What is Mathematics?

An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods

Author: Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins,Ian Stewart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195105193

Category: Mathematics

Page: 566

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A discussion of fundamental mathematical principles from algebra to elementary calculus designed to promote constructive mathematical reasoning.

What is Mathematics, Really?

Author: Reuben Hersh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195130874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

View: 9634

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Reflecting an insider's view of mathematical life, the author argues that mathematics must be historically evolved, and intelligible only in a social context.

Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Gowers

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192853615

Category: Mathematics

Page: 143

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This book aims to explain, in clear non-technical language,what it is that mathematicians do, and how that differs from and builds on the mathematics that most people are familiar with from school. It is the ideal introduction for anyone who wishes to deepen their understanding of mathematics.

History of Mathematics

Author: Vagn Lundsgaard Hansen,Jeremy Gray

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262213

Category:

Page: 396

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History of Mathematics is a component of Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on History of Mathematics discusses: Mathematics in Egypt and Mesopotamia; History of Trigonometryto 1550; Mathematics in Japan; The Mathematization of The Physical Sciences-Differential Equations of Nature; A Short History of Dynamical Systems Theory:1885-2007; Measure Theories and Ergodicity Problems; The Number Concept and Number Systems; Operations Research and Mathematical Programming: From War to Academia - A Joint Venture; Elementary Mathematics From An Advanced Standpoint; The History and Concept of Mathematical Proof; Geometry in The 20th Century; Bourbaki: An Epiphenomenon in The History of Mathematics This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Mathematics and the Real World

Proceedings of an International Workshop Roskilde University Centre (Denmark), 1978

Author: BOOSS

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034862873

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 137

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Truth in Mathematics

Author: Harold G. Dales,Gianluigi Oliveri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198514763

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

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The nature of truth in mathematics is a problem which has exercised the minds of thinkers from at least the time of the ancient Greeks. This book is an overview of the most recent work undertaken in this subject, and is unique in being the result of interactions between researchers from both philosophy and mathematics. The articles are written by world leaders in their respective fields and are of interest to researchers in both disciplines.

Advances in Computational Mathematics

Author: Zhongying Chen,Yueshen Li,Charles Micchelli,Yuesheng Xu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719463

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

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This volume presents the refereed proceedings of the Guangzhou International Symposium on Computational Mathematics, held at the Zhongshan University, People's Republic of China. Nearly 90 international mathematicians examine numerical optimization methods, wavelet analysis, computational approximation, numerical solutions of differential and integral equations, numerical linear algebra, inverse and ill-posed problems, geometric modelling, and signal and image processing and their applications.

A Concise Introduction to Pure Mathematics, Third Edition

Author: Martin Liebeck

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439835985

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

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Accessible to all students with a sound background in high school mathematics, A Concise Introduction to Pure Mathematics, Third Edition presents some of the most fundamental and beautiful ideas in pure mathematics. It covers not only standard material but also many interesting topics not usually encountered at this level, such as the theory of solving cubic equations, the use of Euler’s formula to study the five Platonic solids, the use of prime numbers to encode and decode secret information, and the theory of how to compare the sizes of two infinite sets. New to the Third Edition The third edition of this popular text contains three new chapters that provide an introduction to mathematical analysis. These new chapters introduce the ideas of limits of sequences and continuous functions as well as several interesting applications, such as the use of the intermediate value theorem to prove the existence of nth roots. This edition also includes solutions to all of the odd-numbered exercises. By carefully explaining various topics in analysis, geometry, number theory, and combinatorics, this textbook illustrates the power and beauty of basic mathematical concepts. Written in a rigorous yet accessible style, it continues to provide a robust bridge between high school and higher level mathematics, enabling students to study further courses in abstract algebra and analysis.

Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144196052X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

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From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.

Cultural Foundations of Mathematics

The Nature of Mathematical Proof and the Transmission of the Calculus from India to Europe in the 16th C. CE

Author: C. K. Raju

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 9788131708712

Category: Calculus

Page: 477

View: 3367

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The Volume Examines, In Depth, The Implications Of Indian History And Philosophy For Contemporary Mathematics And Science. The Conclusions Challenge Current Formal Mathematics And Its Basis In The Western Dogma That Deduction Is Infallible (Or That It Is Less Fallible Than Induction). The Development Of The Calculus In India, Over A Thousand Years, Is Exhaustively Documented In This Volume, Along With Novel Insights, And Is Related To The Key Sources Of Wealth-Monsoon-Dependent Agriculture And Navigation Required For Overseas Trade - And The Corresponding Requirement Of Timekeeping. Refecting The Usual Double Standard Of Evidence Used To Construct Eurocentric History, A Single, New Standard Of Evidence For Transmissions Is Proposed. Using This, It Is Pointed Out That Jesuits In Cochin, Following The Toledo Model Of Translation, Had Long-Term Opportunity To Transmit Indian Calculus Texts To Europe. The European Navigational Problem Of Determining Latitude, Longitude, And Loxodromes, And The 1582 Gregorian Calendar-Reform, Provided Ample Motivation. The Mathematics In These Earlier Indian Texts Suddenly Starts Appearing In European Works From The Mid-16Th Century Onwards, Providing Compelling Circumstantial Evidence. While The Calculus In India Had Valid Pramana, This Differed From Western Notions Of Proof, And The Indian (Algorismus) Notion Of Number Differed From The European (Abacus) Notion. Hence, Like Their Earlier Difficulties With The Algorismus, Europeans Had Difficulties In Understanding The Calculus, Which, Like Computer Technology, Enhanced The Ability To Calculate, Albeit In A Way Regarded As Epistemologically Insecure. Present-Day Difficulties In Learning Mathematics Are Related, Via Phylogeny Is Ontogeny , To These Historical Difficulties In Assimilating Imported Mathematics. An Appendix Takes Up Further Contemporary Implications Of The New Philosophy Of Mathematics For The Extension Of The Calculus, Which Is Needed To Handle The Infinities Arising In The Study Of Shock Waves And The Renormalization Problem Of Quantum Field Theory.

Men of Mathematics

Author: E.T. Bell

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0671628186

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 590

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The achievements and lives of important world mathematicians prior to 1900

Philosophy of Mathematics

Selected Readings

Author: Paul Benacerraf,Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521296489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 6988

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The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented 'crisis in the foundations of mathematics', featuring a world-famous paradox (Russell's Paradox), a challenge to 'classical' mathematics from a world-famous mathematician (the 'mathematical intuitionism' of Brouwer), a new foundational school (Hilbert's Formalism), and the profound incompleteness results of Kurt Gödel. In the same period, the cross-fertilization of mathematics and philosophy resulted in a new sort of 'mathematical philosophy', associated most notably (but in different ways) with Bertrand Russell, W. V. Quine, and Gödel himself, and which remains at the focus of Anglo-Saxon philosophical discussion. The present collection brings together in a convenient form the seminal articles in the philosophy of mathematics by these and other major thinkers. It is a substantially revised version of the edition first published in 1964 and includes a revised bibliography. The volume will be welcomed as a major work of reference at this level in the field.

A Concise History of Mathematics

Author: Dirk Jan Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486602554

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 791

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This compact, well-written history covers major mathematical ideas and techniques from the ancient Near East to 20th-century computer theory, surveying the works of Archimedes, Pascal, Gauss, Hilbert, and many others. "The author's ability as a first-class historian as well as an able mathematician has enabled him to produce a work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature.

A History of Mathematics

Author: Florian Cajori

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821821022

Category: Mathematics

Page: 524

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Originally published in 1893, this book was significantly revised and extended by the author (second edition, 1919) to cover the history of mathematics from antiquity to the end of World War I. Since then, three more editions were published, and the current volume is a reproduction of the fifth edition (1991). The book covers the history of ancient mathematics (Babylonian, Egyptian, Roman, Chinese, Japanese, Mayan, Hindu, and Arabic, with a major emphasis on ancient Greek mathematics). The chapters that follow explore European mathematics in the Middle Ages and the mathematics of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries (Vieta, Decartes, Newton, Euler, and Lagrange). The last and longest chapter discusses major mathematics events of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Topics discussed in this chapter include synthetic and analytic geometry, algebra, analysis, the theory of functions, the theory of numbers, and others. In one concise volume, the author presents an interesting and reliable account of mathematics history. Cajori has mastered the art of incorporating an enormous amount of material into a smoothly flowing narrative. The review of the volume's third edition in Mathematical Reviews ends with the following words: "Chaque mathematicien devrait lire ce livre!"

Mathematics and Chess

110 Entertaining Problems and Solutions

Author: Miodrag Petkovi?

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486294322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 132

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99 puzzles built around the chessboard. Arithmetical and probability problems, chessboard recreations, geometrical puzzles, mathematical amusements and games, more. Solutions.