The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Beth M. Huebner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118868781

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 8818

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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Measurement Issues in Criminology

Author: Kimberly L. Kempf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461390095

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 883

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Measurement Issues in Criminology examines the techniques and procedures crucial to successful research. Topics appropriate for specific research designs, data sources, and analytic techniques are identified, as well as topics for which such measurement methods are inappropriate. Subjects explored include ethical obligations and social research, the offender's perspective, longitudinal research design, advantages of time series studies over other procedures when investigating important ques- tions of process and change, and the strength and weakness of studies utilizing secondary data sources.

Measurement issues in criminal justice

Author: Gordon P. Waldo

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 136

View: 9556

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Waldo and his colleagues address a problem typical of criminological research: attaining reliability and validity in measuring data obtained under imperfectly controlled conditions. They discuss appropriate operational definitions to use in measuring concepts, the selection of samples, items, and the data collection process -- together with the differing forms of analysis. The book is a copious source of insights into measurement challenges in the social sciences.

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research:

Workshop Summary

Author: Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on National Statistics,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309086353

Category: Law

Page: 112

View: 5044

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Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Handbook of Quantitative Criminology

Author: Alex R. Piquero,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776507

Category: Social Science

Page: 787

View: 6476

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Quantitative criminology has certainly come a long way since I was ?rst introduced to a largely qualitative criminology some 40 years ago, when I was recruited to lead a task force on science and technology for the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. At that time, criminology was a very limited activity, depending almost exclusively on the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) initiated by the FBI in 1929 for measurement of crime based on victim reports to the police and on police arrests. A ty- cal mode of analysis was simple bivariate correlation. Marvin Wolfgang and colleagues were makingan importantadvancebytrackinglongitudinaldata onarrestsin Philadelphia,an in- vation that was widely appreciated. And the ?eld was very small: I remember attending my ?rst meeting of the American Society of Criminology in about 1968 in an anteroom at New York University; there were about 25–30 people in attendance, mostly sociologists with a few lawyers thrown in. That Society today has over 3,000 members, mostly now drawn from criminology which has established its own clear identity, but augmented by a wide variety of disciplines that include statisticians, economists, demographers, and even a few engineers. This Handbook provides a remarkable testimony to the growth of that ?eld. Following the maxim that “if you can’t measure it, you can’t understand it,” we have seen the early dissatisfaction with the UCR replaced by a wide variety of new approaches to measuring crime victimization and offending.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452258198

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 348

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Like its predecessors, this Fifth Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice (by Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt) provides complete coverage of the use and results of the contemporary methods employed in criminology and criminal justice research today. Specifically designed for undergraduate and beginning graduate criminal justice courses and programs, this text teaches research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students who will become professionals in the field. Students learn about the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of exercises included in the text and on the student study website that help them practice as they learn.

Measurement Issues and Assessment for Teaching Quality

Author: Drew H. Gitomer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412961448

Category: Education

Page: 259

View: 1141

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This edited volume is a publication of the proceedings from the 2007 Educational Testing Service (ETS) Invitational Conference on Measurement Challenges and the Assessment of Teacher Quality. In this thematically-organized text, leading researchers and practitioners from the fields of education, economics, and policy present their perspectives on some of the most critical issues in teacher assessment. Key features include the following: Three thematic sections: Measuring Teacher Quality for Professional Entry, Measuring Teacher Quality in Practice, and Measuring Teacher Quality in Context. Expert perspectives from a variety of fields (education, economics, and policy) Section summaries that highlight key issues and common themes

Measuring Crime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Lynn A. Addington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805652

Category:

Page: 20

View: 2672

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Quantitative Methods in Criminology

Author: David Weisburd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351552554

Category: Law

Page: 638

View: 7264

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This informative reference volume features the key papers in the growing field of quantitative criminology. The papers provide examples of the importation of statistical methods from other fields to criminology, the adaptation of such methods to special criminological problems through introspection, and the development of new innovative statistical approaches. The volume illustrates the growing sophistication and maturation of quantitative methods in this field. Divided into five parts: research design, sampling, issues in measurement, descriptive analysis and causal analysis, it will be of interest to anyone concerned with criminology and criminal justice, as well as those with specialized interests in quantitative methods.

Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime

Author: Marc Cools,Sofie De Kimpe,Brice De Ruyver

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602176

Category: Law

Page: 261

View: 8694

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In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series - Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) - is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime - Volume 1 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers - includes the following: Drugs and Crime: Are They Hand in Glove? A Review of Literature * The Study of Public Expenditure on Drugs: A Useful Evaluation Tool for Policy * Corporations as a Blind Spot in Research: Explanations for a Criminological Tunnel Vision * The Nominal Group Technique: A Participative Research Technique Holding Great Potential for Criminology * Analytical Criminology: A Style of Theorizing and Analyzing the Micro-Macro Context of Acts of Crime * The Geography of Social Cohesion and Crime at the Municipality Level * Disentangling Neighbourhood and School Contextual Variation in Serious Offending: Assessing the Effect of Ecological Disadvantage * Itinerant Crime Groups: Mobility Attributed to Anchor Points? * Patterns of Drug Use Before, During and After Detention: A Review of Epidemiological Literature.

The Oxford Handbook of Social Class in Counseling

Author: William Ming Liu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195398254

Category: Medical

Page: 569

View: 2775

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This book summarizes and synthesizes the available research on social class and classism around counseling practice and research. The authors offer interesting and provocative applications of social class and classism to varied practice and research settings, and provide suggestions toward education, training, and practice.

Measurement Theory in Action

Case Studies and Exercises, Second Edition

Author: Kenneth S. Shultz,David J. Whitney,Michael J. Zickar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317970888

Category: Psychology

Page: 424

View: 7568

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This book helps readers apply testing and measurement theories. Featuring 22 self-standing modules, instructors can pick and choose the ones that are most appropriate for their course. Each module features an overview of a measurement issue and a step-by-step application of that theory. Best practices provide recommendations for ensuring the appropriate application of the theory. Practical questions help students assess their understanding of the topic while the examples allow them to apply the material using real data. Two cases in each module depict typical dilemmas faced when applying measurement theory followed by Questions to Ponder to encourage critical examination of the issues noted in the cases. Each module contains exercises some of which require no computer access while others involve the use of SPSS to solve the problem. The book’s website houses the accompanying data sets and more. The book also features suggested readings, a glossary of the key terms, and a continuing exercise that incorporates many of the steps in the development of a measure of typical performance. Updated throughout to reflect recent changes in the field, the new edition also features: --A new co-author, Michael Zickar, who updated the advanced topics and added the new module on generalizability theory (Module 22). -Expanded coverage of reliability (Modules 5 & 6) and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (Modules 18 & 19) to help readers interpret results presented in journal articles. -Expanded Web Resources, Instructors will now find: suggested answers to the book’s questions and exercises; detailed worked solutions to the exercises; and PowerPoint slides. Students and instructors can access the SPSS data sets; additional exercises; the glossary; and website references that are helpful in understanding psychometric concepts. Part 1 provides an introduction to measurement theory and specs for scaling and testing and a review of statistics. Part 2 then progresses through practical issues related to text reliability, validation, meta-analysis and bias. Part 3 reviews practical issues related to text construction such as the development of measures of maximal performance, CTT item analysis, test scoring, developing measures of typical performance, and issues related to response styles and guessing. The book concludes with advanced topics such as multiple regression, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory (IRT), IRT applications including computer adaptive testing and differential item functioning, and generalizability theory. Ideal as a text for any psychometrics, testing and measurement, or multivariate statistics course taught in psychology, education, marketing and management, professional researchers in need of a quick refresher on applying measurement theory will also find this an invaluable reference.

Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Raymond Paternoster

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506326129

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 5648

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Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice, Fourth Edition offers students a practical and comprehensive introduction to statistics and highlights the integral role research and statistics play in the study of criminology and criminal justice. Packed with real-world case studies and contemporary examples utilizing the most current crime data and empirical research available, students not only learn how to perform and understand statistical analyses, but also recognize the connection between statistical analyses use in everyday life and its importance to criminology and criminal justice. Written by two well-known experts in the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Raymond Paternoster continue to facilitate learning by presenting statistical formulas with step-by-step instructions for calculation. This “how to calculate and interpret statistics” approach avoids complicated proofs and discussions of statistical theory, without sacrificing statistical rigor. The Fourth Edition is replete with new examples exploring key issues in today’s world, motivating students to investigate research questions related to criminal justice and criminology with statistics and conduct research of their own along the way. Give your students the SAGE edge! SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning.

Prediction in Criminology

Author: David P. Farrington,Roger Tarling

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887060045

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 7226

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Prediction in Criminology is the first book to bring together a wide variety of articles on prediction research in criminology. It stresses not only substantive findings but also the methodology of prediction research, and demonstrates how similar issues arise in many applications: problems of research design, the choice of predictor and criterion variables, methods of selecting and combining variables into a prediction instrument, measures of predictive efficiency, and external validity or generalizability. The collection includes research from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain and will be of interest to an international audience of policy makers, practitioners, academics, and researchers.

Prisons and Jails: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Beth M. Huebner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805695

Category:

Page: 24

View: 8419

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology

Author: Liqun Cao,Ivan Y. Sun,Bill Hebenton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135021457

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 479

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As the world’s second largest economy, China has made great progress in developing criminology. The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology aims to be a key reference point to summarize the large body of literature in both Chinese and English about various aspects of crime and its control in China for international scholars with an interest in the development of criminological research on and in the Greater China region, and for everyone with a broad interest in international criminology. The editors of the handbook have selected authoritative contributors recognized for their research and scholarship on China, Hong Kong Macao, and Taiwan. This handbook consists of five sections: An account of the development of criminology as an academic discipline in modern China, as well as some of the unique theories, strategies, or philosophies of crime control that have emerged, An analysis of the criminal justice system in China, including the police, the courts, corrections, juvenile justice and the death penalty, An exploration of the issues and problems in conducting research in China, Reflections on the nature of crime and criminality in China, including drugs, prostitution, human trafficking, corruption, floating population, domestic violence, and white-collar crime, An account of crime and criminal justice in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao. The book presents a coherent and comprehensive collection of essays on current research and theory in criminology, crime and justice in China and Greater China, and the Editors’ Introduction and Conclusion provide further contextualisation of the Handbook’s key themes.

The SAGE Handbook of Measurement

Author: Geoffrey Walford,Eric Tucker,Madhu Viswanathan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206882

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 8293

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The Sage Handbook of Measurement is a unique methodological resource in which Walford, Viswanathan and Tucker draw together contributions from leading scholars in the social sciences, each of whom has played an important role in advancing the study of measurement over the past 25 years. Each of the contributors offers insights into particular measurement related challenges they have confronted and how they have addressed these. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of measurement, so that the handbook as a whole covers the full spectrum of core issues related to design, method and analysis within measurement studies. The book emphasises issues such as indicator generation and modification, the nature and conceptual meaning of measurement error, and the day-to-day processes involved in developing and using measures. The Handbook covers the full range of disciplines where measurement studies are common: policy studies; education studies; health studies; and business studies.

The World of Crime

Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World

Author: Jan Van Dijk

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412956781

Category: Social Science

Page: 435

View: 3030

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"The book is an important text for undergraduate courses with a comparative focus such as Comparative Criminal Justice, Introduction to Criminology, and Introduction to Criminal Justice in departments of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology."--BOOK JACKET.

Issues in Green Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne,Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology Piers Beirne,Nigel South

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113401743X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6173

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Explores the ways in which governments, transnational corporations, military apparatuses and ordinary people routinely harm environments, other animals and humanity.