Land, Law and Islam

Property and Human Rights in the Muslim World

Author: Hilary Lim

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848137206

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 7439

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In this pioneering work Siraj Sait and Hilary Lim address Islamic property and land rights, drawing on a range of socio-historical, classical and contemporary resources. They address the significance of Islamic theories of property and Islamic land tenure regimes on the 'webs of tenure' prevalent in the Muslim societies. They consider the possibility of using Islamic legal and human rights systems for the development of inclusive, pro-poor approaches to land rights. They also focus on Muslim women's rights to property and inheritance systems. Engaging with institutions such as the Islamic endowment (waqf) and principles of Islamic microfinance, they test the workability of 'authentic' Islamic proposals. Located in human rights as well as Islamic debates, this study offers a well researched and constructive appraisal of property and land rights in the Muslim world.

The International Law of Property

Author: John G. Sprankling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502529

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 4193

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Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.

Feminist Perspectives on Land Law

Author: Hilary Lim,Anne Bottomley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135335036

Category: Law

Page: 328

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The first book to examine the critical area of land law from a feminist perspective, it provides an original and critical analysis of the gendered intersection between law and land; ranging land use and ownership in England and Wales to Botswana, Papua New Guinea and the Muslim world. The authors draw upon the diverse disciplinary fields of law, anthropology and geography to open up perspectives that go beyond the usually narrow topography and cartography of land law. Addressing an unorthodox variety of sites where questions of women's access and rights to land are raised, this book includes chapters on: shopping malls ancient monuments nature reserves housing estates the family home. An interdisciplinary and enlivening account of feminist perspectives on land law, it is an excellent addition to the bookshelves of students and researchers in legal studies, gender studies, social anthropology and social geography.

Religionen im Nahen Osten

Irak, Jordanien, Syrien, Libanon

Author: Hannelore Müller

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 372

View: 7132

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Diese religionswissenschaftliche Publikation fuhrt in die religiose Pluralitat in ausgewahlten Landern des Nahen Ostens ein. Bei jeder Religionsgemeinschaft werden einheitlich religiose Lehre, Religions- bzw. Kirchengeschichte prasentiert. In Band I kommen folgende religiose Gruppierungen zur Sprache: im Irak Muslime, Christen, Juden, Yeziden, Mandaer, in Jordanien Muslime und Christen, in Syrien Muslime, Nusayrier (Alawiten), Christen, im Libanon Christen, Drusen, Muslime. Zum besseren Verstandnis der Hintergrunde und Zusammenhange beginnen die chronologisch dargestellten Religionsgeschichten mit der Entstehung der Religionsgemeinschaft, wobei allerdings der inhaltliche Akzent auf dem 20. und 21. Jahrhundert liegt. Mit dieser zusammenfassenden und auch fur Nicht-Spezialisten verstandlichen Arbeit soll zum einen die bislang fehlende Moglichkeit gegeben werden, einen leicht zuganglichen Uberblick uber die Religionsgemeinschaften im Nahen Osten zu gewinnen. Zum anderen soll sie als Ausgangspunkt und Grundlage fur anschliessende Detailforschungen dienen.

Mein Iran

Ein Leben zwischen Hoffnung und Revolution

Author: Shirin Ebadi

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492975437

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 9095

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Seit Jahrzehnten setzt sich Shirin Ebadi für Menschenrechte und eine Reform der iranischen Gesellschaft ein. In »Mein Iran« erzählt die Friedensnobelpreisträgerin von den frühen Jahren ihres politischen Engagements, ihrer Zeit als Richterin, den Demütigungen und Schikanen durch die islamische Revolution bis hin zu ihrer Verhaftung und ihrem dennoch fortwährenden Kampf. Ein beeindruckendes Zeugnis politischen Muts und ein tiefer Einblick in die Strukturen eines gespaltenen Landes.

Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law

Author: Anver M. Emon,Mark Ellis,Benjamin Glahn

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645702

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 677

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The relationship between Islamic law and international human rights law has been the subject of considerable, and heated, debate in recent years. The usual starting point has been to test one system by the standards of the other, asking is Islamic law 'compatible' with international human rights standards, or vice versa. This approach quickly ends in acrimony and accusations of misunderstanding. By overlaying one set of norms on another we overlook the deeply contextual nature of how legal rules operate in a society, and meaningful comparison and discussion is impossible. In this volume, leading experts in Islamic law and international human rights law attempt to deepen the understanding of human rights and Islam, paving the way for a more meaningful debate. Focusing on central areas of controversy, such as freedom of speech and religion, gender equality, and minority rights, the authors examine the contextual nature of how Islamic law and international human rights law are legitimately formed, interpreted, and applied within a community. They examine how these fundamental interests are recognized and protected within the law, and what restrictions are placed on the freedoms associated with them. By examining how each system recognizes and limits fundamental freedoms, this volume clears the ground for exploring the relationship between Islamic law and international human rights law on a sounder footing. In doing so it offers a challenging and distinctive contribution to the literature on the subject, and will be an invaluable reference for students, academics, and policy-makers engaged in the legal and religious debates surrounding Islam and the West.

Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie

Author: Nora Kalbarczyk

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004366334

Category: Religion

Page: 306

View: 7578

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In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie untersucht Nora Kalbarczyk, wie Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (gest. 1210) auf der Grundlage von Ibn Sīnās (gest. 1037) Klassifikation der Bezeichnung ein hermeneutisches Instrumentarium entwickelt, das im Kontext der islamischen Rechtstheorie fruchtbar gemacht wird. In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie Nora Kalbarczyk examines how Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (d. 1210) develops – on the basis of Ibn Sīnā’s (d. 1037) theory of signification – a hermeneutic toolbox which is also useful in the context of Islamic legal theory.

Die Hörigkeit der Frau

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: 8027205727

Category: Social Science

Page: 145

View: 2541

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Diese Ausgabe von "Die Hörigkeit der Frau" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) war ein englischer Philosoph und Ökonom und einer der einflussreichsten liberalen Denker des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er war Anhänger des Utilitarismus, der von Jeremy Bentham, dem Lehrer und Freund seines Vaters James Mill, entwickelt wurde. Aus dem Buch: "Bei allen zarteren Verrichtungen der Natur - von welchen die der belebten Schöpfung die zartesten und von diesen wieder die des Nervensystems die allerzartesten sind - hängen die Verschiedenheiten der Wirkung ebensowohl von der Verschiedenheit der betreffenden Organe nach ihrer Qualität wie nach ihrer Quantität ab, und wenn die Qualität eines Instrumentes nach der Feinheit und Sauberkeit des Werkes, das es verrichten kann, zu beurteilen ist, so weist dieser Schluß auf eine durchschnittlich feinere Qualität des Gehirnes und Nervensystems der Frauen als der Männer hin. Sieht man indes von allen abstrakten Unterschieden der Qualität ab, die zu belegen immer eine schwierige Sache bleibt, so weiß man doch, daß die Wirksamkeit eines Organes nicht allein von seinem Umfange, sondern von seiner Tätigkeit abhängt, und von dieser haben wir ein annäherndes Maß in der Kraft, mit welcher das Blut durch dasselbe zirkuliert, da sowohl der Stimulus wie die ersetzende Kraft hauptsächlich von dieser Zirkulation abhängt."

Civil Disobedience and the Politics of Identity

When We Should Not Get Along

Author: J. Hill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137350318

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 9457

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Civil Disobedience and the Politics of Identity is an attempt to provide criteria for when it is both morally necessary and politically expedient to break with civic harmony social cohesion in the name of a higher social justice.

Land as a Human Right

A History of Land Law and Practice in Tanzania

Author: Abdon Rwegasira

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9987081525

Category: Law

Page: 412

View: 5094

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Wherever there is a person's right, there is a corresponding duty imposed upon that person to respect the rights of others. This co-existence of rights and duties may be explained better by the principle of reciprocity of rights and duties. Such is the basis of Land as as Human Right: A History of Land Law and Practice in Tanzania. The esteemed author documents Tanzanian land law along its line of historical development (pre- and post-independence) whereby the thorny issues about 'rights' and 'duties' of the landed, landless and the intermediaries are elucidated. This volume is not limited to events in Tanzania, but includes jurisprudence of land law of other countries in order to tap some interpretative devices of our own by way of analogies. Various case types- reported and unreported, local and foreign- provide a tangible content to what would otherwise be pure theory. He also makes references to local newspapers as a way of tapping the public responses about land-related matters. His survey of such cases in and outside Tanzania led automatically to judgments touching on women's right to matrimonial property and inheritance; individual and collective rights to land; and the right to land of the indigenous peoples. It is the author's view that land law has remained poorly documented in Tanzania. There is plenty of literature about Land Law, yet these sources are not easily available or even accessible to every interested person. Equally, some of the available literature is so old that it may not always depict land law and/or practice as we tend to understand it today. This volume is a comprehensive text on land law in which all the necessary land law principles are highlighted with great precision. Advocate Rwegasira does this with a human rights approach, believing that it is through this approach that a person's right to land, whether individual or collective can best be explained, especially in this era when conflict over land is unabatedly becoming central in family, communal and societal relations. The language of human rights is for all of us to speak. It follows, therefore, that practitioners both of the bar and the bench will also find it useful for quick reference, much as will do policy makers, law reformers and the general public in and outside Tanzania.

The law applied

contextualizing the Islamic Shari'a : a volume in honor of Frank E. Vogel

Author: Peri J. Bearman,Wolfhart Heinrichs,Bernard G. Weiss

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 3212

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A sea change has taken place in Islamic legal studies. This book both reflects and contributes to that change. Traditionally, scholars in this field have tended to focus on law as a body of rules and doctrines, as ‘fiqh.’ This volume is interested in how the law has been applied to concrete situations. It looks at judicial decision-making, legal response (fatwas), customary practices, the actions of public inspectors, cultural contexts, and theological discourses as well as modern legal reform and constitutional development. Reflecting the interests of a new academic generation, The Law Applied offers an ambitious and textured account of how Islamic law works in practice in the social life of the contemporary world.

Contemporary Islamic Law in Indonesia

Author: Arskal Salim

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748693483

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 3116

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Indonesia has probably the fastest changing legal system in the Muslim world. This ethnographic account of legal pluralism in the post-conflict and disaster situation in Aceh addresses changes in both the national legal system and the regional legal structure in the province. Focusing on the encounter between diverse patterns of legal reasoning advocated by multiple actors and by different institutions (local, national and international; official and unofficial; judicial, political and social cultural) it considers the vast array of issues arising in the wake of the December 2004 earthquake and tsunami in Aceh.It investigates disputes about rights to land and other forms of property, power relations, the conflict of rules, gender relationships, the right to make decisions, and prevailing norms. These disputes are presented on multiple levels and in various forums, either through negotiation or adjudication, regardless of whether they are settled or not. The cases involve various actors from villages, the courts, the provincial government and the legislature, the national Supreme Court and the central government of Indonesia.

The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 58/2008

Author: Gordon R. Woodman

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643999321

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 4350

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Jon Unruh examines the role of a disordered and dysfunctional legal pluralism in Liberia's descent into internal armed conflict. Thoko Khaime considers the concepts of children's universal rights and their relationship to the social reality of living law in an African society. Abdulmumuni Oba discusses the jurisdiction and functioning of Area Courts in the state of Ilorin in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Sue Farran examines the land law in the Pacific state of Vanuatu.

Zoopolis

Eine politische Theorie der Tierrechte

Author: Sue Donaldson,Will Kymlicka

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734326

Category: Nature

Page: 608

View: 6677

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Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

Die Vereinbarkeit der vom Sicherheitsrat nach Kapitel VII der UN-Charta verhängten Wirtschaftssanktionen mit den Menschenrechten und dem humanitären Völkerrecht

Author: Lutz Oette

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783631508510

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 8597

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Die jungste Sanktionspraxis hat die Frage nach den sich aus den Menschenrechten und dem humanitaren Volkerrecht ergebenden Grenzen des Ermessens des Sicherheitsrats aufgeworfen, die beim Einsatz von Wirtschaftssanktionen zu beachten sind. Diese Grenzen werden anhand einer praxisorientierten Auslegung der UN-Charta bestimmt. Die rechtliche Beurteilung dieser Praxis zeigt, dass vor allem die gegenuber dem Irak verhangten Sanktionen den aus den Menschenrechten und dem humanitaren Volkerrecht folgenden Anforderungen nicht in vollem Umfang gerecht geworden sind. Seit geraumer Zeit ist aber ein Wandel zu einer Praxis erkennbar, in der -unbeabsichtigte humanitare Nebenwirkungen- vermieden werden sollen, besonders in Form gezielter Sanktionen. Diese Entwicklung bietet den Ansatzpunkt fur ein Sanktionsregime, in dessen Rahmen die Menschenrechte und humanitaren Rechte so weitgehend wie moglich gewahrleistet werden."

Secure land tenure

'new legal frameworks and tools in Asia and the Pacific' : proceedings of an Expert Group Meeting held by FIG Commission 7 on 8 and 9 December 2005 at the UN-ESCAP Headquarters, Bangkok, Thailand

Author: International Federation of Surveyors. Commission 7, Cadastre & Land Management (,Paul Van der Molen,Christiaan Lemmen,United Nations Human Settlements Programme,United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,World Bank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Land tenure

Page: 312

View: 6062

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