How the Ocean Works

An Introduction to Oceanography

Author: Mark Denny

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842883

Category: Nature

Page: 344

View: 6309

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The world's oceans account for roughly 71 percent of the planet's surface and 99 percent of its livable volume. Any study of this huge habitat requires a solid foundation in the principles that underlie marine biology and physical and chemical oceanography, yet until now undergraduate textbooks have largely presented compilations of facts rather than explanations of principles. How the Ocean Works fills this gap, providing a concise and accessible college-level introduction to marine science that is also ideal for general readers. How are winds and currents driven? What is the dilemma of the two-layered ocean? Mark Denny explains key concepts like these in rich and fascinating detail. He explores early scientific knowledge of oceans, photosynthesis, trophic interactions and energy flow, and the impacts of human activities on marine and atmospheric systems. Focusing each chapter on a major topic and carefully explaining the principles and theory involved, Denny gives readers the conceptual building blocks needed to develop a coherent picture of the living ocean. How the Ocean Works is an indispensable resource that teaches readers how to think about the ocean--its biology, mechanics, and conservation. Provides a concise, up-to-date introduction to marine science Develops the conceptual basis needed to understand how the ocean works Explains fundamental principles and theory Includes color illustrations and informative diagrams Serves as a college textbook and a reference for general readers Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Oceanography and Marine Biology

An Introduction to Marine Science

Author: David W. Townsend

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878936021

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1916

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Oceanography and Marine Biology preserves the basic elements of the physical, chemical, and geological aspects of the marine sciences, and merges those fundamentals into a broader framework of marine biology and ecology. I have found that this approach works: my class of 350 students fills every semester it is offered, with students on waiting lists to get in. But existing textbooks on oceanography or marine biology address the companion field only cursorily: very few pages in oceanography texts are devoted to marine biology, and vice versa. This new book overcomes that imbalance, bringing these disparate marine science text formats closer together, giving them more equal weight, and introducing more effectively the physical sciences by showing students with everyday examples how such concepts form the foundation upon which to build a better understanding of the marine environment in a changing world.

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing

Author: Seelye Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521802802

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 2233

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Originally published in 2004, An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing describes the use of satellite data in the retrieval of oceanic physical and biological properties. It gives examples of the kinds of data that can be acquired and describes their oceanographic application. It also describes national and international programs in satellite oceanography. The book covers radiative transfer, ocean surface properties, satellite orbits, instruments and methods, visible remote sensing of biological properties, infrared sea surface temperature retrieval, passive microwave measurements, scatterometer wind retrieval, altimetry and SAR. Newer techniques, such as polarimetric passive microwave radiometers and SARs, interferometric radar altimetry and sea surface salinity retrieval are also discussed. This textbook is designed for graduate and senior undergraduate courses in satellite oceanography, and will prepare students and interested scientists to use satellite data in oceanographic research.

An Introduction to Ocean Turbulence

Author: S. A. Thorpe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467816

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3256

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This textbook provides an introduction to turbulent motion occurring naturally in the ocean on scales ranging from millimetres to hundreds of kilometres. It describes turbulence in the mixed boundary layers at the sea surface and seabed, turbulent motion in the density-stratified water between, and the energy sources that support and sustain ocean mixing. Little prior knowledge of physical oceanography is assumed. The text is supported by numerous figures, extensive further reading lists, and more than 50 exercises that are graded in difficulty. Detailed solutions to the exercises are available to instructors online at www.cambridge.org/9780521859486. This textbook is intended for undergraduate courses in physical oceanography, and all students interested in multidisciplinary aspects of how the ocean works, from the shoreline to the deep abyssal plains. It also forms a useful lead-in to the author's more advanced graduate textbook, The Turbulent Ocean (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea

Author: Michael E. Q. Pilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521887070

Category: Science

Page: 533

View: 7378

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Engagingly introduces marine chemistry and the ocean's geochemical interactions with the solid earth and atmosphere, for students of oceanography.

Introduction to PDEs and Waves for the Atmosphere and Ocean

Author: Andrew Majda

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821883495

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 7664

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Written by a leading specialist in the area of atmosphere/ocean science (AOS), the book presents an excellent introduction to this important topic. The goals of these lecture notes, based on courses presented by the author at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, are to introduce mathematicians to the fascinating and important area of atmosphere/ocean science (AOS) and, conversely, to develop a mathematical viewpoint on basic topics in AOS of interest to the disciplinary AOS community, ranging from graduate students to researchers. The lecture notes emphasize the serendipitous connections between applied mathematics and geophysical flows in the style of modern applied mathematics, where rigorous mathematical analysis as well as asymptotic, qualitative, and numerical modeling all interact to ease the understanding of physical phenomena. Reading these lecture notes does not require a previous course in fluid dynamics, although a serious reader should supplement these notes with material such The book is intended for graduate students and researchers working in interdisciplinary areas between mathematics and AOS. It is excellent for supplementary course reading or independent study.

Waves in the Ocean and Atmosphere

Introduction to Wave Dynamics

Author: Joseph Pedlosky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540003403

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 7275

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For over twenty years, the Joint Program in Physical Oceanography of MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has based its education program on a series of core courses in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Physical Oceanography. One of the central courses in the Core is one on wave theory, tailored to meet the needs of both physical oceanography and meteorology students. I have had the pleasure of teaching of years, and I have particularly enjoyed the response of the the course for a number students to their exposure to the fascination of wave phenomena and theory. This book is a reworking of course notes that I have prepared for the students, and I was encouraged by their enthusiastic response to the notes to reach a larger audience with this material. The emphasis, both in the course and in this text, is twofold: the de velopment of the basic ideas of wave theory and the description of specific types of waves of special interest to oceanographers and meteorologists. Throughout the course, each wave type is introduced both for its own intrinsic interest and importance and as a ve hicle for illustrating some general concept in the theory of waves. Topics covered range from small-scale surface gravity waves to large-scale planetary vorticity waves.

Introduction to the Modelling of Marine Ecosystems

(with MATLAB programs on accompanying CD-ROM)

Author: W. Fennel,T. Neumann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008053497X

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 8094

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Modelling of marine ecosystems is a rapidly developing branch of interdisciplinary oceanographic research. Introduction to the Modelling of Marine Ecosystems is the first consistent and comprehensive introduction to the development of models of marine ecosystems. It begins with simple first steps of modelling and develops more and more complex models. This step-by-step approach to increasing the complexity of the models is intended to allow students of biological oceanography and interested scientists with only limited experience in mathematical modelling to explore the theoretical framework and familiarize oneself with the methods. The book describes how biological model components can be integrated into three dimensional circulation models and how such models can be used for 'numerical experiments'. The book illustrates the mathematical aspects of modelling and gives application examples. The tutorial aspect of the book is supported by a set of MATLAB programs, which are provided on an accompanying CD-Rom and which can be used to reproduce many of the results presented in the book. Also available in paperback, ISBN 0-444-51704-9

Ocean Studies

Introduction to Oceanography

Author: Joseph M. Moran

Publisher: Education Program American Meteorological Society

ISBN: 9781878220486

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 522

View: 2749

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"The American Meteorological Society Education Program"--T.p. verso.

Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Philip V. Mladenov

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654353

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 4363

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The marine environment is the largest, most important, and yet most mysterious habitat on our planet. It contains more than 99% of the world's living space; produces half of its oxygen; plays a critical role in regulating its climate; and supports a remarkably diverse and exquisitely adapted array of life forms, from microscopic viruses, bacteria, and plankton to the largest existing animals. As the 21st century progresses human activities, such as overfishing, coastal development, plastic pollution, oil spills, nutrient pollution, the spread of exotic species, and the emission of climate changing greenhouse gases are posing a significant threat to the marine environment and to many of its life forms. In this unique Very Short Introduction, Philip Mladenov provides a comprehensive overview of marine biology, providing a tour of marine life and marine processes that ranges from the polar oceans to tropical coral reefs; and from the intertidal to the hydrothermal vents of the deep sea. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

An Introduction to Marine Science

Author: P. S. Meadows,J. I. Campbell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461536685

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 285

View: 8553

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It is now nine years since the first edition appeared and much has changed in marine science during that time. For example, satellites are now routinely used in remote sensing of the ocean surface and hydrothermal vents at sea floor spreading centres have been extensively researched. The second edition has been considerably expanded and reorganised, and many new figures and tables have been included. Every chapter has been carefully updated and many have been rewritten. A new chapter on man's use of the oceans has been included to cover satellites and position fixing, renewable energy sources in the sea, seabed minerals, oil and gas, pollution and maritime law. In this edition we have also referred to a number of original references and review articles so that readers can find their way into the literature more easily. As in the first edition, PSM has been mainly responsible for the text and lIC for the illustrations, although each has responded to advice from the other and also from many colleagues. In this context readers should note that the illustrations form an integral and major part of the book. The text will almost certainly be too concise for many readers if they do not study the illustrations carefully at the same time. The book has been written as an introductory text for students, although it can serve anyone who is beginning a study of the sea.

Introduction to Physical Oceanography

Third Edition

Author: John A. Knauss,Newell Garfield

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634758

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 1575

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For decades, previous editions of John Knauss’s seminal work have struck a balance between purely descriptive texts and mathematically rigorous ones, giving a wide range of marine scientists access to the fundamental principles of physical oceanography. Newell Garfield continues this tradition, delivering valuable updates that highlight the book’s resourceful presentation and concise effectiveness. The authors include historical and current research, along with a 12-page color insert, to illuminate their perspective that the world ocean is tumultuous and continually helps to shape global environmental processes. The Third Edition builds a solid foundation that readers will find straightforward and lucid. It presents valuable insight into our understanding of the world ocean by: • Encompassing essential oceanic processes such as the transfer of heat across the ocean surface, the distribution of temperature and salinity, and the effect of the earth’s rotation on the ocean. • Providing sensible and well-defined explanations of the roles played by a stratified ocean, global balances, and equations of motion. • Discussing cogent topics such as major currents, tides, waves, coastal oceans, semienclosed seas, and sound and optics.

Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life

Author: James L. Sumich,John Francis Morrissey

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763733131

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 4374

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This textbook examines selected groups of marine organisms within a framework of basic biological principles and processes. With attention to taxonomic, evolutionary, ecological, behavioral, and physiological aspects of biological study, the book contains chapters on habitat, patterns of association, phytoplankton, marine plants, protozoans and inv

Python Programming

An Introduction to Computer Science

Author: John M. Zelle

Publisher: Franklin, Beedle & Associates, Inc.

ISBN: 1887902996

Category: Computers

Page: 517

View: 3898

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This book is suitable for use in a university-level first course in computing (CS1), as well as the increasingly popular course known as CS0. It is difficult for many students to master basic concepts in computer science and programming. A large portion of the confusion can be blamed on the complexity of the tools and materials that are traditionally used to teach CS1 and CS2. This textbook was written with a single overarching goal: to present the core concepts of computer science as simply as possible without being simplistic.

Introduction to Marine Biology

Author: George Karleskint,Richard Turner,James Small

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285402227

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 6264

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INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY sparks curiosity about the marine world and provides an understanding of the process of science. Taking an ecological approach and intended for non-science majors, the text provides succinct coverage of the content while the photos and art clearly illustrate key concepts. Studying is made easy with phonetic pronunciations, a running glossary of key terms, end-of-chapter questions, and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter. The open look and feel of INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY and the enhanced art program convey the beauty and awe of life in the ocean. Twenty spectacular photos open the chapters, piquing the motivation and attention of students, and over 60 photos and pieces of art are new or redesigned. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Science, Technology, and New Challenges to Ocean Law

Author: Harry N. Scheiber,James Kraska,Moon-Sang Kwon

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004299610

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 2008

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Sixteen authoritative yet eminently readable chapters offer analyses of major issues in the interfaces of science, technology, and law for the oceans. This volume fills an important gap both in the existing literature on law of the sea and in the more comprehensive field of ocean resource-use studies.

The Empty Ocean

Author: Richard Ellis

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597265997

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 1066

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In The Empty Ocean, acclaimed author and artist Richard Ellis tells the story of our continued plunder of life in the sea and weighs the chances for its recovery. Through fascinating portraits of a wide array of creatures, he introduces us to the many forms of sea life that humans have fished, hunted, and collected over the centuries, from charismatic whales and dolphins to the lowly menhaden, from sea turtles to cod, tuna, and coral. Rich in history, anecdote, and surprising fact, Richard Ellis’s descriptions bring to life the natural history of the various species, the threats they face, and the losses they have suffered. Killing has occurred on a truly stunning scale, with extinction all too often the result, leaving a once-teeming ocean greatly depleted. But the author also finds instances of hope and resilience, of species that have begun to make remarkable comebacks when given the opportunity. Written with passion and grace, and illustrated with Richard Ellis’s own drawings, The Empty Ocean brings to a wide audience a compelling view of the damage we have caused to life in the sea and what we can do about it. "

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences

Author: John H. Steele,S. A. Thorpe (FRS.),Karl K. Turekian

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123750570

Category: Marine ecology

Page: 4317

View: 8414

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Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences 2e is a new 6-volume online reference work, pulling together all the key information in one source from the leading publisher in the field. This second edition is online, offering the user greater flexibility, accessibility, and most importantly, usability with 24 hour access, multi-user access, remote access and excellent search functionality. Structured for success, each article contains a glossary, an introduction, a reference section and a wealth of cross-referenced links to premium and related material all accessible in a mouse-click, making complicated, time consuming research a thing of the past. *Approximately 500 articles covering the breadth and depth of the field with over 30% new and updated content reflecting the latest research *Greater coverage of climate, remote sensing, and data modeling, with greater consideration of economic and political aspects provides a broad view of the field *Structured for success, each article contains an introduction, a reference section, a glossary and a wealth of cross references to premium related journal and book content