Measure and Integration

Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821853283

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 663

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This highly flexible text is organized into two parts: Part I is suitable for a one-semester course at the first-year graduate level, and the book as a whole is suitable for a full-year course. Part I treats the theory of measure and integration over abstract measure spaces. Prerequisites are a familiarity with epsilon-delta arguments and with the language of naive set theory (union, intersection, function). The fundamental theorems of the subject are derived from first principles, with details in full. Highlights include convergence theorems (monotone, dominated), completeness of classical function spaces (Riesz-Fischer theorem), product measures (Fubini's theorem), and signed measures (Radon-Nikodym theorem). Part II is more specialized; it includes regular measures on locally compact spaces, the Riesz-Markoff theorem on the measure-theoretic representation of positive linear forms, and Haar measure on a locally compact group. The group algebra of a locally compact group is constructed in the last chapter, by an especially transparent method that minimizes measure-theoretic difficulties. Prerequisites for Part II include Part I plus a course in general topology. To quote from the Preface: ``Finally, I am under no illusions as to originality, for the subject of measure theory is an old one which has been worked over by many experts. My contribution can only be in selection, arrangement, and emphasis. I am deeply indebted to Paul R. Halmos, from whose textbook I first studied measure theory; I hope that these pages may reflect their debt to his book without seeming to be almost everywhere equal to it.''

Algebraic Theory of Measure and Integration

Author: Constantin Carathéodory

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 3843

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book, the famous Greek mathematician Constantin Caratheodory presents his generalization of the classical theory of measure and integration. The main component of this generalization is the replacement of the Boolean algebra of subsets of the base space $X$ with an arbitrary Boolean algebra. The author develops measure theory associated with an arbitrary Boolean algebra. Then, using an appropriate generalization of the notion of a function on $X$, he introduces the generalized procedure of integration on $X$ and studies the main properties of this generalized integration. These include analogs of the Radon-Nikodym theorem, of the Lebesque convergence theorem, and of other classical theorems of real analysis.

A First Course in Real Analysis

Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 8683

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Mathematics is the music of science, and real analysis is the Bach of mathematics. There are many other foolish things I could say about the subject of this book, but the foregoing will give the reader an idea of where my heart lies. The present book was written to support a first course in real analysis, normally taken after a year of elementary calculus. Real analysis is, roughly speaking, the modern setting for Calculus, "real" alluding to the field of real numbers that underlies it all. At center stage are functions, defined and taking values in sets of real numbers or in sets (the plane, 3-space, etc.) readily derived from the real numbers; a first course in real analysis traditionally places the emphasis on real-valued functions defined on sets of real numbers. The agenda for the course: (1) start with the axioms for the field ofreal numbers, (2) build, in one semester and with appropriate rigor, the foun dations of calculus (including the "Fundamental Theorem"), and, along the way, (3) develop those skills and attitudes that enable us to continue learning mathematics on our own. Three decades of experience with the exercise have not diminished my astonishment that it can be done.

Constantin Carathéodory

Mathematics and Politics in Turbulent Times

Author: Maria Georgiadou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642185622

Category: Mathematics

Page: 651

View: 7475

DOWNLOAD NOW »
With breathtaking detail, Maria Georgiadou sheds light on the work and life of Constantin Carathéodory, who until now has been ignored by historians. In her thought-provoking book, Georgiadou maps out the mathematician’s oeuvre, life and turbulent historical surroundings. Descending from the Greek élite of Constantinople, Carathéodory graduated from the military school of Brussels, became engineer at the Assiout dam in Egypt and finally dedicated a lifetime to mathematics and education. He significantly contributed to: calculus of variations, the theory of point set measure, the theory of functions of a real variable, pdes, and complex function theory. An exciting and well-written biography, once started, difficult to put down.

An Introduction to Classical Real Analysis

Author: Karl R. Stromberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470425440

Category: Mathematical analysis

Page: 575

View: 7200

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. One significant way in which this book differs from other texts at this level is that the integral which is first mentioned is the Lebesgue integral on the real line. There are at least three good reasons for doing this. First, this approach is no more difficult to understand than is the traditional theory of the Riemann integral. Second, the readers will profit from acquiring a thorough understanding of Lebesgue integration on Euclidean spaces before they enter into a study of abstract measure theory. Third, this is the integral that is most useful to current applied mathematicians and theoretical scientists, and is essential for any serious work with trigonometric series. The exercise sets are a particularly attractive feature of this book. A great many of the exercises are projects of many parts which, when completed in the order given, lead the student by easy stages to important and interesting results. Many of the exercises are supplied with copious hints. This new printing contains a large number of corrections and a short author biography as well as a list of selected publications of the author. This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/CHEL-376-H/#sthash.wHQ1vpdk.dpuf This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. One significant way in which this book differs from other texts at this level is that the integral which is first mentioned is the Lebesgue integral on the real line. There are at least three good reasons for doing this. First, this approach is no more difficult to understand than is the traditional theory of the Riemann integral. Second, the readers will profit from acquiring a thorough understanding of Lebesgue integration on Euclidean spaces before they enter into a study of abstract measure theory. Third, this is the integral that is most useful to current applied mathematicians and theoretical scientists, and is essential for any serious work with trigonometric series. The exercise sets are a particularly attractive feature of this book. A great many of the exercises are projects of many parts which, when completed in the order given, lead the student by easy stages to important and interesting results. Many of the exercises are supplied with copious hints. This new printing contains a large number of corrections and a short author biography as well as a list of selected publications of the author. This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/CHEL-376-H/#sthash.wHQ1vpdk.dpuf

Differential Topology

Author: Victor Guillemin,Alan Pollack

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851934

Category: Mathematics

Page: 222

View: 9543

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Differential Topology provides an elementary and intuitive introduction to the study of smooth manifolds. In the years since its first publication, Guillemin and Pollack's book has become a standard text on the subject. It is a jewel of mathematical exposition, judiciously picking exactly the right mixture of detail and generality to display the richness within. The text is mostly self-contained, requiring only undergraduate analysis and linear algebra. By relying on a unifying idea--transversality--the authors are able to avoid the use of big machinery or ad hoc techniques to establish the main results. In this way, they present intelligent treatments of important theorems, such as the Lefschetz fixed-point theorem, the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem, and Stokes theorem. The book has a wealth of exercises of various types. Some are routine explorations of the main material. In others, the students are guided step-by-step through proofs of fundamental results, such as the Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem. An exercise section in Chapter 4 leads the student through a construction of de Rham cohomology and a proof of its homotopy invariance. The book is suitable for either an introductory graduate course or an advanced undergraduate course.

Lebesgue's Theory of Integration

Its Origins and Development

Author: Thomas Hawkins

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821829639

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 1280

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book, Hawkins elegantly places Lebesgue's early work on integration theory within in proper historical context by relating it to the developments during the nineteenth century that motivated it and gave it significance and also to the contributions made in this field by Lebesgue's contemporaries. Hawkins was awarded the 1997 MAA Chauvenet Prize and the 2001 AMS Albert Leon Whiteman Memorial Prize for notable exposition and exceptional scholarship in the history of mathematics.

The MultiCapital Scorecard

Rethinking Organizational Performance

Author: Martin P. Thomas,Mark W. McElroy

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603586903

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1159

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces

Author: Luis Manuel Braga de Costa Campos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420071157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 885

View: 2400

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Combining mathematical theory, physical principles, and engineering problems, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces examines generalized functions, including the Heaviside unit jump and the Dirac unit impulse and its derivatives of all orders, in one and several dimensions. The text introduces the two main approaches to generalized functions: (1) as a nonuniform limit of a family of ordinary functions, and (2) as a functional over a set of test functions from which properties are inherited. The second approach is developed more extensively to encompass multidimensional generalized functions whose arguments are ordinary functions of several variables. As part of a series of books for engineers and scientists exploring advanced mathematics, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces presents generalized functions from an applied point of view, tackling problem classes such as: Gauss and Stokes’ theorems in the differential geometry, tensor calculus, and theory of potential fields Self-adjoint and non-self-adjoint problems for linear differential equations and nonlinear problems with large deformations Multipolar expansions and Green’s functions for elastic strings and bars, potential and rotational flow, electro- and magnetostatics, and more This third volume in the series Mathematics and Physics for Science and Technology is designed to complete the theory of functions and its application to potential fields, relating generalized functions to broader follow-on topics like differential equations. Featuring step-by-step examples with interpretations of results and discussions of assumptions and their consequences, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces enables readers to construct mathematical–physical models suited to new observations or novel engineering devices.

Measure Theory and Functional Analysis

Author: Nik Weaver

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814508586

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 5072

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book provides an introduction to measure theory and functional analysis suitable for a beginning graduate course, and is based on notes the author had developed over several years of teaching such a course. It is unique in placing special emphasis on the separable setting, which allows for a simultaneously more detailed and more elementary exposition, and for its rapid progression into advanced topics in the spectral theory of families of self-adjoint operators. The author's notion of measurable Hilbert bundles is used to give the spectral theorem a particularly elegant formulation not to be found in other textbooks on the subject. Request Inspection Copy

Invitation to Ergodic Theory

Author: César Ernesto Silva

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821844202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 8930

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is an introduction to basic concepts in ergodic theory such as recurrence, ergodicity, the ergodic theorem, mixing, and weak mixing. It does not assume knowledge of measure theory; all the results needed from measure theory are presented from scratch. In particular, the book includes a detailed construction of the Lebesgue measure on the real line and an introduction to measure spaces up to the Caratheodory extension theorem. It also develops the Lebesgue theory of integration, including the dominated convergence theorem and an introduction to the Lebesgue $Lp$spaces.

Real and Abstract Analysis

A modern treatment of the theory of functions of a real variable

Author: E. Hewitt,K. Stromberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642880479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 8884

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is first of all designed as a text for the course usually called "theory of functions of a real variable". This course is at present cus tomarily offered as a first or second year graduate course in United States universities, although there are signs that this sort of analysis will soon penetrate upper division undergraduate curricula. We have included every topic that we think essential for the training of analysts, and we have also gone down a number of interesting bypaths. We hope too that the book will be useful as a reference for mature mathematicians and other scientific workers. Hence we have presented very general and complete versions of a number of important theorems and constructions. Since these sophisticated versions may be difficult for the beginner, we have given elementary avatars of all important theorems, with appro priate suggestions for skipping. We have given complete definitions, ex planations, and proofs throughout, so that the book should be usable for individual study as well as for a course text. Prerequisites for reading the book are the following. The reader is assumed to know elementary analysis as the subject is set forth, for example, in TOM M. ApOSTOL'S Mathematical Analysis [Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., Reading, Mass., 1957], or WALTER RUDIN'S Principles of Mathe nd matical Analysis [2 Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1964].

Probability and Measure Theory

Author: Robert B. Ash,Catherine Doléans-Dade

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780120652020

Category: Mathematics

Page: 516

View: 8037

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Probability and Measure Theory, Second Edition, is a text for a graduate-level course in probability that includes essential background topics in analysis. It provides extensive coverage of conditional probability and expectation, strong laws of large numbers, martingale theory, the central limit theorem, ergodic theory, and Brownian motion. * Clear, readable style * Solutions to many problems presented in text * Solutions manual for instructors * Material new to the second edition on ergodic theory, Brownian motion, and convergence theorems used in statistics * No knowledge of general topology required, just basic analysis and metric spaces * Efficient organization

Fundamentals of Real Analysis

Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387984803

Category: Mathematics

Page: 479

View: 7478

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This book is very well organized and clearly written and contains an adequate supply of exercises. If one is comfortable with the choice of topics in the book, it would be a good candidate for a text in a graduate real analysis course." -- MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Physics, Geometry and Topology

Author: H.C. Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461538025

Category: Science

Page: 681

View: 1063

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Banff NATO Summer School was held August 14-25, 1989 at the Banff Cen tre, Banff, Albert, Canada. It was a combination of two venues: a summer school in the annual series of Summer School in Theoretical Physics spon sored by the Theoretical Physics Division, Canadian Association of Physi cists, and a NATO Advanced Study Institute. The Organizing Committee for the present school was composed of G. Kunstatter (University of Winnipeg), H.C. Lee (Chalk River Laboratories and University of Western Ontario), R. Kobes (University of Winnipeg), D.l. Toms (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) and Y.S. Wu (University of Utah). Thanks to the group of lecturers (see Contents) and the timeliness of the courses given, the school, entitled PHYSICS, GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY, was popular from the very outset. The number of applications outstripped the 90 places of accommodation reserved at the Banff Centre soon after the school was announced. As the eventual total number of participants was increased to 170, it was still necessary to tum away many deserving applicants. In accordance with the spirit of the school, the geometrical and topologi cal properties in each of the wide ranging topics covered by the lectures were emphasized. A recurring theme in a number of the lectures is the Yang-Baxter relation which characterizes a very large class of integrable systems including: many state models, two-dimensional conformal field theory, quantum field theory and quantum gravity in 2 + I dimensions.

Finite Group Theory

Author: M. Aschbacher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521786751

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 2142

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book provides the basic foundations for the local theory of finite groups, the theory of classical linear groups, and the theory of buildings and BN-pairs.

Conformal Invariants

Topics in Geometric Function Theory

Author: Lars Valerian Ahlfors

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852701

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 3599

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Most conformal invariants can be described in terms of extremal properties. Conformal invariants and extremal problems are therefore intimately linked and form together the central theme of this classic book which is primarily intended for students with approximately a year's background in complex variable theory. The book emphasizes the geometric approach as well as classical and semi-classical results which Lars Ahlfors felt every student of complex analysis should know before embarking on independent research. At the time of the book's original appearance, much of this material had never appeared in book form, particularly the discussion of the theory of extremal length. Schiffer's variational method also receives special attention, and a proof of $\vert a_4\vert \leq 4$ is included which was new at the time of publication. The last two chapters give an introduction to Riemann surfaces, with topological and analytical background supplied to support a proof of the uniformization theorem. Included in this new reprint is a Foreword by Peter Duren, F. W. Gehring, and Brad Osgood, as well as an extensive errata. ... encompasses a wealth of material in a mere one hundred and fifty-one pages. Its purpose is to present an exposition of selected topics in the geometric theory of functions of one complex variable, which in the author's opinion should be known by all prospective workers in complex analysis. From a methodological point of view the approach of the book is dominated by the notion of conformal invariant and concomitantly by extremal considerations. ... It is a splendid offering. --Reviewed for Math Reviews by M. H. Heins in 1975