Life in the Gang

Family, Friends, and Violence

Author: Scott H. Decker,Barrik van Winkle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521565660

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 7645

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This study is based on three years of field work with ninety-nine active gang members and twenty-four family members. The book describes the attractiveness of gangs, the process of joining, their chaotic and loose organization, and their members' predominant activities--mostly hanging out, drinking, and using drugs--and their rather slapdash involvement in major property crime and drug traffic. Extensive interviews with family members provide groundbreaking insights into the gang members' lives, and the story is told largely in the gang members' own words.

Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317995090

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 6451

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Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice is designed to promote the understanding of various quantitative research methods and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on a variety of 'cutting edge' quantitative research techniques. The chapters that appear delve into the state of quantitative methods in the discipline, group-based trajectory modeling, spatial dependence models, structural equation models, meta-analysis, social network designs, panel data modeling, and censored regression techniques. This book will be highly beneficial for readers who seek to stay as current as possible as they pursue answers to questions about crime and justice using quantitative research methods. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Delinquency and Crime

Current Theories

Author: J. David Hawkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521478946

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 5794

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Why do youths commit crimes? Delinquency and Crime contains essays by nine leading criminologists that seek to answer this question by describing current theories of crime and the research evidence that supports them. The contributors offer perspectives on antisocial peer socialization, social development, interactional theory, behavior genetics, and community determinants. Each essay explores the practical implication of the authors' theoretical work for crime prevention and control.

Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199968233

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 2787

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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Author: Malcolm W. Klein,Cheryl L. Maxson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199890102

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 2951

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In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

Criminology

Explaining Crime and Its Context

Author: Stephen E. Brown,Finn-Aage Esbensen,Gilbert Geis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317311973

Category:

Page: 620

View: 1593

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Criminology: Explaining Crime and Its Context, Ninth Edition, is a highly acclaimed textbook offering a broad perspective on criminological theory. It provides students of criminology and sociology with a thorough exposure to a range of theories, contrasting their logic and assumptions, but also highlighting efforts to integrate and blend these frameworks. In this ninth edition, the authors have incorporated new directions that have gained traction in the field, while remaining faithful to their criminological heritage. Among the themes in this work are the relativity of crime (its changing definition) with abundant examples, historical roots of criminology and the lessons they have provided, and the strength and challenges of applying the scientific method. This revision offers enhanced coverage of biosocial theories of crime, more global examples, and a new chapter on youth violence, improving on the most comprehensive and balanced theory text available for undergraduates.

Addicted to Incarceration

Corrections Policy and the Politics of Misinformation in the United States

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343413

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 4790

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In Addicted to Incarceration, author Travis Pratt uses an evidence-based approach to explore the consequences of what he terms America's "addiction to incarceration," highlighting the scope of the problem, the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and the social cost of incarceration. Pratt demonstrates that the United States' addiction to incarceration has been fueled by American citizens' opinions about crime and punishment, the effectiveness of incarceration as a means of social control, and perhaps most important, by policies legitimized by faulty information (e.g.,fear of crime is objectively linked to victimization, petty offenders mature into violent predators, and persistent offending can be accurately predicted over the life course). Analyzing crime policies as they relate to crime rates and U.S. society's ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime, the book shows students how ineffective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade, as well as offering recommendations and insights into the future of this problem. Features Real world examples that put a human face on the issues open each chapter Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends The social costs of incarceration are explored, including the heightened inmate risk of personal victimization, incarceration's effect as a barrier to successful offender reintegration into society, and its role in exacerbating existing racial inequalities The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers Written in an informal and accessible style, Addicted to Incarceration is appropriate for criminal justice policy or corrections courses at the undergraduate level and can also be used as a supplementary text in introductory criminal justice, criminology, and critical issues in criminal justice courses.

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention

Research, Practice, and Evidence

Author: Robert Chaskin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519311

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8076

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Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.

Handbook on Crime

Author: Fiona Brookman,Mike Maguire,Harriet Pierpoint,Trevor Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317436741

Category: Social Science

Page: 984

View: 1063

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The Handbook on Crime is a comprehensive edited volume that contains analysis and explanation of the nature, extent, patterns and causes of over 40 different forms of crime, in each case drawing attention to key contemporary debates and social and criminal justice responses to them. It also challenges many popular and official conceptions of crime. This book is one of the few criminological texts that takes as its starting point a range of specific types of criminal activity. It addresses not only 'conventional' offences such as shoplifting, burglary, robbery, and vehicle crime, but many other forms of criminal behaviour - often an amalgamation of different legal offences - which attract contemporary media, public and policy concern. These include crimes committed not only by individuals, but by organised criminal groups, corporations and governments. There are chapters on, for example, gang violence, hate crime, elder abuse, animal abuse, cyber crime, identity theft, money-laundering, eco crimes, drug trafficking, human trafficking, genocide, and global terrorism. Many of these topics receive surprisingly little attention in the criminological literature. The Handbook on Crime will be a unique text of lasting value to students, researchers, academics, practitioners, policy makers, journalists and all others involved in understanding and preventing criminal behaviour.

Handbook of School Violence and School Safety

International Research and Practice

Author: Shane Jimerson,Amanda Nickerson,Matthew J. Mayer,Michael J. Furlong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136898271

Category: Education

Page: 672

View: 4979

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The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice has become the premier resource for educational and mental health professionals and policymakers seeking to implement effective prevention and intervention programs that reduce school violence and promote safe and effective schools. It covers the full range of school violence and safety topics from harassment and bullying to promoting safe, secure, and peaceful schools. It also examines existing school safety programs and includes the multi-disciplinary research and theories that guide them. Examinations of current issues and projections of future research and practice are embedded within each chapter. This volume maps the boundaries of this rapidly growing and multidisciplinary field of study. Key features include... Comprehensive Coverage – The chapters are divided into three parts: Foundations; Assessment and Measurement; Prevention and Intervention Programs. Together they provide a comprehensive review of what is known about the types, causes, and effects of school violence and the most effective intervention programs that have been developed to prevent violence and promote safe and thriving school climates. Evidence-based Practice – Avoiding a one-size-fits-all approach to prevention and intervention, the focus throughout is on the application of evidence-based practice to address factors most commonly associated with school violence and safety. Implications for Practice – Each chapter bridges the research-to-practice gap, with a section delineating implications for practice of the foregoing research. Chapter Structure – To ensure continuity and coherence across the book, each chapter begins with a brief abstract and ends with a table showing the implications for practice. International Focus – Acknowledging the fact that school violence and safety is a global concern, this edition has increased its focus on insights learned from cross-national research and practice outside the USA. Expertise – The editors and authors are experienced researchers, teachers, practitioners, and leaders in the school violence field, their expertise includes their breadth and depth of knowledge and experience, bridging research, policy, and practice and representing a variety of international organizations studying school violence around the world.

The Girls in the Gang

Author: Glennis Dennehy,Greg Newbold

Publisher: Reed Publishing (NZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Abused women

Page: 208

View: 6593

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This fifth book of a pre-school series of six titles developed in accordance with the government's new foundation guidelines focuses on trips out and real-life adventures - such as trips to the zoo and holidays. It includes making a bottle organ, plants and seed, the jungle at night, looking at pond creatures, making a bee mobile and a (Jewish) Succot shelter. The government guidelines have six core early learning goals which are incorporated into each title in the series: physical development; creative development; personal, social and emotional development; communication, language and literacy; mathematical development and knowledge and understanding of the world. These new goals are not age-related, but attained in stepping stones stages that children aged 3 to 5 can work through at their own pace. Play and Learn incorporates this stepping stone ideology, with Book 1 being the easiest and Book 6 being the hardest. Each book uses colourful artwork and stimulating scenarios.

Turnstile Justice

Issues in American Corrections

Author: Rosemary L. Gido,Ted Alleman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 223

View: 6374

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Focused on the major issues facing corrections today, this collection of readings analyzes thesocial context within which current American punishment philosophy and practice take place. Each chapter deals with a major topic, policy, or strategy that is currently generating debate in the correctional field, and varying points of view reflect the diversity of thought on each critical issue. The author of each chapter provides factual information and data on an issue or topic and then invites readers to step back and critically examine the impact of the correctional problem on the system or society.American Corrections in the New Millennium. Societal Change and Its Impact on Corrections. Correctional Philosophies. Prison Violence. The Inmate Subculture in Juvenile Correctional Settings. Health Care for Women Offenders. Jailed Fathers. Correctional Boot Camps. Detention in I.N.S. Jails. Postsecondary Correctional Education. For anyone involved in criminal justice/corrections.

Gangs in America III

Author: C. Ronald Huff

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780761924234

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 8743

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As communities face ever-growing gang-related problems, Gangs in America III provides the most up-to-date information on the diverse perspectives and complex issues that arise in our efforts to understand, prevent, and control gang violence and crime.

European street gangs and troublesome youth groups

Author: Scott H. Decker,Frank M. Weerman

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: 9780759107922

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 7471

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This unique volume by eminent gang researchers presents valuable new data on European youth gangs, describing important characteristics of these groups, and their similarities and differences to American gangs. Their findings from the Eurogang Research Program highlight the impact of immigration and ethnicity, urbanization, national influences, and local neighborhood circumstances on gang development in several European countries. It is an important resource on crime, delinquency and youth development for criminologists, sociologists, youth workers, policy makers, local governments, and law enforcement professionals. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Criminology

Author: John E. Conklin

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205307753

Category: Social Science

Page: 610

View: 7028

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This book remains organized around a conceptual scheme, unlike the core of most other books on this subject which use a "crime-of-the-week" approach (for example, a chapter on violent crime, a chapter on organized crime, and so on). This book contains as much material on those crimes as other books, but the material appears in chapters that treat conceptual issues, such as learning to commit crime and the organization of criminal behavior. This edition includes references to current writings in professional journals and books in criminology, sociology, and other disciplines. New material reports on stalking, crime and the racial composition of communities, maltreatment and delinquency, female violent offenders, and effective crime-prevention measures. Also included are references to recent events such as the Columbine High School murders and Abner Louima police brutality case. For anyone interested in criminology and sociology.

Readings in Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice

Author: Thomas C. Calhoun,Constance L. Chapple

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130281715

Category: Social Science

Page: 429

View: 4269

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Comprising classic, contemporary and original articles, this is a supplementary text for second and third year undergraduate and postgraduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice or criminology. It is a comprehensive text that investigates a variety of topics related to delinquency research in a fashion easily understood by students. It includes chapters on peers, family, female delinquency, the media and delinquency and schools to give a historical overview of the field of delinquency research without favouring any particular theoretical or methodological position.