Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Author: Martin Hendriks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199296847

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 2341

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology - the large-scale study of hydrology with which we need to grapple to fully understand the impact of the climate on water supply.The study of physical properties is done most effectively through mathematical representations of concepts and processes. Introduction to Physical Hydrology includes a carefully-developed and class-tested learning framework: an extensive range of examples and exercises, and further maths support inthe form of a series of Maths Toolboxes help the reader engage with and understand the maths required to master the subject.With hydrology now being approached from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives, there has never been a more important time to develop a sound understanding of the subject. Introduction to Physical Hydrology isthe perfect course companion while you develop this understanding.

Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Author: Richard J. Chorley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000007073

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 6064

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Originally published in this form in 1971, the content of this book was originally part of a larger composite volume ‘Water, Earth and Man’ (1969) which provided a synthesis of hydrology, geomorphology and socio-economic geography. This volume brings together the systematic theme of physical hydrology while maintaining a link with the original book which emphasised the benefit of the study of water being considered in the widest sense within the physical and social environments.

Siedlungswasserwirtschaft

Author: Willi Gujer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662129914

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 6369

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Die Siedlungswasserwirtschaft ist eine Disziplin, die zunehmend multidisziplinärer wird. Das aktuelle Lehrbuch "Siedlungswasserwirtschaft" behandelt systematisch und kompakt die ganze Breite dieses Arbeitsgebietes für das Bau- und Umweltingenieurwesen. - Konzepte, Methoden und Modelle, die für eine vertiefte praxisorientierte Ausbildung unverzichtbar sind - Grundlagenkenntnisse, ganzheitliche Problemlösungen und neueste Trends für die Praxis - Didaktisch ausgefeilt, gut lesbar, mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Abbildungen Die beiliegende CD-ROM enthält umfangreiches Material wie Übungen, Vorlesungsunterlagen und farbige Folien, die im Unterricht und bei der Prüfungsvorbereitung helfen. Das Lehrbuch ergänzt optimal die Vorlesung an Fachhochschulen und Technischen Universitäten. Auch wer sich in der Praxis up-to-date halten und aktuelle Fragen schnell nachschlagen möchte, findet hier die ideale Unterstützung. Aus den Beurteilungen: "Das Bestechende an diesem Buch ist die klare Linie, die Darstellung des Wesentlichen und der Zusammenhänge. Es ist ein Lehrbuch im besten Sinne und es ist auch ein Buch für Lehrer. ...äußerst empfehlenswert für alle, die mit Siedlungswasserwirtschaft oder Umwelttechnik zu tun haben." (Prof. R. Otterpohl in KA Korrespondenz Abwasser)

Physical Hydrology

Third Edition

Author: S. Lawrence Dingman

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478628073

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 4958

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For twenty years, Lawrence Dingman’s well-written, comprehensive Physical Hydrology has set standards for balancing theoretical depth and breadth of applications. Rich in substance and written to meet the needs of future researchers and experts in the field, Dingman treats hydrology as a distinct geoscience that is continually expanding to deal with large-scale changes in land use and climate. The third edition provides a solid conceptual basis of the subject and introduces the quantitative relations involved in answering scientific and management questions about water resources. The text is organized around three principal themes: the basic concepts underlying the science of hydrology; the exchange of water and energy between the atmosphere and the earth’s surface; and the land phase of the hydrologic cycle. Dingman supplies the basic physical principles necessary for developing a sound, instructive sense of the way in which water moves on and through the land; in addition, he describes the assumptions behind each analytical approach and identifies the limitations of each.

Fundamentals of Hydrology

Author: Tim Davie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415399866

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6733

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In order to manage the world's increasingly scarce water resources we must have a sound understanding of how water moves around the planet and what influences water quality. Fundamentals of Hydrology provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to this subject and provides real-life examples of water resource management in a changing world. The second edition of this popular book brings the text up-to-date with additional case studies and diagrams and a greater synthesis of water quality with physical hydrology. The chapters on runoff and evaporation have been updated and the final chapter on hydrology in a changing world has more material on water resource management strategies. Additionally the chapter on streamflow analysis now includes a more in-depth section on modelling runoff. The book begins with a comprehensive coverage of precipitation, evaporation, water stored in the ground and as snow and ice, and runoff. These physical hydrological processes show with respect to the fundamental knowledge about the process, its measurement and estimation and how it ties in with water quality. Following this is a section on analyzing streamflow data, including using computer models and combining hydrology and ecology for in-stream flow assessment. A chapter on water quality shows how to measure and estimate it in a variable environment and finishes with a section on pollution treatment. The final chapter brings the text together to discuss water resource management andreal-life issues that are faced by hydrologists in a constantly changing world. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. This new edition continues to provide an understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of water resource management in a changing world. Throughout the text, wide-ranging examples and case studies are used to clearly explain ideas and methods. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment

Author: Joseph Holden

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131753044

Category: Science

Page: 762

View: 3321

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The second edition of this best-selling and highly respected textbook provides an accessible and engaging introduction to the major topics within physical geography. An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment is designed with a range of in-text features such as case studies and reflective questions to aid study. As well as this, students have access to a rich and extensive range of online support resources such as extra weblinks, fieldwork worksheets, interactive models and new video clips of physical processes in action, all of which will help them achieve success in their Physical Geography course.

Strabons Geographika: Buch XIV-XVII, Text und Übersetzung

Author: Strabo

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525259535

Category: History

Page: 574

View: 1000

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English summary: The only geographical description which has been preserved of the Hellenic and Roman world. Volume 4 (XIV-XVII: Text and translation): Asia Minor (continuation), Persia, India, Middle East, Egypt, North Africa. This volume completes the presentation of the greek text and of its translation. German description: Die auf zehn Bande angelegte Ausgabe enthalt einen aufgrund neuer Kollationierung der Haupthandschriften und unter Berucksichtigung der gesamten zu Strabon erschienenen Sekundarliteratur konstituierten Text mit kritischem und Testimonien-Apparat und deutscher Ubersetzung (Bande 1-4), einen Kommentar (Bande 5-8), eine Transkription der mittelalterlichen Strabon Epitome und Chrestomathie, die es erlaubt, jeweils mit einem Blick festzustellen, welche Teile des Strabontextes diese wichtigen Textzeugen enthalten (Band 9), und einen Registerband. Die Bande erscheinen jeweils im Abstand von etwa einem Jahr.

Elements of Physical Hydrology

Author: George M. Hornberger,Patricia L. Wiberg,Jeffrey P. Raffensperger,Paolo D'Odorico

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413736

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 5435

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Among the many diverse aspects of environmental science, none is more critical to the future of society and nature than water. Understanding the role of water on Earth and making good decisions regarding water conservation and hydrological hazards depends on learning the fundamentals of physical hydrology. This textbook, now in an expanded second edition, provides the clearest opportunity for students to absorb those fundamentals. Written at an introductory level, Elements of Physical Hydrology covers virtually every aspect of this subject, including: • The hydrological cycle• Water budgets at catchment to global scales • Spatial and temporal aspects of precipitation• Evapotranspiration• Fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation• Laminar and turbulent flows• Open channel flow • Flood movement through reservoirs and channels • Flood frequency analysis• Groundwater flow• Aquifer characterization• Land subsidence• Soil moisture dynamics• Flow in the unsaturated zone• Hydrologic controls on vegetation • Biotic controls on hydrological processes• Runoff generation from surface and subsurface sources• Catchment models• The water-food-energy nexus• The globalization of water• Impacts of changing climate Layering one topic upon the next, Elements of Physical Hydrology succeeds in moving from simple, easy-to-grasp explanations through equations and models in a manner that will leave students new to the topic eager to apply their knowledge. Professionals in related disciplines will also find this book ideal for self-study. Thoughtfully illustrated, carefully written, and covering a broad spectrum of topics, this classic text clarifies a subject that is often misunderstood and oversimplified.

Fluvial Forms and Processes

A New Perspective

Author: David Knighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134666616

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9274

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David Knighton's best-selling book looks at the wide range of forms developed by natural rivers and the processes responsible for that development. The book combines empirical and theoretical approaches, and provides a critical assessment of the many schools of thought which have emerged for dealing with adjustment in the fluvial system. It is fully illustrated throughout by a superb range of figures, photographs and tables. Starting with the network scale, the book examines the interaction of hillslopes, drainage networks and channels, and goes on to considerations of catchment hydrology and catchment denudation. Fluvial processes are analysed in detail, from the mechanics of flow to sediment transport and deposition. Detailing the major components of river channels, the book examines the nature of river adjustment, particularly with respect to equilibrium concepts, and concludes with a look at channel changes through time, affected by flood discharges, climatic change and human activities.

Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 9902

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

Geologie für Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 4485

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Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586672

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 6107

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Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources. Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment. Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.

An Introduction to the Geography of Tourism

Author: Velvet Nelson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442210710

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 309

View: 9015

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This clear and engaging text introduces undergraduate students to the vast and diverse subject of tourism through the lens of geography. Indeed, geography and tourism have always been interconnected, and Velvet Nelson draws on human and physical geography to interpret all facets of tourism—economic, social, and environmental. She shows how geography provides the tools and concepts to consider both the positive and negative factors that affect tourists and destinations, as well as the effects tourism has on both peoples and places. Her thematic approach uses real-world case studies, based on research and on the experiences of tourists themselves, to vividly illustrate key issues. This comprehensive introduction will enhance students' understanding of geographic concepts and how they can be used as a way of viewing and understanding the world.

A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

Author: D. T. Potts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405189886

Category: History

Page: 1500

View: 2026

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A comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity Features up–to–date surveys and the latest information from major new excavations such as Qatna (Syria), Göbekli Tepe (Turkey) Includes a diverse range of perspectives by senior, mid–career and junior scholars in Europe, USA, Britain, Australia, and the Middle East for a truly international group Includes major reviews of the origins of agriculture, animal domestication, and archaeological landscapes Includes chapters dealing with periods after the coming of Alexander the Great, including studies of the Seleucid, Arsacid, Sasanian, Roman and Byzantine empires in the Near East, as well as early Christianity in both the Levant and Mesopotamia Fills a gap in literature of the Ancient Near East, dealing with topics often overlooked, including ethical and legal issues in antiquities markets and international scholarship

Theoretische Bodenmechanik

Author: Karl Terzaghi

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642532446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 506

View: 9122

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2 nung der durch Änderungen in der Belastung und in den Entwässe rungsbedingungen verursachten Wirkungen meist nur sehr gering sind. Diese Feststellung gilt im besonderen Maße für alle jene Auf gaben, die sich mit der Wirkung des strömenden Wasser befassen, weil hier untergeordnete Abweichungen in der Schichtung, die durch Probebohrungen nicht aufgeschlossen werden, von großem Einfluß sein können. Aus diesem Grunde unterscheidet sich die Anwendung der theoretischen Bodenmechanik auf den Erd- und Grundbau ganz wesentlich von der Anwendung der technischen Mechanik auf den Stahl-, Holz- und Massivbau. Die elastischen Größen der Baustoffe Stahl oder Stahlbeton sind nur wenig veränderlich, und die Gesetze der angewandten Mechanik können für die praktische Anwendung ohne Einschränkung übertragen werden. Demgegenüber stellen die theoretischen Untersuchungen in der Bodenmechanik nur Arbeits hypothesen dar, weil unsere Kenntnisse über die mittleren physikalischen Eigenschaften des Untergrundes und über den Verlauf der einzelnen Schichtgrenzen stets unvollkommen und sogar oft äußerst unzuläng lich sind. Vom praktischen Standpunkt aus gesehen, sind die in der Bodenmechanik entwickelten Arbeitshypothesen jedoch ebenso an wendbar wie die theoretische Festigkeitslehre auf andere Zweige des Bauingenieurwesens. Wenn der Ingenieur sich der in den grundlegen den Annahmen enthaltenen Unsicherheiten bewußt ist, dann ist er auch imstande, die Art und die Bedeutung der Unterschiede zu er kennen, die zwischen der Wirklichkeit und seiner Vorstellung über die Bodenverhältnisse bestehen.

Hydrology

An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling

Author: Arved J. Raudkivi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135977

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 7569

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Hydrology: An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling introduces the reader to hydrological processes and methods of estimation of the various quantities involved. Topics covered range from elements of meteorology to precipitation, evaporation and transpiration, interception, and flood routing. Extreme events, design flood, and small catchment runoff are also discussed. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of hydrology and the hydrologic cycle, along with the world's water resources and their utilization and management. Subsequent chapters deal with atmospheric thermodynamics and atmospheric circulation; analysis and measurement of precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, and interception; infiltration of groundwater; and reservoir and stream routing. Storage for flood control and regulation for abatement of water shortage are also considered, along with stratification and siltation of reservoirs, catchment yield, and sediment yield and transport. The final chapter highlights the importance of information analysis and decision making in hydrological work. This monograph is written for senior and postgraduate students and should also be of value to practitioners of physics, mathematics, and civil engineering.

Hydrology

An Introduction

Author: Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268796

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4056

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Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.