Looking Into the Earth

An Introduction to Geological Geophysics

Author: Alan E. Mussett,M. Aftab Khan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785747

Category: Science

Page: 470

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Comprehensively describes the principles and applications of 'global' and 'exploration' geophysics for introductory/intermediate university students.

Looking into the Earth

An Introduction to Geological Geophysics

Author: Alan E. Mussett,M. Aftab Khan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643649

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Looking Into the Earth comprehensively describes the principles and applications of both 'global' and 'exploration' geophysics on all scales. It forms an introduction to geophysics suitable for those who do not necessarily intend to become professional geophysicists, including geologists, civil engineers, environmental scientists, and field archaeologists. The book is organised into two parts: Part 1 describes the geophysical methods, while Part 2 illustrates their use in a number of extended case histories. Mathematical and physical principles are introduced at an elementary level, and then developed as necessary. Student questions and exercises are included at the end of each chapter. The book is aimed primarily at introductory and intermediate university students taking courses in geology, earth science, environmental science, and engineering. It will also form an excellent introductory textbook in geophysics departments, and will help practising geologists, archaeologists and engineers understand what geophysics can offer their work.

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration

Author: Philip Kearey,Michael Brooks,Ian Hill

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632049295

Category: Science

Page: 272

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This new edition of the well-established Kearey and Brooks text is fully updated to reflect the important developments in geophysical methods since the production of the previous edition. The broad scope of previous editions is maintained, with even greater clarity of explanations from the revised text and extensively revised figures. Each of the major geophysical methods is treated systematically developing the theory behind the method and detailing the instrumentation, field data acquisition techniques, data processing and interpretation methods. The practical application of each method to such diverse exploration applications as petroleum, groundwater, engineering, environmental and forensic is shown by case histories. The mathematics required in order to understand the text is purposely kept to a minimum, so the book is suitable for courses taken in geophysics by all undergraduate students. It will also be of use to postgraduate students who might wish to include geophysics in their studies and to all professional geologists who wish to discover the breadth of the subject in connection with their own work.

Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks

Author: Sam Boggs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521897165

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 7753

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Advanced textbook outlining the physical, chemical, and biological properties of sedimentary rocks through petrographic microscopy, geochemical techniques, and field study.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465953

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Whole Earth Geophysics

An Introductory Textbook for Geologists and Geophysicists

Author: Robert J. Lillie

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 361

View: 492

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This bookOs abundant figures and exercises, combined with the straightforward, concise style of the book, put the essentials of geophysics well within reach of students whose primary training is in geology and who possess only a basic knowledge of physics. It is designed to introduce the principal geophysical phenomena and techniques--namely seismology, gravity, magnetism, and heat flow.

Introduction to Planetary Science

The Geological Perspective

Author: Gunter Faure,Teresa M. Mensing

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402055447

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 9029

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This textbook details basic principles of planetary science that help to unify the study of the solar system. It is organized in a hierarchical manner so that every chapter builds upon preceding ones. Starting with historical perspectives on space exploration and the development of the scientific method, the book leads the reader through the solar system. Coverage explains that the origin and subsequent evolution of planets and their satellites can be explained by applications of certain basic principles of physics, chemistry, and celestial mechanics and that surface features of the solid bodies can be interpreted by principles of geology.

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687450

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 8839

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An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and Earth Structures is an introduction to seismology and its role in the earth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed using a physical approach and then applied to show how refraction, reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study the structure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. The book shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and are integrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonic processes that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, and computer exercises teach students about seismology in a creative and intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vector and tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statistics of errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introduced with many relevant examples. The text also addresses the fundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology to societal issues. Special attention is paid to help students visualize connections between different topics and view seismology as an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure gives an excellent overview for students of geophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation for further studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering to students in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology, physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismic events such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, and Taiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and a list of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essential math needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in class or left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover the material presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numbered problem sets are listed in the back so that students can track their progress. Extensive References - classic references and more current references are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versions of all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homework problems is available at: http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on this website are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5 chapters of the book.

The Solid Earth

An Introduction to Global Geophysics

Author: C. M. R. Fowler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521584098

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 8145

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The Solid Earth is a general introduction to the study of the physics of the solid Earth, including the workings of both the Earth's surface and its deep interior. The emphasis throughout is on basic physical principles rather than instrumentation or data handling. The second edition of this acclaimed textbook has been revised to bring the content fully up-to-date and to reflect the most recent advances in geophysical research. It is designed for undergraduates on introductory geophysics courses who have a general background in the physical sciences, including introductory calculus. It can also be used as a reference book for graduate students and other researchers in geology and geophysics. Each chapter ends with exercises of various degrees of complexity, for which solutions are available to instructors from www.cambridge.org/9780521893077. The book contains an extensive glossary of geological and physical terms, as well as appendices that develop more advanced mathematical topics.

Fluid Physics in Geology

An Introduction to Fluid Motions on Earth's Surface and Within Its Crust

Author: David Jon Furbish

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195077016

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 8443

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Fluid Physics in Geology is a fluid mechanics text for geologists; it provides an introductory treatment of the physical and dynamical behaviour of fluids, aimed at students who need to understand fluid behaviour and motion in the context of a wide variety of geological problems.

Introduction to Applied Geophysics

Exploring the Shallow Subsurface

Author: Henry Robert Burger,Anne F. Sheehan,Craig H. Jones

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393926378

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 637

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Offering a chapter on each of the most common methods of exploration, the text explains in detail how each method is performed and discusses that method s geologic, engineering, and environmental applications. In addition to ample examples, illustrations, and applications throughout, each chapter concludes with a problem set. The text is also accompanied by the Field Geophysics Software Suite, an innovative CD-ROM that allows students to experiment with refraction and reflection seismology, gravity, magnetics, electrical resistivity, and ground-penetrating radar methods of exploration."

Stratigraphy: A Modern Synthesis

Author: Andrew D. Miall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319243047

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 3962

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A Comprehensive review of modern stratigraphic methods. The stratigraphic record is the major repository of information about the geological history of Earth, a record stretching back for nearly 4 billion years. Stratigraphic studies fill out our planet’s plate-tectonic history with the details of paleogeography, past climates, and the record of evolution, and stratigraphy is at the heart of the effort to find and exploit fossil fuel resources. Modern stratigraphic methods are now able to provide insights into past geological events and processes on time scales with unprecedented accuracy and precision, and have added much to our understanding of global tectonic and climatic processes. It has taken 200 years and a modern revolution to bring all the necessary developments together to create the modern, dynamic science that this book sets out to describe. Stratigraphy now consists of a suite of integrated concepts and methods, several of which have considerable predictive and interpretive power. The new, integrated, dynamic science that Stratigraphy has become is now inseparable from what were its component parts, including sedimentology, chronostratigraphy, and the broader aspects of basin analysis.

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics

Author: John M. Reynolds

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119957141

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 5889

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An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, 2nd Edition, describes the rapidly developing field of near-surface geophysics. The book covers a range of applications including mineral, hydrocarbon and groundwater exploration, and emphasises the use of geophysics in civil engineering and in environmental investigations. Following on from the international popularity of the first edition, this new, revised, and much expanded edition contains additional case histories, and descriptions of geophysical techniques not previously included in such textbooks. The level of mathematics and physics is deliberately kept to a minimum but is described qualitatively within the text. Relevant mathematical expressions are separated into boxes to supplement the text. The book is profusely illustrated with many figures, photographs and line drawings, many never previously published. Key source literature is provided in an extensive reference section; a list of web addresses for key organisations is also given in an appendix as a valuable additional resource. Covers new techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Sounding, Controlled- Source EM, shear-wave seismic refraction, and airborne gravity and EM techniques Now includes radioactivity surveying and more discussions of down-hole geophysical methods; hydrographic and Sub-Bottom Profiling surveying; and UneXploded Ordnance detection Expanded to include more forensic, archaeological, glaciological, agricultural and bio-geophysical applications Includes more information on physio-chemical properties of geological, engineering and environmental materials Takes a fully global approach Companion website with additional resources available at www.wiley.com/go/reynolds/introduction2e Accessible core textbook for undergraduates as well as an ideal reference for industry professionals The second edition is ideal for students wanting a broad introduction to the subject and is also designed for practising civil and geotechnical engineers, geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists who need an overview of modern geophysical methods relevant to their discipline. While the first edition was the first textbook to provide such a comprehensive coverage of environmental geophysics, the second edition is even more far ranging in terms of techniques, applications and case histories.

Field Geophysics

Author: John Milsom,Asger Eriksen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119956900

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8390

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This handy pocket-sized field guide provides practical information and assistance to anyone engaged in small-scale surveys on the ground. Fully revised and updated throughout, the Fourth Edition includes comprehensive updates on the use of GPR and GPS and new sections on surface wave seismics and towed array systems. This has become the standard text in this area for use in the field and the experience of the two authors will ensure the book retains its place as one of the most popular handbooks in applied geophysics. Fully revised and updated to incorporate new developments in the field; Focus on quality control of the acquisition of data and basic field interpretation; User-friendly, accessible writing style; Includes updates on Ground Penetrating Radar and the use of GPS; New section on surface wave methods. Additional material available on the companion website at www.wiley.com/go/milsom/geophysics4e

Heat Generation and Transport in the Earth

Author: Claude Jaupart,Jean-Claude Mareschal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493620

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Heat provides the energy that drives almost all geological phenomena and sets the temperature at which these phenomena operate. This book explains the key physical principles of heat transport with simple physical arguments and scaling laws that allow quantitative evaluation of heat flux and cooling conditions in a variety of geological settings and systems. The thermal structure and evolution of magma reservoirs, the crust, the lithosphere and the mantle of the Earth are reviewed within the context of plate tectonics and mantle convection - illustrating how theoretical arguments can be combined with field and laboratory data to arrive at accurate interpretations of geological observations. Appendices contain data on the thermal properties of rocks, surface heat flux measurements and rates of radiogenic heat production. This book can be used for advanced courses in geophysics, geodynamics and magmatic processes, and is a reference for researchers in geoscience, environmental science, physics, engineering and fluid dynamics.

A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499246

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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The advent of accessible student computing packages has meant that geophysics students can now easily manipulate datasets and gain first-hand modeling experience - essential in developing an intuitive understanding of the physics of the Earth. Yet to gain a more in-depth understanding of physical theory, and to develop new models and solutions, it is necessary to be able to derive the relevant equations from first principles. This compact, handy book fills a gap left by most modern geophysics textbooks, which generally do not have space to derive all of the important formulae, showing the intermediate steps. This guide presents full derivations for the classical equations of gravitation, gravity, tides, earth rotation, heat, geomagnetism and foundational seismology, illustrated with simple schematic diagrams. It supports students through the successive steps and explains the logical sequence of a derivation - facilitating self-study and helping students to tackle homework exercises and prepare for exams.

Geology For Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118021525

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1638

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Presents an introduction to geology of the Earth, discussing such topics as plate tectonics, surface processes, the rock cycle, and the geological timeline.

Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions

Author: George H. Davis,Stephen J. Reynolds,Charles F. Kluth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471152315

Category: Science

Page: 839

View: 8940

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Relates the physical and geometric elegance of geologic structures within the Earth's crust and the ways in which these structures reflect the nature and origin of crystal deformation through time. The main thrust is on applications in regional tectonics, exploration geology, active tectonics and geohydrology. Techniques, experiments, and calculations are described in detail, with the purpose of offering active participation and discovery through laboratory and field work.