Just the Arguments

100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy

Author: Michael Bruce,Steven Barbone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444344412

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 7287

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Does the existence of evil call into doubt the existence of God? Show me the argument. Philosophy starts with questions, but attempts at answers are just as important, and these answers require reasoned argument. Cutting through dense philosophical prose, 100 famous and influential arguments are presented in their essence, with premises, conclusions and logical form plainly identified. Key quotations provide a sense of style and approach. Just the Arguments is an invaluable one-stop argument shop. A concise, formally structured summation of 100 of the most important arguments in Western philosophy The first book of its kind to present the most important and influential philosophical arguments in a clear premise/conclusion format, the language that philosophers use and students are expected to know Offers succinct expositions of key philosophical arguments without bogging them down in commentary Translates difficult texts to core arguments Designed to provides a quick and compact reference to everything from Aquinas’ “Five Ways” to prove the existence of God, to the metaphysical possibilities of a zombie world

Just the Arguments

100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy

Author: Michael Bruce,Steven Barbone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444344404

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6872

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Does the existence of evil call into doubt the existence of God? Show me the argument. Philosophy starts with questions, but attempts at answers are just as important, and these answers require reasoned argument. Cutting through dense philosophical prose, 100 famous and influential arguments are presented in their essence, with premises, conclusions and logical form plainly identified. Key quotations provide a sense of style and approach. Just the Arguments is an invaluable one-stop argument shop. A concise, formally structured summation of 100 of the most important arguments in Western philosophy The first book of its kind to present the most important and influential philosophical arguments in a clear premise/conclusion format, the language that philosophers use and students are expected to know Offers succinct expositions of key philosophical arguments without bogging them down in commentary Translates difficult texts to core arguments Designed to provides a quick and compact reference to everything from Aquinas’ “Five Ways” to prove the existence of God, to the metaphysical possibilities of a zombie world

The Arguments of Time

Author: British Academy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197263464

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 4709

DOWNLOAD NOW »
These nine essays, commissioned on the initiative of the Philosophy section of the British Academy, address fundamental questions about time in philosophy, physics, linguistics, and psychology. Are there facts about the future? Could we affect the past? In physics, general relativity and quantum theory give contradictory treatments of time. So in the current search for a theory of quantum gravity, which should give way: general relativity or quantum theory? In linguistics and psychology, how does our language represent time, and how do our minds keep track of it?

Xenophon: Ethical Principles and Historical Enquiry

Author: Fiona Hobden,Christopher Tuplin

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004224378

Category: History

Page: 791

View: 9234

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The fourth century author Xenophon -- historian, philosopher, man of action – produced an output notable for diversity of content and consistency of moral outlook. This book explores some of the ethical and historical dimensions of this oeuvre.

Irreligion

A Mathematician Explains Why the Arguments for God Just Don't Add Up

Author: John Allen Paulos

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 9781429957458

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 3826

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A Lifelong Unbeliever Finds No Reason to Change His Mind Are there any logical reasons to believe in God? Mathematician and bestselling author John Allen Paulos thinks not. In Irreligion he presents the case for his own worldview, organizing his book into twelve chapters that refute the twelve arguments most often put forward for believing in God's existence. The latter arguments, Paulos relates in his characteristically lighthearted style, "range from what might be called golden oldies to those with a more contemporary beat. On the playlist are the firstcause argument, the argument from design, the ontological argument, arguments from faith and biblical codes, the argument from the anthropic principle, the moral universality argument, and others." Interspersed among his twelve counterarguments are remarks on a variety of irreligious themes, ranging from the nature of miracles and creationist probability to cognitive illusions and prudential wagers. Special attention is paid to topics, arguments, and questions that spring from his incredulity "not only about religion but also about others' credulity." Despite the strong influence of his day job, Paulos says, there isn't a single mathematical formula in the book.

Brains, Buddhas, and Believing

The Problem of Intentionality in Classical Buddhist and Cognitive-Scientific Philosophy of Mind

Author: Dan Arnold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231518218

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 1162

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Premodern Buddhists are sometimes characterized as veritable "mind scientists" whose insights anticipate modern research on the brain and mind. Aiming to complicate this story, Dan Arnold confronts a significant obstacle to popular attempts at harmonizing classical Buddhist and modern scientific thought: since most Indian Buddhists held that the mental continuum is uninterrupted by death (its continuity is what Buddhists mean by "rebirth"), they would have no truck with the idea that everything about the mental can be explained in terms of brain events. Nevertheless, a predominant stream of Indian Buddhist thought, associated with the seventh-century thinker Dharmakirti, turns out to be vulnerable to arguments modern philosophers have leveled against physicalism. By characterizing the philosophical problems commonly faced by Dharmakirti and contemporary philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Daniel Dennett, Arnold seeks to advance an understanding of both first-millennium Indian arguments and contemporary debates on the philosophy of mind. The issues center on what modern philosophers have called intentionality—the fact that the mind can be about (or represent or mean) other things. Tracing an account of intentionality through Kant, Wilfrid Sellars, and John McDowell, Arnold argues that intentionality cannot, in principle, be explained in causal terms. Elaborating some of Dharmakirti's central commitments (chiefly his apoha theory of meaning and his account of self-awareness), Arnold shows that despite his concern to refute physicalism, Dharmakirti's causal explanations of the mental mean that modern arguments from intentionality cut as much against his project as they do against physicalist philosophies of mind. This is evident in the arguments of some of Dharmakirti's contemporaneous Indian critics (proponents of the orthodox Brahmanical Mimasa school as well as fellow Buddhists from the Madhyamaka school of thought), whose critiques exemplify the same logic as modern arguments from intentionality. Elaborating these various strands of thought, Arnold shows that seemingly arcane arguments among first-millennium Indian thinkers can illuminate matters still very much at the heart of contemporary philosophy.

On Ideas

Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Author: Gail Fine

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191519512

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 6422

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Peri ideon (On Ideas) is the only work in which Aristotle systematically sets out and criticizes arguments for the existence of Platonic forms. Gail Fine presents the first full-length treatment in English of this important but neglected work . She asks how, and how well, and why and with what justification he favours an alternative metaphysical scheme. She also examines the significance of the Peri ideon for some central questions about Plato's theory of forms - whether, for example, there are forms corresponding to every property or only to some, then to which ones; whether forms are universals, particulars, or both; and whether they are meanings, properties, or both. In addition to discussing the Peri ideon and its sources in Plato's dialogues, Fine also provides a general discussion of Plato's theory of forms, and of our evidence about the date, scope, and aims of the Peri ideon. While she pays careful attention to the details of the text, she also relates the issues to current philosophical concerns. The book will be valuable for anyone interested in metaphysics ancient or modern.

Aristotle's First Principles

Author: Terence Irwin

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 019151991X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 720

View: 2254

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Aristotle's reliance on dialectic as a method of philosophy appears to conflict with his metaphysical realist view of his conclusions. This book explores Aristotle's philosophical method and the merits of his conclusions, and shows how he defends dialectic against the objection that it cannot justify a metaphysical realist's claims. The author does not presuppose extensive previous acquaintance with Aristotle. Greek texts are translated, and Greek words transliterated.

Learn C on the Mac

For OS X and iOS

Author: David Mark,James Bucanek

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430245344

Category: Computers

Page: 508

View: 1838

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Considered a classic by an entire generation of Mac programmers, Dave Mark's Learn C on the Mac has been updated for you to include Mac OS X Mountain Lion and the latest iOS considerations. Learn C on the Mac: For OS X and iOS, Second Edition is perfect for beginners learning to program. It includes contemporary OS X and iOS examples! This book also does the following: • Provides best practices for programming newbies • Presents all the basics with a pragmatic, Mac OS X and iOS -flavored approach • Includes updated source code which is fully compatible with latest Xcode After reading this book, you'll be ready to program and build apps using the C language and Objective-C will become much easier for you to learn when you're ready to pick that up.

The Arguments of Counsel for the Libelee, Helen Maria Dalton, in the Dalton Divorce Case

Consisting of the Opening Address of H.F. Durant, Esq., and the Closing Plea of Hon. Rufus Choate : the Phonographic Report of the Daily Bee, by Messrs. J.M.W. Yerrington, and Rufus Leighton, of Boston and Messrs. Henry M. Parkhurst and William H. Burr, of New York

Author: Henry Fowle Durant,Helen Maria Dalton,Rufus Choate,James Manning Winchell Yerrinton,Benjamin Franklin Dalton,Rufus Leighton,Henry Martyn Parkhurst,William Henry Burr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Trials (Divorce)

Page: 47

View: 7401

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A Companion to Descartes

Author: Janet Broughton,John Carriero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144433784X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 1838

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A collection of more than 30 specially commissioned essays, this volume surveys the work of the 17th-century philosopher-scientist commonly regarded as the founder of modern philosophy, while integrating unique essays detailing the context and impact of his work. Covers the full range of historical and philosophical perspectives on the work of Descartes Discusses his seminal contributions to our understanding of skepticism, mind-body dualism, self-knowledge, innate ideas, substance, causality, God, and the nature of animals Explores the philosophical significance of his contributions to mathematics and science Concludes with a section on the impact of Descartes's work on subsequent philosophers

Networking Arguments

Rhetoric, Transnational Feminism, and Public Policy Writing

Author: Rebecca Dingo

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Preaa

ISBN: 0822977885

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 7614

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Networking Arguments presents an original study on the use and misuse of global institutional rhetoric and the effects of these practices on women, particularly in developing countries. Using a feminist lens, Rebecca Dingo views the complex networks that rhetoric flows through, globally and nationally, and how it’s often reconfigured to work both for and against women and to maintain existing power structures. To see how rhetorics travel, Dingo deconstructs the central terminology employed by global institutions—mainstreaming, fitness, and empowerment—and shows how their meanings shift depending on the contexts in which they’re used. She studies programs by the World Bank, the United Nations, and the United States, among others, to view the original policies, then follows the trail of their diffusion and manipulation and the ultimate consequences for individuals. To analyze transnational rhetorical processes, Dingo builds a theoretical framework by employing concepts of transcoding, ideological traffic, and interarticulation to uncover the intricacies of power relationships at work within networks. She also views transnational capitalism, neoliberal economics, and neocolonial ideologies as primary determinants of policy and arguments over women’s roles in the global economy. Networking Arguments offers a new method of feminist rhetorical analysis that allows for an increased understanding of global gender policies and encourages strategies to counteract the negative effects they can create.

Game Theory and its Applications

In the Social and Biological Sciences

Author: Andrew M. Colman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134987560

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 7805

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Andrew Coleman provides an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of mathematical gaming and other major applications in social psychology, decision theory, economics, politics, evolutionary biology, philosophy, operational research and sociology.

Isomorphisms of Types

from ?-calculus to information retrieval and language design

Author: Roberto DiCosmo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461225728

Category: Computers

Page: 235

View: 8166

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is a book about isomorphisms 0/ types, arecent difficult research topic in type theory that turned out to be able to have valuable practical applications both for programming language design and far more human centered information retrieval in software libraries. By means of a deep study of the syntax of the now widely known typed A-ca1culus, it is possible to identify some simple equations between types that on one hand allow to improve the design of the ML language, and on the other hand provide the basis for building radically new information retrieval systems for functional software libraries. We present in this book both the theoretical aspects of these researches and a fully functional implementation of some of their applications in such a way to provide interesting material both for the theoretician looking for proofs and for the practitioner interested in implementation details. In order to make it possible for these different types of readers to use this book effectively, some special signs are used to designate material that is particularly technical or applied or that represents a digression. When the symbol appears at the beginning of a section or a subsection, it warns that the material contained in such section is particularly technical with respect to the general level of the chapter or section where it is located. This material is generally reserved to theoreticians and does not need to be read by the casual reader.

Das Risiko und sein Preis

Skin in the Game

Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: Verlagsgruppe Random House GmbH

ISBN: 3641234522

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8062

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Warum wir nur denen vertrauen sollten, die etwas zu verlieren haben Stehen wir für die Risiken ein, die wir verursachen? Zu viele der Menschen, die auf der Welt Macht und Einfluss haben, so Nassim Nicholas Taleb, müssen nicht wirklich den Kopf hinhalten für das, was sie tun und veranlassen. Intellektuelle, Journalisten, Bürokraten, Banker, ihnen vor allem wirft er vor, kein »Skin in the Game« zu haben. Weil sie den Preis nicht bezahlen müssen, wenn sie irren, fällen sie schlechte Entscheidungen. Taleb zeigt anhand vieler Beispiele, wie »Skin in the Game«, ein fundamentales Konzept des Risikomanagements, auf alle Bereiche unseres Lebens übertragen werden kann. Sein neues Buch, so provozierend und bahnbrechend wie »Der Schwarze Schwan«, fordert uns heraus, alles, was wir über Risiko und Verantwortung in Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zu wissen glauben, neu zu denken.

Pædobaptism Examined

With Replies to the Arguments and Objection of Dr. Williams and Mr. Peter Edwards

Author: Abraham Booth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Baptism

Page: N.A

View: 8031

DOWNLOAD NOW »