Invitation to Dynamical Systems

Author: Edward R. Scheinerman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486275329

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

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This text is designed for those who wish to study mathematics beyond linear algebra but are unready for abstract material. Rather than a theorem-proof-corollary exposition, it stresses geometry, intuition, and dynamical systems. 1996 edition.

Invitation to C*-algebras and Topological Dynamics

Author: Jun Tomiyama

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789971503383

Category: Science

Page: 167

View: 6684

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This book is an exposition on the interesting interplay between topological dynamics and the theory of C*-algebras. Researchers working in topological dynamics from various fields in mathematics are becoming more and more interested in this kind of algebraic approach of dynamics. This book is designed to present to the readers the subject in an elementary way, including also results of recent developments.

Invitation to Mathematics

Author: Konrad Jacobs

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691025285

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

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Based on a well-received course designed for philosophy students, this book is an informal introduction to mathematical thinking. The work will be rewarding not only for philosophers concerned with mathematical questions but also for serious amateur mathematicians with an interest in the "frontiers" as well as the foundations of mathematics. In what might be termed a sampler of the discipline, Konrad Jacobs discusses an unusually wide range of topics, including such items of contemporary interest as knot theory, optimization theory, and dynamical systems. Using Euclidean geometry and algebra to introduce the mathematical mode of thought, the author then turns to recent developments. In the process he offers what he calls a "Smithsonian of mathematical showpieces": the five Platonic Solids, the Mbius Strip, the Cantor Discontinuum, the Peano Curve, Reidemeister's Knot Table, the plane ornaments, Alexander's Horned Sphere, and Antoine's Necklace. The treatments of geometry and algebra are followed by a chapter on induction and one on optimization, game theory, and mathematical economics. The chapter on topology includes a discussion of topological spaces and continuous mappings, curves and knots, Euler's polyhedral formula for surfaces, and the fundamental group. The last chapter deals with dynamics and contains material on the Game of Life, circle rotation, Smale's "horseshoe," and stability and instability, among other topics.

Invitation to Ergodic Theory

Author: César Ernesto Silva

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821844202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

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This book is an introduction to basic concepts in ergodic theory such as recurrence, ergodicity, the ergodic theorem, mixing, and weak mixing. It does not assume knowledge of measure theory; all the results needed from measure theory are presented from scratch. In particular, the book includes a detailed construction of the Lebesgue measure on the real line and an introduction to measure spaces up to the Caratheodory extension theorem. It also develops the Lebesgue theory of integration, including the dominated convergence theorem and an introduction to the Lebesgue $Lp$spaces.

An Invitation to Mathematics

From Competitions to Research

Author: Dierk Schleicher,Malte Lackmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642195334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 4840

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This Invitation to Mathematics consists of 14 contributions, many from the world's leading mathematicians, which introduce the readers to exciting aspects of current mathematical research. The contributions are as varied as the personalities of active mathematicians, but together they show mathematics as a rich and lively field of research. The contributions are written for interested students at the age of transition between high school and university who know high school mathematics and perhaps competition mathematics and who want to find out what current research mathematics is about. We hope that it will also be of interest to teachers or more advanced mathematicians who would like to learn about exciting aspects of mathematics outside of their own work or specialization. Together with a team of young ``test readers'', editors and authors have taken great care, through a substantial ``active editing'' process, to make the contributions understandable by the intended readership.

Invitation to Contemporary Physics

Author: Quang Ho-Kim,Narendra Kumar,Harry C. S. Lam

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810207243

Category: Science

Page: 518

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The three authors present seven areas of modern physics: lasers, superconductivity, symmetry, chaos, birth and death of stars, particles, cosmology. The emphasis is on understanding of the basic principles, without an overload of technical details. Written in congenial language for the (alert and determined) general reader. Useful as a text for a general survey course. Paper edition (unseen), $28. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

A Preface to Logic

Author: Morris R. Cohen

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486801853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

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Concise and readable, this introductory treatment examines logic and the concept of abstract reasoning as applied to the empirical world, as well as logic and statistical method, probability, scientific models, and more. 1944 edition.

An Invitation to Biomathematics

Author: Raina Robeva,James R. Kirkwood,Robin Lee Davies,Leon Farhy,Boris P. Kovatchev,Martin Straume,Michael L. Johnson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080550992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 8118

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Essential for all biology and biomathematics courses, this textbook provides students with a fresh perspective of quantitative techniques in biology in a field where virtually any advance in the life sciences requires a sophisticated mathematical approach. An Invitation to Biomathematics, expertly written by a team of experienced educators, offers students a solid understanding of solving biological problems with mathematical applications. This text succeeds in enabling students to truly experience advancements made in biology through mathematical models by containing computer-based hands-on laboratory projects with emphasis on model development, model validation, and model refinement. The supplementary work, Laboratory Manual of Biomathematics is available separately ISBN 0123740223, or as a set ISBN: 0123740290) * Provides a complete guide for development of quantification skills crucial for applying mathematical methods to biological problems * Includes well-known examples from across disciplines in the life sciences including modern biomedical research * Explains how to use data sets or dynamical processes to build mathematical models * Offers extensive illustrative materials * Written in clear and easy-to-follow language without assuming a background in math or biology * A laboratory manual is available for hands-on, computer-assisted projects based on material covered in the text

Inversive Geometry

Author: Frank Morley

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486493393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

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This introduction to algebraic geometry makes particular reference to the operation of inversion. Topics include Euclidean group; inversion; quadratics; finite inversive groups; parabolic, hyperbolic, and elliptic geometries; differential geometry; and more. 1933 edition.

An Invitation to Morse Theory

Author: LIVIU L AUTOR NICOLAESCU,Liviu I. Nicolaescu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387495096

Category: Mathematics

Page: 241

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This book offers readers a taste of the "unreasonable effectiveness" of Morse theory. It covers many of the most important topics in Morse theory along with applications. The book details topics such as Morse-Smale flows, min-max theory, moment maps and equivariant cohomology, and complex Morse theory. In addition, many examples, problems, and illustrations further enhance the value of this useful introduction to Morse Theory.

Modern Dynamical Systems and Applications

Author: Michael Brin,Boris Hasselblatt,Yakov Pesin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521840736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 8829

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This volume presents a wide cross-section of current research in the theory of dynamical systems and contains articles by leading researchers, including several Fields medalists, in a variety of specialties. These are surveys, usually with new results included, as well as research papers that are included because of their potentially high impact. Major areas covered include hyperbolic dynamics, elliptic dynamics, mechanics, geometry, ergodic theory, group actions, rigidity, applications. The target audience includes dynamicists, who will find new results in their own specialty as well as surveys in others, and mathematicians from other disciplines wholook for a sample of current developments in ergodic theory and dynamical systems.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 2307

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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Rings and Homology

Author: James P. Jans

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486801896

Category: Mathematics

Page: 96

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This concise text is geared toward students of mathematics who have completed a basic college course in algebra. Combining material on ring structure and homological algebra, the treatment offers advanced undergraduate and graduate students practice in the techniques of both areas. After a brief review of basic concepts, the text proceeds to an examination of ring structure, with particular attention to the structure of semisimple rings with minimum condition. Subsequent chapters develop certain elementary homological theories, introducing the functor Ext and exploring the various projective dimensions, global dimension, and duality theory. Each chapter concludes with a set of exercises.

Game, Set and Math

Enigmas and Conundrums

Author: Ian Stewart

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150968

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

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Twelve essays take a playful approach to mathematics, investigating the topology of a blanket, the odds of beating a superior tennis player, and how to distinguish between fact and fallacy.

Quantum Information IV

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference, Meijo University, Japan, 27 February-1 March 2001

Author: Takeyuki Hida,Kimiaki Saito

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812380203

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 8935

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Annotation. ...study on the Power of Potential fluctuation in living cells...some properties of measure-valued processes with singular branching rate and other papers.

Chaos, Catastrophe, and Human Affairs

Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics To Work, Organizations, and Social Evolution

Author: Stephen J. Guastello

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134787855

Category: Psychology

Page: 450

View: 7650

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Whether talking about steering a wheelbarrow over rugged terrain or plotting the course of international relations, human performance systems involve change. Sometimes changes are subtle or evolutionary, sometimes they are catastrophic or revolutionary, and sometimes the changes are from periods of relative calm to periods of vibrant oscillations to periods of chaos. As a general rule, more complex systems are likely to produce more complex forms of change. Although social scientists have long acknowledged that change occurs and have considered ways to effect desirable change, the dynamical processes of change have been poorly understood in the past. This volume combines recent advances in mathematics and experimental design with the best available social science theories to produce a new, integrated, and compact theory of work, organizations, and social evolution. The domains of application extend from human decision-making processes to personnel selection and work motivation, work performance under conditions of stress, accident and health risk analysis, the development of social institutions and economic systems, creativity and innovation, organizational development and group dynamics, and political revolutions and war. Relative to other literature on nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS), this book is unique in that it integrates new developments in NDS with substantive psychological theory. It builds on many recent developments in organizational theory to show that nonlinear dynamics were often implicit in those works all along. The result is an entirely new way of viewing social events, understanding change processes, and asking questions about social systems. This book also contains much new empirical work and explains the newly developed methods for testing these new hypotheses.

Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 816

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Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

Modeling and Control of Discrete-event Dynamic Systems

with Petri Nets and Other Tools

Author: Branislav Hrúz,MengChu Zhou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 184628872X

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 3014

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Discrete-event dynamic systems (DEDs) permeate our world. They are of great importance in modern manufacturing processes, transportation and various forms of computer and communications networking. This book begins with the mathematical basics required for the study of DEDs and moves on to present various tools used in their modeling and control. Industrial examples illustrate the concepts and methods discussed, making this book an invaluable aid for students embarking on further courses in control, manufacturing engineering or computer studies.

Near the Horizon

An Invitation to Geometric Optics

Author: Henk W. Broer

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 0883851423

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Near the Horizon starts out by considering several optical phenomena that can occur when the sun is near the horizon. One can sometimes see objects that are actually below the horizon. Sometimes there seems to be a dark strip in the middle of the solar disk. These are a result of the way that the atmosphere affects the geometry of light rays. Broer starts his book with the Fermat principle (rays of light take least-time paths) and deduces from it laws for refraction and reflection; by expressing these as conservation laws, he can handle both the case of inhomogeneous layers of air and the case of continuous variation in the refraction index. A surprising application is the brachistochrone problem, in which the path of fastest descent is determined by studying how a light ray would behave in a "flat earth" atmosphere whose refraction index is determined by the gravitational potential. This leads to a very interesting chapter on the cycloid and its properties. The final chapters move from the elementary theory to a more sophisticated version in which the Fermat Principle leads to a Riemannian metric whose geodesics are the paths of light rays. This gives us an optics which is geometric in a new sense, and serves as a nice demonstration of the physical applicability of Riemannian geometry. The book is written in a very personal and engaging style. Broer is passionate about the subject and its history, and his passion helps carry the reader along. The result is readable and charming.