Introductory Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: Henry Parker Manning

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486154645

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

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This fine and versatile introduction begins with the theorems common to Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry, and then it addresses the specific differences that constitute elliptic and hyperbolic geometry. 1901 edition.

Introduction to Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: EISENREICH

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483295311

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 3446

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An Introduction to Non-Euclidean Geometry covers some introductory topics related to non-Euclidian geometry, including hyperbolic and elliptic geometries. This book is organized into three parts encompassing eight chapters. The first part provides mathematical proofs of Euclid’s fifth postulate concerning the extent of a straight line and the theory of parallels. The second part describes some problems in hyperbolic geometry, such as cases of parallels with and without a common perpendicular. This part also deals with horocycles and triangle relations. The third part examines single and double elliptic geometries. This book will be of great value to mathematics, liberal arts, and philosophy major students.

Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: H. S. M. Coxeter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855225

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

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A reissue of Professor Coxeter's classic text on non-Euclidean geometry. It surveys real projective geometry, and elliptic geometry. After this the Euclidean and hyperbolic geometries are built up axiomatically as special cases. This is essential reading for anybody with an interest in geometry.

Introduction to Hyperbolic Geometry

Author: Arlan Ramsay,Robert D. Richtmyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475755856

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 8021

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This book is an introduction to hyperbolic and differential geometry that provides material in the early chapters that can serve as a textbook for a standard upper division course on hyperbolic geometry. For that material, the students need to be familiar with calculus and linear algebra and willing to accept one advanced theorem from analysis without proof. The book goes well beyond the standard course in later chapters, and there is enough material for an honors course, or for supplementary reading. Indeed, parts of the book have been used for both kinds of courses. Even some of what is in the early chapters would surely not be nec essary for a standard course. For example, detailed proofs are given of the Jordan Curve Theorem for Polygons and of the decomposability of poly gons into triangles, These proofs are included for the sake of completeness, but the results themselves are so believable that most students should skip the proofs on a first reading. The axioms used are modern in character and more "user friendly" than the traditional ones. The familiar real number system is used as an in gredient rather than appearing as a result of the axioms. However, it should not be thought that the geometric treatment is in terms of models: this is an axiomatic approach that is just more convenient than the traditional ones.

Introduction To Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: Harold E. Wolfe

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 1446547302

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 9900

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Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Introduction to Projective Geometry

Author: C. R. Wylie

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141705

Category: Mathematics

Page: 576

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This introductory volume offers strong reinforcement for its teachings, with detailed examples and numerous theorems, proofs, and exercises, plus complete answers to all odd-numbered end-of-chapter problems. 1970 edition.

Low-dimensional Geometry

From Euclidean Surfaces to Hyperbolic Knots

Author: Francis Bonahon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082184816X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9818

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The study of 3-dimensional spaces brings together elements from several areas of mathematics. The most notable are topology and geometry, but elements of number theory and analysis also make appearances. In the past 30 years, there have been striking developments in the mathematics of 3-dimensional manifolds. This book aims to introduce undergraduate students to some of these important developments. Low-Dimensional Geometry starts at a relatively elementary level, and its early chapters can be used as a brief introduction to hyperbolic geometry. However, the ultimate goal is to describe the very recently completed geometrization program for 3-dimensional manifolds. The journey to reach this goal emphasizes examples and concrete constructions as an introduction to more general statements. This includes the tessellations associated to the process of gluing together the sides of a polygon. Bending some of these tessellations provides a natural introduction to 3-dimensional hyperbolic geometry and to the theory of kleinian groups, and it eventually leads to a discussion of the geometrization theorems for knot complements and 3-dimensional manifolds. This book is illustrated with many pictures, as the author intended to share his own enthusiasm for the beauty of some of the mathematical objects involved. However, it also emphasizes mathematical rigor and, with the exception of the most recent research breakthroughs, its constructions and statements are carefully justified.

Introduction to Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: Harold E. Wolfe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486498506

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 6798

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One of the first college-level texts for elementary courses in non-Euclidean geometry, this volumeis geared toward students familiar with calculus. Topics include the fifth postulate, hyperbolicplane geometry and trigonometry, and elliptic plane geometry and trigonometry. Extensiveappendixes offer background information on Euclidean geometry, and numerous exercisesappear throughout the text.Reprint of the Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., New York, 1945 edition

Geometry from a Differentiable Viewpoint

Author: John McCleary

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521116074

Category: Mathematics

Page: 357

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A thoroughly revised second edition of a textbook for a first course in differential/modern geometry that introduces methods within a historical context.

Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometries

Development and History

Author: Marvin J. Greenberg

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716724469

Category: Mathematics

Page: 483

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This classic text provides overview of both classic and hyperbolic geometries, placing the work of key mathematicians/ philosophers in historical context. Coverage includes geometric transformations, models of the hyperbolic planes, and pseudospheres.

The Poincaré Half-plane

A Gateway to Modern Geometry

Author: Saul Stahl

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780867202984

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 9575

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The Poincare Half-Planeprovides an elementary and constructive development of this geometry that brings the undergraduate major closer to current geometric research. At the same time, repeated use is made of high school geometry, algebra, trigonometry, and calculus, thus reinforcing the students' understanding of these disciplines as well as enhancing their perception of mathematics as a unified endeavor.

Crocheting Adventures with Hyperbolic Planes

Tactile Mathematics, Art and Craft for all to Explore, Second Edition

Author: Daina Taimina

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351402196

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 7755

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Winner, Euler Book Prize, awarded by the Mathematical Association of America. With over 200 full color photographs, this non-traditional, tactile introduction to non-Euclidean geometries also covers early development of geometry and connections between geometry, art, nature, and sciences. For the crafter or would-be crafter, there are detailed instructions for how to crochet various geometric models and how to use them in explorations. New to the 2nd Edition; Daina Taimina discusses her own adventures with the hyperbolic planes as well as the experiences of some of her readers. Includes recent applications of hyperbolic geometry such as medicine, architecture, fashion & quantum computing.

The Geometry of Special Relativity

Author: Tevian Dray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466510471

Category: Mathematics

Page: 150

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The Geometry of Special Relativity provides an introduction to special relativity that encourages readers to see beyond the formulas to the deeper geometric structure. The text treats the geometry of hyperbolas as the key to understanding special relativity. This approach replaces the ubiquitous γ symbol of most standard treatments with the appropriate hyperbolic trigonometric functions. In most cases, this not only simplifies the appearance of the formulas, but also emphasizes their geometric content in such a way as to make them almost obvious. Furthermore, many important relations, including the famous relativistic addition formula for velocities, follow directly from the appropriate trigonometric addition formulas. The book first describes the basic physics of special relativity to set the stage for the geometric treatment that follows. It then reviews properties of ordinary two-dimensional Euclidean space, expressed in terms of the usual circular trigonometric functions, before presenting a similar treatment of two-dimensional Minkowski space, expressed in terms of hyperbolic trigonometric functions. After covering special relativity again from the geometric point of view, the text discusses standard paradoxes, applications to relativistic mechanics, the relativistic unification of electricity and magnetism, and further steps leading to Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The book also briefly describes the further steps leading to Einstein’s general theory of relativity and then explores applications of hyperbola geometry to non-Euclidean geometry and calculus, including a geometric construction of the derivatives of trigonometric functions and the exponential function.

The Non-Euclidean Revolution

With an Introduction by H.S.M Coxeter

Author: Richard J. Trudeau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461221021

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

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Richard Trudeau confronts the fundamental question of truth and its representation through mathematical models in The Non-Euclidean Revolution. First, the author analyzes geometry in its historical and philosophical setting; second, he examines a revolution every bit as significant as the Copernican revolution in astronomy and the Darwinian revolution in biology; third, on the most speculative level, he questions the possibility of absolute knowledge of the world. Trudeau writes in a lively, entertaining, and highly accessible style. His book provides one of the most stimulating and personal presentations of a struggle with the nature of truth in mathematics and the physical world.

Non-Euclidean Geometry in the Theory of Automorphic Functions

Author: Jacques Hadamard

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821890479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 95

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This is the English translation of a volume originally published only in Russian and now out of print. The book was written by Jacques Hadamard on the work of Poincare. Poincare's creation of a theory of automorphic functions in the early 1880s was one of the most significant mathematical achievements of the nineteenth century. It directly inspired the uniformization theorem, led to a class of functions adequate to solve all linear ordinary differential equations, and focused attention on a large new class of discrete groups. It was the first significant application of non-Euclidean geometry. This unique exposition by Hadamard offers a fascinating and intuitive introduction to the subject of automorphic functions and illuminates its connection to differential equations, a connection not often found in other texts.

Introduction to Topology and Geometry

Author: Saul Stahl,Catherine Stenson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118546148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 6388

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An easily accessible introduction to over three centuries of innovations in geometry Praise for the First Edition “. . . a welcome alternative to compartmentalized treatments bound to the old thinking. This clearly written, well-illustrated book supplies sufficient background to be self-contained.” —CHOICE This fully revised new edition offers the most comprehensive coverage of modern geometry currently available at an introductory level. The book strikes a welcome balance between academic rigor and accessibility, providing a complete and cohesive picture of the science with an unparalleled range of topics. Illustrating modern mathematical topics, Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition discusses introductory topology, algebraic topology, knot theory, the geometry of surfaces, Riemann geometries, fundamental groups, and differential geometry, which opens the doors to a wealth of applications. With its logical, yet flexible, organization, the Second Edition: • Explores historical notes interspersed throughout the exposition to provide readers with a feel for how the mathematical disciplines and theorems came into being • Provides exercises ranging from routine to challenging, allowing readers at varying levels of study to master the concepts and methods • Bridges seemingly disparate topics by creating thoughtful and logical connections • Contains coverage on the elements of polytope theory, which acquaints readers with an exposition of modern theory Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition is an excellent introductory text for topology and geometry courses at the upper-undergraduate level. In addition, the book serves as an ideal reference for professionals interested in gaining a deeper understanding of the topic.