Measure and Integration

Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821853283

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

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This highly flexible text is organized into two parts: Part I is suitable for a one-semester course at the first-year graduate level, and the book as a whole is suitable for a full-year course. Part I treats the theory of measure and integration over abstract measure spaces. Prerequisites are a familiarity with epsilon-delta arguments and with the language of naive set theory (union, intersection, function). The fundamental theorems of the subject are derived from first principles, with details in full. Highlights include convergence theorems (monotone, dominated), completeness of classical function spaces (Riesz-Fischer theorem), product measures (Fubini's theorem), and signed measures (Radon-Nikodym theorem). Part II is more specialized; it includes regular measures on locally compact spaces, the Riesz-Markoff theorem on the measure-theoretic representation of positive linear forms, and Haar measure on a locally compact group. The group algebra of a locally compact group is constructed in the last chapter, by an especially transparent method that minimizes measure-theoretic difficulties. Prerequisites for Part II include Part I plus a course in general topology. To quote from the Preface: ``Finally, I am under no illusions as to originality, for the subject of measure theory is an old one which has been worked over by many experts. My contribution can only be in selection, arrangement, and emphasis. I am deeply indebted to Paul R. Halmos, from whose textbook I first studied measure theory; I hope that these pages may reflect their debt to his book without seeming to be almost everywhere equal to it.''

Constantin Carathéodory

Mathematics and Politics in Turbulent Times

Author: Maria Georgiadou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642185622

Category: Mathematics

Page: 651

View: 4922

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With breathtaking detail, Maria Georgiadou sheds light on the work and life of Constantin Carathéodory, who until now has been ignored by historians. In her thought-provoking book, Georgiadou maps out the mathematician’s oeuvre, life and turbulent historical surroundings. Descending from the Greek élite of Constantinople, Carathéodory graduated from the military school of Brussels, became engineer at the Assiout dam in Egypt and finally dedicated a lifetime to mathematics and education. He significantly contributed to: calculus of variations, the theory of point set measure, the theory of functions of a real variable, pdes, and complex function theory. An exciting and well-written biography, once started, difficult to put down.

Algebraic Theory of Measure and Integration

Author: Constantin Carathéodory

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 1384

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In this book, the famous Greek mathematician Constantin Caratheodory presents his generalization of the classical theory of measure and integration. The main component of this generalization is the replacement of the Boolean algebra of subsets of the base space $X$ with an arbitrary Boolean algebra. The author develops measure theory associated with an arbitrary Boolean algebra. Then, using an appropriate generalization of the notion of a function on $X$, he introduces the generalized procedure of integration on $X$ and studies the main properties of this generalized integration. These include analogs of the Radon-Nikodym theorem, of the Lebesque convergence theorem, and of other classical theorems of real analysis.

Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces

Author: Luis Manuel Braga de Costa Campos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420071157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 885

View: 4673

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Combining mathematical theory, physical principles, and engineering problems, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces examines generalized functions, including the Heaviside unit jump and the Dirac unit impulse and its derivatives of all orders, in one and several dimensions. The text introduces the two main approaches to generalized functions: (1) as a nonuniform limit of a family of ordinary functions, and (2) as a functional over a set of test functions from which properties are inherited. The second approach is developed more extensively to encompass multidimensional generalized functions whose arguments are ordinary functions of several variables. As part of a series of books for engineers and scientists exploring advanced mathematics, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces presents generalized functions from an applied point of view, tackling problem classes such as: Gauss and Stokes’ theorems in the differential geometry, tensor calculus, and theory of potential fields Self-adjoint and non-self-adjoint problems for linear differential equations and nonlinear problems with large deformations Multipolar expansions and Green’s functions for elastic strings and bars, potential and rotational flow, electro- and magnetostatics, and more This third volume in the series Mathematics and Physics for Science and Technology is designed to complete the theory of functions and its application to potential fields, relating generalized functions to broader follow-on topics like differential equations. Featuring step-by-step examples with interpretations of results and discussions of assumptions and their consequences, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces enables readers to construct mathematical–physical models suited to new observations or novel engineering devices.

Advanced Real Analysis

Author: Anthony W. Knapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817644420

Category: Mathematics

Page: 466

View: 9659

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* Presents a comprehensive treatment with a global view of the subject * Rich in examples, problems with hints, and solutions, the book makes a welcome addition to the library of every mathematician

Real and Abstract Analysis

A modern treatment of the theory of functions of a real variable

Author: Edwin Hewitt,Karl Stromberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662297949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 9208

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International Mathematical News

Nouvelles Mathématiques Internationales; Internationale Mathematische Nachrichten

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 4504

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Issues for Dec. 1952- include section: Nachrichten der Österreichischen Mathematischen Gesellschaft.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 5649

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Vorlesungen Über Reelle Funktionen

Author: Dr. Constantin Carathéodory

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663157687

Category: Mathematics

Page: 722

View: 4547

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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Methodos

Author: Centro italiano di metodologia e analisi del linguaggio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7791

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Methodos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: N.A

View: 9749

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