Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology

Author: Willis D. Weight,John L. Sonderegger

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070696396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 4315

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Stay leagues ahead with this hands-on guide to practicing field hydrogeology For actual procedures and real-world decisions not explained in textbooks, look to The Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology. Expert authors Willis Weight and John Songeregger provide plenty of practical examples to help you: Stay on top of what can go wrong, and prevent mishaps, injuries, and disasters Investigate contamination at hazardous waste sites safely and accurately Provide prescriptions for site cleanup Assess the quality and the quantity of an aquifer Work with mining operations on both contamination prevention and new water sources Design a single-well pumping test that's as effective as multiple wells Locate sources of groundwater Take a groundwater sample Log a drill hole Install a monitoring well Analyze a slug test More!

Hydrogeology Field Manual, 2e

Author: Willis Weight

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071601201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 751

View: 7256

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Dramatically Improve Your Hydrogeology Field Skills and Master New Advances in Groundwater Science The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual provides the latest information on applied applications in groundwater sampling and water-quality assessment, aquifer characterization, contamination issues, karst applications, and more. The book includes actual procedures, real-world decisions, and many examples and case studies to help you understand the occurrence and movement of groundwater in a variety of geologic settings. Filled with tips, tricks-of-the-trade, and anecdotes from seasoned field hydrogeologists, the book explains how to gain instant expertise in most field methodologies and expand your abilities for data interpretation ...and other essential skills. The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual features: Sage advice on how to collect hydrogeologic field data Guidance on drilling methods, safety, and work with drilling contractors A practical description of slug testing Effective site characterization methods Expert advice on monitoring-well design Over 250 skills-building illustrations and photos Two new chapters on karst hydrogeology, including characterization and performing dye tracer tests All chapters have new material, including more examples and worked problems If you are still in college, a recent graduate, or a working professional needing a ready reference to assist you with field-related matters, this is your book. Experienced hydrogeologists and those in related fields will also welcome the practical time-saving and trouble-avoidance tips. Capitalize on Cutting-Edge Techniques of Field Hydrogeology • Field Hydrogeology • The Geology of Hydrogeology • Aquifer Properties • Basic Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface • Groundwater Flow • Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction • Water Chemistry Sampling and Results • Drilling and Well Completion • Pumping Tests • Aquifer Hydraulics • Slug Testing • Vadose Zone • Karst Hydrogeology • Tracer Tests • Dye Trace Testing

Field Hydrogeology

A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation, Second Edition

Author: John E. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143984125X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 6571

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In recent years, the focus in hydrogeologic investigations has expanded to include aquifer sustainability as part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology: A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a website containing software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments. Written by an author with more than 50 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide or textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites. The guide is based on ASTM standards as well as EPA and US Department of Interior field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. This revised and updated Second Edition also includes new material on the history of hydrogeology, field safety, aquifers, groundwater quality, hydrogeologic maps, and federal regulations. It gives students and seasoned professionals a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips. What’s New in This Second Edition: New chapter on the history of hydrogeology New chapter on groundwater development and management, including US federal regulations and transboundary aquifers New material on field safety, groundwater quality and testing, and construction of hydrogeologic cross section and maps New international case studies New THEIS computer model to design aquifer tests Updated information on latest principles and techniques

Field Hydrogeology

Author: Rick Brassington

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111839738X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 9875

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The fourth edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised in order to present the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to completing a hydrogeological study. Beautifully presented with full colour photos and diagrams throughout, Field Hydrogeology retains its practical pocket size for easy use in the field. This new edition includes all the recent developments in the environmental regulations, with particular focus on the use of innovative technology. New topics include geothermal energy, soakaways, marrying manual water level readings with logger records, prediction of long-term drawdown and lateral extent of impacts, and flow measurement in locations with small head gradients. With case studies and text boxes to aid comprehension, and a particular emphasis on practical application, this is an essential tool for students taking Hydrogeology and/or field course modules in Geology, Earth Sciences, Hydrogeology and Engineering courses.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Hydrogeology

Author: D. J. Poehls,Gregory J. Smith

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080925271

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 5970

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The scientific disciplines of hydrology and hydrogeology are expanding as the Earth's water is being recognized by governments and individuals as a shrinking resource—no entity can afford to take water for granted. At the present time, there is no single reference source for definitions. The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Hydrogeology is a practical, comprehensive reference guide with complete definitions of terms in hydrogeology and other fields closely related to water practices. This concise reference not only defines terms and concepts, but also provides a clear explanation of key elements so that an in-depth understanding of processes may be obtained. * With more than 2,000 entries, from "absolute permeability" to the "Z-R relationship", this dictionary features the most up-to-date vocabulary in hydrology and hydrogeology. This dictionary would be of use to practicing scientists and professionals in all the fields of water science. * More than 340 graphs, tables and diagrams complement the entries in order to clarify terms, methods, or processes * Essential reference for students, academics, consultants, and practitioners in hydrology, hydrogeology, environmental engineering, environmental law, and the government

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Second Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849353321

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 7965

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Although a few texts on forest hydrology are available, they cover very little, if any, background on water resources. On the other hand, books dealing with water resources do not cover topics on forest-water relations. The one exception to this is Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests. Now with the publication of a revised edition, this volume adds information from recent studies to go even further in providing an introduction to forest hydrology that brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single practical and comprehensive volume Focusing on processes and general principles, the first six chapters provide an introduction and basic background in water and water resources, while the last seven chapters look at the impact of forests on water. Between these two groupings is a chapter that serves as an entry to the study of forest impacts on water resources, describing forests and forest characteristics important to water circulation, sediment movement, and stream habitat. This second edition also features new information on forests and flooding, forest and stream habitat, snow vaporization processes, and GIS methods in hydrology research, examples on evaporation estimates, and a new appendix on forest interception measurements. Employing examples and case studies, the book provides tools to help natural resource managers play an active role in policymaking and land-use planning, and in developing partnerships with stakeholders. It also offers unique perspectives for addressing urban sprawl.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock,Victor F. Bense

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118738705

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 948

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of hydrogeology to enable the reader to appreciate the significance of groundwater in meeting current and future water resource challenges. This new edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect advances in the field since 2004. The book presents a systematic approach to understanding groundwater. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemical principles of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwater investigation techniques in the context of catchment processes, as well as chapters on groundwater quality and contaminant hydrogeology. Unique features of the book are chapters on the applications of environmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation of aquifer evolution, and on regional characteristics such as topography, compaction and variable fluid density in the explanation of geological processes affecting past, present and future groundwater flow regimes. The last chapter discusses groundwater resources and environmental management, and examines the role of groundwater in integrated river basin management, including an assessment of possible adaptation responses to the impacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes and a set of colour plates drawn from the authors’ teaching and research experience are used to explain special topics and to illustrate international case studies ranging from transboundary aquifers and submarine groundwater discharge to the over-pressuring of groundwater in sedimentary basins. The appendices provide conversion tables and useful reference material, and include review questions and exercises, with answers, to help develop the reader’s knowledge and problem-solving skills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students primarily in earth sciences, environmental sciences and physical geography with an interest in hydrogeology or groundwater science. The book will also find use among practitioners in hydrogeology, soil science, civil engineering and planning who are involved in environmental and resource protection issues requiring an understanding of groundwater. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/hiscock/hydrogeology

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 5416

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Applied Hydrogeology

Fourth Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478637447

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 8318

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Hydrogeology’s importance has grown to become an integral part not only of geology curricula, but also those in environmental science and engineering. Applied Hydrogeology serves all these students, presenting the subject’s fundamental concepts in addition to its importance in other disciplines. Fetter skillfully addresses both physical and chemical hydrogeology, highlighting problem solving throughout the book. Case studies, Excel-based projects, and working student versions of software used by groundwater professionals supplement the fourth edition’s insightful explanations and succinct solutions to real-world challenges. Each chapter concludes with example problems, a notation of symbols, and informative analysis. A glossary of hydrogeological terms adds significant value to this comprehensive text. Fetter’s accessible coverage prepares readers for success in their careers well beyond the classroom.

Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Author: Patrick A. Domenico,Franklin W. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 1056

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Completely updated, the second edition of this comprehensive volume not only covers all major areas of hydrogeology, it takes a process-oriented, integrated approach so that readers can gain a complete understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical aspects of this subject. Provides a good balance between theory and application and includes new areas such as contaminant hydrogeology. Includes extensive reference list and suggested readings.

The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests

Author: James Johnson Butler, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702300

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 6307

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The slug test is currently the most common method for the in situ estimation of hydraulic conductivity at sites of suspected groundwater contamination. However, inappropriate procedures in one or more phases of a slug test can introduce considerable error into the resulting parameter estimates. This book remedies this problem by answering virtually every question regarding the design, performance, and analysis of slug tests. This is the first book to provide detailed information on the practical aspects of the methodology of slug tests. All major analysis methods are described in The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests. Each analysis method is outlined in a step-by-step manner and illustrated with a field example. The major practical issues related to the field application of each technique are also discussed. This book will help the reader get more reliable parameter estimates from slug tests and increase the utility of slug test data.

Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for Scientists and Engineers

Author: James A. Tindall,James R. Kunkel,Dean E. Anderson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 6012

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This book presents systematic, integrated A-to-Z coverage of state-of-the-art unsaturated zone hydrology. Multi-disciplinary in approach, it provides both a soil physics and an engineering approach to unsaturated zone hydrology. Coverage begins with the basic physical properties and the behavior of clays, and moves on to contaminant transport and other parameters such as spatial variability, scaling, and fractals in the earth sciences. KEY TOPICS: Details analytical solutions for seven analytical infiltration models. Provides a comprehensive description and equations for performing a detailed water balance used to size and design water-storage facilities, reclamation zones for waste-storage facilities, and other water-management facilities. Presents five analytical models for both deterministic and probabilistic solutions to liquid/vapor flow in the unsaturated zone -- including unique coverage of the derivation and use of a three-dimensional analytical solution for flow of NAPLs in the unsaturated zone. Presents eight analytical models to assess unsaturated zone contaminant levels which are permissible to regulators for protection of underlying ground water. Includes a detailed description of the current technology of site characterization and monitoring devices used in unsaturated zone research -- including illustrations, diagrams of connections, and advantages and disadvantages of each. Illustrates real-world problems typical of sites the authors have worked with during the last 10 years. A reference for practicing engineers and environmental law firms.

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 9471

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This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts

Handbook of hydrology

Author: David R. Maidment

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070397323

Category: Science

Page: 1424

View: 8968

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An all-inclusive reference covering all practical aspects of hydrology. Twenty-nine chapters in four major sections: I. Hydrologic Cycle; II. Hydrologic Transport; III. Hydrologic Statistics; IV. Hydrologic Technology. 500 illustrations.

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 2429

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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Introduction to Hydrology

Author: Warren Viessman,Gary L. Lewis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780132763608

Category: Hydrology

Page: 612

View: 8219

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This work focuses on presenting the principles of hydrology in the context of their application to real-world problems. It will be useful to students involved in programs that are concerned with the development, management and protection of water resources.

Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Andy D. Ward,Stanley W. Trimble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566706162

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 3657

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The technological advances of recent years include the emergence of new remote sensing and geographic information systems that are invaluable for the study of wetlands, agricultural land, and land use change. Students, hydrologists, and environmental engineers are searching for a comprehensive hydrogeologic overview that supplements information on hydrologic processes with data on these new information technology tools. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition builds upon the foundation of the bestselling first edition by providing a qualitative understanding of hydrologic processes while introducing new methods for quantifying hydrologic parameters and processes. Written by authors with extensive multidisciplinary experience, the text first discusses the components of the hydrologic cycle, then follows with chapters on precipitation, stream processes, human impacts, new information system applications, and numerous other methods and strategies. By updating this thorough text with the newest analytical tools and measurement methodologies in the field, the authors provide an ideal reference for students and professionals in environmental science, hydrology, soil science, geology, ecological engineering, and countless other environmental fields.

Manual of Applied Geology for Engineers

Author: N.A

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727700384

Category: Engineering geology

Page: 378

View: 8476

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All engineering structures react with the ground, and most structures make use of materials extracted from the earth. While an engineer cannot be expected to be also an expert geologist, he must have a working knowledge of the subject if his structures are to be economically designed, safely built and safely used. He must also be able to recognise where and when he needs the advice of a specialist. A Manual of Applied Geology is designed as a guide for practising engineers. A team of distinguished engineers and scientists has been assembled to present the basic information which an engineer needs and to explain how best to use this information to deal with problems in his work. Chaptes cover general theory, Formation of rocks, their properties and identification, landforms and soils, geophysical methods, maps and other information sources. the particular problems of terrain evaluation, site selection and investigation and common construction problems (including groundwater control, stability, foundations and underground work) are examined and there are chapters on materials and hydrogeology.Aimed principally at the engineer who is meeting geological problems in his everyday work, this generously illustrated volume will also be useful as an introduction to the subject for first degree engineering students