption and digital signature schemes. Integrating a more practical perspective without sacrificing rigor, this widely anticipated Second Edition offers improved treatment of: Stream ciphers and block ciphers, including modes of operation and design principles Authenticated encryption and secure communication sessions Hash functions, including hash-function applications and design principles Attacks on poorly implemented cryptography, including attacks on chained-CBC encryption, padding-oracle attacks, and timing attacks The random-oracle model and its application to several standardized, widely used public-key encryption and signature schemes Elliptic-curve cryptography and associated standards such as DSA/ECDSA and DHIES/ECIES Containing updated exercises and worked examples, Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition can serve as a textbook for undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in cryptography, a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners, or a general introduction suitable for self-study.

Introduction to Modern Cryptography

Principles and Protocols

Author: Jonathan Katz,Yehuda Lindell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420010751

Category: Computers

Page: 552

View: 7128

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Cryptography plays a key role in ensuring the privacy and integrity of data and the security of computer networks. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of modern cryptography, with a focus on formal definitions, precise assumptions, and rigorous proofs. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, including the modern, computational approach to security that overcomes the limitations of perfect secrecy. An extensive treatment of private-key encryption and message authentication follows. The authors also illustrate design principles for block ciphers, such as the Data Encryption Standard (DES) and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), and present provably secure constructions of block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book focuses on public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, El Gamal, and other cryptosystems. After exploring public-key encryption and digital signatures, the book concludes with a discussion of the random oracle model and its applications. Serving as a textbook, a reference, or for self-study, Introduction to Modern Cryptography presents the necessary tools to fully understand this fascinating subject.

Cryptography Engineering

Design Principles and Practical Applications

Author: Niels Ferguson,Bruce Schneier,Tadayoshi Kohno

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118080912

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 4680

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The ultimate guide to cryptography, updated from an author team of the world's top cryptography experts. Cryptography is vital to keeping information safe, in an era when the formula to do so becomes more and more challenging. Written by a team of world-renowned cryptography experts, this essential guide is the definitive introduction to all major areas of cryptography: message security, key negotiation, and key management. You'll learn how to think like a cryptographer. You'll discover techniques for building cryptography into products from the start and you'll examine the many technical changes in the field. After a basic overview of cryptography and what it means today, this indispensable resource covers such topics as block ciphers, block modes, hash functions, encryption modes, message authentication codes, implementation issues, negotiation protocols, and more. Helpful examples and hands-on exercises enhance your understanding of the multi-faceted field of cryptography. An author team of internationally recognized cryptography experts updates you on vital topics in the field of cryptography Shows you how to build cryptography into products from the start Examines updates and changes to cryptography Includes coverage on key servers, message security, authentication codes, new standards, block ciphers, message authentication codes, and more Cryptography Engineering gets you up to speed in the ever-evolving field of cryptography.

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Author: Alfred J. Menezes,Paul C. van Oorschot,Scott A. Vanstone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439821917

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 8290

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Cryptography, in particular public-key cryptography, has emerged in the last 20 years as an important discipline that is not only the subject of an enormous amount of research, but provides the foundation for information security in many applications. Standards are emerging to meet the demands for cryptographic protection in most areas of data communications. Public-key cryptographic techniques are now in widespread use, especially in the financial services industry, in the public sector, and by individuals for their personal privacy, such as in electronic mail. This Handbook will serve as a valuable reference for the novice as well as for the expert who needs a wider scope of coverage within the area of cryptography. It is a necessary and timely guide for professionals who practice the art of cryptography. The Handbook of Applied Cryptography provides a treatment that is multifunctional: It serves as an introduction to the more practical aspects of both conventional and public-key cryptography It is a valuable source of the latest techniques and algorithms for the serious practitioner It provides an integrated treatment of the field, while still presenting each major topic as a self-contained unit It provides a mathematical treatment to accompany practical discussions It contains enough abstraction to be a valuable reference for theoreticians while containing enough detail to actually allow implementation of the algorithms discussed Now in its third printing, this is the definitive cryptography reference that the novice as well as experienced developers, designers, researchers, engineers, computer scientists, and mathematicians alike will use.

Introduction to Computer and Network Security

Navigating Shades of Gray

Author: Richard R. Brooks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482214121

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 4995

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Guides Students in Understanding the Interactions between Computing/Networking Technologies and Security Issues Taking an interactive, "learn-by-doing" approach to teaching, Introduction to Computer and Network Security: Navigating Shades of Gray gives you a clear course to teach the technical issues related to security. Unlike most computer security books, which concentrate on software design and implementation, cryptographic tools, or networking issues, this text also explores how the interactions between hardware, software, and users affect system security. The book presents basic principles and concepts, along with examples of current threats to illustrate how the principles can either enable or neutralize exploits. Students see the importance of these concepts in existing and future technologies. In a challenging yet enjoyable way, they learn about a variety of technical topics, including current security exploits, technical factors that enable attacks, and economic and social factors that determine the security of future systems. Extensively classroom-tested, the material is structured around a set of challenging projects. Through staging exploits and choosing countermeasures to neutralize the attacks in the projects, students learn: How computer systems and networks operate How to reverse-engineer processes How to use systems in ways that were never foreseen (or supported) by the original developers Combining hands-on work with technical overviews, this text helps you integrate security analysis into your technical computing curriculum. It will educate your students on security issues, such as side-channel attacks, and deepen their understanding of how computers and networks work.

Cryptography

An Introduction

Author: Nigel Paul Smart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780077099879

Category: Computer security

Page: 433

View: 3231

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Nigel Smart's Cryptography provides the rigorous detail required for advanced cryptographic studies, yet approaches the subject matter in an accessible style in order to gently guide new students through difficult mathematical topics.

Cryptography Made Simple

Author: Nigel Smart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319219367

Category: Computers

Page: 481

View: 1631

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In this introductory textbook the author explains the key topics in cryptography. He takes a modern approach, where defining what is meant by "secure" is as important as creating something that achieves that goal, and security definitions are central to the discussion throughout. The author balances a largely non-rigorous style — many proofs are sketched only — with appropriate formality and depth. For example, he uses the terminology of groups and finite fields so that the reader can understand both the latest academic research and "real-world" documents such as application programming interface descriptions and cryptographic standards. The text employs colour to distinguish between public and private information, and all chapters include summaries and suggestions for further reading. This is a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, mathematics and engineering, and for self-study by professionals in information security. While the appendix summarizes most of the basic algebra and notation required, it is assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of discrete mathematics, probability, and elementary calculus.

A Course in Number Theory and Cryptography

Author: Neal Koblitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985921

Category: Mathematics

Page: 235

View: 4643

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This is a substantially revised and updated introduction to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the centre of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. As such, no background in algebra or number theory is assumed, and the book begins with a discussion of the basic number theory that is needed. The approach taken is algorithmic, emphasising estimates of the efficiency of the techniques that arise from the theory, and one special feature is the inclusion of recent applications of the theory of elliptic curves. Extensive exercises and careful answers are an integral part all of the chapters.

A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Information Security

Author: Stig F. Mjolsnes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466506512

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 8369

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With most services and products now being offered through digital communications, new challenges have emerged for information security specialists. A Multidisciplinary Introduction to Information Security presents a range of topics on the security, privacy, and safety of information and communication technology. It brings together methods in pure mathematics, computer and telecommunication sciences, and social sciences. The book begins with the cryptographic algorithms of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and Rivest, Shamir, and Adleman (RSA). It explains the mathematical reasoning behind public key cryptography and the properties of a cryptographic hash function before presenting the principles and examples of quantum cryptography. The text also describes the use of cryptographic primitives in the communication process, explains how a public key infrastructure can mitigate the problem of crypto-key distribution, and discusses the security problems of wireless network access. After examining past and present protection mechanisms in the global mobile telecommunication system, the book proposes a software engineering practice that prevents attacks and misuse of software. It then presents an evaluation method for ensuring security requirements of products and systems, covers methods and tools of digital forensics and computational forensics, and describes risk assessment as part of the larger activity of risk management. The final chapter focuses on information security from an organizational and people point of view. As our ways of communicating and doing business continue to shift, information security professionals must find answers to evolving issues. Offering a starting point for more advanced work in the field, this volume addresses various security and privacy problems and solutions related to the latest information and communication technology.

Understanding Cryptography

A Textbook for Students and Practitioners

Author: Christof Paar,Jan Pelzl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642041013

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 7892

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Cryptography is now ubiquitous – moving beyond the traditional environments, such as government communications and banking systems, we see cryptographic techniques realized in Web browsers, e-mail programs, cell phones, manufacturing systems, embedded software, smart buildings, cars, and even medical implants. Today's designers need a comprehensive understanding of applied cryptography. After an introduction to cryptography and data security, the authors explain the main techniques in modern cryptography, with chapters addressing stream ciphers, the Data Encryption Standard (DES) and 3DES, the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), block ciphers, the RSA cryptosystem, public-key cryptosystems based on the discrete logarithm problem, elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC), digital signatures, hash functions, Message Authentication Codes (MACs), and methods for key establishment, including certificates and public-key infrastructure (PKI). Throughout the book, the authors focus on communicating the essentials and keeping the mathematics to a minimum, and they move quickly from explaining the foundations to describing practical implementations, including recent topics such as lightweight ciphers for RFIDs and mobile devices, and current key-length recommendations. The authors have considerable experience teaching applied cryptography to engineering and computer science students and to professionals, and they make extensive use of examples, problems, and chapter reviews, while the book’s website offers slides, projects and links to further resources. This is a suitable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses and also for self-study by engineers.

The Handbook of Graph Algorithms and Applications

Applications

Author: Krishnaiyan Thulasiraman,Arun Kumar Somani,Sarma Vrudhula

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482227061

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1024

View: 1378

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The Handbook of Graph Algorithms, Volume II : Applications focuses on a wide range of algorithmic applications, including graph theory problems. The book emphasizes new algorithms and approaches that have been triggered by applications. The approaches discussed require minimal exposure to related technologies in order to understand the material. Each chapter is devoted to a single application area, from VLSI circuits to optical networks to program graphs, and features an introduction by a pioneer researcher in that particular field. The book serves as a single-source reference for graph algorithms and their related applications.

Making, Breaking Codes

An Introduction to Cryptography

Author: Paul B. Garrett

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780130303691

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 524

View: 2323

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This unique book explains the basic issues of classical and modern cryptography, and provides a self contained essential mathematical background in number theory, abstract algebra, and probability—with surveys of relevant parts of complexity theory and other things. A user-friendly, down-to-earth tone presents concretely motivated introductions to these topics.More detailed chapter topics include simple ciphers; applying ideas from probability; substitutions, transpositions, permutations; modern symmetric ciphers; the integers; prime numbers; powers and roots modulo primes; powers and roots for composite moduli; weakly multiplicative functions; quadratic symbols, quadratic reciprocity; pseudoprimes; groups; sketches of protocols; rings, fields, polynomials; cyclotomic polynomials, primitive roots; pseudo-random number generators; proofs concerning pseudoprimality; factorization attacks finite fields; and elliptic curves. For personnel in computer security, system administration, and information systems.

Algorithmic Cryptanalysis

Author: Antoine Joux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070033

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 636

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Illustrating the power of algorithms, Algorithmic Cryptanalysis describes algorithmic methods with cryptographically relevant examples. Focusing on both private- and public-key cryptographic algorithms, it presents each algorithm either as a textual description, in pseudo-code, or in a C code program. Divided into three parts, the book begins with a short introduction to cryptography and a background chapter on elementary number theory and algebra. It then moves on to algorithms, with each chapter in this section dedicated to a single topic and often illustrated with simple cryptographic applications. The final part addresses more sophisticated cryptographic applications, including LFSR-based stream ciphers and index calculus methods. Accounting for the impact of current computer architectures, this book explores the algorithmic and implementation aspects of cryptanalysis methods. It can serve as a handbook of algorithmic methods for cryptographers as well as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses on cryptanalysis and cryptography.

Practical cryptography

Author: Niels Ferguson,Bruce Schneier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 410

View: 8016

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Discusses how to choose and use cryptographic primitives, how to implement cryptographic algorithms and systems, how to protect each part of the system and why, and how to reduce system complexity and increase security.

Contemporary Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Rolf Oppliger

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608071456

Category: Computers

Page: 571

View: 5558

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Whether you're new to the field or looking to broaden your knowledge of contemporary cryptography, this newly revised edition of an Artech House classic puts all aspects of this important topic into perspective. Delivering an accurate introduction to the current state-of-the-art in modern cryptography, the book offers you an in-depth understanding of essential tools and applications to help you with your daily work. The second edition has been reorganized and expanded, providing mathematical fundamentals and important cryptography principles in the appropriate appendixes, rather than summarized at the beginning of the book. Now you find all the details you need to fully master the material in the relevant sections. This allows you to quickly delve into the practical information you need for your projects. Covering unkeyed, secret key, and public key cryptosystems, this authoritative reference gives you solid working knowledge of the latest and most critical concepts, techniques, and systems in contemporary cryptography. Additionally, the book is supported with over 720 equations, more than 60 illustrations, and numerous time-saving URLs that connect you to websites with related information.

Explorations in Computing

An Introduction to Computer Science and Python Programming

Author: John S. Conery

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466572450

Category: Computers

Page: 439

View: 6137

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An Active Learning Approach to Teaching the Main Ideas in Computing Explorations in Computing: An Introduction to Computer Science and Python Programming teaches computer science students how to use programming skills to explore fundamental concepts and computational approaches to solving problems. Tbook gives beginning students an introduction to computer science concepts and computer programming. Designed for CS0 and CS1 courses, it is very well suited for alternative lecture styles, including flipped classrooms. Prepares Students for Advanced Work in Computer Science A revised and updated version of the author’s Explorations in Computing: An Introduction to Computer Science, this text incorporates two major differences. It now uses Python, instead of Ruby, as the lab software so that students can seamlessly transition from introductory projects to more advanced studies in later courses. The book also introduces Python programming, providing students with sufficient programming skills so they can implement their own programs. Practical, Step-by-Step Projects The interactive lab projects in each chapter allow students to examine important ideas in computer science, particularly how algorithms offer computational solutions to problems. Students can type expressions, view results, and run experiments that help them understand the concepts in a hands-on way. Web Resources The Python software modules for each lab project are available on the author’s website. The modules include data files and sample Python code that students can copy and modify. In addition, the site provides a lab manual of installation instructions and tips for editing programs and running commands in a terminal emulator.

Ubiquitous Computing Fundamentals

Author: John Krumm

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420093612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 9599

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"...a must-read text that provides a historical lens to see how ubicomp has matured into a multidisciplinary endeavor. It will be an essential reference to researchers and those who want to learn more about this evolving field." -From the Foreword, Professor Gregory D. Abowd, Georgia Institute of Technology First introduced two decades ago, the term ubiquitous computing is now part of the common vernacular. Ubicomp, as it is commonly called, has grown not just quickly but broadly so as to encompass a wealth of concepts and technology that serves any number of purposes across all of human endeavor. While such growth is positive, the newest generation of ubicomp practitioners and researchers, isolated to specific tasks, are in danger of losing their sense of history and the broader perspective that has been so essential to the field’s creativity and brilliance. Under the guidance of John Krumm, an original ubicomp pioneer, Ubiquitous Computing Fundamentals brings together eleven ubiquitous computing trailblazers who each report on his or her area of expertise. Starting with a historical introduction, the book moves on to summarize a number of self-contained topics. Taking a decidedly human perspective, the book includes discussion on how to observe people in their natural environments and evaluate the critical points where ubiquitous computing technologies can improve their lives. Among a range of topics this book examines: How to build an infrastructure that supports ubiquitous computing applications Privacy protection in systems that connect personal devices and personal information Moving from the graphical to the ubiquitous computing user interface Techniques that are revolutionizing the way we determine a person’s location and understand other sensor measurements While we needn’t become expert in every sub-discipline of ubicomp, it is necessary that we appreciate all the perspectives that make up the field and understand how our work can influence and be influenced by those perspectives. This is important, if we are to encourage future generations to be as successfully innovative as the field’s originators.

Hardware Security

Design, Threats, and Safeguards

Author: Debdeep Mukhopadhyay,Rajat Subhra Chakraborty

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895848

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 7956

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Beginning with an introduction to cryptography, Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards explains the underlying mathematical principles needed to design complex cryptographic algorithms. It then presents efficient cryptographic algorithm implementation methods, along with state-of-the-art research and strategies for the design of very large scale integrated (VLSI) circuits and symmetric cryptosystems, complete with examples of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) ciphers, asymmetric ciphers, and elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). Gain a Comprehensive Understanding of Hardware Security—from Fundamentals to Practical Applications Since most implementations of standard cryptographic algorithms leak information that can be exploited by adversaries to gather knowledge about secret encryption keys, Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards: Details algorithmic- and circuit-level countermeasures for attacks based on power, timing, fault, cache, and scan chain analysis Describes hardware intellectual property piracy and protection techniques at different levels of abstraction based on watermarking Discusses hardware obfuscation and physically unclonable functions (PUFs), as well as Trojan modeling, taxonomy, detection, and prevention Design for Security and Meet Real-Time Requirements If you consider security as critical a metric for integrated circuits (ICs) as power, area, and performance, you’ll embrace the design-for-security methodology of Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards.