Microcontinuum Field Theories

I. Foundations and Solids

Author: A. Cemal Eringen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461205557

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 2722

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Microcontinuum field theories extend classical field theories to microscopic spaces and short time scales. This volume is concerned with the kinematics of microcontinua. It begins with a discussion of strain, stress tensors, balance laws, and constitutive equations, and then discusses applications of the fundamental ideas to the theory of elasticity. The ideas developed here are important in modeling the fluid or elastic properties of porous media, polymers, liquid crystals, slurries, and composite materials.

Shell-like Structures

Non-classical Theories and Applications

Author: Holm Altenbach,Victor A. Eremeyev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642218552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 750

View: 3466

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In this volume scientists and researchers from industry discuss the new trends in simulation and computing shell-like structures. The focus is put on the following problems: new theories (based on two-dimensional field equations but describing non-classical effects), new constitutive equations (for materials like sandwiches, foams, etc. and which can be combined with the two-dimensional shell equations), complex structures (folded, branching and/or self intersecting shell structures, etc.) and shell-like structures on different scales (for example: nano-tubes) or very thin structures (similar to membranes, but having a compression stiffness). In addition, phase transitions in shells and refined shell thermodynamics are discussed. The chapters of this book are the most exciting contributions presented at the EUROMECH 527 Colloquium “Shell-like structures: Non-classical Theories and Applications” held in Wittenberg, Germany.

Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories

Author: A. Cemal Eringen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387226435

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7624

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Nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body -- rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points -- in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field. Nonlocal field theory extends classical field theory by describing the responses of points within the medium by functionals rather than functions (the "constitutive relations" of classical field theory). Such considerations are already well known in solid-state physics, where the nonlocal interactions between the atoms are prevalent in determining the properties of the material. The tools developed for crystalline materials, however, do not lend themselves to analyzing amorphous materials, or materials in which imperfections are a major part of the structure. Nonlocal continuum theories, by contrast, can describe these materials faithfully at scales down to the lattice parameter. This book presents a unified approach to field theories for elastic solids, viscous fluids, and heat-conducting electromagnetic solids and fluids that include nonlocal effects in both space and time (memory effects). The solutions to the field equations agree remarkably well with atomic theories and experimental observations.

Giants of Engineering Science

Author: O. Anwar Bég

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1899293523

Category: Engineers

Page: 110

View: 984

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Giants of Engineering Science is a biographical monograph examining the life and works of ten of the world’s leading engineering scientists.

Mechanics of Generalized Continua

One Hundred Years After the Cosserats

Author: Gérard A. Maugin,Andrei V. Metrikine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441956956

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

View: 3505

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In their 1909 publication Théorie des corps déformables, Eugène and François Cosserat made a historic contribution to materials science by establishing the fundamental principles of the mechanics of generalized continua. The chapters collected in this volume showcase the many areas of continuum mechanics that grew out of the foundational work of the Cosserat brothers. The included contributions provide a detailed survey of the most recent theoretical developments in the field of generalized continuum mechanics and can serve as a useful reference for graduate students and researchers in mechanical engineering, materials science, applied physics and applied mathematics.

III European Conference on Computational Mechanics

Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering: Book of Abstracts

Author: C. A. Mota Soares,J.A.C. Martins,H.C. Rodrigues,Jorge A.C. Ambrosio,C.A.B. Pina,C.M. Mota Soares,E.B.R. Pereira,J. Folgado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402053703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 788

View: 1799

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III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problem in Engineering Computational Mechanics in Solid, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering is today a mature science with applications to major industrial projects. This book contains the edited version of the Abstracts of Plenary and Keynote Lectures and Papers, and a companion CD-ROM with the full-length papers, presented at the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering (ECCM-2006), held in the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal 5th - 8th June 2006. The book reflects the state-of-art of Computation Mechanics in Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering and it includes contributions by the world most active researchers in this field.

Adhesion

Current Research and Applications

Author: Wulff Possart

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527312634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 5669

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Emphasizing the most recent developments this book addresses both the basic and applied aspects of adhesion. The authors present the latest results on fundamental aspects, adhesion in biology, chemistry for adhesive formulation, surface chemistry and the pretreatment of adherends, mechanical issues, non-destructive testing and the durability of adhesive joints, as well as advanced technical applications of adhesive joints. Prominent scientists review the current level of knowledge concerning the role of chemical bonds in adhesion, new resins and nanocomposites for adhesives, and about the role played by macromolecular architecture in the properties of hot melt and pressure sensitive adhesives. Written by 34 acknowledged experts from academic and industrial research facilities, this is a valuable source of information for chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers, as well as graduate students interested in fundamental and practical adhesion.

Technical proceddings of the second International Conference on Computational Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Author: Michael Laudon

Publisher: Computational Pubns

ISBN: 9780970827562

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 503

View: 6739

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The worlds most comprehensive and up-to-date collection of Nanotechnology and Nanoscience technical papers. Technical Proceedings of the Nanotech 2002 and the International Conference on Computational Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Nanotech Vol. 1: Sequence and Biological Structure, Computer Aided Drug Design, Biological Conduction Processes, Biotechnology, Micro and Nano Fluidic Systems, Soft Condensed Matter, Extedned-Scale Atomistics, Quantum Effects, Quantum Devices, Spintronics, Mechanical Properties at the Nanoscale, Molecular and Nano Electronics, Condensed Matter Phenomena, Process Modeling, Nanotechnology, Materials and Nanostructures Studies, Nano Particles and Molecules. Papers taken from the 2002 Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, San Juan, Puerto Rico, April. 2002.

Differential Geometry and Continuum Mechanics

Author: Gui-Qiang G. Chen,Michael Grinfeld,R. J. Knops

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331918573X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 387

View: 7884

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This book examines the exciting interface between differential geometry and continuum mechanics, now recognised as being of increasing technological significance. Topics discussed include isometric embeddings in differential geometry and the relation with microstructure in nonlinear elasticity, the use of manifolds in the description of microstructure in continuum mechanics, experimental measurement of microstructure, defects, dislocations, surface energies, and nematic liquid crystals. Compensated compactness in partial differential equations is also treated. The volume is intended for specialists and non-specialists in pure and applied geometry, continuum mechanics, theoretical physics, materials and engineering sciences, and partial differential equations. It will also be of interest to postdoctoral scientists and advanced postgraduate research students. These proceedings include revised written versions of the majority of papers presented by leading experts at the ICMS Edinburgh Workshop on Differential Geometry and Continuum Mechanics held in June 2013. All papers have been peer reviewed.

Mechanik der Kontinua

Author: G. Hamel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014029

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 211

View: 5946

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Dem großen Lehrmeister der Mechanik, Georg Hamei, war es vergönnt, vor seinem Tode auch noch den letzten, handgeschriebenen Teil seiner "Mechanik der Kon tinua" durchzusehen. Der weitaus größte Teil lag schon in Maschinenschrift vor, die dazugehörigen Abbildungen waren gezeichnet. Ich darf vorausschicken, daß die Bitte und Anregung an Hamei, diesen, von allen seinen Schülern so sehr geschätzten und von ihm selbst wohl am meisten geliebten Teil seiner Vorlesungen in Buchform erscheinen zu lassen, von mir ausgegangen ist. Er griff diesen Gedanken freudig auf, und in Landshut, wo Hamel seine letzten Lebensjahre verbrachte, wurde von Herrn Studienrat Käufi aus Vorlesungsaufzeichnungen und nach Diktaten ein handgeschriebenes Manuskript fertiggestellt, von Hamel durch gelesen und mir - wie er schrieb - "aktiv Lehrendem" übergeben, um "kritisch gelesen zu werden". Bei der Durchsicht und den anschließenden Änderungen unterstützte mich Herr Dipl. -Math. Andre mit großer Gewissenhaftigkeit und mit vorzüglichen und kritischen Sachkenntnissen; er hat auch sämtliche Ablei tungen und Beispiele noch einmal durchgerechnet und schließlich das maschinen geschriebene Manuskript fertiggestellt. In persönlichen Unterhaltungen und in der Korrespondenz war es mit Hamel ver einbart, daß wir das maschinengeschriebene Exemplar des Werkes noch einmal einer "Generaldurchsicht" unterziehen sollten, um eventuelle Änderungen und insbesondere Kürzungen zu erwägen; wegen Hameis Tod wurde diese gemeinsam geplante Arbeit nicht mehr durchgeführt. Als ich auf Aufforderung des V erlages die Herausgabe übernahm, verbot nicht allein die Pietät, sondern auch die eigene Überzeugung es mir, größere Änderungen oder Kürzungen vorzunehmen.