Maternal Transition

A North-South Politics of Pregnancy and Childbirth

Author: Candace Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704592

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 1270

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What are the political dimensions that are revealed in women’s preferences for health care during pregnancy and childbirth? The answers to this question vary from one community to the next, and often from woman to the next, although the trends in the Global North and South are strikingly different. Employing three conceptual frames; medicalization, the public-private distinction, and intersectionality, Candace Johnson examines these differences through the narratives of women in Canada, the United States, Cuba, and Honduras. In Canada and the United States, women from privileged and marginalized social groups demonstrate the differences across the North-South divide, and women in Cuba and Honduras speak to the realities of severely constrained decision-making in developing countries. Each case study includes narratives drawn from in-depth interviews with women who were pregnant or who had recently had children. Johnson argues that women’s expressed preferences in different contexts reveal important details about the inequality that they experience in that context, in addition to as various elements of identity. Both inequality and identity are affected by the ways in which women experience the division between public and private lives – the life of the community and the life of the home and family – as well as the consequences of intersectionality – the combinations of various sources of disadvantage and women’s reactions to these, either in the form of resistance or compliance. The rigorous and highly original cross cultural and comparative research on health, gender, poverty and social context makes Maternal Transition an excellent contribution to global maternal health policy debates.

The Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124166121

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 5539

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The Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition provides users with an expert accounting of the mechanisms and functions of this transition in a range of animal and plant models. The book provides critical information on how maternal gene products program the initial development of all animal and plant embryos, then undergoing a series of events, termed the maternal-to-zygotic transition, during which maternal products are cleared and zygotic genome activation takes over the developmental control. Maternal gene products program the initial development of all animal and plant embryos These then undergo a series of events, termed the maternal-to-zygotic transition, during which maternal products are cleared and zygotic genome activation takes over developmental control In this book, experts provide their insights into the mechanisms and functions of this transition in a range of animal and plant models.

Maternity Nursing - Revised Reprint

Author: Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk,Shannon E. Perry,Mary Catherine Cashion

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323293697

Category: Medical

Page: 896

View: 5600

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Designed to meet the needs of today’s students, Lowdermilk’s Maternity Nursing, 8th Edition — Revised Reprint addresses the fundamentals of maternity nursing with a concise, focused presentation of the care of women during the childbearing years. Integrating considerations for family, culture, and health promotion into the continuum of care, it also addresses community-based care to emphasize that nursing care takes place in many settings. Maternity Nursing focuses on childbearing issues and concerns, including care of the newborn, as well as wellness promotion and management of common women’s health problems. Critical thinking exercises present case studies of real-life situations and corresponding critical thinking questions to help you develop your analytical skills. NEW! A helpful appendix identifies text content that reflects the QSEN competencies — patient-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice, quality improvement, safety, and informatics — to assist you in developing competencies to provide safe and effective nursing care. NEW! Focus on the family recognizes the nurse’s need to integrate the family in the care of the mother and newborn and the importance of the role of the mother to the wellbeing of the family. NEW! Content updates throughout, including information on the late preterm infant and associated concerns such as feeding; guidelines on prioritization and delegation where relevant; and centering pregnancy, a new model of health care that brings women together in groups for their care. NEW! Evidence-based practice content focuses your attention on how to use current research to improve patient outcomes. NEW! Improved readability helps you learn more efficiently with shorter, more focused content discussions. NEW! 21st Century Maternity Nursing: Culturally Competent, Community Focused chapter combines introductory material, culture, and community into one chapter to help you focus on key content and concepts. NEW! Streamlined content highlights the most essential, need-to-know information.

Maternal-Child Nursing Care Optimizing Outcomes for Mothers, Children, & Families

Author: Susan Ward,Shelton Hisley

Publisher: F.A. Davis

ISBN: 0803644906

Category: Medical

Page: 1765

View: 8550

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It offers the perfect balance of maternal and child nursing care with the right depth and breadth of coverage for students in today’s maternity/pediatric courses. A unique emphasis on optimizing outcomes, evidence-based practice, and research supports the goal of caring for women, families and children, not only in traditional hospital settings, but also wherever they live, work, study, or play. Clear, concise, and easy to follow, the content is organized around four major themes, holistic care, critical thinking, validating practice, and tools for care that help students to learn and apply the material.

Transitions Theory

Middle Range and Situation Specific Theories in Nursing Research and Practice

Author: Afaf I. Meleis, PhD, DrPS (hon), FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826105356

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 3994

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"It is very exciting to see all of these studies compiled in one book. It can be read sequentially or just for certain transitions. It also can be used as a template for compilation of other concepts central to nursing and can serve as a resource for further studies in transitions. It is an excellent addition to the nursing literature." Score: 95, 4 Stars. --Doody's "Understanding and recognizing transitions are at the heart of health care reform and this current edition, with its numerous clinical examples and descriptions of nursing interventions, provides important lessons that can and should be incorporated into health policy. It is a brilliant book and an important contribution to nursing theory." Kathleen Dracup, RN, DNSc Dean and Professor, School of Nursing University of California San Francisco Afaf Meleis, the dean of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, presents for the first time in a single volume her original "transitions theory" that integrates middle-range theory to assist nurses in facilitating positive transitions for patients, families, and communities. Nurses are consistently relied on to coach and support patients going through major life transitions, such as illness, recovery, pregnancy, old age, and many more. A collection of over 50 articles published from 1975 through 2007 and five newly commissioned articles, Transitions Theory covers developmental, situational, health and illness, organizational, and therapeutic transitions. Each section includes an introduction written by Dr. Meleis in which she offers her historical and practical perspective on transitions. Many of the articles consider the transitional experiences of ethnically diverse patients, women, the elderly, and other minority populations. Key Topics Discussed: Situational transitions, including discharge and relocation transitions (hospital to home, stroke recovery) and immigration transitions (psychological adaptation and impact of migration on family health) Educational transitions, including professional transitions (from RN to BSN and student to professional) Health and illness transitions, including self-care post heart failure, living with chronic illness, living with early dementia, and accepting palliative care Organization transitions, including role transitions from acute care to collaborative practice, and hospital to community practice Nursing therapeutics models of transition, including role supplementation models and debriefing models

Mayes' Midwifery E-Book

A Textbook for Midwives

Author: Sue Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045969

Category: Medical

Page: 1084

View: 1111

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Mayes’ Midwifery, an established key textbook for students and qualified midwives, contains essential knowledge for professional practice. For this 14th edition, each section and chapter has been fully updated and enhanced by leading authors to ensure the text complies with contemporary practice and current guidelines. Added benefits are the availability of a variety of additional online resources for each chapter, including case studies, video and website links, and a bank of multiple-choice questions to test knowledge. With a strong emphasis on normal birth, the book covers the spectrum of midwifery-related topics applied to practice, providing a foundation of knowledge, and encouraging independent thought through the use of reflective exercises in each chapter and online. The book provides midwives with material that meets individual ways of learning and supports current modes of midwifery education. Mayes’ Midwifery is the text for initial preparation and for ongoing midwifery practice. New chapters on essential contemporary issues: Vulnerable women Perspectives on the future of midwifery, in a global context Evidence-based information to guide best practice Learning outcomes and Key Points in all chapters Reflective activities Now with an integrated website offering additional resources and material including: Multiple-choice questions for self-testing Case studies Reflective activities to consolidate your professional development Useful additional reading, resources and weblinks Expanded topics Downloadable materials including illustrations

Joints and Connective Tissues

General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series

Author: Kerryn Phelps,Craig Hassed

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729582175

Category: Medical

Page: 1280

View: 3303

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Joints and Connective Tissues - General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series. In order to diagnose and manage the patient presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms, it is important to distinguish whether the pathology is arising primarily in the so-called hard tissues (such as bone) or the soft tissues (such as cartilage, disc, synovium, capsule, muscle, tendon, tendon sheath). It is also important to distinguish between the two most common causes of musculoskeletal symptoms, namely inflammatory and degenerative.

Maternal Control of Development in Vertebrates

My Mother Made Me Do It!

Author: Florence Marlow

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 161504051X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 1981

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Eggs of all animals contain mRNAs and proteins that are supplied to or deposited in the egg as it develops during oogenesis. These maternal gene products regulate all aspects of oocyte development, and an embryo fully relies on these maternal gene products for all aspects of its early development, including fertilization, transitions between meiotic and mitotic cell cycles, and activation of its own genome. Given the diverse processes required to produce a developmentally competent egg and embryo, it is not surprising that maternal gene products are not only essential for normal embryonic development but also for fertility. This review provides an overview of fundamental aspects of oocyte and early embryonic development and the interference and genetic approaches that have provided access to maternally regulated aspects of vertebrate development. Some of the pathways and molecules highlighted in this review, in particular, Bmps, Wnts, small GTPases, cytoskeletal components, and cell cycle regulators, are well known and are essential regulators of multiple aspects of animal development, including oogenesis, early embryogenesis, organogenesis, and reproductive fitness of the adult animal. Specific examples of developmental processes under maternal control and the essential proteins will be explored in each chapter, and where known conserved aspects or divergent roles for these maternal regulators of early vertebrate development will be discussed throughout this review. Table of Contents: Introduction / Oogenesis: From Germline Stem Cells to Germline Cysts / Oocyte Polarity and the Embryonic Axes: The Balbiani Body, an Ancient Oocyte Asymmetry / Preparing Developmentally Competent Eggs / Egg Activation / Blocking Polyspermy / Cleavage/ Mitosis: Going Multicellular / Maternal-Zygotic Transition / Reprogramming: Epigenetic Modifications and Zygotic Genome Activation / Dorsal-Ventral Axis Formation before Zygotic Genome Activation in Zebrafish and Frogs / Maternal TGF- and the Dorsal-Ventral Embryonic Axis / Maternal Control After Zygotic Genome Activation / Compensation by Stable Maternal Proteins / Maternal Contributions to Germline Establishment or Maintenance / Perspective / Acknowledgments / References"

Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing

Author: AWHONN,Susan Mattson,Judy E. Smith

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323287646

Category: Medical

Page: 728

View: 9579

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AWHONN’s Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing, 5th Edition provides the most up-to-date, accurate information available on today’s maternal-newborn nursing practice. Its concise outline format covers concepts of reproduction, fetal development, normal pregnancy, intrapartum and postpartum periods, the normal newborn, complications in the mother and newborn, and ethical issues. With a fresh focus on patient safety and revised case studies, this clinical guide and certification prep tool features AWHONN-endorsed content for the practice of maternal-newborn nursing. AWHONN-endorsed content makes this the definitive resource in preparing for current practice and specialty nursing certification examinations. Coverage of the full scope of maternal-newborn nursing practice addresses topics, such as: families; ethics; legal issues; research, case management; genetics; and the transition to home and parenthood. Bulleted outline format allows for quick review and reference of key information on the management of pregnant women and their newborns through all stages of care. NEW! Focus on patient safety draws attention to developing competencies related to safe nursing practice. NEW! Content on medication safety, including high alert medications, emphasizes critical drug information that must be considered to provide safe patient care. UPDATED! Extensively revised case studies and review questions reflect the realities of practice and provide testing for certification examinations with realistic patient scenarios. EXPANDED! Updated content throughout gives you the most current practice guidelines to promote quality care.

Couples' Transitions to Parenthood

Analysing Gender and Work in Europe

Author: Daniela Grunow,Marie Evertsson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785366009

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2587

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It is common for European couples living fairly egalitarian lives to adopt a traditional division of labour at the transition to parenthood. Based on in-depth interviews with 334 parents-to-be in eight European countries, this book explores the implications of family policies and gender culture from the perspective of couples who are expecting their first child. Couples’ Transitions to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe is the first comparative, qualitative study that explicitly locates couples’ parenting ideals and plans in the wider context of national institutions.

LPN to RN Transitions

Achieving Success in your New Role

Author: Nicki Harrington,Cynthia Lee Terry

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1496382749

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 999

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Publisher’s Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. LPN to RN Transitions, 5th Edition, eases the return to academic life and helps licensed practical and vocational nurses effectively balance career, school, and personal pursuits on the journey to success in registered nursing programs. Case studies and interactive exercises guide readers in building a Personal Education Plan optimized for their unique skills, learning needs, and goals, giving aspiring registered nurses everything they need to confidently prepare for the rigors of RN programs.

A Pocket Guide to Clinical Midwifery: The Efficient Midwife

Author: Lauren A. Dutton,Jessica E. Densmore,Meredith Turner

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449659640

Category: Medical

Page: 358

View: 2437

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This handy pocket guide is the perfect quick reference. Organized alphabetically for easy reference, this is a repository for all concepts, treatment options, drugs and dosages, which are difficult to remember and vitally important. A must-have for every midwife!

Maternal Control of Development in Vertebrates

My Mother Made Me Do It!

Author: Florence Marlow

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 161504051X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 9542

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Eggs of all animals contain mRNAs and proteins that are supplied to or deposited in the egg as it develops during oogenesis. These maternal gene products regulate all aspects of oocyte development, and an embryo fully relies on these maternal gene products for all aspects of its early development, including fertilization, transitions between meiotic and mitotic cell cycles, and activation of its own genome. Given the diverse processes required to produce a developmentally competent egg and embryo, it is not surprising that maternal gene products are not only essential for normal embryonic development but also for fertility. This review provides an overview of fundamental aspects of oocyte and early embryonic development and the interference and genetic approaches that have provided access to maternally regulated aspects of vertebrate development. Some of the pathways and molecules highlighted in this review, in particular, Bmps, Wnts, small GTPases, cytoskeletal components, and cell cycle regulators, are well known and are essential regulators of multiple aspects of animal development, including oogenesis, early embryogenesis, organogenesis, and reproductive fitness of the adult animal. Specific examples of developmental processes under maternal control and the essential proteins will be explored in each chapter, and where known conserved aspects or divergent roles for these maternal regulators of early vertebrate development will be discussed throughout this review. Table of Contents: Introduction / Oogenesis: From Germline Stem Cells to Germline Cysts / Oocyte Polarity and the Embryonic Axes: The Balbiani Body, an Ancient Oocyte Asymmetry / Preparing Developmentally Competent Eggs / Egg Activation / Blocking Polyspermy / Cleavage/ Mitosis: Going Multicellular / Maternal-Zygotic Transition / Reprogramming: Epigenetic Modifications and Zygotic Genome Activation / Dorsal-Ventral Axis Formation before Zygotic Genome Activation in Zebrafish and Frogs / Maternal TGF- and the Dorsal-Ventral Embryonic Axis / Maternal Control After Zygotic Genome Activation / Compensation by Stable Maternal Proteins / Maternal Contributions to Germline Establishment or Maintenance / Perspective / Acknowledgments / References"

Investing in Maternal Health

Learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka

Author: Indra Pathmanathan,Jerker Liljestrand

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821353622

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 3800

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This study provides the most comprehensive and detailed analysis available on factors behind the decline in maternal mortality in Malaysia and Sri Lanka in the past 50 to 60 years and the magnitude of health system expenditures on maternal health. The main findings are that a modest investment in maternal health services, combined with other poverty reduction measures leads to a fairly rapid decline in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR), defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The strategies of Malaysia and Sri Lanka changed over time, from an initial emphasis on expanding the provision of services, especially in underserved areas, to increasing utilization and, finally, to emphasizing the improvement of quality. Removing financial barriers to maternal care for clients was an important step in both countries. Professional midwives constitute the backbone of maternal care in Malaysia and Sri Lanka. The MMR reduction in developing countries is feasible with modest public expenditures when appropriate policies are adopted, focused wisely, and adapted incrementally in response to environmental conditions and systems capacity. [World Bank]

Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology4

Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology

Author: Susan Tucker Blackburn

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437716237

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 719

View: 6803

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Provide the best care possible with expert insight and clinically relevant coverage of the physiologic changes that occur throughout all major periods of the perinatal experience - prenatal, intrapartum, postpartum, and neonatal. Maternal, Fetal & Neonatal Physiology: A Clinical Perspective, 4th Edition gives you a solid foundation for assessment and therapeutic interventions, featuring an emphasis on the evolving interrelationships between mother, fetus, and neonate and adaptations of preterm and term infants to the extrauterine environment. Solid coverage of the physiologic bases for assessment and therapeutic interventions make this an ideal resource for advanced practice. Synthesis of the latest research studies and evidence-based practice provides vital data on normal physiologic changes during the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum periods; anatomic and functional development of the fetus; and developmental physiology of preterm and term neonates. Pharmacology tables offer quick access to key pharmacology information and drug effects with clinical examples. Coverage of pathophysiology and interventions for the pregnant woman, fetus, and newborn for selected abnormal events provides a solid understanding of physiologic adaptations and developmental physiology relating to major body systems and metabolic processes. Comprehensive tables, diagrams, and illustrations highlight important concepts and summarize key information Thoroughly updated content offers the very latest evidence-based information, contemporary research, and clinical developments related to maternal, fetal, and neonatal physiology. New coverage on the late pre-term infant provides the most current practice guidelines to promote quality care. Expanded discussions of reproductive processes reflect cutting-edge research and the clinical implications of physiologic and genetic effects brought to bear from both the female and the male. Extensive and reliable web sources allow for further study or checking for updated information. New NICHD standard definitions on fetal monitoring enable you to identify fetal heart rate patterns using standardized nomenclature.

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 2)

Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health

Author: Robert Black,Ramanan Laxminarayan,Marleen Temmerman,Neff Walker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464803684

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 3796

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The evaluation of reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) by the Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (DCP3) focuses on maternal conditions, childhood illness, and malnutrition. Specifically, the chapters address acute illness and undernutrition in children, principally under age 5. It also covers maternal mortality, morbidity, stillbirth, and influences to pregnancy and pre-pregnancy. Volume 3 focuses on developments since the publication of DCP2 and will also include the transition to older childhood, in particular, the overlap and commonality with the child development volume. The DCP3 evaluation of these conditions produced three key findings: 1. There is significant difficulty in measuring the burden of key conditions such as unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, nonsexually transmitted infections, infertility, and violence against women. 2. Investments in the continuum of care can have significant returns for improved and equitable access, health, poverty, and health systems. 3. There is a large difference in how RMNCH conditions affect different income groups; investments in RMNCH can lessen the disparity in terms of both health and financial risk.

The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences

Author: Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085397

Category: Social Science

Page: 542

View: 5819

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The transition from hunting and gathering to farming – the Neolithic Revolution – was one of the most signi cant cultural processes in human history that forever changed the face of humanity. Natu an communities (15,100–12,000Cal BP) (all dates in this chapter are calibrated before present) planted the seeds of change, and the Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) (ca. 12,000–ca. 8,350Cal BP) people, were the rst to establish farming communities. The revolution was not fully realized until quite late in the PPN and later in the Pottery Neolithic (PN) period. We would like to ask some questions and comment on a few aspects emphas- ing the linkage between biological and cultural developments during the Neolithic Revolution. The biological issues addressed in this chapter are as follows: × Is there a demographic change from the Natu an to the Neolithic? × Is there a change in the overall health of the Neolithic populations compared to the Natu an? × Is there a change in the diet and how is it expressed? × Is there a change in the physical burden/stress people had to bear with? × Is there a change in intra- and inter-community rates of violent encounters? From the cultural perspective the leading questions will be: × What was the change in the economy and when was it fully realized? × Is there a change in settlement patterns and site nature and organization from Natu an to Neolithic? × Is there a change in human activities and division of labor?