Marine Plankton

A Practical Guide to Ecology, Methodology, and Taxonomy

Author: Claudia Castellani,Martin Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199233268

Category: Science

Page: 678

View: 9981

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A thorough understanding of planktonic organisms is the first step towards a real appreciation of the diversity, biology, and ecological importance of marine life. A detailed knowledge of their distribution and community composition is particularly important since these organisms are often very delicate and sensitive to change, and can be used as early indicators of environmental change. Natural and man-induced modification of the environment can affect both the distribution and composition of plankton, with important ecological and economic impacts. Marine Plankton provides a practical guide to plankton biology with a large geographic coverage spanning the North Sea to the north-eastern Atlantic coast of the USA and Canada. The book is divided into three sections: an overview of plankton ecology, an assessment of methodology in plankton research covering sampling, preservation, and counting of samples, and a taxonomic guide richly illustrated with detailed line drawings to aid identification. This is an essential reference text suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in marine ecology (particularly useful for fieldwork) as well as for professional marine biologists. It will also be of relevance and use to environmental scientists, conservation biologists, marine resource managers, environmental consultants, and other specialised practitioners.

Marine Plankton

A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Author: Claudia Castellani,Martin Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192512765

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 8656

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A thorough understanding of planktonic organisms is the first step towards a real appreciation of the diversity, biology, and ecological importance of marine life. A detailed knowledge of their distribution and community composition is particularly important since these organisms are often very delicate and sensitive to change, and can be used as early indicators of environmental change. Natural and man-induced modification of the environment can affect both the distribution and composition of plankton, with important ecological and economic impacts. Marine Plankton provides a practical guide to plankton biology with a large geographic coverage spanning the North Sea to the north-eastern Atlantic coast of the USA and Canada. The book is divided into three sections: an overview of plankton ecology, an assessment of methodology in plankton research covering sampling, preservation, and counting of samples, and a taxonomic guide richly illustrated with detailed line drawings to aid identification. This is an essential reference text suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in marine ecology (particularly useful for fieldwork) as well as for professional marine biologists. It will also be of relevance and use to environmental scientists, conservation biologists, marine resource managers, environmental consultants, and other specialised practitioners.

Marine Plankton

A Practical Guide

Author: Gordon Ewart Newell,Richard Charles Newell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Larvae

Page: 244

View: 5512

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Coastal Marine Zooplankton

A Practical Manual for Students

Author: C. D. Todd,M. S. Laverack,Geoff Boxshall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521555333

Category: Science

Page: 106

View: 504

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The marine zooplankton is one of the most fascinating and diverse assemblages of animals known to biologists. This student manual provides a photographic guide to representative forms of the major groups from medusae and comb jellies to larval fish and squid. In it, only photographs of live and active organisms appear, giving a unique visual perspective. In this new edition, the authors have revised and updated the taxonomy and morphology so that combined with information on behavior and development, this book creates a vivid and essential reference.

Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts

A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology

Author: William S. Johnson,Dennis M. Allen

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421407469

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 2801

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Zooplankton are critical to the vitality of estuaries and coastal waters. In this revised edition of Johnson and Allen's instant classic, readers are taken on a tour of the miniature universe of zooplankton, including early developmental stages of familiar and diverse shrimps, crabs, and fishes. Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts details the behavior, morphology, and coloration of these tiny aquatic animals. Precise descriptions and labeled illustrations of hundreds of the most commonly encountered species provide readers with the best source available for identifying zooplankton. Inside the second edition• an updated introduction that orients readers to the diversity, habitats, environmental responses, collection, history, and ecological roles of zooplankton• descriptions of life cycles• illustrations (including 88 new drawings) that identify 340-plus taxa and life stages• range, habits, and ecology for each entry located directly opposite the illustration• appendices with information on collection and observation techniques and citations of more than 1,300 scientific articles and books

Plankton

A Guide to Their Ecology and Monitoring for Water Quality

Author: Iain M Suthers,David Rissik

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 1290

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Plankton is an invaluable reference for environment managers, water authority ecologists, estuary and catchment management committees, coastal engineers, and students of invertebrate biology, environmental impact assessment and marine biology. This practical book provides a comprehensive introduction to the biology and ecology of plankton and describes its use as a tool for monitoring water quality. All the major freshwater and coastal phytoplankton and zooplankton groups are covered and their associated environmental issues are discussed. A chapter on best practice in sampling and monitoring explains how to design, implement and conduct meaningful phytoplankton and zooplankton monitoring programs in marine and freshwater habitats, as well as how to analyse and interpret the results for effective management decision-making. Real-life case studies demonstrate the use of plankton for identifying and monitoring water quality issues.

Identifying Marine Phytoplankton

Author: Carmelo R. Tomas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080534428

Category: Science

Page: 858

View: 4741

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Identifying Marine Phytoplankton is an accurate and authoritative guide to the identification of marine diatoms and dinoflagellates, meant to be used with tools as simple as a light microscope. The book compiles the latest taxonomic names, an extensive bibliography (referencing historical as well as up-to-date literature), synthesis and criteria in one indispensable source. Techniques for preparing samples and containing are included as well as hundreds of detailed, helpful information. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton is a combined paperback edition made available by popular demand of two influential books published earlier--Marine Phytoplankton and Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. Contains hundreds of illustrations showing critical characteristics necessary for proper identification, plus keys and other guides Provides up-to-date taxonomic revisions Includes species from around the world Updates synthesis of modern and historical literature presented by active researchers in the field Compiles literature from around the world into one handy source

A Guide to Marine Coastal Plankton and Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Author: DeBoyd L. Smith,Kevin Brett Johnson

Publisher: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780787221133

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 4815

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Many simple line drawings of planktonic fauna assist students, naturalists, and researchers in collecting and identifying living plankton. Also included are brief overviews of the ecology and maintenance of plankton as well as information about larval stages and life histories and basic sampling methods. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

A Practical Guide to Ecological Modelling

Using R as a Simulation Platform

Author: Karline Soetaert,Peter M. J. Herman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402086237

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 2170

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Mathematical modelling is an essential tool in present-day ecological research. Yet for many ecologists it is still problematic to apply modelling in their research. In our experience, the major problem is at the conceptual level: proper understanding of what a model is, how ecological relations can be translated consistently into mathematical equations, how models are solved, steady states calculated and interpreted. Many textbooks jump over these conceptual hurdles to dive into detailed formulations or the mathematics of solution. This book attempts to fill that gap. It introduces essential concepts for mathematical modelling, explains the mathematics behind the methods, and helps readers to implement models and obtain hands-on experience. Throughout the book, emphasis is laid on how to translate ecological questions into interpretable models in a practical way. The book aims to be an introductory textbook at the undergraduate-graduate level, but will also be useful to seduce experienced ecologists into the world of modelling. The range of ecological models treated is wide, from Lotka-Volterra type of principle-seeking models to environmental or ecosystem models, and including matrix models, lattice models and sequential decision models. All chapters contain a concise introduction into the theory, worked-out examples and exercises. All examples are implemented in the open-source package R, thus taking away problems of software availability for use of the book. All code used in the book is available on a dedicated website.

Phytoplankton Pigments

Characterization, Chemotaxonomy and Applications in Oceanography

Author: Suzanne Roy,Carole A. Llewellyn,Einar Skarstad Egeland,Geir Johnsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500996

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2445

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Pigments act as tracers to elucidate the fate of phytoplankton in the world's oceans and are often associated with important biogeochemical cycles related to carbon dynamics in the oceans. They are increasingly used in in situ and remote-sensing applications, detecting algal biomass and major taxa through changes in water colour. This book is a follow-up to the 1997 volume Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography (UNESCO Press). Since then, there have been many advances concerning phytoplankton pigments. This book includes recent discoveries on several new algal classes particularly for the picoplankton, and on new pigments. It also includes many advances in methodologies, including liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and developments and updates on the mathematical methods used to exploit pigment information and extract the composition of phytoplankton communities. The book is invaluable primarily as a reference for students, researchers and professionals in aquatic science, biogeochemistry and remote sensing.

Plankton

Wonders of the Drifting World

Author: Christian Sardet,Mark Ohman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618871X

Category: Nature

Page: 222

View: 5437

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A sequence of elaborate close-up photographs of a diverse range of plankton organisms displays their phosphorescent beauty and translucent colors against contrasting black backgrounds while offering historical and scientific discussions for each depicted species. --Publisher's description.

A Biogeoscience Approach to Ecosystems

Author: Edward A. Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110704670X

Category: Nature

Page: 496

View: 6782

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Integrates geoscience and ecology, focusing on connections in ecological, geospheric, hydrospheric and atmospheric processes in ecosystems.

The Ecology of Phytoplankton

Author: C. S. Reynolds

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139454897

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2668

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Communities of microscopic plant life, or phytoplankton, dominate the Earth's aquatic ecosystems. This important new book by Colin Reynolds covers the adaptations, physiology and population dynamics of phytoplankton communities in lakes and rivers and oceans. It provides basic information on composition, morphology and physiology of the main phyletic groups represented in marine and freshwater systems and in addition reviews recent advances in community ecology, developing an appreciation of assembly processes, co-existence and competition, disturbance and diversity. Although focussed on one group of organisms, the book develops many concepts relevant to ecology in the broadest sense, and as such will appeal to graduate students and researchers in ecology, limnology and oceanography.

Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Author: Craig M. Young,Mary A. Sewell,Mary E. Rice

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123736086

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 4513

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The Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae is the most comprehensive guide to larval form and anatomy ever produced. Each chapter provides a referenced overview of life cycles, reproduction, embryology, larval life, larval form and metamorphosis in a particular group of invertebrates. More than 1200 drawings and photographs illustrate the gross anatomy of all known types of marine larvae and provide a visual survey of the range of larval diversity within each phylum. This book assembles the best larval photographs previously published in scientific literature into one place. Many of the plates, which include color photographs and numerous scanning electron micrographs, are original. Contributed chapters and illustrative material is covered by more than 50 recognized authorities on larval development from throughout the world. * Provides glossy photographs of all known types of marine invertebrate larvae in a single reference * Includes juvenile forms, paralarvae, etc. of several groups with direct development * Illustrates metamorphosis from larval to juvenile form for most groups * Provides brief synopses of life history biology, larval development, embryology, and metamorphosis * Provides key references to review articles and classic works

Introduction to Marine Micropaleontology

Author: B.U. Haq,A. Boersma

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080534961

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 8191

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This beautifully illustrated text book, with state-of-the-art illustrations, is useful not only for an introduction to the subject, but also for the application of marine microfossils in paleoceanographic, paleoenvironmental and biostratigraphic analyses. The recent revival of interest in marine micropaleontology worldwide in the wake of the development of sequence stratigraphic models has led to the decision to reissue the volume in its original, but paperback, form. The ideas expressed in various chapters of this second edition remain as valid today as they were when the book was first issued. The text, however, includes an updated Phanerozoic geologic time which has been considerably modified since the 1980s.

Numerical Ecology

Author: Pierre Legendre,Louis Legendre

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538682

Category: SCIENCE

Page: 990

View: 5334

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The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. Compared to the first edition of Numerical Ecology, this second edition includes three new chapters, dealing with the analysis of semiquantitative data, canonical analysis and spatial analysis. New sections have been added to almost all other chapters. There are sections listing available computer programs and packages at the end of several chapters. As in the previous English and French editions, there are numerous examples from the ecological literature, and the choice of methods is facilitated by several synoptic tables.

The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates

Models for Marine Plankton

Author: John R. Dolan,David J. S. Montagnes,Sabine Agatha,D. Wayne Coats,Diane K. Stoecker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118358120

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 7907

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Planktonic protists both produce and consume most of the primary production in the world ocean. They not only play key roles in the oceans but also represent an astounding amount of diversity: ecological morphological and genetic. However, for most taxa their ecology, morphology, phylogeny and biogeography are either poorly known or appear to be largely unrelated to one another; this hinders our understanding of their biology as well as interpretation of emerging genetic data. Tintinnid ciliates represent a singular exception. Compared to nearly all other groups of planktonic protists, there is a very substantial and relatively detailed literature (both modern and historical) on tintinnids. This volume synthesizes knowledge concerning a wide variety of topics ranging from anatomy and systematics, physiology, behavior, ecology (including ecological roles, predators, parasites, biogeography, and cysts) to fossil history. It will appeal to an audience ranging from advanced undergraduates to researchers in the fields of Oceanography, Marine Biology and Microbial Ecology.

A Student’s Guide to the Seashore

Author: J.D. Fish

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401158886

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 8192

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At one time or another, we have all been drawn by the fascination of the seashore. For the holiday maker, the relaxing day by the sea often turns out to be a most rewarding foray among rock pools and dense canopies of seaweed; for naturalists and students, the shore is one of the most challenging habitats. Whatever our interests and expertise, one of our first objectives when faced with the diversity of plant and animal life on the shore is to name the individual specimens and we quickly learn that this can be a difficult, though rewarding, occupation. Once an organism has been identified, a number of questions naturally follow. What is its life-cycle? How does it feed and reproduce? How long does it live? The answers to such questions give an insight into the lives of the plants and animals of the shore and are one of the first steps in an understand ing of the complexity of the shore environment. However, the information required to answer such questions is not always easily accessible and even when it is known it is often scattered in various books and research journals making it difficult and time consuming to find. Although a variety of identification keys and guides is available, some designed for the specialist, others for the amateur, such texts generally give little, if any, information on the biology of the organisms.

Mars

The Pristine Beauty of the Red Planet

Author: Alfred S. McEwen,Candice Joy Hansen-Koharcheck,Ari Espinoza

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816532567

Category: Photography

Page: 450

View: 6928

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Mars: The Pristine Beauty of the Red Planet provides a stunning keepsake of one of humanity's greatest accomplishments in space travel. HiRISE is the most powerful camera ever sent to another planet, showing us Mars in astonishing detail. Featuring an outstanding and never-before-published collection of HiRISE high-resolution color images with explanatory captions in twenty-four languages, this book is an entirely unique volume, produced from an active NASA mission. With tantalizing and artistic glimpses at actively eroding slopes, impact craters, strange polar landscapes, avalanches, and even spectacular descent pictures of probes like the Phoenix Lander and the Mars Science Laboratory, in this book, we see what the researchers are seeing.