Creating the Semantic Web with RDF

Professional Developer's Guide

Author: Johan Hjelm

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471402596

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 3762

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The first state-of-the-art guide for Web developers who need to enable totally new services using metadata This book offers for the first time complete guidance for Web and content developers who use Resource Description Framework (RDF) to create Web services, both wired and wireless, for metadata, or data that is maintained by an application. Written by the W3C Fellow charged with making the W3C XML standard work with other open standards, the book clearly demonstrates how RDF and metadata can greatly improve a user's Web experience through richer, better-tailored content. The author explains RDF theory and practice and how it compares to XML and HTML in layman terms and provides source code for several important tools. He includes descriptions of real services, both for the desktop computer and the handheld wireless device, and hands-on examples illustrating how metadata is used to tailor services for users. Explanations of how RDF ties in with intelligent agents are also provided.

Every Page is Page One

Author: Mark Baker

Publisher: XML Press

ISBN: 1492001929

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 5083

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The Web changes how people use content; not just content on the Web, but all content. If your content is not easy to find and immediately helpful, readers will move on almost at once. We are all children of the Web, and we come to any information system, including product documentation, looking for the search box and expecting every search to work like Google. There is no first, last, previous, next, up, or back anymore. Every Page is Page One. In this ground-breaking book, Mark Baker looks beyond the usual advice on writing for the Web, and beyond the idea of topic-based writing merely as an aid to efficiency and reuse, to explore how readers really use information in the age of the Web and to lay out an approach to planning, creating, managing, and organizing topic-based documentation that really works for the reader.

Metadata and Semantic Research

5th International Conference, MTSR 2011, Izmir, Turkey, October 12-14, 2011. Proceedings

Author: Elena García-Barriocanal,Zeynel Cebeci,Aydin Öztürk,Mehmet C. Okur

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642247318

Category: Computers

Page: 536

View: 8528

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This volume constitutes the selected papers of the 5th International Conference on Metadata and Semantic Research, MTSR 2011, held in Izmir, Turkey, in October 2011. The 36 full papers presented together with 16 short papers and project reports were carefully reviewed and selected from 118 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on Tracks on Metadata and Semantics for Open Access Repositories and Infrastructures, Metadata and Semantics for Learning Infrastructures, Metadata and Semantics for Cultural Collections and Applications, Metadata and Semantics for Agriculture, Food and Environment.

Ontology Theory, Management and Design: Advanced Tools and Models

Advanced Tools and Models

Author: Gargouri, Faiez

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1615208607

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 624

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"The focus of this book is on information and communication sciences, computer science, and artificial intelligence and provides readers with access to the latest knowledge related to design, modeling and implementation of ontologies"--Provided by publisher.

Linked Data

Evolving the Web Into a Global Data Space

Author: Tom Heath,Christian Bizer

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608454304

Category: Computers

Page: 122

View: 7447

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The World Wide Web has enabled the creation of a global information space comprising linked documents. As the Web becomes ever more enmeshed with our daily lives, there is a growing desire for direct access to raw data not currently available on the Web or bound up in hypertext documents. Linked Data provides a publishing paradigm in which not only documents, but also data, can be a first class citizen of the Web, thereby enabling the extension of the Web with a global data space based on open standards - the Web of Data. In this Synthesis lecture we provide readers with a detailed technical introduction to Linked Data. We begin by outlining the basic principles of Linked Data, including coverage of relevant aspects of Web architecture. The remainder of the text is based around two main themes - the publication and consumption of Linked Data. Drawing on a practical Linked Data scenario, we provide guidance and best practices on: architectural approaches to publishing Linked Data; choosing URIs and vocabularies to identify and describe resources; deciding what data to return in a description of a resource on the Web; methods and frameworks for automated linking of data sets; and testing and debugging approaches for Linked Data deployments. We give an overview of existing Linked Data applications and then examine the architectures that are used to consume Linked Data from the Web, alongside existing tools and frameworks that enable these. Readers can expect to gain a rich technical understanding of Linked Data fundamentals, as the basis for application development, research or further study. Table of Contents: List of Figures / Introduction / Principles of Linked Data / The Web of Data / Linked Data Design Considerations / Recipes for Publishing Linked Data / Consuming Linked Data / Summary and Outlook

The DAM Book

Digital Asset Management for Photographers

Author: Peter Krogh

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596100183

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 6226

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Provides information on building an archive for digital photographs.

Information Resource Description

Creating and managing metadata

Author: Philip Hider

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856046672

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 5989

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An overview of the field of information organization that examines resource description as both a product and process of the contemporary digital environment. This timely book employs the unifying mechanism of the semantic web and the resource description framework to integrate the various traditions and practices of information and knowledge organization. Uniquely, it covers both the domain-specific traditions and practices and the practices of the ‘metadata movement’ through a single lens – that of resource description in the broadest, semantic web sense. This approach more readily accommodates coverage of the new Resource Description and Access (RDA) standard, which aims to move library cataloguing into the centre of the semantic web. The work surrounding RDA looks set to revolutionise the field of information organization, and this book will bring both the standard and its model and concepts into focus. Key topics include: • information resource attributes • metadata for information retrieval • metadata sources and quality • economics and management of metadata • knowledge organization systems • the semantic web • books and e-books, websites and audiovisual resources • business and government documents • learning resources • the field of information/knowledge organization. Readership: LIS students taking information organization courses at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, information professionals wishing to specialise in the metadata area, and existing metadata specialists who wish to update their knowledge.

Indexing Multimedia and Creative Works

The Problems of Meaning and Interpretation

Author: Pauline Rafferty,Rob Hidderley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351928120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 2850

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Indexing and information retrieval work properly only if language and interpretation are shared by creator and user. This is more complex for non-verbal media. The authors of Indexing Multimedia and Creative Works explore these challenges against a background of different theories of language and communication, particularly semiotics, questioning the possibility of ideal multimedia indexing. After surveying traditional approaches to information retrieval (IR) and organization in relation to issues of meaning, particularly Panofsky’s ’levels of meaning’, Pauline Rafferty and Rob Hidderley weigh up the effectiveness of major IR tools (cataloguing, classification and indexing) and computerised IR, highlighting key questions raised by state-of-the-art computer language processing systems. Introducing the reader to the fundamentals of semiotics, through the thinking of Saussure, Peirce and Sonesson, they make the case for this as the basis for successful multimedia information retrieval. The authors then describe specific multimedia information retrieval tools: namely the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, Iconclass and the Library of Congress Thesaurus of General Materials I and II. A selection of multimedia objects including photographic images, abstract images, music, the spoken word and film are read using analytical and descriptive categories derived from the literature of semiotics. Multimedia information retrieval tools are also used to index the multimedia objects, an exercise which demonstrates the richness of the semiotic approach and the limitations of controlled vocabulary systems. In the final chapter the authors reflect on the issues thrown up by this comparison and explore alternatives such as democratic, user-generated indexing as an alternative . Primarily intended for third-year undergraduate and postgraduate information studies students, the breadth and depth of Indexing Multimedia and Creative Works will also make it relevant and fascinating rea

Search Patterns

Design for Discovery

Author: Peter Morville,Jeffery Callender

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9781449383060

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 7090

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What people are saying about Search Patterns "Search Patterns is a delight to read -- very thoughtful and thought provoking. It's the most comprehensive survey of designing effective search experiences I've seen." --Irene Au, Director of User Experience, Google "I love this book! Thanks to Peter and Jeffery, I now know that search (yes, boring old yucky who cares search) is one of the coolest ways around of looking at the world." --Dan Roam, author, The Back of the Napkin (Portfolio Hardcover) "Search Patterns is a playful guide to the practical concerns of search interface design. It contains a bonanza of screenshots and illustrations that capture the best of today's design practices and presents a fresh perspective on the broader role of search and discovery." --Marti Hearst, Professor, UC Berkeley and author, Search User Interfaces (Cambridge University Press) "It's not often I come across a book that asks profound questions about a fundamental human activity, and then proceeds to answer those questions with practical observations and suggestions. Search Patterns is an expedition into the heart of the web and human cognition, and for me it was a delightful journey that delivered scores of insights." --Dave Gray, Founder and Chairman, XPLANE "Search is swiftly transforming everything we know, yet people don't understand how mavens design search: by stacking breadcrumbs, scenting widgets, and keeping eyeballs on the engine. I urge you to put your eyeballs on this unique and important book." --Bruce Sterling, Writer, Futurist, and Co-Founder, The Electronic Frontier Foundation "As one who searches a lot (and often ends up frustrated), Search Patterns is a revelation." --Nigel Holmes, Designer, Theorist, and Principal, Explanation Graphics "Search Patterns is a fabulous must-have book! Inside, you'll learn the whys and wheres of practically every modern search design trick and technique." --Jared Spool, CEO and Founder, User Interface Engineering Search is among the most disruptive innovations of our time. It influences what we buy and where we go. It shapes how we learn and what we believe. In this provocative and inspiring book, you'll explore design patterns that apply across the categories of web, ecommerce, enterprise, desktop, mobile, social, and real-time search and discovery. Filled with colorful illustrations and examples, Search Patterns brings modern information retrieval to life, covering such diverse topics as relevance, faceted navigation, multi-touch, personalization, visualization, multi-sensory search, and augmented reality. By drawing on their own experience-as well as best practices and evidence-based research-the authors not only offer a practical guide to help you build effective search applications, they also challenge you to imagine the future of discovery. You'll find Search Patterns intriguing and invaluable, whether you're a web practitioner, mobile designer, search entrepreneur, or just interested in the topic. Discover a pattern language for search that embraces user psychology and behavior, information architecture, interaction design, and emerging technology Boost enterprise efficiency and e-commerce sales Enable mobile users to achieve goals, complete tasks, and find what they need Drive design innovation for search interfaces and applications

Mining the Social Web

Analyzing Data from Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Other Social Media Sites

Author: Matthew A. Russell,Matthew Russell

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449388345

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 495

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Provides information on data analysis from a vareity of social networking sites, including Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

Semantic Web Programming

Author: John Hebeler,Matthew Fisher,Ryan Blace,Andrew Perez-Lopez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118080602

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 6391

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The next major advance in the Web?Web 3.0?will be built on semantic Web technologies, which will allow data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries. Written by a team of highly experienced Web developers, this book explains examines how this powerful new technology can unify and fully leverage the ever-growing data, information, and services that are available on the Internet. Helpful examples demonstrate how to use the semantic Web to solve practical, real-world problems while you take a look at the set of design principles, collaborative working groups, and technologies that form the semantic Web. The companion Web site features full code, as well as a reference section, a FAQ section, a discussion forum, and a semantic blog.

Research and Technology Advances in Digital Libraries

Author: N.A

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN: 9780769502199

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 217

View: 321

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Proceedings of a May 1999 forum on current issues in digital library research and technology. Papers are divided in sections on ontology and structure, database querying and mining, video, mathematics and musical applications, text and information retrieval, and metadata. Discussion encompasses area

Proceedings of the Eighth International World Wide Web Conference

Toronto, Canada, 11-14 May 1999

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: 9780444502643

Category: Computers

Page: 700

View: 1583

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The WWW8 Program Committee was in charge of selecting the technical papers that appear in these Proceedings. The committee was divided into six tracks, each with one or two vicechairs. 304 Submissions were received, which were extensively reviewed for originality, significance, technical soundness, and clarity of presentation. The review process culminated on January 28, 1999, in a meeting in which 48 papers were selected for presentation at the conference and inclusion in the Proceedings. The submission and review process were completely Web-based, supported by the excellent WitanWeb software package, developed by Dr. Howard Johnson at the National Research Council of Canada. The technical program is of high quality, and the more than 90 committee members and more than 60 additional reviewers provided close to 1,000 thoughtful and expert reports.

Ajax Design Patterns

Creating Web 2.0 Sites with Programming and Usability Patterns

Author: Michael Mahemoff

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596553616

Category: Computers

Page: 656

View: 9682

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Ajax, or Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, exploded onto the scene in the spring of 2005 and remains the hottest story among web developers. With its rich combination of technologies, Ajax provides astrong foundation for creating interactive web applications with XML or JSON-based web services by using JavaScript in the browser to process the web server response. Ajax Design Patterns shows you best practices that can dramatically improve your web development projects. It investigates how others have successfully dealt with conflictingdesign principles in the past and then relays that information directly to you. The patterns outlined in the book fall into four categories: Foundational technology: Examines the raw technologies required for Ajax development Programming: Exposes techniques that developers have discovered to ensure their Ajax applications are maintainable Functionality and usability: Describes the types of user interfaces you'll come across in Ajax applications, as well as the new types of functionality that Ajax makes possible Development: Explains the process being used to monitor, debug, and test Ajax applications Ajax Design Patterns will also get you up to speed with core Ajax technologies, such as XMLHttpRequest, the DOM, and JSON. Technical discussions are followed by code examples so you can see for yourself just what is-and isn't-possible with Ajax. This handy reference will help you to produce high-quality Ajax architectures, streamline web application performance, and improve the userexperience. Michael Mahemoff holds a PhD in Computer Science and Software Engineering from the University of Melbourne, where his thesis was "Design Reuse in Software Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction." He lives in London and consults on software development issues in banking, health care, and logistics. "Michael Mahemoff's Ajax Design Patterns is a truly comprehensive compendium of webapplication design expertise, centered around but not limited to Ajax techniques. Polished nuggets of design wisdom are supported by tutorials and real-world code examples resulting in a book thatserves not only as an intermediate to expert handbook but also as an extensive reference for building rich interactive web applications." --Brent Ashley, remote scripting pioneer

Types and Programming Languages

Author: Benjamin C. Pierce

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262162098

Category: Computers

Page: 623

View: 1841

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A comprehensive introduction to type systems and programming languages.