Norms, Values, and Society

Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401724547

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

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Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

Ethical Argumentation

Author: Douglas N. Walton

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739103494

Category: Religion

Page: 311

View: 2767

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Bridging the gap between applied ethics and ethical theory, Ethical Argumentation draws on recent research in argumentation theory to develop a more realistic model of how ethical justification actually works. Douglas Walton presents a new model of ethical argumentation in which ethical justification is analyzed as a defeasible form of argumentation considered in a balanced dialogue. Walton's new model employs techniques such as: asking the appropriate critical questions, probing accepted values, finding nonexplicit assumptions in an ethical argument, and deconstructing emotive terms and persuasive definitions. This book will be of significant interest to scholars and advanced students in applied ethics and theory.

Precision, Language and Logic

Author: F. H. George

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483145433

Category: Philosophy

Page: 228

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Precision, Language and Logic is a three-part book that first presents ideas in basic logic and clear thinking. Part II is concerned with the application of logic and other methods of precision to everyday discourse and also to the sciences and other disciplines such as law and economics. The last part of the book discusses a formalization of the sciences. This book will be useful as a text to guide people in the main ingredients of clear thinking and logical discussion.

Vom Wesen physikalischer Gesetze

Vorwort zur deutschen Ausgabe von Rudolf Mößbauer

Author: Richard P. Feynman

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492972365

Category: Science

Page: 215

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Richard P. Feynman gelingt es meisterhaft, darzulegen, welche allgemeinen Prinzipien hinter den Naturgesetzen stehen, die wir heute kennen. Studentinnen und Studenten in aller Welt benutzen diese berühmten »Feynman-Lectures«, die einen ungewöhnlich gut durchdachten Querschnitt durch die Grundlagen der Physik bieten.

Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science IX

Author: D. Prawitz,B. Skyrms,D. Westerståhl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080544959

Category: Mathematics

Page: 988

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This volume is the product of the Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and contains the text of most of the invited lectures. Divided into 15 sections, the book covers a wide range of different issues. The reader is given the opportunity to learn about the latest thinking in relevant areas other than those in which they themselves may normally specialise.

Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit

The Idealistic Logic of Modern Theology

Author: Gary Dorrien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355899

Category: Religion

Page: 616

View: 5669

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Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought-provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant's writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant's three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others - moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner

Physical Hydrology

Third Edition

Author: S. Lawrence Dingman

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478628073

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 8135

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For twenty years, Lawrence Dingman’s well-written, comprehensive Physical Hydrology has set standards for balancing theoretical depth and breadth of applications. Rich in substance and written to meet the needs of future researchers and experts in the field, Dingman treats hydrology as a distinct geoscience that is continually expanding to deal with large-scale changes in land use and climate. The third edition provides a solid conceptual basis of the subject and introduces the quantitative relations involved in answering scientific and management questions about water resources. The text is organized around three principal themes: the basic concepts underlying the science of hydrology; the exchange of water and energy between the atmosphere and the earth’s surface; and the land phase of the hydrologic cycle. Dingman supplies the basic physical principles necessary for developing a sound, instructive sense of the way in which water moves on and through the land; in addition, he describes the assumptions behind each analytical approach and identifies the limitations of each.

Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences

An Introduction

Author: Riccardo Russo

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113542554X

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 7333

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Do you find statistics overwhelming and confusing? Have you ever wished for someone to explain the basics in a clear and easy-to-follow style? This accessible textbook gives a step-by-step introduction to all the topics covered in introductory statistics courses for the behavioural sciences, with plenty of examples discussed in depth, based on real psychology experiments utilising the statistical techniques described. Advanced sections are also provided, for those who want to learn a particular topic in more depth. Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences: An Introduction begins with an introduction to the basic concepts, before providing a detailed explanation of basic statistical tests and concepts such as descriptive statistics, probability, the binomial distribution, continuous random variables, the normal distribution, the Chi-Square distribution, the analysis of categorical data, t-tests, correlation and regression. This timely and highly readable text will be invaluable to undergraduate students of psychology, and students of research methods courses in related disciplines, as well as anyone with an interest in the basic concepts and tests associated with statistics in the behavioural sciences.

Elements of Social and Political Philosophy

Author: Jan J.T. Srzednicki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401013535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 189

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The general purpose of this book differs from those of most of the works found traditionally in the field of political philosophy. Firstly, the present approach is in no way prescriptive or normative, as the interest centres on explication rather than an evaluative assess ment of this, that or another type of arrangement, or act. 1 It will be clear that I am in complete disagreement with Gewirth when he claims that "The central concern of political philosophy is the moral evaluation of political power. " It seems obvious that the under standing of political and social forms of life, and a fortiori of political power, must come before its evaluation. This cannot be provided by moral assessment alone. Thus an analytical or explicative approach which promotes such understanding must come first, and must be the "central concern" of the appropriate philosophical discipline. This is not to say that moral assessment is illegitimate, nor even that it cannot be one of the concerns of political philosophy, but it is to deny that it can be central, even though it might be somebody's central interest. To the extent to which this book is successful it will provide an argu mentin my favour - if the job can be done, obviously it is of primary importance. But we should not assume that it cannot be done unless we can show that there is no separate sphere of political and/or social phenomena.

Meaning and method

prolegomena to a scientific philosophy of religion and a scientific theology

Author: Anders Nygren

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 412

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Evolution and Constitution

The Evolutionary Selfconstruction of Law

Author: Erhard Oeser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401715025

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 9440

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This work for the first time brings together case law and law based on norms. It offers the reader a survey and a new explanation of evolutionary emergence of social contracts and constitutions in the European history, and should help to build a bridge between 'two cultures', science and humanities. It is addressed to philosophers of law, historians of law, theorists of science and social scientists.

Methods for Development Work and Research

A New Guide for Practitioners

Author: Britha Mikkelsen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761933274

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 3115

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an indispensable, down-to-earth, richly illustrated guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice in development settings.

Meditative Reason

Towards Universal Grammar

Author: Ashok K. Gangadean

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 386

View: 3586

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English Language, Literature and Creative Writing

A Practical Guide for Students

Author: Sarah Dobbs,Val Jessop,Devon Campbell-Hall,Terry McDonough,Cath Nichols

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783082925

Category: Study Aids

Page: 198

View: 6582

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A practical, easy-to-read guide that aims to help undergraduate students cope with the demands of English and Creative Writing degrees. Written by lecturers and industry professionals with decades of experience in professional writing and higher education, this book also includes hints and tips from previous students.

Category Theory

Author: Steve Awodey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191513822

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 6493

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This text and reference book on Category Theory, a branch of abstract algebra, is aimed not only at students of Mathematics, but also researchers and students of Computer Science, Logic, Linguistics, Cognitive Science, Philosophy, and any of the other fields that now make use of it. Containing clear definitions of the essential concepts, illuminated with numerous accessible examples, and providing full proofs of all important propositions and theorems, this book aims to make the basic ideas, theorems, and methods of Category Theory understandable to this broad readership. Although it assumes few mathematical pre-requisites, the standard of mathematical rigour is not compromised. The material covered includes the standard core of categories; functors; natural transformations; equivalence; limits and colimits; functor categories; representables; Yoneda's lemma; adjoints; monads.

Intelligence, Destiny and Education

The Ideological Roots of Intelligence Testing

Author: John White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113420387X

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 7520

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The nature of intelligence and how it can be measured has occupied psychologists, educationalists, biologists and philosophers for hundreds of years. However, there has been little investigation into the rise of the traditional dominant educational ideology that intelligence and IQ have innate limits and are unchanging and unchangeable. This book traces the roots of this mind set back to early puritan communities on both sides of the Atlantic, drawing parallels between puritan dogma and the development of the traditional curricula and selection processes that are still firmly embedded in school practice today. Drawing on the work of Galton, Pearson, Burt, Goddard, Terman and others in his search for the truth about intelligence testing, John White looks at the personal histories and socialised religious backgrounds of these key psychologists and casts an entirely new light on schooling in Britain and the USA in modern times. This work also shows how we can transcend this heritage and base our educational system on values and practices more in tune with the twenty-first century.