Microbicides for the Protection of Materials

A Handbook

Author: W. Paulus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401121184

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 497

View: 4398

This book is chiefly intended for those who are using microbicides for the protection of materials. Another purpose is to inform teachers and students working on biodeterioration and to show today's technical standard to those engaged in R&D activities in the microbicide field. When trying to classify, or to subclassify, material-protecting microbicides according to their mode of action, e.g. as membrane-active and electrophilic active ingredients, it turned out that a clear assignment was not always possible. For that reason the author has resorted to chemistry's principle of classifying according to groups of substances (e.g. alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, amides, etc.), thus providing the first necessary information about the micro bicides' properties. The description of the various groups of substances includes, whenever possible, an outline of the mode and mechanism of action of the active ingredients involved. The effective use of microbicides presupposes knowledge of their character istics. That is why the microbicides' chemico-physical properties, their toxicity, ecotoxicity, effectiveness, and effective spectrum are described in greater detail. As mentioned before, the characteristics of microbicides play an important role. They have to be suited to the intended application to avoid detrimental effects on the properties and the quality of the material to be protected; also production processes in which microbicides are used to avoid disturbances by microbial action must not be disturbed by the presence of those microbicides.

Directory of Microbicides for the Protection of Materials

A Handbook

Author: Wilfried Paulus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402028172

Category: Law

Page: 787

View: 6652

This two-part book combines the insights of world experts on Microbicides with detailed a detailed inventory of Microbicide Data. The combination of the two parts in one book is unique, and has produced the most authoritative information in the field.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

Author: Torben Lund Skovhus,Dennis Enning,Jason S. Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498726607

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 5877

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Microbially influenced corrosion of materials

scientific and engineering aspects

Author: Ewald Heitz,Wolfgang Sand

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540604327

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 4338

Corrosion has been largely considered to be caused only abiotically, without regard of any biological influence. However, corrosion of organic materials, metals, minerals and plastics can be strongly influenced by microorganisms, enhancing the kinetics of the corrosion processes. This book presents case histories, theoretical explanations, and methods for the detection, sanitation and prevention of biologically influenced corrosion.

Quo vadis--Coatings?

Lectures presented at the XXVI FATIPEC Congress, European organization of paint scientists and engineers, held at Dresden, Germany, September 9-11, 2002

Author: Fédération d'associations de techniciens des industries des peintures, vernis, émaux et encres d'imprimerie de l'Europe continentale. Congrès,Hans-Jürgen P. Adler,Fédération d'associations de techniciens des industries des peintures, vernis, émaux et encres d'imprimerie de l'Europe continentale

Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh

ISBN: 9783527304776

Category: Science

Page: 974

View: 7232

The requirements of low cost, high quality and environmental/social compliance are pushing the coatings industry to develop new technologies. When designing a product for a customer, application techniques, film properties and environmental aspects must be taken into consideration from the very beginning. The XXVI FATIPEC congress, held in Dresden, Germany, September 9-11, 2002 addressed the important issues facing the paint industry: Markets & Trends - Higher Speed New Substrates & Pretreatments - More Color & Appearance Advanced Technologies - Better Eco-Efficiency Special Functions - Modern Characterization This volume of Macromolecular Symposia gathers 90 of the presentations from the congress, giving a comprehensive overview of the challenges facing the paint industry and possible solutions; "Quo Vadis-Coatings?" - Coatings-Where to now?

Microbiological Quality Assurance

A Guide Towards Relevance and Reproducibility of Inocula

Author: Michael R.W. Brown,P. Gilbert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849347528

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4723

Microbiological Quality Assurance: A Guide Towards Relevance and Reproducibility of Inocula sheds light on the difficulties of obtaining results in the test tube that will be reproducible and relevant for a wide variety of tests. This book explores the current state of research in this area and troubleshoots the problems that may be encountered in setting up appropriate cultures. The text divides naturally into three sections-growth conditions, post-growth conditions, and applications. This book serves as a valuable resource for clinical microbiologists, pharmacologists, and anyone doing in vitro experiments.

The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare

Author: E. Kuhlmann,E. Annandale

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137295406

Category: Social Science

Page: 535

View: 4141

An authoritative, state-of-the-art collection that brings together key experts to provide an overview of the field. This new paperback edition includes 3 new chapters on human resources and health, end-of-life care and complementary and alternative medicine as well as thorough updates to the introduction and conclusion.

HIV Prevention

A Comprehensive Approach

Author: Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080921297

Category: Medical

Page: 696

View: 7072

HIV/AIDS continues to be the pandemic of our times and there has not been a comprehensive medically based AIDS prevention book published in the last 5 years. It is estimated that 36 to 45 million people including 2-3 million children already are infected worldwide and an additional 4-7 million more are infected each year. There are about 6,000 new infections daily and about 12 million AIDS orphans. People receiving AIDS treatments feel well and have no detectable viral load, but still can infect others. And even when a vaccine is found, it will take many years before it can be administered across the developing world. * Discusses all aspects of AIDS prevention, from epidemiology, molecular immunology and virology to the principles of broad-based public health prevention interventions. * Special focus on the array of interventions that have been proven effective through rigorous study * Identifies new trends in HIV/AID epidemiology and their impact on creating and implementing prevention interventions * Incorporates virology, biology, infectious diseases, vaccinology, microbicides and research methodologies into AIDS prevention

ASHRAE handbook

1991 Heating, ventilating and air-conditioning applications

Author: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

Publisher: Amer Society of Heating


Category: Heat engineering

Page: 682

View: 6193


HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Author: S. S. Abdool Karim,Q. Abdool Karim

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487931

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 1180

This second edition of the book provides up-to-date information on new drugs, new proven HIV prevention interventions, a new chapter on positive prevention, and current HIV epidemiology. This definitive text covers all aspects of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, from basic science to medicine, sociology, economics and politics. It has been written by a highly respected team of South African HIV/AIDS experts and provides a thoroughly researched account of the epidemic in the region.

Handbook of Preservatives

Author: Michael Ash,Irene Ash

Publisher: Synapse Info Resources

ISBN: 1890595667

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 873

View: 3464

This handbook contains comprehensive information on more than 5000 trade names and generic chemicals and materials that are used in a broad range of formulations to prevent the contamination and decomposition of end products. Product degradation can be caused by exposure to oxygen, ozone, bacteria, molds, yeast, mildew, and fungi. The industries that depend on the proper selection of preserving chemicals and materials are diverse and include: plastics, elastomers, construction, paper/pulp, agriculture, textiles, paints and coatings, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, food, beverages.This handbook contains comprehensive information on a variety of preservatives available from major chemical manufacturers and can expedite the material selection process for chemists, formulators and purchasing agents by providing the answers to these questions:? Is the agent capable of inhibiting the detrimental effects of oxygen, ozone, or microbes to the extent necessary?? Is the agent's overall physical and chemical attributes compatible with the product or system being protected?? Can the agent remain stable under storage conditions and for the application requirements?? Is its safety in production and handling acceptable?? Does its level of toxicity meet environmental regulations?? Does it meet cost requirements?

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients

Author: Raymond C. Rowe,Paul J. Sheskey,Marian E. Quinn

Publisher: Amer Pharmacists Assn

ISBN: 9781582121352

Category: Medical

Page: 888

View: 2531

An internationally acclaimed reference work recognized as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources of information on excipients used in pharmaceutical formulation with this new edition providing 340 excipient monographs. Incorporates information on the uses, and chemical and physical properties of excipients systematically collated from a variety of international sources including: pharmacopeias, patents, primary and secondary literature, websites, and manufacturers' data; extensive data provided on the applications, licensing, and safety of excipients; comprehensively cross-referenced and indexed, with many additional excipients described as related substances and an international supplier's directory and detailed information on trade names and specific grades or types of excipients commercially available.

Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Health Research

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547723

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 2058

I. Defining "research" -- II. Issues in study design . -- III. Harm and benefit -- IV. Voluntary informed consent -- V. Standard of care -- VI. Obligations to participants and communities -- VII. Privacy and confidentiality -- VIII. Professional ethics.

Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563885

Category: Medical

Page: 125

View: 5881

Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use reviews the medical eligibility criteria for use of contraception, offering guidance on the safety and use of different methods for women and men with specific characteristics or known medical conditions. The recommendations are based on systematic reviews of available clinical and epidemiological research. It is a companion guideline to Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use. Together, these documents are intended to be used by policy-makers, program managers, and the scientific community to support national programs in the preparation of service delivery guidelines. The fourth edition of this useful resource supersedes previous editions, and has been fully updated and expanded. It includes over 86 new recommendations and 165 updates to recommendations in the previous edition. Guidance for populations with special needs is now provided, and a new annex details evidence on drug interactions from concomitant use of antiretroviral therapies and hormonal contraceptives. To assist users familiar with the third edition, new and updated recommendations are highlighted. Everyone involved in providing family planning services and contraception should have the fourth edition of Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use at hand.