Metaphysics and Epistemology

A Guided Anthology

Author: Stephen Hetherington

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118660463

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 4476

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Metaphysics and Epistemology: A Guided Anthology presents a comprehensive introductory overview of key themes, thinkers, and texts in metaphysics and epistemology. Presents a wide-ranging collection of carefully excerpted readings on metaphysics and epistemology Blends classic and contemporary works to reveal the historical development and present directions in the fields of metaphysics and epistemology Provides succinct, insightful commentary to introduce the essence of each selection at the beginning of chapters which also serve to inter-link the selected writings

Philosophy of Action

An Anthology

Author: Jonathan Dancy,Constantine Sandis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118604512

Category: Philosophy

Page: 405

View: 390

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This is the best conspectus of the philosophy of action since 1945 I have seen: an excellent selection of articles, nicely organized, with concise and reliable introductions that guide the reader deftly through each topic.” John Hyman, The Queen’s College, Oxford, UK “Philosophy of Action: An Anthology offers the reader thirty-seven of the best previously published papers on action in the last half-century or so. It is far more comprehensive than earlier collections and has minimal overlap with them. Each of the six parts commences with a helpful overview by the editors of the issues and problems that arise in the papers. They skillfully set the stage for the papers that follow. The collection will not only become first choice as the text for courses in the Philosophy of Action, but will be of great use to the professional philosopher of action, who will have these papers collected in one convenient place for the first time.” David-Hillel Ruben, University of London, UK Philosophy of Action: An Anthology brings together a selection of the most influential classic and contemporary essays on the subject by leading scholars, from the 1960s to the present day. In creating a unique collection of essays on the subject, the book answers a pressing need for an anthology in which many voices contribute to offer an introductory and unprecedented survey of the field. The essays, arranged thematically and accompanied by expert introductions written by the editors, cover action and agency, volition and causation, intention and intentional action, reasons and motivation, the explanation of action, and responsibility and free agency. Edited by leading scholars in philosophy, both highly regarded for their work in the area, this is an invaluable resource for teaching upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in the philosophy of action, and as a general reference volume of seminal papers on the subject.

Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art

The Analytic Tradition, An Anthology

Author: Peter Lamarque,Stein Haugom Olsen

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1119222443

Category: Philosophy

Page: 744

View: 1588

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For over fifty years, philosophers working within the broader remit of analytic philosophy have developed and refined a substantial body of work in aesthetics and the philosophy of art, curating a core foundation of scholarship which offers rigor and clarity on matters of profound and perennial interest relating to art and all forms of aesthetic appreciation. Now in its second edition and thoroughly revised, Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art—The Analytic Tradition: An Anthology captures this legacy in a comprehensive introduction to the core philosophical questions and conversations in aesthetics. Through 57 key essays selected by leading scholars Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen, this anthology collects modern classics as well as new contributions on essential topics such as the identification and ontology of art, interpretation, values of art, art and knowledge, and fiction and the imagination. New to this edition are selections which treat aesthetic experience more widely, including essays on the aesthetics of nature and aesthetics in everyday life. Other carefully-chosen pieces analyze the practice and experience of specific art forms in greater detail, including painting, photography, film, literature, music, and popular art such as comics. This bestselling collection is an essential resource for students and scholars of aesthetics, designed to foster a foundational understanding of both long-standing and contemporary topics in the field.

Metaphysics

Contemporary Readings

Author: Michael J. Loux

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415261098

Category: Philosophy

Page: 555

View: 4009

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This comprehensive anthology of classic and contemporary readings by leading philosophers complements the second edition of Michael Loux's Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 2001).

Quintessence

Basic Readings from the Philosophy of W.V. Quine

Author: Willard Van Orman Quine,Roger F. Gibson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674010482

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 5054

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Through the first half of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy was dominated by Russell, Wittgenstein, and Carnap. Influenced by Russell and especially by Carnap, another towering figure, Willard Van Orman Quine (1908âe"2000) emerged as the most important proponent of analytic philosophy during the second half of the century. Yet with twenty-three books and countless articles to his creditâe"including, most famously, Word and Object and "Two Dogmas of Empiricism"âe"Quine remained a philosopher's philosopher, largely unknown to the general public. Quintessence for the first time collects Quine's classic essays (such as "Two Dogmas" and "On What There Is") in one volumeâe"and thus offers readers a much-needed introduction to his general philosophy. Divided into six parts, the thirty-five selections take up analyticity and reductionism; the indeterminacy of translation of theoretical sentences and the inscrutability of reference; ontology; naturalized epistemology; philosophy of mind; and extensionalism. Representative of Quine at his best, these readings are fundamental not only to an appreciation of the philosopher and his work, but also to an understanding of the philosophical tradition that he so materially advanced.

Epistemology

The Big Questions

Author: Linda Martín Alcoff

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631205807

Category: Philosophy

Page: 460

View: 4273

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As well as including the classic papers from the history of epistemology, this distinctive, wide-ranging anthology provides essential coverage of key contemporary challenges to that tradition.

Epistemology

Author: Ernest Sosa

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883059

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6029

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In this concise book, one of the world's leading epistemologists provides a sophisticated, revisionist introduction to the problem of knowledge in Western philosophy. Modern and contemporary accounts of epistemology tend to focus on limited questions of knowledge and skepticism, such as how we can know the external world, other minds, the past through memory, the future through induction, or the world’s depth and structure through inference. This book steps back for a better view of the more general issues posed by the ancient Greek Pyrrhonists. Returning to and illuminating this older, broader epistemological tradition, Ernest Sosa develops an original account of the subject, giving it substance not with Cartesian theology but with science and common sense. Descartes is a part of this ancient tradition, but he goes beyond it by considering not just whether knowledge is possible at all but also how we can properly attain it. In Cartesian epistemology, Sosa finds a virtue-theoretic account, one that he extends beyond the Cartesian context. Once epistemology is viewed in this light, many of its problems can be solved or fall away. The result is an important reevaluation of epistemology that will be essential reading for students and teachers.

Metaphysics

An Anthology

Author: Jaegwon Kim,Daniel Z. Korman,Ernest Sosa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781444331028

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 1969

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Thoroughly updated, the second edition of this highly successful textbook continues to represent the most comprehensive and authoritative collection of canonical readings in metaphysics. In addition to updated material from the first edition, it presents entirely new sections on ontology and the metaphysics of material objects. One of the most comprehensive and authoritative metaphysics anthologies available – now updated and expanded Offers the most important contemporary works on the central issues of metaphysics Includes new sections on ontology and the metaphysics of material objects, as well as readings on the topics of fictionalism, fundamentality, tropes, vague identity, temporary intrinsics, stage theory, and composition Surpasses other anthologies in its combination of contributions from leading metaphysicians and a younger generation of "rising-stars"

Phenomenological Epistemology

Author: Henry Pietersma

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195351149

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8175

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This work offers a provocative new historical and systematic interpretation of the epistemological doctrines of three twentieth-century giants: Husserl, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty. Pietersma argues that these three philosophers, while connected by their phenomenological doctrines, have underappreciated and interestingly-linked views on the theory of knowledge.

Metaphysics

The Fundamentals

Author: Robert C. Koons,Timothy Pickavance

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405195746

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 8941

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Understanding Ignorance

The Surprising Impact of What We Don't Know

Author: Daniel R. DeNicola

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262341042

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 3474

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Ignorance is trending. Politicians boast, "I'm not a scientist." Angry citizens object to a proposed state motto because it is in Latin, and "This is America, not Mexico or Latin America." Lack of experience, not expertise, becomes a credential. Fake news and repeated falsehoods are accepted and shape firm belief. Ignorance about American government and history is so alarming that the ideal of an informed citizenry now seems quaint. Conspiracy theories and false knowledge thrive. This may be the Information Age, but we do not seem to be well informed. In this book, philosopher Daniel DeNicola explores ignorance -- its abundance, its endurance, and its consequences. DeNicola aims to understand ignorance, which seems at first paradoxical. How can the unknown become known -- and still be unknown? But he argues that ignorance is more than a lack or a void, and that it has dynamic and complex interactions with knowledge. Taking a broadly philosophical approach, DeNicola examines many forms of ignorance, using the metaphors of ignorance as place, boundary, limit, and horizon. He treats willful ignorance and describes the culture in which ignorance becomes an ideological stance. He discusses the ethics of ignorance, including the right not to know, considers the supposed virtues of ignorance, and concludes that there are situations in which ignorance is morally good. Ignorance is neither pure nor simple. It is both an accusation and a defense ("You are ignorant!" "Yes, but I didn't know!"). Its practical effects range from the inconsequential to the momentous. It is a scourge, but, DeNicola argues daringly, it may also be a refuge, a value, even an accompaniment to virtue.

Early Buddhist Metaphysics

The Making of a Philosophical Tradition

Author: Noa Ronkin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134283121

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 613

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Early Buddhist Metaphysics provides a philosophical account of the major doctrinal shift in the history of early Theravada tradition in India: the transition from the earliest stratum of Buddhist thought to the systematic and allegedly scholastic philosophy of the Pali Abhidhamma movement. Entwining comparative philosophy and Buddhology, the author probes the Abhidhamma's metaphysical transition in terms of the Aristotelian tradition and vis-à-vis modern philosophy, exploits Western philosophical literature from Plato to contemporary texts in the fields of philosophy of mind and cultural criticism.

Reading Epistemology

Selected Texts with Interactive Commentary

Author: Sven Bernecker

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405127635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 6005

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Designed for readers who have had little or no exposure to contemporary theory of knowledge, Reading Epistemology brings together twelve important and influential writings on the subject. Presents twelve influential pieces of writing representing two contrasting views on each of six core topics in epistemology. Each chapter contains an introduction to the topic, introductions to the authors, extensive commentaries on the texts, questions for debate and an annotated bibliography. Includes writings from Robert Nozick, Ernest Sosa, Laurence BonJour, and Fred Dretske. Encourages readers to engage with the texts and to think for themselves.

The Moral Life

An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature

Author: Louis P. Pojman,Lewis Vaughn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199950850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 932

View: 542

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Brings together an extensive and varied collection of ninety-one classical and contemporary readings on ethical theory and practice. Integrating literature with philosophy in an innovative way, this anthology uses literary works to enliven and make concrete the ethical theory or applied issues addressed

Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge

On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Author: Stephen Hetherington

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191588989

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 3539

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What is knowledge? How hard is it for a person to have knowledge? Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge confronts contemporary philosophical attempts to answer those classic questions, by identifying and arguing against two fundamental epistemological presumptions. Can there be both better and worse knowledge of some fact? Can you improve your knowledge of a particular fact? Can there be especially bad knowledge of a specific fact? Epistemologists routinely answer these questions with a resounding 'No'. But Stephen Hetherington argues that those standard answers are mistaken. The result is a theory of knowledge that is unique in conceiving of knowledge in a non-absolutist way. The theory offers new solutions to many traditional epistemological puzzles, including various kinds of scepticism, the Gettier challenge, and the problem of the criterion. It also offers a fresh way of using G. E. Moore's anti-sceptical gambit, along with reinterpretations of the epistemic roles of fallibility, luck, relevance, and dogmatism. And what can we know about knowledge? The role of intuition in shaping epistemological thought about knowledge is critically examined. Anyone working on epistemology will enjoy this original and challenging work.

An Introduction to Africana Philosophy

Author: Lewis R. Gordon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471961

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 919

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In this undergraduate textbook Lewis R. Gordon offers the first comprehensive treatment of Africana philosophy, beginning with the emergence of an Africana (i.e. African diasporic) consciousness in the Afro-Arabic world of the Middle Ages. He argues that much of modern thought emerged out of early conflicts between Islam and Christianity that culminated in the expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula, and from the subsequent expansion of racism, enslavement, and colonialism which in their turn stimulated reflections on reason, liberation, and the meaning of being human. His book takes the student reader on a journey from Africa through Europe, North and South America, the Caribbean, and back to Africa, as he explores the challenges posed to our understanding of knowledge and freedom today, and the response to them which can be found within Africana philosophy.

Contemporary Anarchist Studies

An Introductory Anthology of Anarchy in the Academy

Author: Randall Amster,Abraham DeLeon,Luis Fernandez,Anthony J. Nocella, II,Deric Shannon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134026439

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 9537

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This volume of collected essays by some of the most prominent academics studying anarchism bridges the gap between anarchist activism on the streets and anarchist theory in the academy. Focusing on anarchist theory, pedagogy, methodologies, praxis, and the future, this edition will strike a chord for anyone interested in radical social change. This interdisciplinary work highlights connections between anarchism and other perspectives such as feminism, queer theory, critical race theory, disability studies, post-modernism and post-structuralism, animal liberation, and environmental justice. Featuring original articles, this volume brings together a wide variety of anarchist voices whilst stressing anarchism's tradition of dissent. This book is a must buy for the critical teacher, student, and activist interested in the state of the art of anarchism studies.

Orientalism and Religion

Post-Colonial Theory, India and "The Mystic East"

Author: Richard King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134632347

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 6765

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Orientalism and Religion offers us a timely discussion of the implications of contemporary post-colonial theory for the study of religion. Richard King examines the way in which notions such as mysticism, religion, Hinduism and Buddhism are taken for granted. He shows us how religion needs to be reinterpreted along the lines of cultural studies. Drawing on a variety of post-structuralist and post-colonial thinkers, such as Foucault, Gadamer, Said, and Spivak, King provides us with a challenging series of reflections on the nature of Religious Studies and Indology.