Land, Law and Islam

Property and Human Rights in the Muslim World

Author: Hilary Lim

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848137206

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 7539

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In this pioneering work Siraj Sait and Hilary Lim address Islamic property and land rights, drawing on a range of socio-historical, classical and contemporary resources. They address the significance of Islamic theories of property and Islamic land tenure regimes on the 'webs of tenure' prevalent in the Muslim societies. They consider the possibility of using Islamic legal and human rights systems for the development of inclusive, pro-poor approaches to land rights. They also focus on Muslim women's rights to property and inheritance systems. Engaging with institutions such as the Islamic endowment (waqf) and principles of Islamic microfinance, they test the workability of 'authentic' Islamic proposals. Located in human rights as well as Islamic debates, this study offers a well researched and constructive appraisal of property and land rights in the Muslim world.

The International Law of Property

Author: John G. Sprankling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502529

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 8764

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Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.

Feminist Perspectives on Land Law

Author: Hilary Lim,Anne Bottomley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135335036

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 899

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The first book to examine the critical area of land law from a feminist perspective, it provides an original and critical analysis of the gendered intersection between law and land; ranging land use and ownership in England and Wales to Botswana, Papua New Guinea and the Muslim world. The authors draw upon the diverse disciplinary fields of law, anthropology and geography to open up perspectives that go beyond the usually narrow topography and cartography of land law. Addressing an unorthodox variety of sites where questions of women's access and rights to land are raised, this book includes chapters on: shopping malls ancient monuments nature reserves housing estates the family home. An interdisciplinary and enlivening account of feminist perspectives on land law, it is an excellent addition to the bookshelves of students and researchers in legal studies, gender studies, social anthropology and social geography.

Contemporary Islamic Law in Indonesia

Author: Arskal Salim

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748693483

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 5621

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Indonesia has probably the fastest changing legal system in the Muslim world. This ethnographic account of legal pluralism in the post-conflict and disaster situation in Aceh addresses changes in both the national legal system and the regional legal structure in the province. Focusing on the encounter between diverse patterns of legal reasoning advocated by multiple actors and by different institutions (local, national and international; official and unofficial; judicial, political and social cultural) it considers the vast array of issues arising in the wake of the December 2004 earthquake and tsunami in Aceh.It investigates disputes about rights to land and other forms of property, power relations, the conflict of rules, gender relationships, the right to make decisions, and prevailing norms. These disputes are presented on multiple levels and in various forums, either through negotiation or adjudication, regardless of whether they are settled or not. The cases involve various actors from villages, the courts, the provincial government and the legislature, the national Supreme Court and the central government of Indonesia.

Mein Iran

Ein Leben zwischen Hoffnung und Revolution

Author: Shirin Ebadi

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492975437

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 6397

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Seit Jahrzehnten setzt sich Shirin Ebadi für Menschenrechte und eine Reform der iranischen Gesellschaft ein. In »Mein Iran« erzählt die Friedensnobelpreisträgerin von den frühen Jahren ihres politischen Engagements, ihrer Zeit als Richterin, den Demütigungen und Schikanen durch die islamische Revolution bis hin zu ihrer Verhaftung und ihrem dennoch fortwährenden Kampf. Ein beeindruckendes Zeugnis politischen Muts und ein tiefer Einblick in die Strukturen eines gespaltenen Landes.

Land as a Human Right

A History of Land Law and Practice in Tanzania

Author: Abdon Rwegasira

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9987081525

Category: Law

Page: 412

View: 594

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Wherever there is a person's right, there is a corresponding duty imposed upon that person to respect the rights of others. This co-existence of rights and duties may be explained better by the principle of reciprocity of rights and duties. Such is the basis of Land as as Human Right: A History of Land Law and Practice in Tanzania. The esteemed author documents Tanzanian land law along its line of historical development (pre- and post-independence) whereby the thorny issues about 'rights' and 'duties' of the landed, landless and the intermediaries are elucidated. This volume is not limited to events in Tanzania, but includes jurisprudence of land law of other countries in order to tap some interpretative devices of our own by way of analogies. Various case types- reported and unreported, local and foreign- provide a tangible content to what would otherwise be pure theory. He also makes references to local newspapers as a way of tapping the public responses about land-related matters. His survey of such cases in and outside Tanzania led automatically to judgments touching on women's right to matrimonial property and inheritance; individual and collective rights to land; and the right to land of the indigenous peoples. It is the author's view that land law has remained poorly documented in Tanzania. There is plenty of literature about Land Law, yet these sources are not easily available or even accessible to every interested person. Equally, some of the available literature is so old that it may not always depict land law and/or practice as we tend to understand it today. This volume is a comprehensive text on land law in which all the necessary land law principles are highlighted with great precision. Advocate Rwegasira does this with a human rights approach, believing that it is through this approach that a person's right to land, whether individual or collective can best be explained, especially in this era when conflict over land is unabatedly becoming central in family, communal and societal relations. The language of human rights is for all of us to speak. It follows, therefore, that practitioners both of the bar and the bench will also find it useful for quick reference, much as will do policy makers, law reformers and the general public in and outside Tanzania.

Der Islam

Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft

Author: Hans Küng

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 891

View: 834

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Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Weltreligionen zentrales Thema von Hans Küng. Mit seinen weltweit einflußreichen Büchern hat er Pionierarbeit für einen Dialog der Kulturen geleistet. In seinem neuen großen Werk bietet er eine profunde Gesamtdarstellung des Islam. Er entfaltet eine fundierte Religionsgeschichte, die über Ursprung, Vergangenheit und Gegenwart des islamischen Glaubens bis in seine mögliche Zukunft reicht. Er beschreibt die Paradigmenwechsel im Lauf der 1400jährigen Geschichte des Islams, zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Strömungen nach und sichtet die Positionen des Islam zu den drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart. Detailliert analysiert der Autor zunächst das Feind-, das Ideal- und ein Realbild des Islam und stellt diese in den Kontext der Geschichte Arabiens an der Peripherie der Großreiche. Dabei liegt sein besonderes Augenmerk auf dem Verhältnis zu den beiden anderen abrahamitischen Religionen. Sehr ausführlich werden Inhalt und Bedeutung des Korans dargestellt. Dabei erweist sich vor allem die Analyse der von ihm sehr anschaulich herausgearbeiteten zentralen Paradigmen als hilfreich, denen er die entsprechenden jüdischen und christlichen Glaubensprinzipien gegenüberstellt. Das Buch bietet eine umfassende Analyse der politischen, kulturellen und religiösen Bedeutung der zahlenmäßig größten Weltreligion neben dem Christentum und zeigt: Ohne einen Dialog mit dem Islam wird es weder einen dauerhaften Weltfrieden noch ein konfliktfreies Miteinander mit den Muslimen in Europa geben. Küng versteht sein Weltethos-Projekt als Gegenentwurf zu dem Paradigma eines Clash of Civilizations, dem er unterstellt ideologische Schützenhilfe dabei geleistet zu haben, "nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges das Feindbild Kommunismus durch das Feindbild Islam zu ersetzen, weiterhin eine amerikanische Hochrüstung zu rechtfertigen und, gewollt oder ungewollt, eine günstige Atmosphäre für weitere Kriege zu schaffen"

The law applied

contextualizing the Islamic Shari'a : a volume in honor of Frank E. Vogel

Author: Peri J. Bearman,Wolfhart Heinrichs,Bernard G. Weiss

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 6792

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A sea change has taken place in Islamic legal studies. This book both reflects and contributes to that change. Traditionally, scholars in this field have tended to focus on law as a body of rules and doctrines, as ‘fiqh.’ This volume is interested in how the law has been applied to concrete situations. It looks at judicial decision-making, legal response (fatwas), customary practices, the actions of public inspectors, cultural contexts, and theological discourses as well as modern legal reform and constitutional development. Reflecting the interests of a new academic generation, The Law Applied offers an ambitious and textured account of how Islamic law works in practice in the social life of the contemporary world.

Modern Perspectives on Islamic Law

Author: E. Ann Black,Hossein Esmaeili,Nadirsyah Hosen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857934473

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 6553

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'This book presents an invaluable contribution to the debate on the compatibility of Islam and modernity. It is full of arguments and examples showing how Islam can be understood in line with modern life, human rights, democracy, the rule of law, civil society and pluralism. The three authors come from different countries, represent different gender perspectives and have a Shia, a Sunni and a non-Muslim background respectively which makes the book a unique source of information and inspiration.' Irmgard Marboe, University of Vienna, Austria This well-informed book explains, reflects on and analyses Islamic law, not only in the classical legal tradition of Sharia, but also its modern, contemporary context. The book explores the role of Islamic law in secular Western nations and reflects on the legal system of Islam in its classical context as applied in its traditional homeland of the Middle East and also in South East Asia. Written by three leading scholars from three different backgrounds: a Muslim in the Sunni tradition, a Muslim in the Shia tradition, and a non-Muslim woman the book is not only unique, but also enriched by differing insights into Islamic law. Sir William Blair provides the foreword to a book which acknowledges that Islam continues to play a vital role not just in the Middle East but across the wider world, the discussion on which the authors embark is a crucial one. The book starts with an analysis of the nature of Islamic law, its concepts, meaning and sources, as well as its development in different stages of Islamic history. This is followed by accounts of how Islamic law is being practised today. Key modern institutions are discussed, such as the parliament, judiciary, dar al-ifta, political parties, and other important organizations. It continues by analysing some key concepts in our modern times: nation-state, citizenship, ummah, dhimmah (recognition of the status of certain non-Muslims in Islamic states), and the rule of law. The book investigates how in recent times, more and more fatwas are issued collectively rather than emanating from an individual scholar. The authors then evaluate how Islamic law deals with family matters, economics, crime, property and alternative dispute resolution. Lastly, the book revisits certain contemporary issues of debate in Islamic law such as the burqa, halal food, riba (interest) and apostasy. Modern Perspectives on Islamic Law will become a standard scholarly text on Islamic law. Its wide-ranging coverage will appeal to researchers and students of Islamic law, or Islamic studies in general. Legal practitioners will also be interested in the comparative aspects of Islamic law presented in this book.

Indonesia

Law and Society

Author: Timothy Lindsey

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862876606

Category: Islamic law

Page: 734

View: 7277

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Since the first edition, Indonesia has undergone massive political and legal change as part of its post-Soeharto reform process and its dramatic transition to democracy. This work contains 25 new chapters and the 4 surviving chapters have all been revised, where necessary. Indonesia: Law and Society now covers a broad range of legal fields and includes both historical and very up-to-date analyses and views on Indonesian legal issues. It includes work by leading scholars from a wide range of countries. There is still no comparable, English language text in existence.

The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 58/2008

Author: Gordon R. Woodman

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643999321

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 2317

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Jon Unruh examines the role of a disordered and dysfunctional legal pluralism in Liberia's descent into internal armed conflict. Thoko Khaime considers the concepts of children's universal rights and their relationship to the social reality of living law in an African society. Abdulmumuni Oba discusses the jurisdiction and functioning of Area Courts in the state of Ilorin in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Sue Farran examines the land law in the Pacific state of Vanuatu.

Secure land tenure

'new legal frameworks and tools in Asia and the Pacific' : proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting held by FIG Commission 7 on 8 and 9 December 2005 at the UN-ESCAP Headquarters, Bangkok, Thailand

Author: International Federation of Surveyors. Commission 7, Cadastre & Land Management (,Paul Van der Molen,Christiaan Lemmen,United Nations Human Settlements Programme,United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,World Bank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Land tenure

Page: 312

View: 3512

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Exit West

Roman

Author: Mohsin Hamid

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832189645

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 8233

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In einer Welt, die aus den Fugen geraten ist, in einem muslimisch geprägten Land, das am Rande eines Bürgerkriegs steht, in einer Stadt, die namenlos bleibt, lernen sie sich kennen: Nadia und Saeed. Sie hat mit ihrer Familie gebrochen, fährt Motorrad, lebt säkular und trägt ihr dunkles Gewand nur als Schutz vor den Zudringlichkeiten fremder Männer. Er wohnt noch bei seinen Eltern, ist eher schüchtern und nimmt die Ausübung seiner Religion sehr ernst. Doch während die Stadt um sie herum in Flammen aufgeht, sich Anschläge häufen und die Sicherheitslage immer prekärer wird, finden die beiden zusammen. Sie wollen eine gemeinsame Zukunft, in Freiheit. Und da sind diese Gerüchte über Türen, die diejenigen, die sie passieren, an ferne Orte bringen können. Doch den Weg durch diese Türen muss man sich mit viel Geld erkaufen. Als die Gewalt weiter eskaliert, entscheiden sich Nadia und Saeed, diesen Schritt zu gehen. Sie lassen ihr Land und ihr altes Leben zurück ... ›Exit West‹ ist ein überaus berührender Roman, der sich mit den zentralen Themen unserer Zeit beschäftigt: Flucht und Migration. Mohsin Hamid beweist, dass Literatur poetisch und zugleich politisch sein kann. Mit diesem »fesselnden Roman« (New York Times) steht Mohsin Hamid auf der Longlist des diesjährigen Man Booker Preises.