Karst Hydrology

Concepts from the Mammoth Cave Area

Author: W.B. White,E.L. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461573173

Category: Science

Page: 346

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This volume has its roots in the distant past of more than 20 years ago, the International Hydrologic Decade (IHD), 1964-1974. One of the stated goals of the IHD was to promote research into groundwater situations for which the state of knowledge was hopelessly inadequate. One of these problem areas was the hydrology of carbonate terrains. Position papers published early in the IHD emphasized the special problems of karst; carbonate terrains were supposed to receive a substantial amount of attention during the IHD. There were indeed many new contributions from European colleagues but, unfortunately, in the United States the good intentions were not backed up by much in the way of federal funding. Some good and interesting work was published, particularly by the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS), but in the academic community the subject languished. About this same time the Cave Research Foundation (CRF), organized in 1957 to promote the systematic exploration, survey, and scientific study of the great cave systems of Mammoth Cave National Park, was casting about for a broader scope for its research activities. Up until that time, CRF research had been largely restricted to detailed mineralogical and geological investigations within the caves, with the main part of the effort concentrated on exploration and survey. The decision to investigate the hydrology required a certain enlargement of vision because investigators then had to consider the entire karst drainage basin rather than isolated fragments of cave passage.

Karst Hydrology

With Special Reference to the Dinaric Karst

Author: Ognjen Bonacci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642831656

Category: Science

Page: 184

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Karst is characterized particularly by special landforms and sub surface drainage. The various actions of water result in numerous variations of surface and sub-surface karst forms. They also bring about distinctive geologic-morphologic forms, and more striking ly, specific flora and fauna. The scientific discipline of hydrology, although a long-established science, cannot easily be applied to karst regions with their very complex drainage system. A special approach is therefore necessary to understand and predict water circulation in these areas. This is the viewpoint we must adopt if hydrology is to solve the complex problems of karst phenomena. This book can be seen as the appeal of a hydrologist to experts from different scientific dis ciplines (geology, hydrology, geomorphology, geography, geo physics, meteorology, ecology, civil engineering, forestry, agricul ture, etc.) to collaborate towards a better understanding of karst areas. Evidently, karst phenomena have not been sufficiently and carefully studied worldwide. It is equally true that the first theories on water circulation in karst were developed according to ex periences in the Dinaric karst. This can easily be explained. In habitants in those areas had no place to which to escape, as was the case in other countries.

Karst Hydrology

Proceedings of an International Workshop (Workshop W2) Held at Rabat, Morocco, During the Fifth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) : from 23 April to 3 May, 1997

Author: John Gunn,Alain Dassargues

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781901502404

Category: Hidrojeoloji

Page: 146

View: 9920

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Karst Hydrology and Physical Speleology

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642676693

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 2495

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The present publication on karst hydrology and physical speleology combines two subjects which have up to now been treated separately. The two fields of knowledge have gone their separate ways, less as a result of differences in subject matter than of varying approaches. The focal point in karst hydrology lies in the description of subter ranean water with its physical and chemical properties, whereas physical speleology de scribes subterranean cavities with their contents (air, water, and sediments), which gen erally have been created by water. Such cavities can be correctly interpreted only by means of a knowledge of karst hydrology, yet they in turn yield indications of the pro perties of karst water. Karst hydrology and physical speleology are thus two aspects of the subterranean karst phenomenon and should be viewed congruently. This book addresses geologists, hydrologists, geomorphologists, geographers, and karstologists, above all speleologists, as well as all friends of caves, especially the cavers among them. Its contents must therefore appeal to two groups: on one hand to the academically trained, whether university faculty, graduates, or students, who as a rule have the necessary basic knowledge to be able to understand the theoretical com ments; on the other hand to the laymen, who have fust-hand experience from their own observations in caves, but who often do not dispose over the scientific foundation necessary for an understanding of the phenomena. Therefore occasionally more attention will be given to problems of a simpler nature and to questions of technical terminology.

Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 9016

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology

Author: Derek Ford,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118684990

Category: Science

Page: 576

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Originally published in 1989, Karst Geomorphology andHydrology became the leading textbook on karststudies. This new textbook has been substantially revised andupdated. The first half of the book is a systematic presentation of thedissolution kinetics, chemical equilibria and physical flow lawsrelating to karst environments. It includes details of themany environmental factors that complicate their chemicalevolution, with a critique of measurement of karst erosionrates. The second half of the book looks at the classificationsystem for cave systems and the influence of climate and climaticchange on karst development. The book ends with chapters onkarst water resource management and a look at the important issuesof environmental management, including environmental impactassessment, environmental rehabilitation, tourism impacts andconservation values. Practical application of karst studiesare explained throughout the text. "This new edition strengthens the book's position as theessential reference in the field. Karst geoscientists will not dareto stray beyond arm's reach of this volume. It is certain to remainthe professional standard for many decades." Journal of Cave andKarst Studies, August 2007

Methods in Karst Hydrogeology

IAH: International Contributions to Hydrogeology, 26

Author: Nico Goldscheider,David Drew

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482266024

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 7676

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The importance of investigating karstified aquifers lies in their significance as a major source of drinking water. This book describes methods that are basic to all hydrogeological studies, such as hydraulic investigations, hydrochemistry, geophysics, isotope chemistry and modelling, but with the emphasis placed on their application to karst systems. Other techniques are specific to the karst environment, such as the speleological exploration of aquifers and water tracing. The various chapters of this book are written by experts in different methods. Most of the chapters are multi-authored, and the authors include hydrogeologists who are experienced in evaluating a variety of karst environments and who together, provide a comprehensive review of karst methods.