Mexico's Uneven Development

The Geographical and Historical Context of Inequality

Author: Oscar J. Martinez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317555635

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 2303

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Mexico and the United States may be neighbors, but their economies offer stark contrasts. In Mexico’s Uneven Development: The Geographical and Historical Context of Inequality, Oscar J. Martínez explores Mexico’s history to explain why Mexico remains less developed than the United States. Weaving in stories from his own experiences growing up along the U.S.-Mexico border, Martínez shows how the foundational factors of external relations, the natural environment, the structures of production and governance, natural resources, and population dynamics have all played roles in shaping the Mexican economy. This interesting and thought-provoking study clearly and convincingly explains the issues that affect Mexico's underdevelopment. It will prove invaluable to anyone studying Mexico’s past or interested in its future.

Revolution and State in Modern Mexico

The Political Economy of Uneven Development

Author: Adam David Morton

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442229454

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 9418

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Now in an updated edition, this groundbreaking study develops a new approach to understanding the formation of the postrevolutionary state in Mexico. Adam David Morton links the rise and demise of the modern Mexican state to ongoing forms of class struggle that have shaped and restructured state and civil society. He thus sheds valuable interdisciplinary light on debates on state formation by recovering radical tools of analysis, such as uneven development and class struggle, for the wider study of past and present politics in Mexico and, more broadly, Latin America. A substantive new epilogue engages the main theoretical debates that have emerged since the book was first published while also exploring the dominant geographies of power and resistance that are shaping state space in Mexico in the twenty-first century.

Free Trade and Uneven Development

The North American Apparel Industry After NAFTA

Author: Gary Gereffi,David Spener,Jennifer Bair

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439901144

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 369

View: 740

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How NAFTA has reshaped the production of clothing in North America.

Masculinities and Femininities in Latin America’s Uneven Development

Author: Susan Paulson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317548930

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 9291

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This book forges a new approach to historical and geographical change by asking how gender arrangements and dynamics influence the evolution of institutions and environments. This new theoretical approach is applied via mixed methods and a multi-scale framework to bring together unusually diverse phenomena. Regional trends demonstrated with quantitative data include the massive incorporation of women into paid work, demographic masculinization of the countryside and feminization of cities, rapidly increasing gaps that favor women over men in education and life expectancy, and extraordinarily high levels of violence against men. Case studies in Mexico, Chile and Bolivia explore changes influenced by gender practices and expectations that involve men in different ways than women; they also highlight dissimilarities and power relations between differently positioned masculine groups. Ethnographic studies of culturally diverse arrangements, together with particular attention to subordinate versus dominant masculinities, complicate the gender binaries that circumscribe so much research and policy. Drawing attention to imbalances and conflicts generated by inappropriate models and uneven developments, the book points to opportunities for experimenting with and adapting the sociocultural institutions that govern relations among humans and between humans and their environment.

Inequality and Uneven Development in the Post-Crisis World

Author: Sebastiano Fadda,Pasquale Tridico

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315388804

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 2653

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In the years following the financial crash, two issues have become central to the debate in economics: inequality and the uneven nature of sustainable development. These two issues are at the core of this book which aims to explain three key questions: why inequality has increased so much in the last three decades; why most advanced economies are stagnating or are experiencing moderate economic growth; and why, even where economic growth is occurring, the quality of that growth is questioned. Inequality and Uneven Development in the Post-Crisis World is divided into three parts. The first part concerns the theoretical aspects of inequality, and ethical issues regarding economics and equality. The second part explores empirical evidence and policy suggestions drawing on the uneven levels of development and unprecedented levels of inequality experienced among advanced economies in the context of global financial capitalism. The third part focuses on sustainable development issues such as full employment, social costs of global trade liberalization, environmental sustainability and ecological issues. Along with inequality these issues are central for capitalism and for economic development. This volume is of interest to those who study political economy, sustainable development and social inequality.

Global Displacements

The Making of Uneven Development in the Caribbean

Author: Marion Werner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118941993

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 9866

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Challenging the main ways we debate globalization, Global Displacements reveals how uneven geographies of capitalist development shape and are shaped by the aspirations and everyday struggles of people in the global South. Makes an original contribution to the study of globalization by bringing together critical development and feminist theoretical approaches Opens up new avenues for the analysis of global production as a long–term development strategy Contributes novel theoretical insights drawn from the everyday experiences of disinvestment and precarious work on people s lives and their communities Represents the first analysis of increasing uneven development among countries in the Caribbean Calls for more rigorous studies of long accepted notions of the geographies of inequality and poverty in the global South

Transnational Corporations and Uneven Development (RLE International Business)

The Internationalization of Capital and the Third World

Author: Rhys Jenkins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135133026

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 4

View: 6101

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Is the transnational coporation (TNC) an engine of growth capable of eliminating international economic inequalities or a major obstacle to development through a massive drain of surplus to advanced countries? This book presents five different perspectives on the role of TNCs: Neo-Classical Global Reach Neo-Imperialist Neo-Fundamentalist Internationalization of capital The author looks at their effect on local labour and capital, and considers the future prospects for TNC involvement in the Third World. The book provides an excellent comparative analysis of TNCs and will appeal to students in development studies and international economics.

Global gentrifications

Uneven development and displacement

Author: Lees, Loretta,Shin, Hyun Bang

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447323351

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 397

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Under contemporary capitalism the extraction of value from the built environment has escalated, working in tandem with other urban processes to lay the foundations for the exploitative processes of gentrification world-wide. Global gentrifications: Uneven development and displacement critically assesses and tests the meaning and significance of gentrification in places outside the ‘usual suspects’ of the Global North. Informed by a rich array of case studies from cities in Asia, Latin America, Africa, Southern Europe, and beyond, the book (re)discovers the important generalities and geographical specificities associated with the uneven process of gentrification globally. It highlights intensifying global struggles over urban space and underlines gentrification as a growing and important battleground in the contemporary world. The book will be of value to students and academics, policy makers, planners and community organisations.

Combined and Uneven Development

Towards a New Theory of World-literature

Author: WReC (Warwick Research Collective),Sharae Deckard,Nicholas Lawrence,Neil Lazarus,Upamanyu Pablo Mukherjee,Graeme- Macdonald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1781381895

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 196

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The ambition of this book is to resituate the problem of 'world literature', considered as a revived category of theoretical enquiry, by pursuing the literary-cultural implications of the theory of combined and uneven development. This theory has a long pedigree in the social sciences, where it continues to stimulate debate. But its implications for cultural analysis have received less attention, even though the theory might be said to draw attention to a central -perhaps the central - arc or trajectory of modern(ist) production in literature and the other arts worldwide. It is in the conjuncture of combined and uneven development, on the one hand, and the recently interrogated and expanded categories of 'world literature' and 'modernism', on the other, that this book looks for its specific contours. In the two theoretical chapters that frame the book, the authors argue for a single, but radically uneven world-system; a singular modernity, combined and uneven; and a literature that variously registers this combined unevenness in both its form and content to reveal itself as, properly speaking, world-literature. In the four substantive chapters that then follow, the authors explore a selection of modern-era fictions in which the potential of their method of comparativism seems to be most dramatically highlighted. They treat the novel paradigmatically, not exemplarily, as a literary form in which combined and uneven development is manifested with particular salience, due in no small part to its fundamental association with the rise of capitalism and its status in peripheral and semi-peripheral societies as a 'modernising' import. The peculiar plasticity and hybridity of the novel form enables it to incorporate not only multiple literary levels, genres and modes, but also other non-literary and archaic cultural forms - so that, for example, realist elements might be mixed with more experimental modes of narration, or older literary devices might be reactivated in juxtaposition with more contemporary frames.

The Politics of Combined and Uneven Development

The Theory of Permanent Revolution

Author: Michael Löwy

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608460681

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 8766

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Drawing on the prescient insights of Leon Trotsky, Michael Löwy shows how modern economic development across continents can only be understood as a process of ferocious change, in which social formations fuse, come into tension and collide. The resulting ruptures make it possible for the oppressed and exploited to change the world. Author Michael Löwy is the author of many books, including The Theory of Revolution in the Young Marx (Haymarket).

Understanding Commodity Cultures

Explorations in Economic Anthropology with Case Studies from Mexico

Author: Scott Cook

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742534919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 3262

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This book explores how lived experience is informed by and shapes the diversifying funds of knowledge that enable people under economic stress to make culturally-informed choices in their material interest. By selectively reviewing the economic anthropological record and critically examining specific studies in several of Mexico's (and Guatemala's) key regions, as well as the U.S.-Mexico borderlands and the new trans-border space in the U.S. and Canada for Mexican migrant labor, the author encourages readers to critically rethink their views of economic otherness in Mexico (and, by extension, elsewhere in Latin America and the Third World), and presents a new framework for reconciling the continuing attraction of concepts like 'penny capitalism' with the realities of a world ever more subjected to continental and global market projects of 'Dollar Capitalism'. Visit our website for sample chapters!

From Liberal to Revolutionary Oaxaca

The View from the South, Mexico 1867-1911

Author: Francie R. Chassen-López

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046792

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7451

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From Liberal to Revolutionary Oaxaca aims at finally setting Mexican history free of stereotypes about the southern state of Oaxaca, long portrayed as a traditional and backward society resistant to the forces of modernization and marginal to the Revolution. Chassen-L&ópez challenges this view of Oaxaca as a negative mirror image of modern Mexico, presenting in its place a much more complex reality. Her analysis of the confrontations between Mexican liberals&’ modernizing projects and Oaxacan society, especially indigenous communal villages, reveals not only conflicts but also growing linkages and dependencies. She portrays them as engaging with and transforming each other in an ongoing process of contestation, negotiation, and compromise.

Stunted Dreams

How the United States Shaped Mexico's Destiny

Author: Oscar J. Martinez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692909317

Category: Mexican-American Border Region

Page: 32

View: 5937

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This booklet explores the role of Mexico's interaction with the United States and assesses the impact of geography on shaping the destiny of the Mexican people. Historically the United States has exerted overwhelming influence over the way that Mexico has developed economically. Most importantly, in the mid-nineteenth century the United States undermined Mexico's long-term development by dispossessing its neighbor of its most valuable lands, imposing a border that has heavily favored U.S. interests, and paving the way for the dominant U.S. economy to compete more closely and more directly with the much weaker Mexican economy. As a result of these events, Mexicans have had to struggle to build their country under the shadow of the powerful United States, not unlike small retailers who try to survive in the face of crushing competition from a Wal-Mart megastore located uncomfortably nearby.

The Fair Trade Scandal

Marketing Poverty to Benefit the Rich

Author: Ndongo Sylla

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821444891

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8268

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This critical account of the fair trade movement explores the vast gap between the rhetoric of fair trade and its practical results for poor countries, particularly those of Africa. In the Global North, fair trade often is described as a revolutionary tool for transforming the lives of millions across the globe. The growth in sales for fair trade products has been dramatic in recent years, but most of the benefit has accrued to the already wealthy merchandisers at the top of the value chain rather than to the poor producers at the bottom. Ndongo Sylla has worked for Fairtrade International and offers an insider’s view of how fair trade improves—or doesn’t—the lot of the world’s poorest. His methodological framework first describes the hypotheses on which the fair trade movement is grounded before going on to examine critically the claims made by its proponents. By distinguishing local impact from global impact, Sylla exposes the inequity built into the system and the resulting misallocation of the fair trade premium paid by consumers. The Fair Trade Scandal is an empirically based critique of both fair trade and traditional free trade; it is the more important for exploring the problems of both from the perspective of the peoples of the Global South, the ostensible beneficiaries of the fair trade system.

History of the Future of Economic Growth

Historical Roots of Current Debates on Sustainable Degrowth

Author: Iris Borowy,Matthias Schmelzer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134866690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 5439

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The future of economic growth is one of the decisive questions of the twenty-first century. Alarmed by declining growth rates in industrialized countries, climate change, and rising socio-economic inequalities, among other challenges, more and more people demand to look for alternatives beyond growth. However, so far these current debates about sustainability, post-growth or degrowth lack a thorough historical perspective. This edited volume brings together original contributions on different aspects of the history of economic growth as a central and near-ubiquitous tenet of developmental strategies. The book addresses the origins and evolution of the growth paradigm from the seventeenth century up to the present day and also looks at sustainable development, sustainable growth, and degrowth as examples of alternative developmental models. By focusing on the mixed legacy of growth, both as a major source of expanded life expectancies and increased comfort, and as a destructive force harming personal livelihoods and threatening entire societies in the future, the editors seek to provide historical depth to the ongoing discussion on suitable principles of present and future global development. History of the Future of Economic Growth is aimed at students and academics in environmental, social, economic and international history, political science, environmental studies, and economics, as well as those interested in ongoing discussions about growth, sustainable development, degrowth, and, more generally, the future.

Spaces of Global Capitalism

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844670659

Category: Political Science

Page: 154

View: 5157

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An essential introduction to the field of historical geography, which offers a radical new way of understanding global capitalism.

Governance after Neoliberalism in Latin America

Author: J. Grugel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230622429

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 5114

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Two decades of neoliberalism in Latin America have left legacies of uneven growth, inequity and lackluster democracy. This book offers an original and grounded discussion of what governance after neoliberalism means in Latin America and examines how states are pursuing more independent development strategies and models of democracy.