Hitler 1936-1945

Nemesis

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141925817

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 1438

View: 5897

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Following the enormous success of HITLER: HUBRIS this book triumphantly completes one of the great modern biographies. No figure in twentieth century history more clearly demands a close biographical understanding than Adolf Hitler; and no period is more important than the Second World War. Beginning with Hitler's startling European successes in the aftermath of the Rhinelland occupation and ending nine years later with the suicide in the Berlin bunker, Kershaw allows us as never before to understand the motivation and the impact of this bizarre misfit. He addresses the crucial questions about the unique nature of Nazi radicalism, about the Holocaust and about the poisoned European world that allowed Hitler to operate so effectively.

Letters from Tinian 1945

Author: Pauline D. Webb

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469103648

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 262

View: 7649

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This is a love story that began in the shadow of the Enola Gay in 1945 on Tinian Island in the Western Pacific during WWII, and culminated in Jacksonville, FL over 60 years later.. The core of the manuscript is the actual letters written by a nurse on that island, during the war and from Japan after the war. These letters were stored in an attic for many years and almost forgotten. The rest of the story is part truth and part fiction of the happenings that surrounded the production of the manuscript Seventeen hundred air miles southeast of Japan, Tinian is one of the western Pacific Mariania Islands taken from Japan. by the U. S. Marines in 1944. In July 1945 the complement of five U. S. Army general hospitals was shipped to Tinian to work at five hospitals being built there on the south east coast to take care of the casualties from the scheduled November invasion of Japan. The author was a 24 year old nurse with the 308th General Hospital arriving at that time. On the west side of the island was West Field, a B-29 Base flying nightly bombing missions to Japan. On the northern tip of the island was the 509th Composite Group in a carefully guarded compound, OFF LIMITS and TOP SECRET. They were busy, but not flying missions. The Enola Gay was there. It was the B-29 that dropped the bomb on Hiroshima This is NOT a WAR STORY. However the author was a witness to history, the final days of World War II and the events that brought an end to the war. POST SCRIPT Here are two last minute additions I would like added where indicated if possible. 1. Poem by Goethe Place this after the 21 October 1945 letter (Page 119) and before JAPAN page 2. Letter from President Harry Truman. Place this letter on a page following the picture of the Welcome Home boat (page 199) and before PART II page Thank you POEM When the bright sunlight simmers Across the sea so blue When the clear fountain in the Moonlight glimmers I think of you. I am with you wherever you are Roaming And you are near1 The sun goes down and soon the Stars are coming How I wish that you were really here. GOETHE

The Hidden Children of France, 1940-1945

Stories of Survival

Author: Danielle Bailly

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438431961

Category: History

Page: 409

View: 698

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Interviews with eighteen Jewish “hidden children” of France and Belgium, telling the story of their survival during World War II. The history of France’s “hidden children” and of the French citizens who saved six out of seven Jewish children and three-fourths of the Jewish adult population from deportation during the Nazi occupation is little known to American readers. In The Hidden Children of France, 1940–1945, Danielle Bailly (a hidden child herself whose family travelled all over rural France before sending her to live with strangers who could protect her) reveals the stories behind the statistics of those who were saved by the extraordinary acts of ordinary people. Eighteen former “hidden children” describe their lives before, during, and after the war, recounting their incredible journeys and expressing their deepest gratitude to those who put themselves at risk to save others. “…make[s] a contribution to our knowledge of the Holocaust.” — AJL Reviews “In interviews, the survivors revealed the social and psychological struggles they have had to cope with over the years. Most have pursued productive careers and raised families. Told in interview or narrative form, both ways are illuminating and made more so by Betty Becker-Theye’s unusually fluent translation.” — Sacramento Book Review “The Hidden Children of France documents the stolen childhoods of eighteen Holocaust survivors who are among the last witnesses of the Nazi era. During this time The New School’s University in Exile brought to safety over 180 great scholars whose very lives, just like these children, were threatened by National Socialism and the evil of Hitler. It is through the stories of survivors that we preserve the truth and history of the past and educate our future generations to ensure compassion and justice for all.” — Bob Kerrey, President, The New School “Meticulous translation. Unlike some testimony literature where the voice recording prevails, in this collection each testimony retains an individual voice.” — Marilyn Gaddis Rose, translator of Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve’s Volupté: The Sensual Man

An Uncertain Future

Voices of a French Jewish Community, 1940-2012 : the Jews of Dijon

Author: Robert I. Weiner,Richard E. Sharpless

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605596

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 6130

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"This contemporary oral history, based on interviews and recorded observations made over an eighteen-year period, tells the compelling story of the small Jewish community of Dijon, France, and how it has evolved over time in response to both internal andexternal challenges.

The Columbia Documentary History of Religion in America Since 1945

Author: Paul Harvey,Philip Goff

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510365

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 3579

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Of late, religion seems to be everywhere, suffusing U.S. politics and popular culture and acting as both a unifying and a divisive force. This collection of manifestos, Supreme Court decisions, congressional testimonies, speeches, articles, book excerpts, pastoral letters, interviews, song lyrics, memoirs, and poems reflects the vitality, diversity, and changing nature of religious belief and practice in American public and private life over the last half century. Encompassing a range of perspectives, this book illustrates the ways in which individuals from all along the religious and political spectrum have engaged religion and viewed it as a crucial aspect of society. The anthology begins with documents that reflect the close relationship of religion, especially mainline Protestantism, to essential ideas undergirding Cold War America. Covering both the center and the margins of American religious life, this volume devotes extended attention to how issues of politics, race, gender, and sexuality have influenced the religious mainstream. A series of documents reflects the role of religion and theology in the civil rights, feminist, and gay rights movements as well as in conservative responses. Issues regarding religion and contemporary American culture are explored in documents about the rise of the evangelical movement and the religious right; the impact of "new" (post-1965) immigrant communities on the religious landscape; the popularity of alternative, New Age, and non-Western beliefs; and the relationship between religion and popular culture. The editors conclude with selections exploring major themes of American religious life at the millennium, including both conservative and New Age millennialism, as well as excerpts that speculate on the future of religion in the United States. The documents are grouped by theme into nine chapters and arranged chronologically therein. Each chapter features an extensive introduction providing context for and analysis of the critical issues raised by the primary sources.

''Autumn Winds over Okinawa, 1945''

Author: Pelham Kenneth Mead III

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469134004

Category: Fiction

Page: 92

View: 4331

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On the fateful day on August 31, 1945, four sailors departed the U.S.S. Antietam CV-36 on a launch headed for the shores of Okinawa. The war was officially over, and all of them wanted to transfer back to the States. In the launch were Chief Petty Officer of Machinists, Ken Mead, Seaman First Class Robert Brown, Seaman First Class Lincoln Overland, and Seaman First Class Charles Smitty. The seas were calm that day as the launch headed into the docks at Haku Bay. Atop a flagpole beyond the beach, Old Glory was rippling in the wind. The stumps of hundreds of burned out palm trees were visible beyond the white beach sands. As they approached the beach, they saw battle debris everywhere including American plane parts, and a Jap wing with the red circle on it half sunk in the sand. Huge craters pockmarked the sand where bombs had hit and exploded. Unbeknown to them this would become their home for over a month despite all their radio efforts calling to nearby ships. It would be a month from hell as two major typhoons hit the island causing massive damage. It would be a month from hell dodging Jap snipers. It would be a month of survival with limited food and water available, since the Navy no longer had a post on the island. All that was left was the Army, and hundreds of Okinawan civilians, and of course Jap snipers, who did not believe the war was over. Insects and disease were as much the enemy as were the Jap soldiers hiding in the limestone caves fighting to the death in honor of the Emperor. This is a story of survival in an unknown incident on the Island of Okinawa at the end of WWII.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer 1906-1945

Martyr, Thinker, Man of Resistance

Author: Ferdinand Schlingensiepen

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567217558

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 472

View: 3760

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A new comprehensive biography of this hugely important Christian martyr, 60 years after his execution at the hands of the Nazis Bonhoeffer has gained a position as one of the most prominent Christian martyrs of the last century. His influence is so widespread that even 60 years after his execution by the Nazis, Bonhoeffer's life and work are still the subject of fresh and lively discussion. As a pastor and theologian, Bonhoeffer decided to resist the Nazis in Germany, but his resistance was not solely theological. He played a key leadership role in the Confessing Church, a major source of Christian opposition to Hitler and his anti-Semitism and was principal of the secret seminary at Finkenwalde in Pomerania. It was here that he developed his theological visions of radical discipleship and communal life. In 1938, he joined the Wehrmacht's "Abwehr", the German Military Intelligence Office, in order to seek international support for the plot against Hitler. Following his inner calling and conscience meant that Bonhoeffer was continually forced to make decisions that separated him from his family, friends, and colleagues, and which ultimately led to his martyrdom in FlossenbÃ1⁄4rg concentration camp, less than a month before the Second World War came to an end. His letters and papers from prison movingly express the development of some of the most provocative and fascinating ideas of 20th century theology. Sixty years after Bonhoeffer's death and forty years after the publication of Eberhard Bethge's ground breaking biography, Ferdinand Schlingensiepen offers a definitive new book on Bonhoeffer, for a new generation of readers. Schlingensiepen takes into account documents that have only been made accessible during the last few years - such as the letters between Bonhoeffer and his fiancée Maria von Wedemeyer. Schlingensiepen's careful narrative brings to life the historical events, as well as displaying the theological development of one of the most creative thinkers of the 20th century, who was to become one of its most tragic martyrs.

Höllensturz

Europa 1914 bis 1949

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641188725

Category: History

Page: 768

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Europa am Abgrund Das europäische zwanzigste Jahrhundert war geprägt von kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen. Europa erlebte gewaltige Turbulenzen, die Hölle zweier Weltkriege in der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte und tiefgreifende Veränderungen. Der britische Historiker Ian Kershaw erzählt in einem meisterhaften Panorama die Geschichte dieses Kontinents vom Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs bis in die Zeit des beginnenden Kalten Kriegs Ende der vierziger Jahre, nachdem die europäische Zivilisation an den Rand der Selbstzerstörung gelangt war. Ethnische Auseinandersetzungen, aggressiver Nationalismus und Gebietsstreitigkeiten, Klassenkonflikte und die tiefe Krise des Kapitalismus waren die treibenden Kräfte, die Kershaw dabei besonders in den Blick nimmt. Neben den großen Entwicklungslinien in Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur und Gesellschaft schildert er auch immer wieder Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen einzelner, die einen Eindruck geben vom Leben im Europa der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte.

Global Communications, International Affairs and the Media Since 1945

Author: Philip Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113481805X

Category: History

Page: 272

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In Global Communications, International Affairs and the Media since 1945 , Philip M. Taylor traces the increased involvement of the media in issues of peace and especially war from the nineteenth century to the present day. He analyzes the nature, role and impact of communications within the international arena since 1945 and how communications interacts with foreign policy in practice rather than in theory. Using studies which include the Gul War and Vietnam, Taylor details the contemporary problems reporting while at the same time providing a comprehensive historical context.

Learning about-- the Holocaust

literature and other resources for young people

Author: Elaine C. Stephens,Jean E. Brown,Janet Rubin

Publisher: Library Professional Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 198

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Provides annotated lists of materials on the Holocaust for both elementary and secondary schools

Reminiscences of Los Alamos 1943–1945

Author: Lawrence Badash,J.O. Hirschfelder,H.P. Broida

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400990227

Category: History

Page: 189

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Although the World War II efforts to develop nuclear weapons have inspired a very large literature, it struck us as noteworthy that virtually nothing existed in the form of firsthand accounts. Now It Can Be Told, by General Leslie Groves, the Manhattan Project's military commander, is probably the most prominent exception, but the scientists themselves seem to have shown little interest in publishing their reminiscences. Believing that it would be not only worthwhile for posterity, but ex tremely interesting for the present generation to hear about the aspirations, fears, and activities of those who participated in this watershed of science and government collaboration, we arranged the public lecture series repre sented by this book.! We chose to focus upon Los Alamos since the project's efforts culminated there. The isolated laboratory in New Mexico was created to design and construct the first atomic bombs. More scientific brainpower was accumulated there than at any time since Isaac Newton dined alone, and the interactions with this community are of sociological interest, as the results of their work are of political import.

The Genteel John O'Hara

Author: Pamela Carol Mac Arthur

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039105151

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

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The writer John O'Hara (1905-1970) came from Pottsville in Pennsylvania. He put his home town and the surrounding vicinity under a microscope to produce an account of 'The Anthracite Region' that rivals Edith Wharton's descriptions of New York and Sinclair Lewis's anatomy of Sauk Centre. With the discerning eye of a local resident, O'Hara recreated this coal-rich region and its people so well that his novelettes, novellas, novels, plays and short stories give a true record of his 'Pennsylvania Protectorate' in the latter part of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. In order to reveal the ethnographical, geographical and historical authenticity of the O'Hara Canon, this book examines his writings in the context of Pottsville and the borough of Tamaqua, as well as the nearby towns and villages. The author also investigates both O'Hara's genteel upbringing and his gangster stratum. The book explores the many dimensions of O'Hara's life from the time of his birth until his escape to New York City in 1928. New sources such as unpublished letters and interviews with O'Hara's family, friends and enemies provide important insights into O'Hara, as well as into Pottsville and the surrounding region.

The Columbia Guide to Central African Literature in English Since 1945

Author: Adrian Roscoe

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503792

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 328

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Columbia's guides to postwar African literature paint a unique portrait of the continent's rich and diverse literary traditions. This volume examines the rapid rise and growth of modern literature in the three postcolonial nations of Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia. It tracks the multiple political and economic pressures that have shaped Central African writing since the end of World War II and reveals its authors' heroic efforts to keep their literary traditions alive in the face of extreme poverty and AIDS. Adrian Roscoe begins with a list of key political events. Since writers were composing within both colonial and postcolonial contexts, he pays particular attention to the nature of British colonialism, especially theories regarding its provenance and motivation. Roscoe discusses such historical figures as David Livingstone, Cecil Rhodes, and Sir Harry Johnston, as well as modern power players, including Robert Mugabe, Kenneth Kaunda, and Kamuzu Banda. He also addresses efforts to create a literary-historical record from an African perspective, an account that challenges white historiographies in which the colonized was neither agent nor informer. A comprehensive alphabetical guide profiles both established and emerging authors and further illustrates issues raised in the introduction. Roscoe then concludes with a detailed bibliography recommending additional reading and sources. At the close of World War II the people of Central Africa found themselves mired in imperial fatigue and broken promises of freedom. This fueled a desire for liberation and a major surge in literary production, and in this illuminating guide Roscoe details the campaigns for social justice and political integrity, for education and economic empowerment, and for gender equity, participatory democracy, rural development, and environmental care that characterized this exciting period of development.

Independent Intellectuals in the United States, 1910-1945

Author: Steven Biel

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814723446

Category: History

Page: 310

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A new intellectual community came together in the United States in the 1910s and 1920s, a community outside the universities, the professions and, in general, the established centers of intellectual life. A generation of young intellectuals was increasingly challenging both the genteel tradition and the growing division of intellectual labor. Adversarial and anti-professional, they exhibited a hostility to boundaries and specialization that compelled them toward an ambitious and self-conscious generalism and made them a force in the American political, literary, and artistic landscape. This book is a cultural history of this community of free-lance critics and an exploration of their collective effort to construct a viable public intellectual life in America. Steven Biel illustrates the diversity of the body of writings produced by these critics, whose subjects ranged from literature and fine arts to politics, economics, history, urban planning, and national character. Conceding that significant differences and conflicts did exist in the works of individual thinkers, Biel nonetheless maintains that a broader picture of this vibrant culture has been obscured by attempts to classify intellectuals according to political or ideological persuasions. His book brings to life the ways in which this community sought out alternative ways of making a living, devised strategies for reaching and engaging the public, debated the involvement of women in the intellectual community and incorporated Marxism into its evolving search for a decisive intellectual presence in American life. Examined in this lively study are the role and contributions of such figures as Randolph Bourne, Max Eastman, Crystal Eastman, Walter Lippmann, Margaret Sanger, Van Wyck Brooks, Floyd Dell, Edmund Wilson, Mable Dodge, Paul Rosenfeld, H. L. Mencken, Lewis Mumford, Malcolm Cowley, Matthew Josephson, John Reed, Waldo Frank, Gilbert Seldes, and Harold Stearns.

The anti-Jewish racist mania of Hitler, the Jews in Fritzlar and its boroughs, and their few friends

Extended edition

Author: Paulgerhard Lohmann

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3738669752

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 1646

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This work of non-fiction wants to impart knowledge, encourage reflection, and awaken sympathy. It provides information about the anti-Jewish race politics of National Socialism and the increasingly more difficult effects it had on individual Jews in Fritzlar and its surrounding towns year after year. It reports on the few people who helped those Jews who returned from concentration camps and about the de-Nazification process from 1944 to 1948. Additionally, it documents in both words and pictures the different forms of lasting memorials. This book reminds us not only of past peaceful neighborly coexistence and on the growing contempt and oppression of the Jewish citizens, and their consequent expulsion and terrible murder, but also on personal salvation, and the efforts toward forgiveness and atonement. Photos, gravestone inscriptions, family trees, and lists of names will aid in researching Jewish family histories. Dies Sachbuch will Wissen vermitteln, zum Nachdenken anregen und Mitgefühl erwecken. Es informiert über die antijüdische Rassenpolitik des Nationalsozialismus und deren von Jahr zu Jahr härteren Auswirkungen auf die einzelnen Juden in Fritzlar und seinen Ortsteilen. Es berichtet von den wenigen Helfern, von den 1945 aus den KZs zurückkehrenden Juden und von der Entnazifizierung 1944 bis 1948. Ferner dokumentiert es in Wort und Bild verschiedene Formen dauerhaften Gedenkens. Dies Buch erinnert an friedliches Zusammenleben als Nachbarn, doch auch an zunehmende Verachtung und Verdrängung der jüdischen Mitbürger, schließlich an ihre Vertreibung und schreckliche Ermordung, aber auch an Errettung Einzelner, an Bemühen um Verzeihung und Versöhnung. Fotos, Grabsteininschriften, Stammbäume und Namenslisten helfen bei der Erforschung von jüdischen Familiengeschichten.

A Companion to Europe 1900-1945

Author: Gordon Martel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391671

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 9724

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This volume brings together a distinguished group of international scholars to discuss the major debates in the study of early twentieth-century Europe. Brings together contributions from a distinguished group of international scholars. Provides an overview of current thinking on the period. Traces the great political, social and economic upheavals of the time. Illuminates perennial themes, as well as new areas of enquiry. Takes a pan-European approach, highlighting similarities and differences across nations and regions.

Faces of Medicine

A Philosophical Study

Author: W.J. van der Steen,P.J. Thung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400913974

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 1584

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1. MEDICINE Illness, disease and disability plague man in every culture. But the form they take is not the same everywhere. Neither is man's reaction. Coping strategies, and the experience and knowledge backing them, depend very much on cultural setting. So medicine, the fabric of strategy and know ledge, can only be understood in the context of culture. In western society today, severe judgements are passed on medicine. Its store of knowledge and experience, and its repertory of strategies, have grown immensely during the last few decades. But it hardly alleviates dominant ailments, especially chronic diseases, diseases of old age and disturbances of social and mental functioning. We know that these ailments have come to the fore as the incidence of more "primitive" diseases declined in industrial societies. Infant deaths, and malnutrition and infections striking at young age, have dwindled to marginal significance in Western Europe and life expectancy at birth is twice that of some 150 years ago. Thus our new troubles are connected with past successes.

Population Forecasting 1895–1945

The Transition to Modernity

Author: Henk A. de Gans,Henk de Gans

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792355373

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 8496

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This book is about the transition to modernity of population forecasting. In many countries interest in the future course of population was kindled by debates on the population problem since the turn of the 19th century. The debates were alternately caused by fear of the economic consequences of over-population, by anxiety regarding the strategic demographic aspects of population decline, the decline of the national elite, or by the menace of imminent race suicide. Because population debates tended to be based on emotion rather than `objective' arguments, some economists and statisticians felt the need for a better understanding of population dynamics and its effect on the development of future population. Their pursuit of objectivity in population debates resulted in the development of a forecasting methodology based on the findings of life table theory and analytical demography. The innovation of forecasting methodology was greatly helped by improved public statistics: the published data of population censuses and ever-extending time series of demographic rates. At the same time the speculative nature of the resulting studies of future population provided an obstacle to the advancement of modern population forecasting by representatives of those schools of statistics, where the focus was on the reliability and trustworthiness of public statistics in the first place. In the 1930s the innovation and propagation of knowledge of modern forecasting methodology received a new stimulus when it became clear that the new methodology could easily be applied in preliminary town planning research and urban and regional policy-making. This book recounts the history of the origin and establishment of modern population forecasting methodology and the resistance the new methodology met with. It demonstrates - using George Herbert Mead's philosophy of time - that the emergence of modern population forecasting resulted in a drastic change of the societal position of the forecaster, the consequences of which still resound today. The book uncovers the first contributions to the description and theory of the demographic transition in the publications of the early innovators of population forecasting. It lays bare the pioneering position of inter-war population forecasting in The Netherlands and clarifies why the innovative endeavours of Dutch population forecasters of that period nevertheless remained hidden in international histories. This book will be of interest to scientists, researchers and students in demography and applied demography, statistics, economy, social geography and urban and regional planning and science studies.