Maternal Transition

A North-South Politics of Pregnancy and Childbirth

Author: Candace Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704592

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

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What are the political dimensions that are revealed in women’s preferences for health care during pregnancy and childbirth? The answers to this question vary from one community to the next, and often from woman to the next, although the trends in the Global North and South are strikingly different. Employing three conceptual frames; medicalization, the public-private distinction, and intersectionality, Candace Johnson examines these differences through the narratives of women in Canada, the United States, Cuba, and Honduras. In Canada and the United States, women from privileged and marginalized social groups demonstrate the differences across the North-South divide, and women in Cuba and Honduras speak to the realities of severely constrained decision-making in developing countries. Each case study includes narratives drawn from in-depth interviews with women who were pregnant or who had recently had children. Johnson argues that women’s expressed preferences in different contexts reveal important details about the inequality that they experience in that context, in addition to as various elements of identity. Both inequality and identity are affected by the ways in which women experience the division between public and private lives – the life of the community and the life of the home and family – as well as the consequences of intersectionality – the combinations of various sources of disadvantage and women’s reactions to these, either in the form of resistance or compliance. The rigorous and highly original cross cultural and comparative research on health, gender, poverty and social context makes Maternal Transition an excellent contribution to global maternal health policy debates.

Transitions Theory

Middle Range and Situation Specific Theories in Nursing Research and Practice

Author: Afaf I. Meleis, PhD, DrPS (hon), FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826105356

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 3368

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"It is very exciting to see all of these studies compiled in one book. It can be read sequentially or just for certain transitions. It also can be used as a template for compilation of other concepts central to nursing and can serve as a resource for further studies in transitions. It is an excellent addition to the nursing literature." Score: 95, 4 Stars. --Doody's "Understanding and recognizing transitions are at the heart of health care reform and this current edition, with its numerous clinical examples and descriptions of nursing interventions, provides important lessons that can and should be incorporated into health policy. It is a brilliant book and an important contribution to nursing theory." Kathleen Dracup, RN, DNSc Dean and Professor, School of Nursing University of California San Francisco Afaf Meleis, the dean of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, presents for the first time in a single volume her original "transitions theory" that integrates middle-range theory to assist nurses in facilitating positive transitions for patients, families, and communities. Nurses are consistently relied on to coach and support patients going through major life transitions, such as illness, recovery, pregnancy, old age, and many more. A collection of over 50 articles published from 1975 through 2007 and five newly commissioned articles, Transitions Theory covers developmental, situational, health and illness, organizational, and therapeutic transitions. Each section includes an introduction written by Dr. Meleis in which she offers her historical and practical perspective on transitions. Many of the articles consider the transitional experiences of ethnically diverse patients, women, the elderly, and other minority populations. Key Topics Discussed: Situational transitions, including discharge and relocation transitions (hospital to home, stroke recovery) and immigration transitions (psychological adaptation and impact of migration on family health) Educational transitions, including professional transitions (from RN to BSN and student to professional) Health and illness transitions, including self-care post heart failure, living with chronic illness, living with early dementia, and accepting palliative care Organization transitions, including role transitions from acute care to collaborative practice, and hospital to community practice Nursing therapeutics models of transition, including role supplementation models and debriefing models

Maternal-Child Nursing Care Optimizing Outcomes for Mothers, Children, & Families

Author: Susan Ward,Shelton Hisley

Publisher: F.A. Davis

ISBN: 0803644906

Category: Medical

Page: 1765

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It offers the perfect balance of maternal and child nursing care with the right depth and breadth of coverage for students in today’s maternity/pediatric courses. A unique emphasis on optimizing outcomes, evidence-based practice, and research supports the goal of caring for women, families and children, not only in traditional hospital settings, but also wherever they live, work, study, or play. Clear, concise, and easy to follow, the content is organized around four major themes, holistic care, critical thinking, validating practice, and tools for care that help students to learn and apply the material.

Maternity Nursing - E-Book

Author: Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk,Shannon E. Perry,Mary Catherine Cashion

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323293700

Category: Medical

Page: 875

View: 7051

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A streamlined approach covers the fundamentals of maternity nursing! Maternity Nursing, 8th Edition focuses on the care of women during the childbearing years. Designed to meet the needs of today’s students, the book offers a clear, readable style and a concise, focused presentation. It integrates an understanding of family, culture, and health promotion into the continuum of care, and coverage of community-based care emphasizes nursing care in many different settings. Not only does Maternity Nursing focus on childbearing issues and concerns, including care of the newborn, but it also addresses wellness promotion and the management of common women’s health problems. The Evolve companion website includes useful study tools, including medical animations, video clips, a care plan builder, and NCLEX® exam-style review questions. A companion Evolve website includes student resources such as NCLEX® exam-style review questions, audio chapter summaries, a care plan builder, nursing skills, interactive case studies, video clips and animations, anatomy reviews, and an audio glossary with Spanish pronunciations. Unique! Nursing Alerts highlight critical information in providing care. Unique! Emergency boxes provide step-by-step procedures for pediatric and maternity emergencies. Unique! Cultural Considerations boxes discuss customs and beliefs of different cultures that may affect care for patients and families. Unique! Community Activity boxes provide maternal and newborn exercises to enhance care in local community settings. Unique! Nursing Process boxes identify information on major diseases and conditions. Patient Instructions for Self-Management boxes highlight the information nurses need to communicate to patients and families. Critical Thinking exercises are based on case studies of real-life situations. Coverage of nursing care management uses a framework of the five steps of the nursing process as well as a focus on collaborative care. Nursing care plans include specific guidelines and rationales for interventions.

Mayes' Midwifery E-Book

A Textbook for Midwives

Author: Sue Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045969

Category: Medical

Page: 1084

View: 6875

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Mayes’ Midwifery, an established key textbook for students and qualified midwives, contains essential knowledge for professional practice. For this 14th edition, each section and chapter has been fully updated and enhanced by leading authors to ensure the text complies with contemporary practice and current guidelines. Added benefits are the availability of a variety of additional online resources for each chapter, including case studies, video and website links, and a bank of multiple-choice questions to test knowledge. With a strong emphasis on normal birth, the book covers the spectrum of midwifery-related topics applied to practice, providing a foundation of knowledge, and encouraging independent thought through the use of reflective exercises in each chapter and online. The book provides midwives with material that meets individual ways of learning and supports current modes of midwifery education. Mayes’ Midwifery is the text for initial preparation and for ongoing midwifery practice. New chapters on essential contemporary issues: Vulnerable women Perspectives on the future of midwifery, in a global context Evidence-based information to guide best practice Learning outcomes and Key Points in all chapters Reflective activities Now with an integrated website offering additional resources and material including: Multiple-choice questions for self-testing Case studies Reflective activities to consolidate your professional development Useful additional reading, resources and weblinks Expanded topics Downloadable materials including illustrations

Joints and Connective Tissues

General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series

Author: Kerryn Phelps,Craig Hassed

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729582175

Category: Medical

Page: 1280

View: 4695

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Joints and Connective Tissues - General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series. In order to diagnose and manage the patient presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms, it is important to distinguish whether the pathology is arising primarily in the so-called hard tissues (such as bone) or the soft tissues (such as cartilage, disc, synovium, capsule, muscle, tendon, tendon sheath). It is also important to distinguish between the two most common causes of musculoskeletal symptoms, namely inflammatory and degenerative.

Maternal Control of Development in Vertebrates

My Mother Made Me Do It!

Author: Florence Marlow

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 161504051X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 1231

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Eggs of all animals contain mRNAs and proteins that are supplied to or deposited in the egg as it develops during oogenesis. These maternal gene products regulate all aspects of oocyte development, and an embryo fully relies on these maternal gene products for all aspects of its early development, including fertilization, transitions between meiotic and mitotic cell cycles, and activation of its own genome. Given the diverse processes required to produce a developmentally competent egg and embryo, it is not surprising that maternal gene products are not only essential for normal embryonic development but also for fertility. This review provides an overview of fundamental aspects of oocyte and early embryonic development and the interference and genetic approaches that have provided access to maternally regulated aspects of vertebrate development. Some of the pathways and molecules highlighted in this review, in particular, Bmps, Wnts, small GTPases, cytoskeletal components, and cell cycle regulators, are well known and are essential regulators of multiple aspects of animal development, including oogenesis, early embryogenesis, organogenesis, and reproductive fitness of the adult animal. Specific examples of developmental processes under maternal control and the essential proteins will be explored in each chapter, and where known conserved aspects or divergent roles for these maternal regulators of early vertebrate development will be discussed throughout this review. Table of Contents: Introduction / Oogenesis: From Germline Stem Cells to Germline Cysts / Oocyte Polarity and the Embryonic Axes: The Balbiani Body, an Ancient Oocyte Asymmetry / Preparing Developmentally Competent Eggs / Egg Activation / Blocking Polyspermy / Cleavage/ Mitosis: Going Multicellular / Maternal-Zygotic Transition / Reprogramming: Epigenetic Modifications and Zygotic Genome Activation / Dorsal-Ventral Axis Formation before Zygotic Genome Activation in Zebrafish and Frogs / Maternal TGF- and the Dorsal-Ventral Embryonic Axis / Maternal Control After Zygotic Genome Activation / Compensation by Stable Maternal Proteins / Maternal Contributions to Germline Establishment or Maintenance / Perspective / Acknowledgments / References"

A Pocket Guide to Clinical Midwifery: The Efficient Midwife

Author: Lauren A. Dutton,Jessica E. Densmore,Meredith Turner

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449659640

Category: Medical

Page: 358

View: 5124

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This handy pocket guide is the perfect quick reference. Organized alphabetically for easy reference, this is a repository for all concepts, treatment options, drugs and dosages, which are difficult to remember and vitally important. A must-have for every midwife!

Investing in Maternal Health

Learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka

Author: Indra Pathmanathan,Jerker Liljestrand

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821353622

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 8906

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This study provides the most comprehensive and detailed analysis available on factors behind the decline in maternal mortality in Malaysia and Sri Lanka in the past 50 to 60 years and the magnitude of health system expenditures on maternal health. The main findings are that a modest investment in maternal health services, combined with other poverty reduction measures leads to a fairly rapid decline in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR), defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The strategies of Malaysia and Sri Lanka changed over time, from an initial emphasis on expanding the provision of services, especially in underserved areas, to increasing utilization and, finally, to emphasizing the improvement of quality. Removing financial barriers to maternal care for clients was an important step in both countries. Professional midwives constitute the backbone of maternal care in Malaysia and Sri Lanka. The MMR reduction in developing countries is feasible with modest public expenditures when appropriate policies are adopted, focused wisely, and adapted incrementally in response to environmental conditions and systems capacity. [World Bank]

The Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124166121

Category: Science

Page: 430

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The Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition provides users with an expert accounting of the mechanisms and functions of this transition in a range of animal and plant models. The book provides critical information on how maternal gene products program the initial development of all animal and plant embryos, then undergoing a series of events, termed the maternal-to-zygotic transition, during which maternal products are cleared and zygotic genome activation takes over the developmental control. Maternal gene products program the initial development of all animal and plant embryos These then undergo a series of events, termed the maternal-to-zygotic transition, during which maternal products are cleared and zygotic genome activation takes over developmental control In this book, experts provide their insights into the mechanisms and functions of this transition in a range of animal and plant models.

The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences

Author: Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085397

Category: Social Science

Page: 542

View: 9849

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The transition from hunting and gathering to farming – the Neolithic Revolution – was one of the most signi cant cultural processes in human history that forever changed the face of humanity. Natu an communities (15,100–12,000Cal BP) (all dates in this chapter are calibrated before present) planted the seeds of change, and the Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) (ca. 12,000–ca. 8,350Cal BP) people, were the rst to establish farming communities. The revolution was not fully realized until quite late in the PPN and later in the Pottery Neolithic (PN) period. We would like to ask some questions and comment on a few aspects emphas- ing the linkage between biological and cultural developments during the Neolithic Revolution. The biological issues addressed in this chapter are as follows: × Is there a demographic change from the Natu an to the Neolithic? × Is there a change in the overall health of the Neolithic populations compared to the Natu an? × Is there a change in the diet and how is it expressed? × Is there a change in the physical burden/stress people had to bear with? × Is there a change in intra- and inter-community rates of violent encounters? From the cultural perspective the leading questions will be: × What was the change in the economy and when was it fully realized? × Is there a change in settlement patterns and site nature and organization from Natu an to Neolithic? × Is there a change in human activities and division of labor?

Myles' Textbook for Midwives E-Book

Author: Jayne E. Marshall,Maureen D. Raynor

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702057452

Category: Medical

Page: 796

View: 8752

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The most-popular midwifery textbook in the world! The sixteenth edition of this seminal textbook, Myles Textbook for Midwives, has been extensively revised and restructured to ensure that it reflects current midwifery practice, with an increased focus on topics that are fundamental to midwifery practice today. Well illustrated to assist visual learning Boxes highlighting significant information to aid study Introduction, Aims of the chapter and Conclusion for each chapter References, Further Reading and Useful websites to promote further learning Glossary of terms and acronyms provide simple definition of more complex terminologies Additional online resources Over 500 multiple-choice questions enable students to test their knowledge Unlabelled illustrations help reinforce learning Full image bank of illustrations to make study more visual and assist with projects. Up-to-date guidance on professional regulation, midwifery supervision, legal and ethical issues, risk management and clinical governance Recognises that midwives increasingly care for women with complex health needs, in a multicultural society Increases confidence in empowering women to make appropriate choices Looks at the dilemmas involved in caring for women with a raised body mass index Chapter on optimising care of the perineum for women with perineal trauma, including those who have experienced female genital mutilation Additional coverage of basic neonatal resuscitation, to reflect the trend for midwives to carry out the neonatal physiological examination Streamlined chapters with similar themes and content, to facilitate learning Full colour illustrations now used throughout the book, in response to student feedback.