Methods in Karst Hydrogeology

IAH: International Contributions to Hydrogeology, 26

Author: Nico Goldscheider,David Drew

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482266024

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 4377

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The importance of investigating karstified aquifers lies in their significance as a major source of drinking water. This book describes methods that are basic to all hydrogeological studies, such as hydraulic investigations, hydrochemistry, geophysics, isotope chemistry and modelling, but with the emphasis placed on their application to karst systems. Other techniques are specific to the karst environment, such as the speleological exploration of aquifers and water tracing. The various chapters of this book are written by experts in different methods. Most of the chapters are multi-authored, and the authors include hydrogeologists who are experienced in evaluating a variety of karst environments and who together, provide a comprehensive review of karst methods.

Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology

Author: Derek Ford,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118684990

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 6240

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Originally published in 1989, Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology became the leading textbook on karst studies. This new textbook has been substantially revised and updated. The first half of the book is a systematic presentation of the dissolution kinetics, chemical equilibria and physical flow laws relating to karst environments. It includes details of the many environmental factors that complicate their chemical evolution, with a critique of measurement of karst erosion rates. The second half of the book looks at the classification system for cave systems and the influence of climate and climatic change on karst development. The book ends with chapters on karst water resource management and a look at the important issues of environmental management, including environmental impact assessment, environmental rehabilitation, tourism impacts and conservation values. Practical application of karst studies are explained throughout the text. "This new edition strengthens the book's position as the essential reference in the field. Karst geoscientists will not dare to stray beyond arm's reach of this volume. It is certain to remain the professional standard for many decades." Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, August 2007

Karst Aquifers - Characterization and Engineering

Author: Zoran Stevanović

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319128507

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 885

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This practical training guidebook makes an important contribution to karst hydrogeology. It presents supporting material for academic courses worldwide that include this and similar topics. It is an excellent sourcebook for students and other attendees of the International Karst School: Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers, which opened in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2014 and which will be organized every year in early summer. As opposed to more theoretical works, this is a catalog of possible engineering interventions in karst and their implications. Although the majority of readers will be professionals with geology/hydrogeology backgrounds, the language is not purely technical making it accessible to a wider audience. This means that the methodology, case studies and experiences presented will also benefit water managers working in karst environments.

Groundwater Hydrology of Springs

Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability

Author: Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080949451

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 8134

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Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability

Water Resources Engineering in Karst

Author: Petar Milanovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203499443

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 4471

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A definitive guide, this book focuses on the design and construction of water infrastructure projects within karst formations and provides engineering approaches for preventing and mitigating their environmental problems. It features 200 figures, investigative techniques, practical design solutions, case studies with failure analysis, criteria proposals for groundwater protection zoning, and an extensive review of the unique hydrogeological dynamics. The author presents a wealth of data collected during his role as investigating and designing hydrogeologist on karst projects. He gives readers a better understanding of the challenges involved in engineering and construction in karst formations.

Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology

TraM'2000 ; Proceedings of TraM'2000, the International Conference on Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology Held at Liège, Belgium, in May 2000

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502213

Category: Groundwater flow

Page: 571

View: 5870

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Hydrogeological and Environmental Investigations in Karst Systems

Author: Bartolomé Andreo,Francisco Carrasco,Juan José Durán,Pablo Jiménez,James LaMoreaux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642174353

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 7870

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WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT provides a detailed introduction to the full range of advanced, multidisciplinary techniques used in the study of water resources from understanding individual aquifers to the protection and management of water in a sustainable way, compatible with the preservation of the environment. Based on a masters course from UNESCO’s International Hydrological Program, this textbook is accompanied by color figures and graphics, illustrating clearly the content of the text and showing real examples from the field. Each chapter also contains a list of exercises and practical activities as well as case studies.

Water in Karst

Management, Vulnerability, and Restoration

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071753346

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 5696

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A complete guide to the management and restoration of water in karst environments Written by the co-chair of the Karst Commission of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, this book addresses the unique challenges related to the characterization, management, and protection of karst aquifers, which are present on all continents and numerous oceanic islands. Water in Karst describes karst hydrogeology and hydrology, surface water–groundwater interactions, site investigation, data collection, delineation of drainage areas, groundwater extraction, regulatory issues, and water vulnerability and restoration. Predictive modeling methods and solutions to resource contamination and overexploitation are included. Photos, diagrams, and an eight-page color insert illustrate the concepts presented in this practical, comprehensive reference. WATER IN KARST COVERS: Karst aquifers Flow measurements and analysis Drainage areas in karst General principles of water management Regulations and education Predictive models Floods, droughts, and climate change Groundwater extraction Engineering regulation of karst aquifers and springs Vulnerability of water in karst Restoration of water in karst

Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 3604

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology

Author: Jacques Mudry,Francois Zwahlen,Catherine Bertrand,James W. LaMoreaux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319061399

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 430

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Chapters in this book are contributions from the 9th Conference on limestone hydrogeology, organized in Besançon in September 2011 selected by the scientific committee of H2Karst.The book presents latest results on in the field of groundwater flow and storage within the different subsystems of karst aquifers; insights into the complex interaction between groundwater and surface water in karst areas by a multidisciplinary approach; current knowledge on contamination problems and contaminant transport in karst aquifers as well as an overview of karst hydrogeology in different contexts around the world.

Karst Hydrology

Concepts from the Mammoth Cave Area

Author: W.B. White,E.L. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461573173

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 2822

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This volume has its roots in the distant past of more than 20 years ago, the International Hydrologic Decade (IHD), 1964-1974. One of the stated goals of the IHD was to promote research into groundwater situations for which the state of knowledge was hopelessly inadequate. One of these problem areas was the hydrology of carbonate terrains. Position papers published early in the IHD emphasized the special problems of karst; carbonate terrains were supposed to receive a substantial amount of attention during the IHD. There were indeed many new contributions from European colleagues but, unfortunately, in the United States the good intentions were not backed up by much in the way of federal funding. Some good and interesting work was published, particularly by the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS), but in the academic community the subject languished. About this same time the Cave Research Foundation (CRF), organized in 1957 to promote the systematic exploration, survey, and scientific study of the great cave systems of Mammoth Cave National Park, was casting about for a broader scope for its research activities. Up until that time, CRF research had been largely restricted to detailed mineralogical and geological investigations within the caves, with the main part of the effort concentrated on exploration and survey. The decision to investigate the hydrology required a certain enlargement of vision because investigators then had to consider the entire karst drainage basin rather than isolated fragments of cave passage.

EuroKarst 2016, Neuchâtel

Advances in the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs

Author: Philippe Renard,Catherine Bertrand

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331945465X

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 1886

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This book presents the latest advances in the field of karst hydrogeology and carbonate reservoirs. These include, but are not limited to: geomorphology of karst, flow and solute transport in karst; innovative metrology; modelling; speleogenesis and geology of carbonate reservoirs; deep reservoir exploration and production; water management and protection in karst environments; contaminant migration and chemical behavior; hydrochemistry and regional aquifer studies. EuroKarst offers a platform for professional exchanges between field practitioners and academic researchers. It is the European biennial conference on the hydrogeology of karst and carbonate reservoirs. It is organized every two years by the Universities of Neuchâtel (Switzerland), Besançon (France), and Malaga (Spain).

Electrical Methods in Geophysical Exploration of Deep Sedimentary Basins

Author: S.H. Yungul

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0412737108

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 8798

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This book provides a broad introduction to electrical methods, with particular emphasis on concepts, methods, exploration strategy and interpretation. The book is designed to be used by non-specialists, and complex mathematical derivations and details of rapidly changing subjects such as instrumentation and data processing are deliberately kept to a minimum.

Aquifer Characterization Techniques

Schlumberger Methods in Water Resources Evaluation Series

Author: Robert G. Maliva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319321374

Category: Science

Page: 617

View: 5988

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This book presents an overview of techniques that are available to characterize sedimentary aquifers. Groundwater flow and solute transport are strongly affected by aquifer heterogeneity. Improved aquifer characterization can allow for a better conceptual understanding of aquifer systems, which can lead to more accurate groundwater models and successful water management solutions, such as contaminant remediation and managed aquifer recharge systems. This book has an applied perspective in that it considers the practicality of techniques for actual groundwater management and development projects in terms of costs, technical resources and expertise required, and investigation time. A discussion of the geological causes, types, and scales of aquifer heterogeneity is first provided. Aquifer characterization methods are then discussed, followed by chapters on data upscaling, groundwater modelling, and geostatistics. This book is a must for every practitioner, graduate student, or researcher dealing with aquifer characterization .

Tracers in Hydrology

Author: Christian Leibundgut,Piotr Maloszewski,Christoph K?lls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965012

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9817

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Tracers in Hydrology and Water Research is a comprehensive overview of the application of natural and artificial tracers in hydrology and environmental research. Taking a unique approach by providing the reader with a systematic and state of the art description of natural and artificial tracers, the book also covers key analytical techniques and applications, and modern tracer methods in the context of systematic hydrology. Tracers have become a primary tool for process investigation, qualitative and quantitative system analysis and integrated resource management. This book will outline the fundamentals of the subject, and examine the latest research findings, clearly showing the entire process of tracer application through the inclusion of numerous integrated case studies. As many techniques derive from different scientific disciplines (chemistry, biology, physics), the effort of compilation and integration into modern hydrology and environmental science research and application requires substantial continuity and experience, which certifies this group of authors. This book will be an invaluable reference not only for students and researchers within the field of Hydrology and Hydrogeology but also for engineers and other tracer techniques applying users.