International Traffic in Arms Regulation (Itar)

Author: Jeffrey W. Bennett,Department of State

Publisher: Jeffrey W Bennett

ISBN: 9780981620688

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 9662

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Updated for 2016. From DDTC "Any person who engages in the United States in the business of either manufacturing or exporting defense articles or furnishing defense services is required to register..." ITAR "It is the contractor's responsibility to comply with all applicable laws and regulations regarding export-controlled items." DFAR Companies that provide defense goods and services need to know the rules; the ITAR provides the answers. The International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR) is the defense product and service provider's guide book for knowing when and how to obtain an export license. This book provides answers to: Which defense contractors should register with the DDTC? Which defense commodities require export licenses? Which defense services require export licenses? What are corporate and government export responsibilities? What constitutes an export? How does one apply for a license or technical assistance agreement?

Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309116090

Category: Political Science

Page: 44

View: 3223

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ITAR, which controls defense trade, includes the U.S. Munitions List (USML) which specifies categories of defense articles and services covered by the regulations. In 1999, space satellites were added to the USML. In 2002 ITAR was amended to exclude U.S. universities from having to obtain ITAR licenses when performing fundamental research involving foreign countries and/or persons. Despite this provision, there remains considerable uncertainty among university researchers about whether the regulations apply to their research leading to a rather conservative interpretation of the regulations and the imposition of burdens that might not be necessary. To explore this concern, NASA asked the NRC to organize a workshop of all stakeholders on the implications of ITAR for space science. This book presents a summary of the workshop discussions including those on perspectives on recent developments and implementation of ITAR; overarching issues; problems arising from ITAR's implementation; and opportunities for near-term actions and improvements.

Private Militärfirmen der Gegenwart

Hintergrund, Typologisierung, völkerrechtliche Aspekte und Perspektiven

Author: Matthias Döring

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3836607530

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 8675

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Inhaltsangabe:Gang der Untersuchung: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, die konkreten Herausforderungen, welche die aktuelle Entwicklung auf dem Sicherheitssektor an die einzelnen Staaten und die internationale Staatengemeinschaft stellt, herauszuarbeiten und dort, wo ein Handlungsbedarf zur Lösung identifizierbarer Problemstellungen erkennbar ist, praktikable Vorschläge für eine Verbesserung der momentanen völkerrechtlichen und damit auch politischen Situation zu entwickeln. Um der diffizilen Greifbarkeit und Eingrenzbarkeit der zu behandelnden Materie entgegenzuwirken, beginnt diese Arbeit mit einer Zusammenschau der geschichtlichen Entwicklungslinien des Söldnerbegriffs und der entsprechenden völkerrechtlichen Reaktionen auf diese Privatisierungstendenzen staatlicher Gewalt. Obwohl die Angestellten der PMFs mit ihren Vorläufern nur noch bedingt vergleichbar sind, können die Beispiele aus der Historie doch hilfreich sein, um den Blick für die Entstehungsbedingungen des Söldnertums zu schärfen und negative wie positive Folgen besser zu verstehen, die mit der Privatisierung äußerer Sicherheit verbunden sind. Kapitel 3 dient der anschließenden Differenzierung der modernen privaten Militäranbieter von ihren historischen Wurzeln. Um dies zu komplettieren, enthält der letzte Abschnitt von Kapitel 3 den Versuch einer typologischen Erfassung und Abgrenzung der einzelnen Akteure der Gewaltprivatisierung über einen tätigkeitsbezogenen Ansatz mit graphischer Umsetzung. Diese Erfassung des Tätigkeitsbereichs fungiert als Basis für die im Kapitel 4 erfolgende Identifikation sich aktuell stellender Problemfelder. Neben den mit der Entstehung des modernen Gewaltmarkts verknüpften Fragestellungen ist hierbei vor allem die völkerrechtliche Problematik von Interesse. Zur Untersuchung der diesbezüglichen Aspekte wird zuerst der Status der Mitarbeiter solcher Firmen in internationalen und nicht-internationalen bewaffneten Konflikten bestimmt. Im darauf folgenden Abschnitt wird dann geklärt, welche Konsequenzen sich daraus für die Rechtsposition der Mitarbeiter solcher Firmen in Konfliktregionen ergeben. Ergänzt werden diese Untersuchungen von einer Betrachtung der existierenden Regelungen zur jeweiligen Verantwortlichkeit von Staaten und Firmen bei einer PMF-Operation. Durch die im letzten Abschnitt dieses Kapitels erfolgende zusammenfassende Lagefeststellung der mit einem PMF-Einsatz verbundenen Vor- und Nachteile kann schließlich ergründet werden, ob ein genereller [...]

United States Export Controls

Author: John R. Liebman,Roszel C. Thomsen, II,James E. Bartlett, III

Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online

ISBN: 1454801239

Category: Law

Page: 816

View: 1286

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There should be no question in the mind of any exporter about the government's intention to enforce applicable legislation and regulations. the penalties imposed by export laws and regulations are severe. Violations often lead to heavy fines and, in serious cases, to debarment from contracting with the U.S. Government, and possibly imprisonment. Additionally, the privilege of exporting can be withdrawn from firms or individuals who have violated the regulations, either for specified periods or indefinitely. Ample resources are devoted by the government to the detection and prosecution of violators. the Departments of Defense, Commerce, Homeland Security, Justice, and the several intelligence agencies cooperate in this endeavor. Knowing and willful violations receive, of course, the heaviest sanctions, but unintentional violations are by no means exempt from penalties. Parties to an export transaction are expected to know and comply with the regulations. United States Export Controls, Sixth Edition provides a reference to which exporters, and those who work closely with them, can refer in their daily business operations in order to comply with the myriad export rules and regulations. Thorough knowledge of the regulations is essential in finding practical solutions to export licensing problems related to specific transactions, in formulating export marketing plans to minimize the impact of controls, and in the organizing company resources to deal correctly and efficiently with both the legal requirements and the day-to-day operational demands of the export control regulations.

International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), Etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (Dos) (2018 Edition)

Author: The Law The Law Library

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781722332747

Category:

Page: 28

View: 3960

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International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition) The Law Library presents the complete text of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition). Updated as of May 29, 2018 As part of the President's Export Control Reform (ECR) effort, the Department of State is amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to revise U.S. Munitions List (USML) Category XI (Military Electronics). The Department is also amending Category VIII (Aircraft and Related Articles) with respect to wing folding systems and both Categories VIII and XIX to remove three paragraphs superseded by the revision of Category XI. The revisions contained in this rule are part of the Department of State's retrospective plan under E.O. 13563. This book contains: - The complete text of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition) - A table of contents with the page number of each section

Approaches to Future Space Cooperation and Competition in a Globalizing World

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309139961

Category: Science

Page: 68

View: 4963

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Numerous countries and regions now have very active space programs, and the number is increasing. These maturing capabilities around the world create a plethora of potential partners for cooperative space endeavors, while at the same time heightening competitiveness in the international space arena. This book summarizes a public workshop held in November 2008 for the purpose of reviewing past and present cooperation, coordination, and competition mechanisms for space and Earth science research and space exploration; identifying significant lessons learned; and discussing how those lessons could best be applied in the future, particularly in the areas of cooperation and collaboration. Presentations and initial discussion focused on past and present experiences in international cooperation and competition to identify "lessons learned." Those lessons learned were then used as the starting point for subsequent discussions on the most effective ways for structuring future cooperation or coordination in space and Earth science research and space exploration. The goal of the workshop was not to develop a specific model for future cooperation or coordination, but rather to explore the advantages and disadvantages of various approaches and stimulate further deliberation on this important topic.

Strategic Global Sourcing Best Practices

Author: Fred Sollish,John Semanik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470949309

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 6426

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The latest best practice guidance on all aspects of global strategic sourcing-including environmental and international issues Strategic Global Sourcing Best Practices covers the latest trends and leading edge processes in global strategic sourcing, including supply management, t, sustainability, financial decisions, risk management, and international strategies. Offers the latest trends and guidance for sourcing and supply managers Features coverage of understanding sourcing, procurement and supply management, procurement and best business practices, best practices in sourcing management and global sourcing management, financial strategies for sourcing, responsible procurement,diversity procurement, managing risk, supplier selection, project management for procurement and supply managers, managing supplier relationships, international sourcing, managing supplier relationships supply management operations, With the rise of global supply chains, environmental/sustainability concerns, and constantly evolving technology, the time is right for understanding Strategic Global Sourcing Best Practices.

Space as a Strategic Asset

Author: Joan Johnson-Freese

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510012

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8721

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Joan Johnson-Freese argues that the race for space weapons and the U.S. quest for exclusive or at least dominant ownership of strategic space assets have alienated the very allies that the United States needs in order to maintain its leading role in space exploration. Taking a balanced look at the issues that have contributed to the decline of America's manned space program, such as lack of political support and funding, Johnson-Freese offers not only a critique but also a plan for enhancing U.S. space security through cooperation rather than competition. She begins with a brief overview of the history of international space development through four eras: before Sputnik, the space race, after Apollo, and globalization. Then she focuses on how policy changes of the mid-1990s have changed the nation, examining why the United States has grown obsessed with the development of space technology not just as a tool for globalization but as a route toward expanding an already dominant arsenal of weapons. Johnson-Freese claims that these policy choices have greatly affected the attitudes and actions of other countries, and in the fight to achieve security, the United States has instead put itself at greater peril. Johnson-Freese explains complex technical issues in clear, accessible terms and suggests a way forward that is comprehensive rather than partisan. America is not the only country with space ambitions, but it is unique in viewing space as a battlefield and the technological advancements of other nations as a dire threat. Urgent and persuasive, Space as a Strategic Asset underscores the danger of allowing our space program to languish and the crucial role of cooperation in protecting the security of our country and the world.

The Export Control and Embargo Handbook

Author: Eric L. Hirschhorn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195391519

Category: Law

Page: 475

View: 7712

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The Export Control and Embargo Handbook, Third Edition is a comprehensive examination of export administration regulations. While most currently available titles covering export control and embargo law carry a broader international focus, U.S. regulations are the central topic of this book. The Export Control and Embargo Handbook provides the very latest information on the embargo, transaction, and currency controls administered by the Commerce, State, Energy, and Treasury Departments, as well as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This fully updated third edition is useful for individuals involved in issues surrounding both the exporting from the U.S. and re-exporting U.S.-origin goods and technology, as well as for transactions involving embargoed countries and their products. Offering a detailed analysis of licensing requirements and exceptions from a well-known expert in the field, the book also provides convenient access to the relevant excerpts from the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Blending information with practical application, Eric L. Hirschorn's in-depth analysis of the key U.S. export restrictions on 'dual use' goods, software and technology, defense articles, technology and services, and nuclear equipment and technology, along with the rules governing dealings with embargoed countries, make this an invaluable asset for legal practitioners in the export industry. Any lawyer or government official involved in embargo issues can easily access necessary information using the detailed Table of Contents and thorough index. Law students preparing for a career in trade law will also benefit from the book's accessible style.

Building Open Source Hardware

DIY Manufacturing for Hackers and Makers

Author: Alicia Gibb

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0133373908

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 4351

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This is the first hands-on guide to the entire process of designing and manufacturing open source hardware. Drawing on extensive personal experience with DIY, maker, and hardware hacking projects, industry-leading contributors share proven approaches to design, remixing, fabrication, manufacturing, troubleshooting, licensing, documentation, and running an open source hardware business. Part I covers the emergence and evolution of open source hardware, what open source hardware licenses mean, and the growing role of standards in making hardware more open. Part II offers contributors’ expert advice on key tasks, ranging from creating derivatives to using source files. Part III turns to production, showing how to manufacture at multiple scales–from personal to commercial. Appendixes provide valuable checklists for design, manufacture, security, and documentation. And to foster even more hands-on learning and experimentation, the low-cost Blinky Buildings open source hardware kit is used as an example throughout. Learn how to Get involved in the open source hardware community–its history and values Develop designs you can successfully prototype and manufacture Walk step by step through making derivatives from existing projects Build open source 3D printers, and remix 3D printable objects Create open source wearables Work with diverse source files, from electronics to other physical materials Fabricate your own designs Move from prototype to commercial manufacturing, and troubleshoot problems Choose a business model and build a profitable open source hardware company Avoid pitfalls associated with trademarks, copyrights, patents, and licensing Write documentation other hardware hackers can use Use open source hardware in education, helping students learn without boundaries

Asia's Space Race

National Motivations, Regional Rivalries, and International Risks

Author: James Clay Moltz

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527578

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2405

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In contrast to the close cooperation practiced among European states, space relations among Asian states have become increasingly tense. If current trends continue, the Asian civilian space competition could become a military race. To better understand these emerging dynamics, James Clay Moltz conducts the first in-depth policy analysis of Asia's fourteen leading space programs, concentrating especially on developments in China, Japan, India, and South Korea. Moltz isolates the domestic motivations driving Asia's space actors, revisiting critical events such as China's 2007 antisatellite weapons test and manned flights, Japan's successful Kaguya lunar mission and Kibo module for the International Space Station (ISS), India's Chandrayaan lunar mission, and South Korea's astronaut visit to the ISS, along with plans to establish independent space-launch capability. He investigates these nations' divergent space goals and their tendency to focus on national solutions and self-reliance rather than regionwide cooperation and multilateral initiatives. He concludes with recommendations for improved intra-Asian space cooperation and regional conflict prevention. Moltz also considers America's efforts to engage Asia's space programs in joint activities and the prospects for future U.S. space leadership. He extends his analysis to the relationship between space programs and economic development in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, North Korea, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam, making this a key text for international relations and Asian studies scholars.