Knowledge and Reflexivity

New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Steve Woolgar

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Discourse analysis

Page: 214

View: 6454

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Scholars working in the area broadly described as social studies of science' have convincingly demonstrated over the past decade that natural scientific knowledge is a product of social, cultural, historical and political processes. The eight contributors to this volume - newly available in paper - argue that it is high time that social science itself is seen as actively generated by those same forces. The tool that they use to analyze the social scientific text is that of reflexivity - at its simplest, a term which connotes self-reflection and self-referral. Knowledge and Reflexivity examines the wide-ranging implications of reflexivity for ethnography, discourse analysis, textual analysis, medical sociology and the sociology of science. A number of contributors - such as Trevor Pinch and Bruno Latour - are critical of the use of reflexivity. Each chapter is followed by a reflexion' from another contributor to give an unusual format to the book. The contributors are concerned to develop a practice in which the interrogation of the methods proceeds simultaneously with, and as an integral part of, the investigation of the object. Knowledge and Reflexivity brings debates within the social studies of science to a new frontier and will be stimulating reading for all researchers within the social sciences.

Theorizing Culture

An Interdisciplinary Critique After Postmodernism

Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135366810

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7745

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This highly original and timely volume engages scholars from the breadth of social science and the humanities to provide a critical perspective on cultural forms, practices and identities. It looks beyond the postmodern debate to reinstate the critical dimension in cultural analysis, providing a "student-friendly" introduction to key contemporary issues such as the body, AIDS, race, the environment and virtual reality. Theorizing Culture is essential reading for undergraduate courses in cultural and media studies and sociology, and will have considerable appeal for students and scholars of critical theory, gender studies and the history of ideas.

Theorizing Culture: Critique

Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113421961X

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

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First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Problem of Health Technology

Author: Pascale Lehoux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317793579

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 8203

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Health technology is a pivotal locus of change and controversy in health care systems, and The Problem of Health Technology offers a comprehensive and novel analysis of the topic. The book illuminates the scientific and policy arguments that are currently deployed in industrialized countries by addressing the perspectives of clinicians, health care managers, scholars, policymakers, patients, and industry. And by establishing a dialogue between two interdisciplinary fields--Health Technology Assessment and Science and Technology Studies--Pascale Lehoux argues for re-centering the debate around social and political questions rather than questions of affordability, thereby developing an alternative framework for thinking about the implications of health technology.

A Question of Knowledge

Author: Richenda Power

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317883756

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

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This book uniquely illustrates the key concepts and issues involved with recent examples drawn from empirical research, highlighting the practical relevance of difficult theoretical and philosophical concepts to the way in which we think and talk about knowledge both in an everyday and in an academic/ sociological context.

A Naturalistic Epistemology

Selected Papers

Author: Hilary Kornblith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021199

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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This volume draws together influential work by Hilary Kornblith on naturalistic epistemology. The naturalistic approach sees epistemology not as a matter of analysis of concepts, but as an explanatory project constrained and informed by work in the cognitive sciences. These essays expound and defend Kornblith's distinctive view of how we come to have knowledge of the world. He offers critical discussion of alternative approaches, such as foundationalism, the coherence theory of justification, internalism, and externalism; and he discusses social epistemology, the role of intuitions in philosophical theorizing, epistemic normativity, and the ways in which philosophical theories may be informed by empirical considerations. Kornblith aims to show how an epistemology which is based in the sciences of cognition may provide the understanding and intellectual illumination which has always been the goal of philosophical theorizing.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 8170

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It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

Material Discourses of Health and Illness

Author: Lucy Yardley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134773811

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

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Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 7965

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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

Qualitative Research in Action

Author: Tim May

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 4470

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"This is an excellent collection at the cutting edge of thinking about qualitative research.... The breadth of coverage and the sophistication of the discussion make this an important addition to the increasing literature on qualitative work." - Jonathan Potter, Loughborough University "This book is likely to have a broad appeal to a rising generation of qualitative researchers seeking to relate theoretical debates to methodological practice." - Clive Seale, Goldsmiths College This exciting new book brings together contributions from world-leading scholars as well as younger researchers and focuses on cutting-edge issues related to the practice of qualitative research in the field. It provides a forum for contributors to discuss the issues and processes which inform qualitative research in its various forms as based on fieldwork experiences. In achieving this in an accessible manner to both practising students and researchers, it seeks to enable a dialogue over ideas and provide the reader with a `state of the art' overview of the topic from a contemporary perspective. Rather than being a `how to do' book, this volume should prove vitally useful for advanced students and researchers who wish to engage with those ideas and practices in terms of their applicability for an understanding and explanation of the place of qualitative research in the social sciences. It is also a forum in which leading scholars make an original contribution to the subject. Lively and highly readable throughout, Qualitative Research in Action will be essential reading for advanced undergraduates and above in a variety of disciplines, as well as researchers who wish to engage with contemporary ideas and practices in relation to qualitative research.

The Sociocultural Turn in Psychology

The Contextual Emergence of Mind and Self

Author: Suzanne Kirschner,Jack Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519907

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5937

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The sociocultural turn in psychology treats psychological subjects, such as the mind and the self, as processes that are constituted, or "made up," within specific social and cultural practices. In other words, though one's distinct psychology is anchored by an embodied, biological existence, sociocultural interactions are integral to the evolution of the person. Only in the past two decades has the sociocultural turn truly established itself within disciplinary and professional psychology. Providing advanced students and practitioners with a definitive understanding of these theories, Suzanne R. Kirschner and Jack Martin, former presidents of the American Psychological Association's Division of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, assemble a collection of essays that describes the discursive, hermeneutic, dialogical, and activity approaches of sociocultural psychology. Each contribution recognizes psychology as a human science and supports the individual's potential for agency and freedom. At the same time, they differ in their understanding of a person's psychological functioning and the best way to study it. Ultimately the sociocultural turn offers an alternative to overly biological or interiorized theories of the self, emphasizing instead the formation and transformation of our minds in relation to others and the world.

Standpoints and Differences

Essays in the Practice of Feminist Psychology

Author: Karen Henwood,Christine Griffin,Ann Phoenix

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780761954439

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 5298

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This volume investigates a key area of theoretical interest within contemporary feminist and poststructuralist theory, paying particular attention to feminist psychology. Recognizing that feminist researchers have a long-standing commitment to conducting research from feminist standpoints, the contributors consider the tensions between this and the poststructuralist argument that research and emancipatory politics can flow from personal and political differences. The volume considers questions and developments on `giving voice', and explores arguments and theoretical positions concerning power and subjectivity, paying attention to how these inform research practice.

Revisions

gender and sexuality in late modernity

Author: Lisa Adkins

Publisher: Open Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 5993

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This book will become a critical text in feminist and social theory. It brings together recent sociology of late modernity, particularly sociologies of reflexivity, aesthetics and detraditionalization, with a consideration of transformations of identity, especially transformations of gender and sexual identities. It does so in relation to questions of cultural economy; debates over the role and place of reflexivity in the social sciences; recent controversies over the significance of commodity aesthetics in regard to questions of identity; and debates on the significance of risk for the organization of contemporary sexualities. In so doing it puts forward a distinctive thesis, namely that within late modernity gender and sexuality are being reworked in terms of categories of reflexivity and risk. It shows that this reworking places increasing significance on issues of mobility and identity in late modernity. It therefore outlines the politics of mobility in regard to identity, suggesting that mobility is an important but often neglected source of power in late modernity. Revisions: Gender and Sexuality in Late Modernity will be essential reading for advanced undergraduates, research students and academics working in the fields of feminist theory, social theory, sociology, women's studies and cultural studies.

Reconfiguring truth

postmodernism, science studies, and the search for a new model of knowledge

Author: Steven C. Ward

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 4065

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This refreshingly original book links the postmodern critique of notions such as 'reality' and 'truth' with approaches to knowledge found in science and technology studies (STS), a field also discontent with traditional epistemology. Exploring STS approaches to knowledge, such as actor-network theory, Ward forges a path through the impasse of the modernism vs. postmodernism debate. Reconfiguring Knowledge is an important work for social scientists and theorists, philosophers, historians, and scholars of science and technology.

Writing biology

texts in the social construction of scientific knowledge

Author: Greg Myers

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1877

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Challenging knowledge

the university in the knowledge society

Author: Gerard Delanty

Publisher: Open Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780335205790

Category: Education

Page: 175

View: 2312

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The famous philosophical conceptions of the Open University from the Enlightenment to postmodern thought are discussed in this book along with the major writings in modern social theory on the university, such as those of Weber, Parsons, Habermas, Gadamer, Lyotard and Bourdieu. In this far reaching contribution to the sociology of knowledge, Delanty views the university as a key institution of modernity and as the site where knowledge, culture and society interconnect. He assesses the question of the crisis of the university with respect to issues such as globalization, the information age, the nation state, academic capitalism, cultural politics and changing relationships between research and teaching. Arguing against the notion of the demise of the university, his argument is that in the knowledge society of today a new identity for the university is emerging based on communication and new conceptions of citizenship. It should appeal to those interested in changing relationships between modernity, knowledge, higher education and the future of the university.