The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Beth M. Huebner,Timothy S. Bynum

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118868641

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 8495

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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Measurement Issues in Criminology

Author: Kimberly L. Kempf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461390095

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 2282

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Measurement Issues in Criminology examines the techniques and procedures crucial to successful research. Topics appropriate for specific research designs, data sources, and analytic techniques are identified, as well as topics for which such measurement methods are inappropriate. Subjects explored include ethical obligations and social research, the offender's perspective, longitudinal research design, advantages of time series studies over other procedures when investigating important ques- tions of process and change, and the strength and weakness of studies utilizing secondary data sources.

Measurement issues in criminal justice

Author: Gordon P. Waldo

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 136

View: 7554

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Waldo and his colleagues address a problem typical of criminological research: attaining reliability and validity in measuring data obtained under imperfectly controlled conditions. They discuss appropriate operational definitions to use in measuring concepts, the selection of samples, items, and the data collection process -- together with the differing forms of analysis. The book is a copious source of insights into measurement challenges in the social sciences.

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research

Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Committee on Law and Justice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309086353

Category: Law

Page: 111

View: 5480

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Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Das Gefängnis auf dem Prüfstand

Zustand und Zukunft des Strafvollzugs

Author: Bernd Maelicke,Stefan Suhling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658201479

Category: Social Science

Page: 588

View: 8984

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Dieses Buch liefert eine Zwischenbilanz über die Situation des Strafvollzugs. Ziel des Behandlungsvollzugs ist die Befähigung der Gefangenen zu einem straffreien Leben. Die Autoren dieses Sammelbandes beleuchten deshalb unter anderem die Fragen: Wie leistungsfähig ist der Behandlungsvollzug? Welche Sicherheitsrisiken müssen bewältigt werden? Wie gestaltet sich die Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Akteuren der stationären und ambulanten Resozialisierung? Und welche weiteren Reformen sind mittel- und langfristig zu realisieren?

Kriminologie

ein Lehrbuch

Author: Günther Kaiser

Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH

ISBN: 9783811460966

Category: Criminology

Page: 1256

View: 8627

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Measuring Crime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Lynn A. Addington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805652

Category:

Page: 20

View: 4005

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412950325

Category: Social Science

Page: 479

View: 2947

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Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.

Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime

Author: Marc Cools,Sofie De Kimpe,Brice De Ruyver

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602176

Category: Law

Page: 261

View: 2494

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In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series - Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) - is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime - Volume 1 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers - includes the following: Drugs and Crime: Are They Hand in Glove? A Review of Literature * The Study of Public Expenditure on Drugs: A Useful Evaluation Tool for Policy * Corporations as a Blind Spot in Research: Explanations for a Criminological Tunnel Vision * The Nominal Group Technique: A Participative Research Technique Holding Great Potential for Criminology * Analytical Criminology: A Style of Theorizing and Analyzing the Micro-Macro Context of Acts of Crime * The Geography of Social Cohesion and Crime at the Municipality Level * Disentangling Neighbourhood and School Contextual Variation in Serious Offending: Assessing the Effect of Ecological Disadvantage * Itinerant Crime Groups: Mobility Attributed to Anchor Points? * Patterns of Drug Use Before, During and After Detention: A Review of Epidemiological Literature.

Prediction in Criminology

Author: David P. Farrington,Roger Tarling

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887060045

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 466

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Prediction in Criminology is the first book to bring together a wide variety of articles on prediction research in criminology. It stresses not only substantive findings but also the methodology of prediction research, and demonstrates how similar issues arise in many applications: problems of research design, the choice of predictor and criterion variables, methods of selecting and combining variables into a prediction instrument, measures of predictive efficiency, and external validity or generalizability. The collection includes research from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain and will be of interest to an international audience of policy makers, practitioners, academics, and researchers.

The Science of Crime Measurement

Issues for Spatially-Referenced Crime Data

Author: Martin A. Andresen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135006261

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8637

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Crime statistics are ubiquitous in modern society – but how accurate are they? This book investigates the science of crime measurement focussing on four main questions: how do we count crime? How do we calculate crime rates? Are there other measurements of crime? What are the issues surrounding crime statistics? All too often we take the measurement of crime at face value when there is, in fact, a science behind it. This book specifically deals with issues related to spatially-referenced crime data that are used to analyse crime patterns across the urban environment. The first section of the book considers alternative crime rate calculations. The second section of the book contains a thorough discussion of a measure of crime specialisation. Finally, the third section of the book addresses a number of aggregation issues that are present with such data: crime type aggregations, temporal aggregations of crime data, the stability of crime patterns over time, and the importance of spatial scale. This book builds on a growing body of literature on the science of crime measurement and offers a comprehensive account of this growing subfield of criminology. The book speaks to wider debates in the fields of crime analysis, environmental criminology and crime prevention and will be perfect reading for advanced level undergraduate and graduate students looking to find out more about the measurement of crime.

Major Criminological Theories

Concepts and Measurements

Author: Liqun Cao

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534196318

Category: Law

Page: 219

View: 6306

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The book is a reference/text book in one. It criticizes the current bifurcation of theory and methodology and presents the history of scientific criminology. It then describes briefly each major criminological theory and lists how the key concepts of each of these theories are measured. All the major studies that test these theories are reviewed and evaluated. The book may serve as a reference book or a guideline in testing criminological theories. The book itself does not make attempts to advance any new theory, but tries to make a contribution to the criminological literature by strengthening the testability of existing criminological theories. That is, it contributes to the construction of a more scientific approach to criminology, and it allows for a more penetrating analysis of existing problems of scientific criminology and of the ways to address these problems.

Issues in Green Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne,Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology Piers Beirne,Nigel South

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113401743X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5372

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Explores the ways in which governments, transnational corporations, military apparatuses and ordinary people routinely harm environments, other animals and humanity.

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960525

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 6653

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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Issues in Comparative Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne,David Nelken

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855216013

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 7886

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This teacher's resource book is designed to help young people to understand the key political, social and economic forces which will shape their lives. It aims to develop knowledge and skills to help young people understand the world in which they live, and to participate in it as knowledgeable global citizens.

Quantitative Methods in Criminology

Author: David Weisburd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351552546

Category: Law

Page: 638

View: 5795

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This informative reference volume features the key papers in the growing field of quantitative criminology. The papers provide examples of the importation of statistical methods from other fields to criminology, the adaptation of such methods to special criminological problems through introspection, and the development of new innovative statistical approaches. The volume illustrates the growing sophistication and maturation of quantitative methods in this field. Divided into five parts: research design, sampling, issues in measurement, descriptive analysis and causal analysis, it will be of interest to anyone concerned with criminology and criminal justice, as well as those with specialized interests in quantitative methods.

Criminology

A Sociological Introduction

Author: Eamonn Carrabine,Paul Iganski,Maggy Lee

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415281676

Category: Law

Page: 428

View: 9527

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Covering all the major areas of the subject, this introduction to criminology features specific topics such as the history and theory of criminology and categories of crime.