Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 6615

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This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics

Past, Present and Future Hydrological Research for Integrated Land and Water Management

Author: M. Bonell,L. A. Bruijnzeel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443845

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance and conversion to other land uses, and optimum strategies for managing them. The book brings together leading specialists in such diverse fields as tropical anthropology and human geography, environmental economics, climatology and meteorology, hydrology, geomorphology, plant and aquatic ecology, forestry and conservation agronomy. The editors have supplemented the individual contributions with invaluable overviews of the main sections and provide key pointers for future research. Specialists will find authenticated detail in chapters written by experts on a whole range of people-water-land use issues, managers and practitioners will learn more about the implications of ongoing and planned forest conversion, while scientists and students will appreciate a unique review of the literature.

Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology

Author: Peter G. Cook,Andrew L. Herczeg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461545579

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 5283

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Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology synthesizes the research of specialists into a comprehensive review of the application of environmental tracers to the study of soil water and groundwater flow. The book includes chapters which cover ionic tracers, noble gases, chlorofluorocarbons, tritium, chlorine-36, oxygen-18, deuterium, and isotopes of carbon, strontium, sulphur and nitrogen. Applications of the tracers include the estimation of vertical and horizontal groundwater velocities, groundwater recharge rates, inter-aquifer leakage and mixing processes, chemical processes and palaeohydrology. Practicing hydrologists, soil physicists and hydrology professors and students will find the book to be a valuable support in their work.

Hydrologie

Author: Nicola Fohrer,Helge Bormann,Konrad Miegel,Markus Casper

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825245136

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4196

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Dieses Buch vermittelt die Grundlagen des Wasserkreislaufs mit seinen räumlichen und zeitlichen Mustern. Dabei werden u.a. der Einfluss der Landnutzung und des Klimas beschrieben, landschaftliche und regionale Besonderheiten erläutert und ein Einblick in die hydrologische Praxis der Bewässerung, der Risikovorsorge und des Flussgebietsmanagements gegeben. Rund 200 Abbildungen und 45 Tabellen veranschaulichen die komplexen Sachverhalte.

Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology

Author: Ian D. Clark,Peter Fritz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702492

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4476

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Groundwater is an increasingly important resource to human populations around the world, and the study and protection of groundwater is an essential part of hydrogeology - the subset of hydrology that concentrates on the subsurface. Environmental isotopes, naturally occurring nuclides in water and solutes, have become fundamental tools for tracing the recharge, history, and contamination of groundwater.

Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Science for Conservation and Management

Author: L. A. Bruijnzeel,F. N. Scatena,L. S. Hamilton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139494554

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5904

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This volume represents a uniquely comprehensive overview of our current knowledge on tropical montane cloud forests. 72 chapters cover a wide spectrum of topics including cloud forest distribution, climate, soils, biodiversity, hydrological processes, hydrochemistry and water quality, climate change impacts, and cloud forest conservation, management, and restoration. The final chapter presents a major synthesis by some of the world's leading cloud forest researchers, which summarizes our current knowledge and considers the sustainability of these forests in an ever-changing world. This book presents state-of-the-art knowledge concerning cloud forest occurrence and status, as well as the biological and hydrological value of these unique forests. The presentation is academic but with a firm practical emphasis. It will serve as a core reference for academic researchers and students of environmental science and ecology, as well as practitioners (natural resources management, forest conservation) and decision makers at local, national, and international levels.

Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology

Tracer, Remote Sensing and New Hydrometric Techniques : Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: G. A. Schultz,Christian Leibundgut

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781901502015

Category: Groundwater tracers

Page: 284

View: 4723

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Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe

Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400709528

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 7412

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Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.

Tracers in Hydrology

Author: Christian Leibundgut,Piotr Maloszewski,Christoph K?lls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965012

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7870

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Tracers in Hydrology and Water Research is a comprehensive overview of the application of natural and artificial tracers in hydrology and environmental research. Taking a unique approach by providing the reader with a systematic and state of the art description of natural and artificial tracers, the book also covers key analytical techniques and applications, and modern tracer methods in the context of systematic hydrology. Tracers have become a primary tool for process investigation, qualitative and quantitative system analysis and integrated resource management. This book will outline the fundamentals of the subject, and examine the latest research findings, clearly showing the entire process of tracer application through the inclusion of numerous integrated case studies. As many techniques derive from different scientific disciplines (chemistry, biology, physics), the effort of compilation and integration into modern hydrology and environmental science research and application requires substantial continuity and experience, which certifies this group of authors. This book will be an invaluable reference not only for students and researchers within the field of Hydrology and Hydrogeology but also for engineers and other tracer techniques applying users.

Geochemie und Umwelt

Relevante Prozesse in Atmo-, Pedo- und Hydrosphäre

Author: Jörg Matschullat,Heinz-Jürgen Tobschall,Hans-Jürgen Voigt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642590381

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 5314

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Die zukünftige Landschaft erinnern

eine Fallstudie zu Landschaft, Landschaftsbewusstsein und landschaftlicher Identität in Glarus Süd

Author: Christine Meier,Annemarie Bucher

Publisher: Haupt Verlag AG

ISBN: 3258076332

Category:

Page: 186

View: 2245

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Regional Ground-Water Quality

Author: William M. Alley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471284536

Category: Science

Page: 634

View: 9290

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General design considerations. Establishing a conceptual framework. Ground-water quality surveys. Geostatistical models. Inorganic chemical processes. Organic chemical concepts. Subsurface microbiology. Geochemical models. Use of environmental isotopes. Nitrate. Organic contaminants. Pesticides. Pathogens. Acid precipitation. Natural radionuclides. Freshwater-salt water environments. Analysis of karst aquifers. Case studies.

Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment

Author: P.E. Rijtema,V. Eliás

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400903456

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2070

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Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment integrates knowledge and experience on pollution problems related to industrial, agricultural and municipal activities and former military sites, with special emphasis on the Black Triangle: the region situated at the borders between North Bohemia, Polish Lower Silesia and South Saxony. Here, some five million inhabitants live in an area of brown coal basins having the highest emissions of sulphuric and nitrogen emission in the whole of Europe. The large-scale damage in this region is due to obsolete technology and insufficient equipment for monitoring emissions. Health effects are severe, and controlling the pollution can only be done at high cost. There is thus a need to exchange knowledge and experience on methods for evaluating the expected effects of measures and purification techniques to remedy ground and surface water pollution.