Linear Geometry

Author: Rafael Artzy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780486466279

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

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Most linear algebra texts neglect geometry in general and linear geometry in particular. This text for advanced undergraduates and graduate students stresses the relationship between algebra and linear geometry. It begins by using the complex number plane as an introduction to a variety of transformations and their groups in the Euclidean plane, explaining algebraic concepts as they arise. A brief account of Poincaré's model of the hyperbolic plane and its transformation group follow. Succeeding chapters contain a systematic treatment of affine, Euclidean, and projective spaces over fields that emphasizes transformations and their groups, along with an outline of results involving other geometries. An examination of the foundations of geometry starts from rudimentary projective incidence planes, then gradually adjoins axioms and develops various non-Desarguesian, Desarguesian, and Pappian planes, their corresponding algebraic structures, and their collineation groups. The axioms of order, continuity, and congruence make their appearance and lead to Euclidean and non-Euclidean planes. Lists of books for suggested further reading follow the third and fourth chapters, and the Appendix provides lists of notations, axioms, and transformation groups.

Linear Geometry

Author: K. W. Gruenberg,A. J. Weir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475741014

Category: Mathematics

Page: 199

View: 8451

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This is essentially a book on linear algebra. But the approach is somewhat unusual in that we emphasise throughout the geometric aspect of the subject. The material is suitable for a course on linear algebra for mathe matics majors at North American Universities in their junior or senior year and at British Universities in their second or third year. However, in view of the structure of undergraduate courses in the United States, it is very possible that, at many institutions, the text may be found more suitable at the beginning graduate level. The book has two aims: to provide a basic course in linear algebra up to, and including, modules over a principal ideal domain; and to explain in rigorous language the intuitively familiar concepts of euclidean, affine, and projective geometry and the relations between them. It is increasingly recognised that linear algebra should be approached from a geometric point of VIew. This applies not only to mathematics majors but also to mathematically-oriented natural scientists and engineers.

Linear Geometry with Computer Graphics

Author: John Loustau,Meighan Dillon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824788988

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

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Stressing the interplay between theory and its practice, this text presents the construction of linear models that satisfy geometric postulate systems and develops geometric topics in computer graphics. It includes a computer graphics utility library of specialized subroutines on a 3.5 disk, designed for use with Turbo PASCAL 4.0 (or later version) - an effective means of computer-aided instruction for writing graphics problems.;Providing instructors with maximum flexibility that allows for the mathematics or computer graphics sections to be taught independently, this book: reviews linear algebra and notation, focusing on ideas of geometric significance that are often omitted in general purpose linear algebra courses; develops symmetric bilinear forms through classical results, including the inertia theorem, Witt's cancellation theorem and the unitary diagonalization of symmetric matrices; examines the Klein Erlanger programm, constructing models of geometries, and studying associated transformation groups; clarifies how to construct geometries from groups, encompassing topological notions; and introduces topics in computer graphics, including geometric modeling, surface rendering and transformation groups.

Linear Algebra and Geometry

A Second Course

Author: Irving Kaplansky

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486432335

Category: Mathematics

Page: 143

View: 8218

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The author of this text seeks to remedy a common failing in teaching algebra: the neglect of related instruction in geometry. Focusing on inner product spaces, orthogonal similarity, and elements of geometry, this volume is illustrated with an abundance of examples, exercises, and proofs and is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate courses. 1974 edition.

Linear Algebra and Projective Geometry

Author: Reinhold Baer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486154661

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

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Geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, this text establishes that projective geometry and linear algebra are essentially identical. The supporting evidence consists of theorems offering an algebraic demonstration of certain geometric concepts. 1952 edition.

Linear Algebra and Geometry

Author: Igor R. Shafarevich,Alexey Remizov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642309941

Category: Mathematics

Page: 526

View: 7986

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This book on linear algebra and geometry is based on a course given by renowned academician I.R. Shafarevich at Moscow State University. The book begins with the theory of linear algebraic equations and the basic elements of matrix theory and continues with vector spaces, linear transformations, inner product spaces, and the theory of affine and projective spaces. The book also includes some subjects that are naturally related to linear algebra but are usually not covered in such courses: exterior algebras, non-Euclidean geometry, topological properties of projective spaces, theory of quadrics (in affine and projective spaces), decomposition of finite abelian groups, and finitely generated periodic modules (similar to Jordan normal forms of linear operators). Mathematical reasoning, theorems, and concepts are illustrated with numerous examples from various fields of mathematics, including differential equations and differential geometry, as well as from mechanics and physics.

Linear geometry

Author: Karl W. Gruenberg,Alan J. Weir

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 3038

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Join Geometries

A Theory of Convex Sets and Linear Geometry

Author: W. Prenowitz,J. Jantosciak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461394384

Category: Mathematics

Page: 534

View: 4644

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The main object of this book is to reorient and revitalize classical geometry in a way that will bring it closer to the mainstream of contemporary mathematics. The postulational basis of the subject will be radically revised in order to construct a broad-scale and conceptually unified treatment. The familiar figures of classical geometry-points, segments, lines, planes, triangles, circles, and so on-stem from problems in the physical world and seem to be conceptually unrelated. However, a natural setting for their study is provided by the concept of convex set, which is compara tively new in the history of geometrical ideas. The familiarfigures can then appear as convex sets, boundaries of convex sets, or finite unions of convex sets. Moreover, two basic types of figure in linear geometry are special cases of convex set: linear space (point, line, and plane) and halfspace (ray, halfplane, and halfspace). Therefore we choose convex set to be the central type of figure in our treatment of geometry. How can the wealth of geometric knowledge be organized around this idea? By defini tion, a set is convex if it contains the segment joining each pair of its points; that is, if it is closed under the operation of joining two points to form a segment. But this is precisely the basic operation in Euclid.

Practical Linear Algebra

A Geometry Toolbox, Third Edition

Author: Gerald Farin,Dianne Hansford

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498759777

Category: Computers

Page: 514

View: 5660

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Through many examples and real-world applications, Practical Linear Algebra: A Geometry Toolbox, Third Edition teaches undergraduate-level linear algebra in a comprehensive, geometric, and algorithmic way. Designed for a one-semester linear algebra course at the undergraduate level, the book gives instructors the option of tailoring the course for the primary interests: math, engineering, science, computer graphics, and geometric modeling. New to the Third Edition More exercises and applications Coverage of singular value decomposition and its application to the pseudoinverse, principal components analysis, and image compression More attention to eigen-analysis, including eigenfunctions and the Google matrix Greater emphasis on orthogonal projections and matrix decompositions, which are tied to repeated themes such as the concept of least squares To help students better visualize and understand the material, the authors introduce the fundamental concepts of linear algebra first in a two-dimensional setting and then revisit these concepts and others in a three-dimensional setting. They also discuss higher dimensions in various real-life applications. Triangles, polygons, conics, and curves are introduced as central applications of linear algebra. Instead of using the standard theorem-proof approach, the text presents many examples and instructional illustrations to help students develop a robust, intuitive understanding of the underlying concepts. The authors’ website also offers the illustrations for download and includes Mathematica® code and other ancillary materials.

Linear Algebra Through Geometry

Author: Thomas Banchoff,John Wermer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461243904

Category: Mathematics

Page: 308

View: 5776

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This book introduces the concepts of linear algebra through the careful study of two and three-dimensional Euclidean geometry. This approach makes it possible to start with vectors, linear transformations, and matrices in the context of familiar plane geometry and to move directly to topics such as dot products, determinants, eigenvalues, and quadratic forms. The later chapters deal with n-dimensional Euclidean space and other finite-dimensional vector space.

Linear Algebra and Geometry

Author: P. K. Suetin,Alexandra I. Kostrikin,Yu I Manin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056990497

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 447

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This advanced textbook on linear algebra and geometry covers a wide range of classical and modern topics. Differing from existing textbooks in approach, the work illustrates the many-sided applications and connections of linear algebra with functional analysis, quantum mechanics and algebraic and differential geometry. The subjects covered in some detail include normed linear spaces, functions of linear operators, the basic structures of quantum mechanics and an introduction to linear programming. Also discussed are Kahler's metic, the theory of Hilbert polynomials, and projective and affine geometries. Unusual in its extensive use of applications in physics to clarify each topic, this comprehensice volume should be of particular interest to advanced undergraduates and graduates in mathematics and physics, and to lecturers in linear and multilinear algebra, linear programming and quantum mechanics.

Linear Algebra and Analytic Geometry for Physical Sciences

Author: Giovanni Landi,Alessandro Zampini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319783610

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 4059

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A self-contained introduction to finite dimensional vector spaces, matrices, systems of linear equations, spectral analysis on euclidean and hermitian spaces, affine euclidean geometry, quadratic forms and conic sections. The mathematical formalism is motivated and introduced by problems from physics, notably mechanics (including celestial) and electro-magnetism, with more than two hundreds examples and solved exercises.Topics include: The group of orthogonal transformations on euclidean spaces, in particular rotations, with Euler angles and angular velocity. The rigid body with its inertia matrix. The unitary group. Lie algebras and exponential map. The Dirac’s bra-ket formalism. Spectral theory for self-adjoint endomorphisms on euclidean and hermitian spaces. The Minkowski spacetime from special relativity and the Maxwell equations. Conic sections with the use of eccentricity and Keplerian motions. An appendix collects basic algebraic notions like group, ring and field; and complex numbers and integers modulo a prime number.The book will be useful to students taking a physics or engineer degree for a basic education as well as for students who wish to be competent in the subject and who may want to pursue a post-graduate qualification.

Linear Algebra, Geometry and Transformation

Author: Bruce Solomon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482299305

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 9746

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The Essentials of a First Linear Algebra Course and More Linear Algebra, Geometry and Transformation provides students with a solid geometric grasp of linear transformations. It stresses the linear case of the inverse function and rank theorems and gives a careful geometric treatment of the spectral theorem. An Engaging Treatment of the Interplay among Algebra, Geometry, and Mappings The text starts with basic questions about images and pre-images of mappings, injectivity, surjectivity, and distortion. In the process of answering these questions in the linear setting, the book covers all the standard topics for a first course on linear algebra, including linear systems, vector geometry, matrix algebra, subspaces, independence, dimension, orthogonality, eigenvectors, and diagonalization. A Smooth Transition to the Conceptual Realm of Higher Mathematics This book guides students on a journey from computational mathematics to conceptual reasoning. It takes them from simple "identity verification" proofs to constructive and contrapositive arguments. It will prepare them for future studies in algebra, multivariable calculus, and the fields that use them.

Linear Algebra and Geometry

Author: P. K. Suetin,Alexandra I. Kostrikin,Yu I Manin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056990497

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 5639

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This advanced textbook on linear algebra and geometry covers a wide range of classical and modern topics. Differing from existing textbooks in approach, the work illustrates the many-sided applications and connections of linear algebra with functional analysis, quantum mechanics and algebraic and differential geometry. The subjects covered in some detail include normed linear spaces, functions of linear operators, the basic structures of quantum mechanics and an introduction to linear programming. Also discussed are Kahler's metic, the theory of Hilbert polynomials, and projective and affine geometries. Unusual in its extensive use of applications in physics to clarify each topic, this comprehensice volume should be of particular interest to advanced undergraduates and graduates in mathematics and physics, and to lecturers in linear and multilinear algebra, linear programming and quantum mechanics.

Foundations of Convex Geometry

Author: W. A. Coppel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521639705

Category: Mathematics

Page: 222

View: 8622

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This book on the foundations of Euclidean geometry aims to present the subject from the point of view of present day mathematics, taking advantage of all the developments since the appearance of Hilbert's classic work. Here real affine space is characterised by a small number of axioms involving points and line segments making the treatment self-contained and thorough, many results being established under weaker hypotheses than usual. The treatment should be totally accessible for final year undergraduates and graduate students, and can also serve as an introduction to other areas of mathematics such as matroids and antimatroids, combinatorial convexity, the theory of polytopes, projective geometry and functional analysis.

Geometry of Linear 2-normed Spaces

Author: Raymond W. Freese,Yeol Je Cho

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590330197

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 7504

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To encourage researchers in mathematics to apply metric geometry, functional analysis, and topology, Freese and Cho, who are not identified, introduce 2-metric spaces and linear 2 normed spaces. They survey recent results on the relations between linear 2-normed spaces and normed linear spaces, the completion of linear 2-normed spaced, 2-inner spaces, 2-inner product spaces, strict convexity, strict 2-convexity, uniform convexity, isometry conditions, orthogonal relations, quadratic forms, and other topics. c. Book News Inc.

Geometry of Linear 2-normed Spaces

Author: Raymond W. Freese,Yeol Je Cho

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590330197

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 3757

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To encourage researchers in mathematics to apply metric geometry, functional analysis, and topology, Freese and Cho, who are not identified, introduce 2-metric spaces and linear 2 normed spaces. They survey recent results on the relations between linear 2-normed spaces and normed linear spaces, the completion of linear 2-normed spaced, 2-inner spaces, 2-inner product spaces, strict convexity, strict 2-convexity, uniform convexity, isometry conditions, orthogonal relations, quadratic forms, and other topics. c. Book News Inc.

Exercises in Algebra

A Collection of Exercises, in Algebra, Linear Algebra and Geometry

Author: Alexandra I. Kostrikin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782884490306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 7551

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This text contains more than 2000 exercises in algebra. Each section contains not only standard exercises, but also more difficult exercises at the end of some sections, these more challenging exercises being marked with asterisks.