Knowledge and Reflexivity

New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Steve Woolgar

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Discourse analysis

Page: 214

View: 7326

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scholars working in the area broadly described as social studies of science' have convincingly demonstrated over the past decade that natural scientific knowledge is a product of social, cultural, historical and political processes. The eight contributors to this volume - newly available in paper - argue that it is high time that social science itself is seen as actively generated by those same forces. The tool that they use to analyze the social scientific text is that of reflexivity - at its simplest, a term which connotes self-reflection and self-referral. Knowledge and Reflexivity examines the wide-ranging implications of reflexivity for ethnography, discourse analysis, textual analysis, medical sociology and the sociology of science. A number of contributors - such as Trevor Pinch and Bruno Latour - are critical of the use of reflexivity. Each chapter is followed by a reflexion' from another contributor to give an unusual format to the book. The contributors are concerned to develop a practice in which the interrogation of the methods proceeds simultaneously with, and as an integral part of, the investigation of the object. Knowledge and Reflexivity brings debates within the social studies of science to a new frontier and will be stimulating reading for all researchers within the social sciences.

Theorizing Culture: Critique

Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113421961X

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 3949

DOWNLOAD NOW »
First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Theorizing Culture

An Interdisciplinary Critique After Postmodernism

Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135366810

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5329

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This highly original and timely volume engages scholars from the breadth of social science and the humanities to provide a critical perspective on cultural forms, practices and identities. It looks beyond the postmodern debate to reinstate the critical dimension in cultural analysis, providing a "student-friendly" introduction to key contemporary issues such as the body, AIDS, race, the environment and virtual reality. Theorizing Culture is essential reading for undergraduate courses in cultural and media studies and sociology, and will have considerable appeal for students and scholars of critical theory, gender studies and the history of ideas.

The Problem of Health Technology

Author: Pascale Lehoux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317793579

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 9845

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Health technology is a pivotal locus of change and controversy in health care systems, and The Problem of Health Technology offers a comprehensive and novel analysis of the topic. The book illuminates the scientific and policy arguments that are currently deployed in industrialized countries by addressing the perspectives of clinicians, health care managers, scholars, policymakers, patients, and industry. And by establishing a dialogue between two interdisciplinary fields--Health Technology Assessment and Science and Technology Studies--Pascale Lehoux argues for re-centering the debate around social and political questions rather than questions of affordability, thereby developing an alternative framework for thinking about the implications of health technology.

A Question of Knowledge

Author: Richenda Power

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317883756

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 885

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book uniquely illustrates the key concepts and issues involved with recent examples drawn from empirical research, highlighting the practical relevance of difficult theoretical and philosophical concepts to the way in which we think and talk about knowledge both in an everyday and in an academic/ sociological context.

A Naturalistic Epistemology

Selected Papers

Author: Hilary Kornblith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021199

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3383

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume draws together influential work by Hilary Kornblith on naturalistic epistemology. The naturalistic approach sees epistemology not as a matter of analysis of concepts, but as an explanatory project constrained and informed by work in the cognitive sciences. These essays expound and defend Kornblith's distinctive view of how we come to have knowledge of the world. He offers critical discussion of alternative approaches, such as foundationalism, the coherence theory of justification, internalism, and externalism; and he discusses social epistemology, the role of intuitions in philosophical theorizing, epistemic normativity, and the ways in which philosophical theories may be informed by empirical considerations. Kornblith aims to show how an epistemology which is based in the sciences of cognition may provide the understanding and intellectual illumination which has always been the goal of philosophical theorizing.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 6924

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 1531

DOWNLOAD NOW »
It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

Material Discourses of Health and Illness

Author: Lucy Yardley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134773811

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 2734

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.

The Sociocultural Turn in Psychology

The Contextual Emergence of Mind and Self

Author: Suzanne Kirschner,Jack Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519907

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3816

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The sociocultural turn in psychology treats psychological subjects, such as the mind and the self, as processes that are constituted, or "made up," within specific social and cultural practices. In other words, though one's distinct psychology is anchored by an embodied, biological existence, sociocultural interactions are integral to the evolution of the person. Only in the past two decades has the sociocultural turn truly established itself within disciplinary and professional psychology. Providing advanced students and practitioners with a definitive understanding of these theories, Suzanne R. Kirschner and Jack Martin, former presidents of the American Psychological Association's Division of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, assemble a collection of essays that describes the discursive, hermeneutic, dialogical, and activity approaches of sociocultural psychology. Each contribution recognizes psychology as a human science and supports the individual's potential for agency and freedom. At the same time, they differ in their understanding of a person's psychological functioning and the best way to study it. Ultimately the sociocultural turn offers an alternative to overly biological or interiorized theories of the self, emphasizing instead the formation and transformation of our minds in relation to others and the world.

Qualitative Research in Action

Author: Tim May

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 1257

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This is an excellent collection at the cutting edge of thinking about qualitative research.... The breadth of coverage and the sophistication of the discussion make this an important addition to the increasing literature on qualitative work." - Jonathan Potter, Loughborough University "This book is likely to have a broad appeal to a rising generation of qualitative researchers seeking to relate theoretical debates to methodological practice." - Clive Seale, Goldsmiths College This exciting new book brings together contributions from world-leading scholars as well as younger researchers and focuses on cutting-edge issues related to the practice of qualitative research in the field. It provides a forum for contributors to discuss the issues and processes which inform qualitative research in its various forms as based on fieldwork experiences. In achieving this in an accessible manner to both practising students and researchers, it seeks to enable a dialogue over ideas and provide the reader with a `state of the art' overview of the topic from a contemporary perspective. Rather than being a `how to do' book, this volume should prove vitally useful for advanced students and researchers who wish to engage with those ideas and practices in terms of their applicability for an understanding and explanation of the place of qualitative research in the social sciences. It is also a forum in which leading scholars make an original contribution to the subject. Lively and highly readable throughout, Qualitative Research in Action will be essential reading for advanced undergraduates and above in a variety of disciplines, as well as researchers who wish to engage with contemporary ideas and practices in relation to qualitative research.

Handbuch Wissenssoziologie und Wissensforschung

Author: Rainer Schützeichel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896695512

Category: Knowledge, Sociology of

Page: 864

View: 8849

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Wissenssoziologie und Wissensforschung stellen einen aktuellen, lebendigen, polykontexturalen und kontroversen Forschungsbereich in den Sozialwissenschaften dar. Zusammen mit ihrem>Gegenstand, demWissenin seinen verschiedenen sozialen, politischen und kulturellen Formen und Dimensionen, gewinnen auch diese Disziplinen immer mehr an gesellschaftlicher und wissenschaftlicher Relevanz. In über 60 Einzelbeiträgen gibt das erste deutschsprachige Handbuch seiner Art einen systematischen Überblick über den derzeitigen Forschungsstand, über aktuelle Entwicklungen wie auch über interdisziplinäre Anknüpfungspunkte in einer Vielzahl von sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschungsfeldern. Die Beiträge sind von renommierten Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern verfasst. Im ersten Teil werden aktuell wie auch theoriegeschichtlich bedeutsame theoretische und methodische Ansätze dargestellt und in einer interdisziplinären Weise verschiedene Wissenskonzepte und Wissensformen thematisiert. Der zweite Teil befasst sich mit gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungstendenzen und Problemstellungen, wie sie in spezifischen Wissensfeldern, Wissenspraxen, Wissensdifferenzierungen und sozialen Systemen von der Wissenschaft über die Ökonomie und Politik bis hin zur Medizin und zum Bildungssystem anzutreffen sind und sich in solchen Selbstbeschreibungen wie derWissensgesellschaft

Policy-Analyse

Kritik und Neuorientierung

Author: Adrienne Windhoff-Héritier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Policy sciences

Page: 485

View: 7517

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Zugeschriebene Handlungen

ein Beitrag zur Theorie sozialen Handelns

Author: Ingo Schulz-Schaeffer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Action theory

Page: 558

View: 1478

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Die Bausteine für die Theorie der Handlungszuschreibung werden in Auseinandersetzung mit George Herbert Meads Sozialbehaviorismus, der voluntaristischen Handlungstheorie Talcott Parsons, der Handlungstheorie der phänomenologischen Soziologie (Alfred Schütz, Thomas Luckmann) und den Handlungstheorien des Modells der erklärenden Soziologie (James Coleman, Hartmut Esser) gewonnen. Entscheidende Aspekte werden darüber hinaus von der analytischen Handlungsphilosophie und der sozialpsychologischen Attributionsforschung beigesteuert. Die Haltbarkeit und empirische Relevanz der Konzeption wird an zwei Kontrastfällen überprüft: Handlungszuschreibung im common sense des Alltags und Handlungszuschreibung in den Rechtsprinzipien des Strafrechts. Den Abschluss der Arbeit bildet ein Teil, der sich gleichsam dem hardest possible case der Handlungszuschreibung zuwendet: der Handlungszuschreibung von Aktivitäten, die von technischen Geräten und insbesondere von" intelligenter"Technik ausgeführt werden.

Der unscharfe Ort der Politik

Empirische Fallstudien zur Theorie der reflexiven Modernisierung

Author: Ulrich Beck,Maarten A. Jaher,Sven Kesselring

Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1365

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Der verbreiteten Rede von der "Politikverdrossenheit" oder dem "Ende der Politik" setzt dieser Band die These entgegen, daß sich das Verständnis und der Ort von Politik verändert haben. Die Grundlagen des gesellschaftlichen Handelns und Zusammenlebens sind in Bewegung geraten. ("reflexive Modernisierung"), die Gesellschaft hat sich energischer von Regeln befreit, als die Politik wahrhaben wollte: Eine Gesellschaft erfindet sich ihre Politik. Dieser Prozeß des Wie und Wo soll in diesem Band empirisch aufgezeigt werden. Dazu bedarf es einer Forschung, die nicht nur Phänomene bestimmt, sondern auch eine angemessene Sprache für die neuen Phänomene entwickelt. Erst dann ist auch eine theoretische Neubestimmung des Politikbegriffs möglich.