Military Aspects of Hydrogeology

Author: Edward P. F. Rose,J. D. Mather

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393400

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 1260

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This book contains 20 papers from authors in the UK, USA, Germany and Austria. Historically, it gives examples of the influence of groundwater on battlefield tactics and fortress construction; describes how groundwater was developed for water supply and overcome as an obstacle to military engineering and cross-country vehicular movement by both sides in World Wars I and II; and culminates with examples of the application of hydrogeology to site boreholes in recent conflicts, notably in Afghanistan. Examples of current research described include hydrological model development; the impact of variations in soil moisture on explosive threat detection and cross-country vehicle mobility; contamination arising from defence sites and its remediation; privatization of water supplies; and the equitable allocation of resources derived from an international transboundary aquifer.

Military Geosciences in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Russell S. Harmon,Sophie E. Baker,Eric V. McDonald

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 081374122X

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 3218

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"Eighteen chapters address the complex yet critical aspects of the role of geosciences in military undertakings. The chapters cover a wide range of expertise drawn from the broad area of geology, geomorphology, geography, geophysics, engineering geology, hydrogeology, cartography, environmental science, remote sensing, soil science, geoinformatics, and related disciplines that reflect the multidisciplinary nature of military geology"--

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Three Volume Set

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446264882

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 4257

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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Learning to Fight

Military Innovation and Change in the British Army, 1914–1918

Author: Aimée Fox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108122248

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 358

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Learning, innovation and adaptation are not concepts that we necessarily associate with the British army of the First World War. Yet the need to learn from mistakes, to exploit new opportunities and to adapt to complex situations are enduring and timeless. This revealing work is the first institutional examination of the army's process for learning during the First World War. Drawing on organisational learning and management theories, Aimée Fox critiques existing approaches to military learning in wartime. Focused around a series of case studies, the book ranges across multiple operational theatres and positions the army within a broader context in terms of its relationships with allies and civilians to reveal that learning was more complex and thoroughgoing than initially thought. It grapples with the army's failings and shortcomings, explores its successes and acknowledges the inherent difficulties of learning in a desperate and lethally competitive environment.

Military Geology in War and Peace

Author: James R. Underwood,Peter L. Guth

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741130

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 245

View: 3156

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In warfare, military geologists pursue five main categories of work: tactical and strategic terrain analysis, fortifications and tunneling, resource acquisition, defense installations, and field construction and logistics. In peace, they train for wartime operations and may be involved in peace-keeping and nation-building exercises. In addition to the introductory paper this volume includes 24 papers, covering selected aspects of the history of military geology from the early 19th century through the recent Persian Gulf war.

Environmental Hydrogeology

Author: Philip E. LaMoreaux,James W. LaMoreaux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873719490

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9381

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Looming global threats such as overpopulation, pollution, ozone depletion, and other major risks to the planet have created an increasing need for well-trained, experienced geoscientists who understand environmental hydrology and can apply its precepts to tackle these intimidating planetary problems. Written by the senior staff of a respected environmental consulting firm, Environmental Hydrogeology is a complete introduction to this fast-growing field. Geared to both practicing geoscientists and students, it provides a thorough examination of the role of environmental hydrogeology in solving today's challenging environmental problems, from local issues to global perils. Topics covered include the geological aspects of disposal sites, surface water hydrology, groundwater hydrology and wells, environmental impacts and the hydrological system, and more. This text/reference also includes types, sources, and properties of waste products, and proposes waste management programs for groundwater protection. The accompanying TPASCAL modeling software includes a solved problem to demonstrate the use of this powerful program.

Geological Aspects of Hazardous Waste Management

Author: Stephen M. Testa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716307

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 1973

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Geologic Aspects of Hazardous Waste Management brings together technical, legislative, regulatory, and business aspects of hazardous waste issues as they pertain to preventing, assessing, containing, and remediating soil and groundwater contamination. The book emphasizes how subsurface geologic and hydrogeologic conditions affect the decision-making process, and it focuses on critical issues facing industry, government, and the public. The book is excellent for consultants, project managers, regulators, geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, hydrogeologists, risk assessors, environmental engineers, chemists, toxicologists, and environmental lawyers.

Protecting Groundwater for Health

Managing the Quality of Drinking-water Sources

Author: Oliver Schmoll,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241546689

Category: Medical

Page: 678

View: 5398

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This publication provides a structured approach to analyzing hazards to groundwater quality, assessing the risk they may cause for a specific supply, setting priorities in addressing these, and developing management strategies for their control. This book summarizes which pathogens and chemicals are relevant to human health, how they are transported, reduced, removed or retarded; provides practical guidance on characterizing the drinking-water catchment area and assessing potential health hazards; provides guidance on prioritising both hazards and management responses; presents key information on potential management actions and explains their integration into a comprehensive Water Safety Plan from catchment to consumer; and describes policy, land-use planning and implementation of pollution prevention, groundwater, with overviews of specific management approaches applicable to agriculture, sanitation, industry, mining, military sites, waste disposal and traffic.--Publisher's description.

Fields of Battle

Terrain in Military History

Author: P. Doyle,Matthew Bennett

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402004339

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 4687

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Terrain has a profound effect upon the strategy and tactics of any military engagement and has consequently played an important role in determining history. In addition, the landscapes of battle, and the geology which underlies them, has helped shape the cultural iconography of battle certainly within the 20th century. In the last few years this has become a fertile topic of scientific and historical exploration and has given rise to a number of conferences and books. The current volume stems from the international Terrain in Military History conference held in association with the Imperial War Museum, London and the Royal Engineers Museum, Chatham, at the University of Greenwich in January 2000. This conference brought together historians, geologists, military enthusiasts and terrain analysts from military, academic and amateur backgrounds with the aim of exploring the application of modem tools of landscape visualisation to understanding historical battlefields. This theme was the subject of a Leverhulme Trust grant (F/345/E) awarded to the University of Greenwich and administered by us in 1998, which aimed to use the tools of modem landscape visualisation in understanding the influence of terrain in the First World War. This volume forms part of the output from this grant and is part of our wider exploration of the role of terrain in military history. Many individuals contributed to the organisation of the original conference and to the production of this volume.

Too Hot to Touch

The Problem of High-Level Nuclear Waste

Author: William M. Alley,Rosemarie Alley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107030110

Category: Nature

Page: 370

View: 2533

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A fascinating and authoritative account of the controversies and possibilities surrounding nuclear waste disposal, providing expert discussion in down-to-earth language.

Ground Water Contamination

Transport and Remediation

Author: Philip B. Bedient,H. S. Rifai,Charles J. Newell

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 2666

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Intended for hydrogeologists, engineers, and college students in those or related fields, this updated edition discusses the theory and practice of ground water contamination modeling and remediation. New coverage includes a full chapter on sorption, biodegradation, and natural attenuation processes

Water Resources Research Catalog

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hydrology

Page: N.A

View: 9243

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Beginning with vol. 9, only new and continuing but modified projects are listed. Vols. 8- should be kept as a record of continuing but unchanged projects.

Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology

Author: Derek Ford,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118684990

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 4676

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Originally published in 1989, Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology became the leading textbook on karst studies. This new textbook has been substantially revised and updated. The first half of the book is a systematic presentation of the dissolution kinetics, chemical equilibria and physical flow laws relating to karst environments. It includes details of the many environmental factors that complicate their chemical evolution, with a critique of measurement of karst erosion rates. The second half of the book looks at the classification system for cave systems and the influence of climate and climatic change on karst development. The book ends with chapters on karst water resource management and a look at the important issues of environmental management, including environmental impact assessment, environmental rehabilitation, tourism impacts and conservation values. Practical application of karst studies are explained throughout the text. "This new edition strengthens the book's position as the essential reference in the field. Karst geoscientists will not dare to stray beyond arm's reach of this volume. It is certain to remain the professional standard for many decades." Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, August 2007

Groundwater Hydrology

Author: David Keith Todd,Larry W. Mays

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471452546

Category: Groundwater

Page: 636

View: 4533

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Continuing in its forty-year history of providing students and professionals with a thorough grounding in the science and technology of groundwater hydrology, this third edition has been completely updated to reflect the tremendous changes in the field. A true essential reference, this book provides a unified presentation of the subject, treating fundamental principles, methods and problems encountered in the field as a whole.

Sustainable Cities and Military Installations

Author: Igor Linkov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9400771614

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 5856

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Access to reliable and affordable energy, water, and services is an important determinant of the prosperity of cities along with effective mission sustainment at military installations. The idea for this book was conceived at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) in June 2012 in Hella, Iceland. The workshop was attended by 50 scientists, engineers, and policymakers representing 15 different nations and multiple fields of expertise, reflecting the global and interdisciplinary nature of climate change and sustainability research. The focus of the workshop was on ways in which military installations and small cities can integrate energy, water, and infrastructure sustainability strategies into city and installation management plans that account for climate change uncertainties. The organization of the book reflects major topic sessions and discussions during the workshop.

The Chlorine Revolution

Water Disinfection and the Fight to Save Lives

Author: Michael J. McGuire

Publisher: Amer Water Works Assn

ISBN: 9781583219201

Category: History

Page: 359

View: 7571

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From its 1908 beginnings, the history of drinking water chlorination is a compelling subject with controversy that surprises the modern reader. This thorough but accessible science-history book provides the dramatic details on the reduction of waterborne illness and how “the most significant public health advance of the millennium” came to pass.

Hydrogeophysics

Author: Yorum Rubin,Susan S. Hubbard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402031021

Category: Science

Page: 527

View: 3849

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This ground-breaking work is the first to cover the fundamentals of hydrogeophysics from both the hydrogeological and geophysical perspectives. Authored by leading experts and expert groups, the book starts out by explaining the fundamentals of hydrological characterization, with focus on hydrological data acquisition and measurement analysis as well as geostatistical approaches. The fundamentals of geophysical characterization are then at length, including the geophysical techniques that are often used for hydrogeological characterization. Unlike other books, the geophysical methods and petrophysical discussions presented here emphasize the theory, assumptions, approaches, and interpretations that are particularly important for hydrogeological applications. A series of hydrogeophysical case studies illustrate hydrogeophysical approaches for mapping hydrological units, estimation of hydrogeological parameters, and monitoring of hydrogeological processes. Finally, the book concludes with hydrogeophysical frontiers, i.e. on emerging technologies and stochastic hydrogeophysical inversion approaches.

Groundwater Geophysics

A Tool for Hydrogeology

Author: Reinhard Kirsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354088405X

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 9418

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Edited by Reinhard Kirsch, this book demonstrates the use of geophysics for the detection and delineation of groundwater resources. As well as being an excellent reference, it could also be used as a textbook. An addition to the bookshelf of any geophysicist.