Life and Death in Asia Minor in Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Times

Studies in Archaeology and Bioarchaeology

Author: J. Rasmus Brandt,Erika Hagelberg,Gro Bjørnstad,Sven Ahrens

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781785703591

Category: Death

Page: 432

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"Life and Death in Asia Minor combines contributions in both archaeology and bioarchaeology in Asia Minor in the period ca. 200 BC-AD 1300 for the first time. The archaeology topics are wide-ranging including death and territory, death and landscape perception, death and urban transformations from pagan to Christian topography, changing tomb typologies, funerary costs, family organization, funerary rights, rituals and practices among pagans, Jews, and Christians, inhumation and Early Byzantine cremations and use and reuse of tombs. The bioarchaeology chapters use DNA, isotope and osteological analyses to discuss, both among children and adults, questions such as demography and death rates, pathology and nutrition, body actions, genetics, osteobiography, and mobility patterns and diet. The areas covered in Asia Minor include the sites of Hierapolis, Laodikeia, Aphrodisias, Tlos, Ephesos, Priene, Kyme, Pergamon, Amorion, Gordion, Bogazkale, and Arslantepe. The theoretical and methodological approaches used make it highly relevant for people working in other geographical areas and time periods. Many of the articles could be used as case studies in teaching at schools and universities. An important objective of the publication has been to see how the different types of results emerging from archaeological and natural science studies respectively could be integrated with each other and pose new questions on ancient societies, which were far more complex than historical and social studies of the past often manage to transmit"--Publisher description.

Greek and Roman Festivals

Content, Meaning, and Practice

Author: J. Rasmus Brandt,Jon W. Iddeng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199696098

Category: History

Page: 405

View: 5751

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Greek and Roman Festivals addresses the multi-faceted and complex nature of Greco-Roman festivals and analyses the connections that existed between them, as religious and social phenomena, and the historical dynamics that shaped them. It contains twelve articles which form an interdisciplinary perspective of classical scholarship on the topic.

Funerary Practices in the Iberian Peninsula from the Mesolithic to the Chalcolithic

Author: Juan F. Gibaja,Juan Francisco Gibaja Bao,António Faustino de Carvalho,Philippe Chambon

Publisher: British Archaeological Association

ISBN: 9781407310152

Category: History

Page: 123

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With this book the contributors review funerary practices from the Mesolithic to the Chalcolithic in the Western Mediterranean, more specifically, in this first volume, on modern day Spain, Andorra, and Portugal. (A second volume will focus on the same periods in Southern France and the Italian Peninsula.) Contents: Preface. Funerary practices in the western Mediterranean from the Mesolithic to the Chalcolithic: the Iberian Peninsular (Juan Gibaja, António Faustino Carvalho and Philippe Chambon); 1) Funerary practices in Cantabrian, Spain (9000-3000 cal BC) (Pablo Arias); 2) From pits to megaliths: Neolithic burials in the interior of Iberia (Manuel Rojo-Guerra and Rafael Garrido-Pena); 3) Funerary practices during the Early-Middle Neolithic in north-east Iberia (Juan Gibaja et al); 4) Mesolithic and Neolithic funerary practices in the central Mediterranean region of Spain (Oreto Garcia Puchol et al); 5) Funerary practices and demography from the Mesolithic to the Copper Age in southern Spain (Marta Diaz-Zorita et al); 6) Mortuary archaeology of the Muge shell middens (Mary Jackes and David Lubell); 7) Algar do Bom Santo: a Middle Neolithic necropolis in Portuguese Estremadura (Antonio Faustino Carvalho et al); 8) The Sado shell middens: anthropological and paleodietary depiction (Claudia Umbelino and Eugenia Cunha); 9) Ditches, pits and hypogea: new data and new problems in south Portugal Late Neolithic and Chalcolithic practices (Antonio Carlos Valera); 10) Early Neolithic funerary practices in Castelo Belinho’s village (western Algarve, Portugal) (Mario Varela Gomes)

Landscape and History in the Lykos Valley

Laodikeia and Hierapolis in Phrygia

Author: Celal Şimşek,Francesco D’Andria

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443892297

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 8410

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This book explores archaeological excavations and investigations into the history of the Lykos valley, Turkey. The contributions discuss the latest discoveries at the Ploutonion of Hierapolis; the excavations of the tabernae in Tripolis; the Lykos Valley in prehistory and the second millennium BC; the origins of the marble used in Hierapolis; and archaeo-botanic studies in Hierapolis, among others. Taken together, all the articles gathered here reveal the strong connections between the cities of the valley.

Death and Changing Rituals

Function and meaning in ancient funerary practices

Author: J. Rasmus Brandt,HÎkon Ingvaldsen,Marina Prusac

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782976396

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5788

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The forms by which a deceased person may be brought to rest are as many as there are causes of death. In most societies the disposal of the corpse is accompanied by some form of celebration or ritual which may range from a simple act of deportment in solitude to the engagement of large masses of people in laborious and creative festivities. In a funerary context the term ritual may be taken to represent a process that incorporates all the actions performed and thoughts expressed in connection with a dying and dead person, from the preparatory pre-death stages to the final deposition of the corpse and the post-mortem stages of grief and commemoration. The contributions presented here are focused not on the examination of different funerary practices, their function and meaning, but on the changes of such rituals _ how and when they occurred and how they may be explained. Based on case studies from a range of geographical regions and from different prehistoric and historical periods, a range of key themes are examined concerning belief and ritual, body and deposition, place, performance and commemoration, exploring a complex web of practices.

Migration, Mobility and Place in Ancient Italy

Author: Elena Isayev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107130611

Category: History

Page: 502

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Migration, Mobility and Place in Ancient Italy challenges prevailing conceptions of a natural tie to the land and a demographically settled world. It argues that much human mobility in the last millennium BC was ongoing and cyclical. In particular, outside the military context 'the foreigner in our midst' was not regarded as a problem. Boundaries of status rather than of geopolitics were those difficult to cross. The book discusses the stories of individuals and migrant groups, traders, refugees, expulsions, the founding and demolition of sites, and the political processes that could both encourage and discourage the transfer of people from one place to another. In so doing it highlights moments of change in the concepts of mobility and the definitions of those on the move. By providing the long view from history, it exposes how fleeting are the conventions that take shape here and now.

Columnar Sarcophagi from Aphrodisias

Author: Esen Ogus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783954902699

Category:

Page: 208

View: 1822

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Aphrodisias in Caria (modern Turkey) has a remarkable body of relief-decorated marble sarcophagi of the Roman Imperial period. This monograph presents the sarcophagi decorated with columnar arcades in which a variety of human, divine, and mythological figures are presented. It sets the sarcophagi in their local archaeological, epigraphic, and regional contexts, and focuses on questions of chronology, social class, family life, burial hierarchy, and production and re-use.

Rough Cilicia

New Historical and Archaeological Approaches

Author: Michael C. Hoff,Rhys F. Townsend

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782970606

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8860

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The region of Rough Cilicia (modern area the south-western coastal area of Turkey), known in antiquity as Cilicia Tracheia, constitutes the western part of the larger area of Cilicia. It is characterised by the ruggedness of its territory and the protection afforded by the high mountains combined with the rugged seacoast fostered the prolific piracy that developed in the late Hellenistic period, bringing much notoriety to the area. It was also known as a source of timber, primarily for shipbuilding. The twenty-two papers presented here give a useful overview on current research on Rough Cilicia, from the Bronze Age to the Byzantine period, with a variety of methods, from surveys to excavations. The first two articles (Ya?c?, Jasink and Bombardieri), deal with the Bronze and Iron Ages, and refer to the questions of colonisation, influences, and relations. The following four articles (Tempesta, de Souza, Tomaschitz, Rauh et al.) concern the pirates of Cilicia and Isauria who were a big problem, not only for the region but throughout the Mediterranean and Aegean during the late Hellenistic and especially Roman periods. Approaching the subject of Roman Architecture, Borgia recalls Antiochus IV of Commagene, a king with good relations to Rome. Six papers (Spanu, Townsend, Giobbe, Hoff, Winterstein, and Wandsnider) publish work on Roman architecture: architectural decoration, council houses, Roman temples, bath architecture, cenotaph, and public buildings. Ceramics is not neglected and Lund provides a special emphasis on ceramics to demonstrate how pottery can be used as evidence for connections between Rough Cilicia and northwestern Cyprus. Six contributions (Varinliog(lu, Ferrazzoli, Jackson, Elton, Canevello and Özy?ld?r?m, Honey) deal with the Early Christian and Byzantine periods and cover rural habitat, trade, the Kilise Tepe settlement, late Roman churches, Seleucia, and the miracles of Thekla. The final article (Huber) gives insight into methods applied to the study of architectural monuments.

Death and Burial in the Roman World

Author: J. M. C. Toynbee

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801855078

Category: History

Page: 336

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Toynbee's comprehensive examination of Roman burial practices, ranging throughout the Roman world from Rome to Pompeii, Britain to Jerusalem. A broad perspective is adopted, which takes in beliefs about death and the afterlife, rituals associated with burial and mourning, and descriptions of cemeteries and tombs themselves.

Reuse and Renovation in Roman Material Culture

Functions, Aesthetics, Interpretations

Author: Diana Y. Ng,Molly Swetnam-Burland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110847389X

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

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The re-use of architectural and sculptural materials (spoliation) was common centuries earlier than previously realized, during the Roman empire.

Athenian Potters and Painters III

Author: John Oakley

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782976639

Category: History

Page: 272

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Athenian Potters and Painters III presents a rich mass of new material on Greek vases, including finds from excavations at the Kerameikos in Athens and Despotiko in the Cyclades. Some contributions focus on painters or workshops Ð Paseas, the Robinson Group, and the structure of the figured pottery industry in Athens; others on vase forms Ð plates, phialai, cups, and the change in shapes at the end of the sixth century BC. Context, trade, kalos inscriptions, reception, the fabrication of inscribed paintersÕ names to create a fictitious biography, and the reconstruction of the contents of an Etruscan tomb are also explored. The iconography and iconology of various types of figured scenes on Attic pottery serve as the subject of a wide range of papers Ð chariots, dogs, baskets, heads, departures, an Amazonomachy, Menelaus and Helen, red-figure komasts, symposia, and scenes of pursuit. Among the special vases presented are a black spotlight stamnos and a column krater by the Suessula Painter. Athenian Potters and Painters III, the proceedings of an international conference held at the College of William and Mary in Virginia in 2012, will, like the previous two volumes, become a standard reference work in the study of Greek pottery.

The Edges of the Roman World

Author: Marko A. Janković,Vladimir D. Mihajlović,Staša Babić

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443861545

Category: Art

Page: 305

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The Edges of the Roman World is a volume consisting of seventeen papers dealing with different approaches to cultural changes that occurred in the context of Roman imperial politics. Papers are mainly focused on societies on the fringes, both social and geographical, and their response to Roman Imperialism. This volume is not a textbook, but rather a collection of different approaches which address the same problem of Roman Imperialism in local contexts. The volume is greatly inspired by the first “Imperialism and Identities at the Edges of the Roman World” conference, held at the Petnica Science Center in 2012.

Performing Death

Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Author: Nicola Laneri

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: 9781885923509

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 6516

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This volume represents a collection of contributions presented by the authors during the Second Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar "Performing Death: Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean," held at the Oriental Institute, February 17-18, 2006. The principal aim of the two-day seminar was to interpret the social relevance resulting from the enactment of funerary rituals within the broad-reaching Mediterranean basin from prehistoric periods to the Roman Age. Efforts were concentrated on creating a panel composed of scholars with diverse backgrounds - anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, art historians, and philologists - and the knowledge and expertise to enrich the discussion through the presentation of case-studies linked to both textual and archaeological evidence from the Mediterranean region. Fundamental to the successful realisation of this research process was the active dialogue between scholars of different backgrounds. These communicative exchanges provided the opportunity to integrate different approaches and interpretations concerning the role played by the performance of ancient funerary rituals within a given society and, as a result, helped in defining a coherent outcome towards the interpretation of ancient communities' behaviours.

The Ancient Economy

Author: Moses I. Finley

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520024366

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 6214

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""The Ancient Economy" holds pride of place among the handful of genuinely influential works of ancient history. This is Finley at the height of his remarkable powers and in his finest role as historical iconoclast and intellectual provocateur. It should be required reading for every student of pre-modern modes of production, exchange, and consumption."--Josiah Ober, author of "Political Dissent in Democratic Athens"

Living with Myths

The Imagery of Roman Sarcophagi

Author: Paul Zanker,Bjorn C. Ewald,Julia Slater

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199228698

Category: Art

Page: 428

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Provides a comprehensive introduction to Roman sarcophagi, exploring such subjects as the role of the mythological images in everyday life of the time, the messages they convey about the Romans' view of themselves and the reception of the sarcophagi in later European art and art history.

The Archaeology of Death in Roman Syria

Commemoration, Empire, and Community

Author: Lidewijde de Jong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107131413

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 9682

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In the first centuries of the Common Era, an eclectic collection of plain and embellished underground and aboveground tombs filled the cemeteries of the Roman province of Syria. Its inhabitants used rituals of commemoration to express messages about their local identity, family, and social position, while simultaneously ensuring that the deceased was given proper burial rites. In this book, Lidewijde de Jong investigates these customs and the belief systems that governed the choices made in the commemoration of men, women and children. Presenting the first all-inclusive overview of the archaeology of death in Roman Syria, the book combines spatial analysis of cemeteries with the study of funerary architecture and decoration, grave goods, and information about the deceased provided by sculptural, epigraphic, and osteological sources. It also sheds a new light on life and death in Syria and offers a novel way of understanding provincial culture in the Roman Empire.

SOMA 2014

Proceedings of the 18th Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology, Wrocław, Poland, 24-26 April 2014

Author: Blazej Stanislawski,Hakan Oniz

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784914943

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 200

View: 7931

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The 18th annual meeting of the Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology (SOMA) was held in Wrocław-Poland, 24th to 26th April 2014. Since prehistoric times the Mediterranean has acted as a stage for intense interactions between groups inhabiting regions that are now studied mainly within various sub-fields of ancient studies. In recent years, however, the development of research techniques and analytical models of archaeological evidence have identified similar historical paths that are similar, if not, in some cases, common to these disparate areas of the ancient world from West (Iberian peninsula) to East (Anatolia and Levant), from North (Europe, Black Sea Coast) to South (Maghreb and Egypt). The 18th SOMA provided a forum for presentations related to the above-mentioned topics, as well as general themes such as the role of the sea, trade, colonization, even piracy, using archaeological data collected within contexts associated with the Mediterranean Basin and the area referred to as the Ancient Near East, ranging chronologically from the Prehistoric to Medieval periods. This current volume contains 22 papers selected from the 90 presented.

Aphrodisias Papers

Excavation and research at Aphrodisias, 2006-2012

Author: R. R. R. Smith,Alexander Sokolicek,Katherine E. Welch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780991373079

Category: Aphrodisias (Extinct city)

Page: 380

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25 chapters by different authors on the Tetrapylon Street, "South Agora", North Agora, Hadrianic Baths, Atrium House, Basilica, Quarries, Anastylosis, Statues, Sarcophagi, Inscriptions, Jewelry