Lost in Math

How Beauty Leads Physics Astray

Author: Sabine Hossenfelder

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465094260

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7728

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A contrarian argues that modern physicists' obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth.

Lost in Math

How Beauty Leads Physics Astray

Author: Sabine Hossenfelder

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0465094260

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7608

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A contrarian argues that modern physicists' obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth.

Lost in Math

How Beauty Leads Physics Astray

Author: Sabine Hossenfelder

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781541644601

Category: SCIENCE

Page: N.A

View: 8772

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"Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth"--

Last To Finish A Story About the Smartest Boy in Math Class (Math Difficulty, Dyslexia, ADHD, ADD)

Author: Barbara Esham

Publisher: Mainstream Connections

ISBN: 1603364617

Category: Education

Page: 32

View: 1603

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ADHD, ADD, Dyslexia, Learning Styles, Learning Disabilities The second picture book in The Adventures of Everyday Geniuses series features Max, a third-grader who had always liked math until his teacher started using a timer for testing the class on multiplication facts. Max clutches when he tries to hurry. When his missing math folder reveals that Max has been working problems from the older brother’s algebra book “for fun,” he is invited to join the school math team as well as a program for accelerated math students. Tinted with colorful washes, ink drawings illustrate the story with sympathy and humor. One particularly expressive picture illustrates the phrase “my mind freezes” with a drawing of unhappy Max seated at his school desk, his head turned into a snowman’s noggin, carrot nose and all. The well-phrased text also reassures children that understanding is more important than memorization and that a strength in one area of learning can offset a weakness in another. Grades 1-3. --Carolyn Phelan

Curvature in Mathematics and Physics

Author: Shlomo Sternberg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486292711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 3670

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Expert treatment introduces semi-Riemannian geometry and its principal physical application, Einstein's theory of general relativity, using the Cartan exterior calculus as a principal tool. Prerequisites include linear algebra and advanced calculus. 2012 edition.

The Mathematical Principles of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Derek F. Lawden

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486442233

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1437

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Focusing on the principles of quantum mechanics, this text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students introduces and resolves special physical problems with more than 100 exercises. 1967 edition.

How to Bake Pi

An Edible Exploration of the Mathematics of Mathematics

Author: Eugenia Cheng

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465051693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 6889

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"Whimsical...rigorous and insightful." -- New York Times Book Review What is math? How exactly does it work? And what do three siblings trying to share a cake have to do with it? In How to Bake Pi, math professor Eugenia Cheng provides an accessible introduction to the logic and beauty of mathematics, powered, unexpectedly, by insights from the kitchen. We learn how the béchamel in a lasagna can be a lot like the number five, and why making a good custard proves that math is easy but life is hard. At the heart of it all is Cheng's work on category theory, a cutting-edge "mathematics of mathematics," that is about figuring out how math works. Combined with her infectious enthusiasm for cooking and true zest for life, Cheng's perspective on math is a funny journey through a vast territory no popular book on math has explored before. So, what is math? Let's look for the answer in the kitchen.

Experimental Search for Quantum Gravity

Author: Sabine Hossenfelder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319645374

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 8866

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This book summarizes recent developments in the research area of quantum gravity phenomenology. A series of short and nontechnical essays lays out the prospects of various experimental possibilities and their current status. Finding observational evidence for the quantization of space-time was long thought impossible. In the last decade however, new experimental design and technological advances have changed the research landscape and opened new perspectives on quantum gravity. Formerly dominated by purely theoretical constructions, quantum gravity now has a lively phenomenology to offer. From high precision measurements using macroscopic quantum oscillators to new analysis methods of the cosmic microwave background, no stone is being left unturned in the experimental search for quantum gravity. This book sheds new light on the connection of astroparticle physics with the quantum gravity problem. Gravitational waves and their detection are covered. It illustrates findings from the interconnection between general relativity, black holes and Planck stars. Finally, the return on investment in quantum-gravitation research is illuminated. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers entering the field.

Mathematics for Physicists

Author: Huaiyu Wang

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813146508

Category:

Page: 752

View: 6701

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This book covers the necessary aspects of mathematics for graduate students in physics and engineering. Advanced undergraduate students and researchers who intend to enter the field of theoretical physics can also pick up this book. The first eight chapters include variational method, Hilbert space and operators, ordinary linear differential equations, Bessel functions, Dirac delta function, the Green's function in mathematical physics, norm, integral equations. Beside these traditional contents, the last two chapters introduce some recent achievements of scientific research while presenting their mathematical background. Like the basis of number theory and its application in physics, material science and other scientific fields, the fundamental equations in spaces with arbitrary dimensions, not limited to Euclid space; Pseudo spherical coordinates. Plain terminologies were used to present the concept of metric, as well as new and interesting work on the Klein-Gorden equation and Maxwell equation. Request Inspection Copy

Farewell to Reality

How Modern Physics Has Betrayed the Search for Scientific Truth

Author: Jim Baggott

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453299149

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9340

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From acclaimed science author Jim Baggot, a lively, provocative, and “intellectually gratifying” critique of modern theoretical physics (The Economist). Where does one draw the line between solid science and fairy-tale physics? Jim Baggott argues that there is no observational or experimental evidence for many of the ideas of modern theoretical physics: super-symmetric particles, super strings, the multiverse, the holographic principle, or the anthropic cosmological principle. Unafraid to challenge prominent theorists, Baggott offers engaging portraits of many central figures of modern physics, including Stephen Hawking, Paul Davies, John D. Barrow, Brian Greene, and Leonard Susskind. Informed, comprehensive, and balanced, Farewell to Reality discusses the latest ideas about the nature of physical reality while clearly distinguishing between fact and fantasy, providing essential and entertaining reading for everyone interested in what we know and don’t know about the nature of the universe and reality itself.

The Mathematics of Life

Author: Ian Stewart

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465024408

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 6189

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Biologists have long dismissed mathematics as being unable to meaningfully contribute to our understanding of living beings. Within the past ten years, however, mathematicians have proven that they hold the key to unlocking the mysteries of our world--and ourselves. In The Mathematics of Life, Ian Stewart provides a fascinating overview of the vital but little-recognized role mathematics has played in pulling back the curtain on the hidden complexities of the natural world--and how its contribution will be even more vital in the years ahead. In his characteristically clear and entertaining fashion, Stewart explains how mathematicians and biologists have come to work together on some of the most difficult scientific problems that the human race has ever tackled, including the nature and origin of life itself.

Mathematics

The Loss of Certainty

Author: Morris Kline

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195030853

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 4788

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Refuting the accepted belief that mathematics is exact and infallible, the author examines the development of conflicting concepts of mathematics and their implications for the physical, applied, social, and computer sciences

How Not to be Wrong

The Power of Mathematical Thinking

Author: Jordan Ellenberg

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143127535

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 9319

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"Using the mathematician's method of analyzing life and exposing the hard-won insights of the academic community to the layman, minus the jargon ... Ellenberg pulls from history as well as from the latest theoretical developments to provide those not trained in math with the knowledge they need"--

Advanced Problems in Mathematics

Preparing for University

Author: Stephen Siklos

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1783741449

Category: Mathematics

Page: 186

View: 8404

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This book is intended to help students prepare for entrance examinations in mathematics and scientific subjects, including STEP (Sixth Term Examination Papers). STEP examinations are used by Cambridge colleges as the basis for conditional offers in mathematics and sometimes in other mathematics-related subjects. They are also used by Warwick University, and many other mathematics departments recommend that their applicants practice on past papers to become accustomed to university-style mathematics. Advanced Problems in Mathematics is recommended as preparation for any undergraduate mathematics course, even for students who do not plan to take the Sixth Term Examination Paper. The questions analysed in this book are all based on recent STEP questions selected to address the syllabus for Papers I and II, which is the A-level core (i.e. C1 to C4) with a few additions. Each question is followed by a comment and a full solution. The comments direct the reader’s attention to key points and put the question in its true mathematical context. The solutions point students to the methodology required to address advanced mathematical problems critically and independently. This book is a must read for any student wishing to apply to scientific subjects at university level and for anybody interested in advanced mathematics.

Love and Math

The Heart of Hidden Reality

Author: Edward Frenkel

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465069959

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1321

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What if you had to take an art class in which you were only taught how to paint a fence? What if you were never shown the paintings of van Gogh and Picasso, weren’t even told they existed? Alas, this is how math is taught, and so for most of us it becomes the intellectual equivalent of watching paint dry. In Love and Math, renowned mathematician Edward Frenkel reveals a side of math we’ve never seen, suffused with all the beauty and elegance of a work of art. In this heartfelt and passionate book, Frenkel shows that mathematics, far from occupying a specialist niche, goes to the heart of all matter, uniting us across cultures, time, and space. Love and Math tells two intertwined stories: of the wonders of mathematics and of one young man’s journey learning and living it. Having braved a discriminatory educational system to become one of the twenty-first century’s leading mathematicians, Frenkel now works on one of the biggest ideas to come out of math in the last 50 years: the Langlands Program. Considered by many to be a Grand Unified Theory of mathematics, the Langlands Program enables researchers to translate findings from one field to another so that they can solve problems, such as Fermat’s last theorem, that had seemed intractable before. At its core, Love and Math is a story about accessing a new way of thinking, which can enrich our lives and empower us to better understand the world and our place in it. It is an invitation to discover the magic hidden universe of mathematics.

Mathematics for Physicists

Author: Philippe Dennery,André Krzywicki

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486157121

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6388

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Superb text provides math needed to understand today's more advanced topics in physics and engineering. Theory of functions of a complex variable, linear vector spaces, much more. Problems. 1967 edition.

Lost in Transition

Ethnographies of Everyday Life After Communism

Author: Kristen Ghodsee

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822351021

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 3892

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Through ethnographic essays and short stories based on her experiences in Eastern Europe between 1989 and 2009, Kristen Ghodsee explains why many Eastern Europeans are nostalgic for the communist past.

Weapons of Math Destruction

How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy

Author: Cathy O'Neil

Publisher: Crown Books

ISBN: 0553418815

Category: Big data

Page: 259

View: 2040

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"A former Wall Street quantitative analyst sounds an alarm on mathematical modeling, a pervasive new force in society that threatens to undermine democracy and widen inequality, "--NoveList.

Advances in Financial Machine Learning

Author: Marcos Lopez de Prado

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119482119

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 7603

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Machine learning (ML) is changing virtually every aspect of our lives. Today ML algorithms accomplish tasks that until recently only expert humans could perform. As it relates to finance, this is the most exciting time to adopt a disruptive technology that will transform how everyone invests for generations. Readers will learn how to structure Big data in a way that is amenable to ML algorithms; how to conduct research with ML algorithms on that data; how to use supercomputing methods; how to backtest your discoveries while avoiding false positives. The book addresses real-life problems faced by practitioners on a daily basis, and explains scientifically sound solutions using math, supported by code and examples. Readers become active users who can test the proposed solutions in their particular setting. Written by a recognized expert and portfolio manager, this book will equip investment professionals with the groundbreaking tools needed to succeed in modern finance.

A Mind for Numbers

How to Excel at Math and Science (even If You Flunked Algebra)

Author: Barbara A. Oakley

Publisher: TarcherPerigree

ISBN: 039916524X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 8461

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An engineering professor who started out doing poorly in mathematical and technical subjects in school offers tools, tips and techniques to learning the creative and analytical thought processes that will lead to achievement in math and science. Original.