The Isolated Self

Truth and Untruth in Søren Kierkegaard's On the Concept of Irony

Author: K. Brian Soderquist

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 8763540657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 247

View: 7746

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While many studies of On the Concept of Irony treat Kierkegaard's "irony" primarily from a literary perspective,The Isolated Self also examines irony with an eye to the fundamental problem in Kierkegaard's authorship, namely, the challenge of becoming a "self." Kierkegaard's "irony" is a cavalier way of life that seeks isolation from the other - an isolation he considers necessary to becoming a self. At the same time, irony is said to be a hindrance to selfhood because the self fails to become a part of the social world in which it resides. The Isolated Self thus puts the existential tension of On the Concept of Irony into relief and suggests how it sets the stage for the rest of Kierkegaard's authorship. The Isolated Self reconstructs the horizon of understanding during Kierkegaard's time, including Hegel's interpretation of both Socratic irony and Friedrich Schlegel's romantic irony. In addition, the work explores material from the little-known Danish discussion of irony in the works of Poul Martin Møller, Johan Ludvig Heiberg and Hans Lassen Martensen.

Kierkegaard and His Danish Contemporaries: Philosophy, politics and social theory

Author: Jon Bartley Stewart

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754668725

Category: Social Science

Page: 329

View: 418

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The present volume features articles that employ source-work research in order to explore the individual Danish sources of Kierkegaard's thought. The volume is divided into three tomes in order to cover the different fields of influence.Tome I is dedicated to exploring the sources that fall under the rubrics, Philosophy, Politics and Social Theory. With regard to philosophy, Kierkegaard read the works of all the foremost Danish thinkers of the time and their German antecedents, in particular Cont, Schilling and Hegel. While he was sympathetic to individual ideas offered by this tradition, he was generally keen to criticise the German model of philosophy and to propose a new paradigm for philosophical thought that was more in tune with lived existence. Kierkegaard also experienced the dynamic period in history that saw the great upheavals throughout Europe in connection with the revolutions of 1848 and the First Schleswig War. While it has long been claimed that Kierkegaard was not interested in politics, recent research supports a quite different picture. To be sure, he cannot be regarded as a political scientist or social theorist in a traditional sense, but he was nonetheless engaged in the issues of his day, and in his works one can certainly find material that can be insightful for the fields of politics and social theory.

The Cultural Crisis of the Danish Golden Age

Heiberg, Martensen and Kierkegaard

Author: Jon Stewart

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 8763542692

Category: History

Page: 337

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The Danish Golden Age of the first half of the nineteenth century endured in the midst of a number of different kinds of crisis — political, economic, and cultural. The many changes of the period made it a dynamic time, one in which artists, poets, philosophers, and religious thinkers were constantly reassessing their place in society. This book traces the different aspects of the cultural crisis of the period through a series of case studies of key figures, including Johan Ludvig Heiberg, Hans Lassen Martensen, and Søren Kierkegaard. Far from just a historical analysis, however, the book shows that many of the key questions that Danish society wrestled with during the Golden Age remain strikingly familiar today. Jon Stewart is associate professor at the Søren Kierkegaard Research Centre at the University of Copenhagen.

Volume 19, Tome VII: Kierkegaard Bibliography

Figures I to Z

Author: Peter Šajda,Jon Stewart

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351653598

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 1630

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The long tradition of Kierkegaard studies has made it impossible for individual scholars to have a complete overview of the vast field of Kierkegaard research. The large and ever increasing number of publications on Kierkegaard in the languages of the world can be simply bewildering even for experienced scholars. The present work constitutes a systematic bibliography which aims to help students and researchers navigate the seemingly endless mass of publications. The volume is divided into two large sections. Part I, which covers Tomes I-V, is dedicated to individual bibliographies organized according to specific language. This includes extensive bibliographies of works on Kierkegaard in some 41 different languages. Part II, which covers Tomes VI-VII, is dedicated to shorter, individual bibliographies organized according to specific figures who are in some way relevant for Kierkegaard. The goal has been to create the most exhaustive bibliography of Kierkegaard literature possible, and thus the bibliography is not limited to any specific time period but instead spans the entire history of Kierkegaard studies.

Søren Kierkegaard

Subjectivity, Irony, & the Crisis of Modernity

Author: Jon Stewart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191064807

Category: Religion

Page: 200

View: 8162

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Søren Kierkegaard: Subjectivity, Irony, and the Crisis of Modernity examines the thought of Søren Kierkegaard, a unique figure, who has inspired, provoked, fascinated, and irritated people ever since he walked the streets of Copenhagen. At the end of his life, Kierkegaard said that the only model he had for his work was the Greek philosopher Socrates. This work takes this statement as its point of departure. Jon Stewart explores what Kierkegaard meant by this and to show how different aspects of his writing and argumentative strategy can be traced back to Socrates. The main focus is The Concept of Irony, which is a key text at the beginning of Kierkegaard's literary career. Although it was an early work, it nevertheless played a determining role in his later development and writings. Indeed, it can be said that it laid the groundwork for much of what would appear in his later famous books such as Either/Or and Fear and Trembling.

Kierkegaard's Writings, VII, Volume 7: Philosophical Fragments, or a Fragment of Philosophy/Johannes Climacus, or De omnibus dubitandum est. (Two books in one volume)

Philosophical Fragments, or a Fragment of Philosophy/Johannes Climacus, or De omnibus dubitandum est. (Two books in one volume)

Author: Søren Kierkegaard

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084696X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 5818

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This volume contains a new translation, with a historical introduction by the translators, of two works written under the pseudonym Johannes Climacus. Through Climacus, Kierkegaard contrasts the paradoxes of Christianity with Greek and modern philosophical thinking. In Philosophical Fragments he begins with Greek Platonic philosophy, exploring the implications of venturing beyond the Socratic understanding of truth acquired through recollection to the Christian experience of acquiring truth through grace. Published in 1844 and not originally planned to appear under the pseudonym Climacus, the book varies in tone and substance from the other works so attributed, but it is dialectically related to them, as well as to the other pseudonymous writings. The central issue of Johannes Climacus is doubt. Probably written between November 1842 and April 1843 but unfinished and published only posthumously, this book was described by Kierkegaard as an attack on modern speculative philosophy by "means of the melancholy irony, which did not consist in any single utterance on the part of Johannes Climacus but in his whole life. . . . Johannes does what we are told to do--he actually doubts everything--he suffers through all the pain of doing that, becomes cunning, almost acquires a bad conscience. When he has gone as far in that direction as he can go and wants to come back, he cannot do so. . . . Now he despairs, his life is wasted, his youth is spent in these deliberations. Life does not acquire any meaning for him, and all this is the fault of philosophy." A note by Kierkegaard suggests how he might have finished the work: "Doubt is conquered not by the system but by faith, just as it is faith that has brought doubt into the world!."

Heiberg's Contingency Regarded from the Point of View of Logic and Other Texts

Author: Jon Bartley Stewart

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 457

View: 4578

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Inspired by G W F Hegel's system, Johan Ludvig Heiberg authored a series of essays and monographs on different philosophical issues in both Danish and German; these works began after his famous encounter with Hegel in Berlin in 1824 and continued for the next two decades. This volume features Heiberg's early work, "Contingency Regarded from the Point of View of Logic" (1825), which represents a pseudoHegelian account of the categories of contingency and necessity. Two years later Heiberg published a sequel to this treatise, entitled, "Nemesis. A Popular-Philosophical Investigation". This work attempts to demonstrate that even though we today no longer believe in Nemesis as a goddess who has control over our lives, nevertheless we very often make use of the concept of nemesis without knowing it. The volume also includes several other philosophical and literary articles primarily from Heiberg's journal Kjøbenhavns flyvende Post. These articles, which date from between 1825 and 1843, serve as a useful introduction to the different aspects of Heiberg's philosophical thinking and supplement his more extensive monographs in this field.

The Corsair Affair

And Articles Related to the Writings

Author: Søren Kierkegaard,Edna H. Hong,Howard V. Hong

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691140759

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 3548

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The Corsair affair has been called the "most renowned controversy in Danish literary history." At the center is S�ren Kierkegaard, whose pseudonymous Stages on Life's Way occasioned a frivolous and dishonorable review by Peder Ludvig M�ller. M�ller was associated with The Corsair, a publication notorious for gossip and caricature. The editor was Me�r Goldschmidt, an acquaintance of Kierkegaard's and an admirer of his early work. Kierkegaard struck back at not only M�ller and Goldschmidt but at the paper as a whole. The present volume contains all of the documents relevant to this dispute, plus a historical introduction that recapitulates the sequence of events surrounding the controversy. Parts I (Article) and II (Addenda) contain articles both signed by and attributed to Kierkegaard in response to the affair. A supplement includes writings pertaining to the Corsair affair by Goldschmidt and M�ller, as well as unpublished pieces by Kierkegaard from his journals and papers. Although the immediate occasion was literary, for Kierkegaard the issues as well as the consequences were ethical, social, philosophical, and religious. Howard Hong argues that the most important consequence was wholly unexpected and unintended: the second phase of Kierkegaard's authorship.

Attack Upon Christendom

Author: Søren Kierkegaard

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 303

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A religious diatribe written from within the Church against the established order of things in a presumably "Christian" land.

Synthetic Worlds

Nature, Art and the Chemical Industry

Author: Esther Leslie

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861895542

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 7211

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This revealing study considers the remarkable alliance between chemistry and art from the late eighteenth century to the period immediately following the Second World War. Synthetic Worlds offers fascinating new insights into the place of the material object and the significance of the natural, the organic, and the inorganic in Western aesthetics. Esther Leslie considers how radical innovations in chemistry confounded earlier alchemical and Romantic philosophies of science and nature while profoundly influencing the theories that developed in their wake. She also explores how advances in chemical engineering provided visual artists with new colors, surfaces, coatings, and textures, thus dramatically recasting the way painters approached their work. Ranging from Goethe to Hegel, Blake to the Bauhaus, Synthetic Worlds ultimately considers the astonishing affinities between chemistry and aesthetics more generally. As in science, progress in the arts is always assured, because the impulse to discover is as immutable and timeless as the drive to create.

Humour and Irony in Kierkegaard’s Thought

Author: John Lippitt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023059865X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 2007

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Irony, humour and the comic play vital yet under-appreciated roles in Kierkegaard's thought. Focusing upon the Concluding Unscientific Postscript, this book investigates these roles, relating irony and humour as forms of the comic to central Kierkegaardian themes. How does the comic function as a form of 'indirect communication'? What roles can irony and humour play in the infamous Kierkegaardian 'leap'? Do certain forms of wisdom depend upon possessing a sense of humour? And is such a sense of humour thus a genuine virtue?

Between Nihilism and Faith

A Commentary on Either/Or

Author: Karsten Harries

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110226898

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 1978

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If the Enlightenment turned to reason to reoccupy the place left vacant by the death of God, the last two centuries have undermined such faith in reason. We cannot escape this history. The specter of nihilism haunts Either/Or. To exorcize it is Kierkegaard’s most fundamental concern. But where are we to turn? To an aesthetic transfiguration of, or escape from reality? Does ethics promise an answer? Or is all that is left an irrational leap to religion? All such questions are shadowed by the specter of Kitsch. What does it mean to be authentic in the modern world?

Caliban's Reason

Introducing Afro-Caribbean Philosophy

Author: Paget Henry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135958807

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 681

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Paget introduces the general reader to Afro-Caribbean philosophy in this ground-breaking work. Since Afro-Caribbean thought is inherently hybrid in nature, he traces the roots of this discourse in traditional African thought and in the Christian and Enlightenment traditions of Western Europe.

Augenblick

The Concept of the 'Decisive Moment' in 19th- and 20th-Century Western Philosophy

Author: Koral Ward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317177401

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 2775

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Augenblick, meaning literally 'In the blink of an eye', describes a 'decisive moment' in time that is both fleeting yet momentously eventful, even epoch-makingly significant. In this book Koral Ward investigates the development of the concept into one of the core ideas in Western existential philosophy alongside such concepts as anxiety and individual freedom. Ward examines the whole extent of the idea of the 'decisive moment', in which an individual's entire life-project is open to a radical reorientation. From its inception in Kierkegaard's works to the writings of Jaspers and Heidegger, she draws on a vast array of sources beyond just the standard figures of 19th and 20th century Continental philosophy, finding ideas and examples in photography, cinema, music, art, and the modern novel.

The Wager of Lucien Goldmann

Tragedy, Dialectics, and a Hidden God

Author: Mitchell Cohen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400821266

Category: Philosophy

Page: 366

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In The Wager of Lucien Goldmann, Mitchell Cohen provides the first full-length study of this major figure of postwar French intellectual life and champion of socialist humanism. While many Parisian leftists staunchly upheld Marxism's "scientificity" in the 1950s and 1960s, Lucien Goldmann insisted that Marxism was by then in severe crisis and had to reinvent itself radically if it were to survive. He rejected the traditional Marxist view of the proletariat and contested the structuralist and antihumanist theorizing that infected French left-wing circles in the tumultuous 1960s. Highly regarded by thinkers as diverse as Jean Piaget and Alasdair MacIntyre, Goldmann is shown here as a socialist who, unlike many others of his time, refused to portray his aspirations for humanity’s future as an inexorable unfolding of history’s laws. He saw these aspirations instead as a wager akin to Pascal’s in the existence of God. “Risk,” Goldmann wrote in his classic study of Pascal and Racine, The Hidden God, “possibility of failure, hope of success, and the synthesis of the three in a faith which is a wager are the essential constituent elements of the human condition.” In The Wager of Lucien Goldmann, Cohen retrieves Goldmann’s achievement—his “genetic structuralist” method, his sociology of literature, his libertarian socialist politics. Originally published in 1994. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Philosophy and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy

Author: N. Joll

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392652

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 308

View: 7993

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The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy provides an excellent way of looking at some intriguing issues in philosophy, from vegetarianism and Artificial Intelligence to God, space and time. This is an entertaining yet thought provoking volume for students, philosophers and fans of The Hitchhiker's series.

Five Faces of Modernity

Modernism, Avant-garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism

Author: Matei Călinescu

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822307679

Category: Architecture

Page: 395

View: 6430

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Five Faces of Modernity is a series of semantic and cultural biographies of words that have taken on special significance in the last century and a half or so: modernity, avant-garde, decadence, kitsch, and postmodernism. The concept of modernity—the notion that we, the living, are different and somehow superior to our predecessors and that our civilization is likely to be succeeded by one even superior to ours—is a relatively recent Western invention and one whose time may already have passed, if we believe its postmodern challengers. Calinescu documents the rise of cultural modernity and, in tracing the shifting senses of the five terms under scrutiny, illustrates the intricate value judgments, conflicting orientations, and intellectual paradoxes to which it has given rise. Five Faces of Modernity attempts to do for the foundations of the modernist critical lexicon what earlier terminological studies have done for such complex categories as classicism, baroque, romanticism, realism, or symbolism and thereby fill a gap in literary scholarship. On another, more ambitious level, Calinescu deals at length with the larger issues, dilemmas, ideological tensions, and perplexities brought about by the assertion of modernity.

The Meanings of Love

An Introduction to Philosophy of Love

Author: Bob Wagoner

Publisher: Katry Rain

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 149

View: 6688

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This introductory text offers a concise look at the philosophy of love. From the dialogues of Plato to the writings of feminist Luce Irigaray, Wagoner presents six major ideas of love: erotic love; Christian love; romantic love; moral love; love as power; and mutual love.