Linear Algebra for Computational Sciences and Engineering

Author: Ferrante Neri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319403419

Category: Computers

Page: 464

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This book presents the main concepts of linear algebra from the viewpoint of applied scientists such as computer scientists and engineers, without compromising on mathematical rigor. Based on the idea that computational scientists and engineers need, in both research and professional life, an understanding of theoretical concepts of mathematics in order to be able to propose research advances and innovative solutions, every concept is thoroughly introduced and is accompanied by its informal interpretation. Furthermore, most of the theorems included are first rigorously proved and then shown in practice by a numerical example. When appropriate, topics are presented also by means of pseudocodes, thus highlighting the computer implementation of algebraic theory. It is structured to be accessible to everybody, from students of pure mathematics who are approaching algebra for the first time to researchers and graduate students in applied sciences who need a theoretical manual of algebra to successfully perform their research. Most importantly, this book is designed to be ideal for both theoretical and practical minds and to offer to both alternative and complementary perspectives to study and understand linear algebra.

Computational Science and Engineering

Author: Gilbert Strang

Publisher: Wellesley-Cambridge Press

ISBN: 9780961408817

Category: Computers

Page: 750

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Encompasses the full range of computational science and engineering from modelling to solution, both analytical and numerical. It develops a framework for the equations and numerical methods of applied mathematics. Gilbert Strang has taught this material to thousands of engineers and scientists (and many more on MIT's OpenCourseWare 18.085-6). His experience is seen in his clear explanations, wide range of examples, and teaching method. The book is solution-based and not formula-based: it integrates analysis and algorithms and MATLAB codes to explain each topic as effectively as possible. The topics include applied linear algebra and fast solvers, differential equations with finite differences and finite elements, Fourier analysis and optimization. This book also serves as a reference for the whole community of computational scientists and engineers. Supporting resources, including MATLAB codes, problem solutions and video lectures from Gilbert Strang's 18.085 courses at MIT, are provided at math.mit.edu/cse.

Parallel Computing: Accelerating Computational Science and Engineering (CSE)

Author: M. Bader,A. Bode,H.-J. Bungartz

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614993815

Category: Computers

Page: 872

View: 5854

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Parallel computing has been the enabling technology of high-end machines for many years. Now, it has finally become the ubiquitous key to the efficient use of any kind of multi-processor computer architecture, from smart phones, tablets, embedded systems and cloud computing up to exascale computers. _x000D_ This book presents the proceedings of ParCo2013 – the latest edition of the biennial International Conference on Parallel Computing – held from 10 to 13 September 2013, in Garching, Germany. The conference focused on several key parallel computing areas. Themes included parallel programming models for multi- and manycore CPUs, GPUs, FPGAs and heterogeneous platforms, the performance engineering processes that must be adapted to efficiently use these new and innovative platforms, novel numerical algorithms and approaches to large-scale simulations of problems in science and engineering._x000D_ The conference programme also included twelve mini-symposia (including an industry session and a special PhD Symposium), which comprehensively represented and intensified the discussion of current hot topics in high performance and parallel computing. These special sessions covered large-scale supercomputing, novel challenges arising from parallel architectures (multi-/manycore, heterogeneous platforms, FPGAs), multi-level algorithms as well as multi-scale, multi-physics and multi-dimensional problems._x000D_ It is clear that parallel computing – including the processing of large data sets (“Big Data”) – will remain a persistent driver of research in all fields of innovative computing, which makes this book relevant to all those with an interest in this field.

Applications of Geometric Algebra in Computer Science and Engineering

Author: Leo Dorst,Chris Doran,Joan Lasenby

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146120089X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 478

View: 491

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Geometric algebra has established itself as a powerful and valuable mathematical tool for solving problems in computer science, engineering, physics, and mathematics. The articles in this volume, written by experts in various fields, reflect an interdisciplinary approach to the subject, and highlight a range of techniques and applications. Relevant ideas are introduced in a self-contained manner and only a knowledge of linear algebra and calculus is assumed. Features and Topics: * The mathematical foundations of geometric algebra are explored * Applications in computational geometry include models of reflection and ray-tracing and a new and concise characterization of the crystallographic groups * Applications in engineering include robotics, image geometry, control-pose estimation, inverse kinematics and dynamics, control and visual navigation * Applications in physics include rigid-body dynamics, elasticity, and electromagnetism * Chapters dedicated to quantum information theory dealing with multi- particle entanglement, MRI, and relativistic generalizations Practitioners, professionals, and researchers working in computer science, engineering, physics, and mathematics will find a wide range of useful applications in this state-of-the-art survey and reference book. Additionally, advanced graduate students interested in geometric algebra will find the most current applications and methods discussed.

Numerical Methods for Least Squares Problems

Author: Ake Björck

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9781611971484

Category: Equations, Simultaneous

Page: 408

View: 2998

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The method of least squares was discovered by Gauss in 1795. It has since become the principal tool to reduce the influence of errors when fitting models to given observations. Today, applications of least squares arise in a great number of scientific areas, such as statistics, geodetics, signal processing, and control. In the last 20 years there has been a great increase in the capacity for automatic data capturing and computing. Least squares problems of large size are now routinely solved. Tremendous progress has been made in numerical methods for least squares problems, in particular for generalized and modified least squares problems and direct and iterative methods for sparse problems. Until now there has not been a monograph that covers the full spectrum of relevant problems and methods in least squares. This volume gives an in-depth treatment of topics such as methods for sparse least squares problems, iterative methods, modified least squares, weighted problems, and constrained and regularized problems. The more than 800 references provide a comprehensive survey of the available literature on the subject.

Computational Matrix Analysis

Author: Alan J. Laub

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611972205

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

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This text provides an introduction to numerical linear algebra together with its application to solving problems arising in state-space control and systems theory. The book provides a number of elements designed to help the reader learn to use numerical linear algebra in day-to-day computing or research, including a brief review of matrix analysis and an introduction to finite (IEEE) arithmetic, alongside discussion of mathematical software topics. In addition to the fundamental concepts, the text covers statistical condition estimation and gives an overview of certain computational problems in control and systems theory. Engineers and scientists will find this text valuable as a theoretical resource to complement their work in algorithms. For graduate students beginning their study, or advanced undergraduates, this text is ideal as a one-semester course in numerical linear algebra and is a natural follow-on to the author's previous book, Matrix Analysis for Scientists and Engineers.

Matrix Analysis for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Alan J. Laub

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898715768

Category: Mathematics

Page: 157

View: 7915

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"Prerequisites for using this text are knowledge of calculus and some previous exposure to matrices and linear algebra, including, for example, a basic knowledge of determinants, singularity of matrices, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and positive definite matrices. There are exercises at the end of each chapter."--BOOK JACKET.

Linear Algebra for Mathematics, Science, and Engineering

Author: Edward M. Landesman,Magnus R. Hestenes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 551

View: 2266

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Presenting the fundamentals of linear algebra, this book progresses from matrix theory to the abstract notions of linear space, and covers eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Applications are shown in each chapter, along with problems and exercises.

High Performance Computing for Computational Science - VECPAR 2008

8th International Conference, Toulouse, France, June 24-27, 2008. Revised Selected Papers

Author: José M. Laginha M. Palma,Patrick Amestoy,Michel Daydé,Marta Mattoso,Joao Correira Lopes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540928588

Category: Computers

Page: 596

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VECPAR is an international conference series dedicated to the promotion and advancement of all aspects of high-performance computing for computational science, as an industrial technique and academic discipline, extending the fr- tier of both the state of the art and the state of practice. The audience and participants of VECPAR are researchers in academic departments, government laboratories and industrial organizations. There is now a permanent website for the conference series inhttp://vecpar.fe.up.pt where the history of the conference is described. The8theditionofVECPARwasorganizedinToulouse(France),June24–27, 2008. It was the third time the conference was celebrated outside Porto after Valencia (Spain) in2004andRio deJaneiro(Brazil)in 2006. Theconferenceprogrammeconsistedof6invitedtalksand53acceptedpapers out of 73 contributions that were initially submitted. The major themes are divided into: – Large-ScaleSimulationsandNumericalAlgorithmsinComputerScienceand Engineering (aerospace, earth, environment, ?nance, geoscience) – Computing in Healthcare and Biosciences – Multiscale and Multiphysics Problems – Cluster Computing and Grid Computing – Data-Centric and High-Productivity Computing – Cooperative Engineering – Problem-Solving Environments – Imaging and Graphics Twoworkshops,inadditiontotutorials,wereorganizedbeforetheconference: HPDGrid 2008—InternationalWorkshoponHigh-PerformanceDataMana- ment in Grid Environments on June 24 and Sparse Days at CERFACS on June 23 and 24. The most signi?cant contributions are made available in the present book, edited after the conference and after a second review of all orally presented papers at VECPAR 2008 and at the workshops.

Scientific Computing with Python 3

Author: Claus Fuhrer,Jan Erik Solem,Olivier Verdier

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1786463644

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 1158

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An example-rich, comprehensive guide for all of your Python computational needs About This Book Your ultimate resource for getting up and running with Python numerical computations Explore numerical computing and mathematical libraries using Python 3.x code with SciPy and NumPy modules A hands-on guide to implementing mathematics with Python, with complete coverage of all the key concepts Who This Book Is For This book is for anyone who wants to perform numerical and mathematical computations in Python. It is especially useful for developers, students, and anyone who wants to use Python for computation. Readers are expected to possess basic a knowledge of scientific computing and mathematics, but no prior experience with Python is needed. What You Will Learn The principal syntactical elements of Python The most important and basic types in Python The essential building blocks of computational mathematics, linear algebra, and related Python objects Plot in Python using matplotlib to create high quality figures and graphics to draw and visualize your results Define and use functions and learn to treat them as objects How and when to correctly apply object-oriented programming for scientific computing in Python Handle exceptions, which are an important part of writing reliable and usable code Two aspects of testing for scientific programming: Manual and Automatic In Detail Python can be used for more than just general-purpose programming. It is a free, open source language and environment that has tremendous potential for use within the domain of scientific computing. This book presents Python in tight connection with mathematical applications and demonstrates how to use various concepts in Python for computing purposes, including examples with the latest version of Python 3. Python is an effective tool to use when coupling scientific computing and mathematics and this book will teach you how to use it for linear algebra, arrays, plotting, iterating, functions, polynomials, and much more. Style and approach This book takes a concept-based approach to the language rather than a systematic introduction. It is a complete Python tutorial and introduces computing principles, using practical examples to and showing you how to correctly implement them in Python. You'll learn to focus on high-level design as well as the intricate details of Python syntax. Rather than providing canned problems to be solved, the exercises have been designed to inspire you to think about your own code and give you real-world insight.

A Numerical Library in Java for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Hang T. Lau

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584884309

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1088

View: 2786

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At last researchers have an inexpensive library of Java-based numeric procedures for use in scientific computation. The first and only book of its kind, A Numeric Library in Java for Scientists and Engineers is a translation into Java of the library NUMAL (NUMerical procedures in ALgol 60). This groundbreaking text presents procedural descriptions for linear algebra, ordinary and partial differential equations, optimization, parameter estimation, mathematical physics, and other tools that are indispensable to any dynamic research group. The book offers test programs that allow researchers to execute the examples provided; users are free to construct their own tests and apply the numeric procedures to them in order to observe a successful computation or simulate failure. The entry for each procedure is logically presented, with name, usage parameters, and Java code included. This handbook serves as a powerful research tool, enabling the performance of critical computations in Java. It stands as a cost-efficient alternative to expensive commercial software package of procedural components.

Linear Algebra

Author: Jin Ho Kwak,Sungpyo Hong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817642945

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 4990

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From a review of the first edition: "A logical development of the subject . . . all the important theorems and results are discussed in terms of simple worked examples. The student's understanding . . . is tested by problems at the end of each subsection, and every chapter ends with exercises." —CURRENT SCIENCE A cornerstone of undergraduate mathematics, science, and engineering, this clear and rigorous presentation of the fundamentals of linear algebra is unique in its emphasis and integration of computational skills and mathematical abstractions. The power and utility of this beautiful subject is demonstrated, in particular, in its focus on linear recurrence, difference and differential equations that affect applications in physics, computer science, and economics. Key topics and features: • Linear equations, matrices, determinants, vector spaces, complex vector spaces, inner products, Jordan canonical forms, and quadratic forms • Rich selection of examples and explanations, as well as a wide range of exercises at the end of every section • Selected answers and hints • Excellent index This second edition includes substantial revisions, new material on minimal polynomials and diagonalization, as well as a variety of new applications. The text will serve theoretical and applied courses and is ideal for self-study. With its important approach to linear algebra as a coherent part of mathematics and as a vital component of the natural and social sciences, Linear Algebra, Second Edition will challenge and benefit a broad audience.

Numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen

Author: Christian Großmann,Hans-Görg Roos

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783519220893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

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Mathematiker, Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure erhalten mit diesem Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen. Diskutiert werden die grundlegenden Verfahren - Finite Differenzen, Finite Volumen und Finite Elemente - für die wesentlichen Typen partieller Differentialgleichungen: elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische Gleichungen. Einbezogen werden auch moderne Methoden zur Lösung der diskreten Probleme. Hinweise auf aktuelle Software sowie zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben runden diese Einführung ab.

Geometric Algebra with Applications in Science and Engineering

Author: Eduardo Bayro Corrochano,Garret Sobczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817641993

Category: Computers

Page: 592

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This book is addressed to a broad audience of cyberneticists, computer scientists, engineers, applied physicists and applied mathematicians. The book offers several examples to clarify the importance of geometric algebra in signal and image processing, filtering and neural computing, computer vision, robotics and geometric physics. The contributions of this book will help the reader to greater understand the potential of geometric algebra for the design and implementation of real time artifical systems.

Numerical Linear Algebra and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Biswa Nath Datta

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898717655

Category: Algebras, Linear

Page: 530

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Full of features and applications, this acclaimed textbook for upper undergraduate level and graduate level students includes all the major topics of computational linear algebra, including solution of a system of linear equations, least-squares solutions of linear systems, computation of eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and singular value problems. Drawing from numerous disciplines of science and engineering, the author covers a variety of motivating applications. When a physical problem is posed, the scientific and engineering significance of the solution is clearly stated. Each chapter contains a summary of the important concepts developed in that chapter, suggestions for further reading, and numerous exercises, both theoretical and MATLAB and MATCOM based. The author also provides a list of key words for quick reference. The MATLAB toolkit available online, 'MATCOM', contains implementations of the major algorithms in the book and will enable students to study different algorithms for the same problem, comparing efficiency, stability, and accuracy.

A Short Course in Computational Science and Engineering

C++, Java and Octave Numerical Programming with Free Software Tools

Author: David Yevick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521116813

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 8521

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"Building on his highly successful textbook on C++, David Yevick provides a concise yet comprehensive one-stop course in three key programming languages, C++, Java and Octave (a freeware alternative to MATLAB). Employing only public-domain software to ensure straightforward implementation for all readers, this book presents a unique overview of numerical and programming techniques relevant to scientific programming, including object-oriented programming, elementary and advanced topics in numerical analysis, physical system modeling, scientific graphics, software engineering and performance issues. Relevant features of each programming language are illustrated with short, incisive examples, and the installation and application of the software is describedin detail. Compact, transparent code in all three programming languages is applied to the fundamental equations of quantum mechanics, electromagnetics, mechanics and statistical mechanics. Uncommented versions of the code that can be immediately modifiedand adapted are provided online for the more involved programs. This compact, practical text is an invaluable introduction for students in all undergraduate- and graduate-level courses in the physical sciences or engineering that require numerical modeling, and also a key reference for instructors and scientific programmers"--

Numerik für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler

Author: Wolfgang Dahmen,Arnold Reusken

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540764933

Category: Mathematics

Page: 633

View: 4838

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Neben einer Einführung in alle grundlegenden numerischen Methodenbausteine illustriert das Lehrbuch anhand komplexer Anwendungen, wie diese Bausteine zu kombinieren sind. Die Themen sind so aufbereitet, dass auf Basisdarstellungen vertiefende Abschnitte folgen. Dem vorangestellt ist jeweils eine mit Beispielen untermauerte Diskussion der Begriffe Kondition und Stabilität. Das Buch ist sowohl für die Numerikausbildung im Mathematikstudium geeignet als auch für eine einsemestrige oder weiterführende Numerik-Vorlesung im Ingenieurstudium.

Computational Error and Complexity in Science and Engineering

Computational Error and Complexity

Author: Vangipuram Lakshmikantham,Syamal Kumar Sen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080459516

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 8526

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The book “Computational Error and Complexity in Science and Engineering pervades all the science and engineering disciplines where computation occurs. Scientific and engineering computation happens to be the interface between the mathematical model/problem and the real world application. One needs to obtain good quality numerical values for any real-world implementation. Just mathematical quantities symbols are of no use to engineers/technologists. Computational complexity of the numerical method to solve the mathematical model, also computed along with the solution, on the other hand, will tell us how much computation/computational effort has been spent to achieve that quality of result. Anyone who wants the specified physical problem to be solved has every right to know the quality of the solution as well as the resources spent for the solution. The computed error as well as the complexity provide the scientific convincing answer to these questions. Specifically some of the disciplines in which the book will be readily useful are (i) Computational Mathematics, (ii) Applied Mathematics/Computational Engineering, Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation and Modelling. Operations Research (both deterministic and stochastic), Computing Methodologies, Computer Applications, and Numerical Methods in Engineering. Key Features: - Describes precisely ready-to-use computational error and complexity - Includes simple easy-to-grasp examples wherever necessary. - Presents error and complexity in error-free, parallel, and probabilistic methods. - Discusses deterministic and probabilistic methods with error and complexity. - Points out the scope and limitation of mathematical error-bounds. - Provides a comprehensive up-to-date bibliography after each chapter. · Describes precisely ready-to-use computational error and complexity · Includes simple easy-to-grasp examples wherever necessary. · Presents error and complexity in error-free, parallel, and probabilistic methods. · Discusses deterministic and probabilistic methods with error and complexity. · Points out the scope and limitation of mathematical error-bounds. · Provides a comprehensive up-to-date bibliography after each chapter.