Geochemical Modeling for Mine Site Characterization and Remediation

Author: D. Kirk Nordstrom,Andrew Nicholson

Publisher: Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration

ISBN: 0873353536

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 172

View: 8103

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The single most important factor for the successful application of a geochemical model is the knowledge and experience of the individual(s) conducting the modeling. Geochemical Modeling for Mine Site Characterization and Remediation is the fourth of six volumes in the Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water series about technologies for management of metal mine and metallurgical process drainage. This handbook describes the important components of hydrogeochemical modeling for mine environments, primarily those mines where sulfide minerals are present—metal mines and coal mines. It provides general guidelines on the strengths and limitations of geochemical modeling and an overview of its application to the hydrogeochemistry of both unmined mineralized sites and those contaminated from mineral extraction and mineral processing. The handbook includes an overview of the models behind the codes, explains vital geochemical computations, describes several modeling processes, provides a compilation of codes, and gives examples of their application, including both successes and failures. Hydrologic modeling is also included because mining contaminants most often migrate by surface water and groundwater transport, and contaminant concentrations are a function of water residence time as well as pathways. This is an indispensable resource for mine planners and engineers, environmental managers, land managers, consultants, researchers, government regulators, nongovernmental organizations, students, stakeholders, and anyone with an interest in mining influenced water. The other handbooks in the series are Basics of Metal Mining Influenced Water; Mitigation of Metal Mining Influenced Water; Mine Pit Lakes: Characteristics, Predictive Modeling, and Sustainability; Techniques for Predicting Metal Mining Influenced Water; and Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle.

Mine Water

Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation

Author: Paul L. Younger,S.A. Banwart,Robert S. Hedin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402001376

Category: Nature

Page: 442

View: 6158

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Nowhere is the conflict between economic progress and environmental quality more apparent than in the mineral extraction industries. The latter half of the 20th century saw major advances in the reclamation technologies. However, mine water pollution problems have not been addressed. In many cases, polluted mine water long outlives the life of the mining operation. As the true cost of long-term water treatment responsibilities has become apparent, interest has grown in the technologies that would decrease the production of contaminated water and make its treatment less costly. This is the first book to address the mine water issue head-on. The authors explain the complexities of mine water pollution by reviewing the hydrogeological context of its formation, and provide an up-to-date presentation of prevention and treatment technologies. The book will be a valuable reference for all professionals who encounter polluted mine water on a regular or occasional basis.

Uranium, Mining and Hydrogeology

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Andrea Hasche-Berger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540877462

Category: Science

Page: 955

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Subject of the book is Uranium and its migration in aquatic environments. The following subjects are emphasised: Uranium mining, Phosphate mining, mine closure and remediation, Uranium in groundwater and in bedrock, biogeochemistry of Uranium, environmental behavior, and modeling. Particular results from the leading edge of international research are presented.

Minewater Treatment

Technology, Application and Policy

Author: Melanie Brown,Bob Barley,Harvey Wood

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843390043

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 3535

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Minewater Treatment - Technology, Application and Policy, was produced based on the findings of the research to aid in the selection, design and implementation of the most appropriate treatment techniques for particular minewater discharges. Much work has been carried out in recent decades concerning minewater treatment, both in the UK and worldwide. Many different bodies and organizations are involved in developing minewater treatment processes and schemes. Minewater Treatment addresses the need for a single source of state-of-the-art information that draws all the latest research material together.Key features of the book include: a full literature review of minewater treatment throughout the world; an overview of relevant legislation and policy in a global context; a review of currently available methods for treating minewater worldwide; a site specific inventory of minewater treatment schemes within the UK, including compilation of available monitoring data and assessment of performance; a review of emerging and innovative minewater treatment technologies and consideration of related academic research within the UK; a comprehensive list of active and innovative minewater treatment technologies that are not currently compiled in a book or other review publication; a detailed summary and recommendations section assessing the applicability, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of minewater treatment schemes. Relevant scientific subject matter is presented in a concise, easily accessible manner to assist with the objective assessment of the progress made to date.Heavily illustrated with many colour photographs, the book allows best use to be made of the collective experience of minewater treatment practitioners throughout the UK, whilst at the same time placing the UK experience within a global context. An invaluable reference work for mining companies, consultants, planning officers, environmental research scientists, environmental agencies, water utilities and regulatory bodies, Minewater Treatment is a definitive source of information on minewater treatment technologies and will help facilitate the selection of the most appropriate technique required to tackle particular minewater discharge problems.

Grundwasserchemie

Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366207611X

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 9008

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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines

Fundamentals, Tracer Tests, Modelling, Water Treatment

Author: Christian Wolkersdorfer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540773313

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 3956

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This book addresses the processes related to mine abandonment from a hydrogeological perspective and provides a comprehensive presentation of water management and innovative tracer techniques for flooded mines. After an introduction to the relevant hydrogeochemical processes the book gives detailed information about mine closure procedures. The book also includes case studies and hints, and some new methodologies for conducting tracer tests in flooded mines.

Uranium in the Aquatic Environment

Proceedings of the International Conference Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology III and the International Mine Water Association Symposium Freiberg, Germany, 15-21 September 2002

Author: Broder Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich,Christian Wolkersdorfer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364255668X

Category: Science

Page: 1112

View: 332

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Preface Uranium is a radioactive element and a heavy metal which is naturally occurring in ground and surface water. Although uranium is enriched in granites and gneiss ground water from these host rocks often shows low to intermediate uranium con centrations, while some ground waters from sandstone and carbonate aquifers show elevated uranium concentrations up to several hundred mg/1 without man made impact. On the other side, surface water contains increased anthropogenic uranium concentrations due to the intensive use of phosphate fertilizers and in mining areas due to mining and milling activities. Saxony and Thuringia both be ing states of the reunified Germany are probably an area where uranium mining activities have impacted the environment more severely than in any other part of the world. Thus, the federal government of Germany allocated huge amounts of money for the rehabilitation work, a unique proceeding without precedent in min ing history. In October 1995 the first international conference on Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology (UMM I) was held in Freiberg being organized by the Department of Geology at the technical University Freiberg by the support of the Saxon State Ministry of Geology and Environment. Due to the large scientific interest in the topic ofuranium a second conference (UMH II) took place in Freiberg in Septem ber 1998.

Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface

Proceedings of the 5th international symposium, Reykjavik, 16-20 August 1999

Author: Halldor Armannsson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058090737

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 4680

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Topics covered: Geochemical record of terrestrial environmental change, and global geochemical cycles; Chemical weathering and climate, river catchment studies; Environmental geochemistry of the terrestrial environment and its effect on health; Organic geochemistry; Marine and sedimentary geochemistry; Mineralogy, microbes and chemistry of weathering; Geochemical thermodynamics and kinetics; Geochemistry of crustal fluids and of catastrophic events.

A Geochemical Atlas of the Portuguese Mineral Waters

Author: H.G.M. Eggenkamp,J.M. Marques,O. Neves

Publisher: Onderzoek en Beleving

ISBN: 9081605941

Category: Science

Page: 63

View: 7694

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Portugal is one of the richest countries in thermal and mineral water resources of the world. These thermal and mineral waters show a large variety in chemical compositions. From around 500 mineral springs and wells the chemical compositions were collected from public sources and these are plotted on maps that show the distribution of 13 different elements (lithium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, aluminium, iron, fluoride, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, carbonate, sulphide and silica) as well as the total dissolved solids and the pH. These maps show how the chemistry of the thermal and mineral waters are related to the very diverse geology of Portugal. The maps that are presented in this Atlas are very useful for several scientific and geochemical purposes, such as geological, chemical, medical and environmental sciences, as well as technological applications in industry, balneotherapy and geothermics. It is hoped that the publication of this Atlas will increase the interest in the geochemistry of the Portuguese thermal and mineral resources and that in the near future more detailed studies involving also chemical analysis of minor and trace elements are presented which would enlarge the application of a new geochemical atlas either in environmental geochemistry or in medical geochemical domains.

Geochemical Modeling of Groundwater, Vadose and Geothermal Systems

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Michael Zilberbrand

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439870535

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 332

View: 3095

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Geochemical modeling is an important tool in environmental studies, and in the areas of subsurface and surface hydrology, pedology, water resources management, mining geology, geothermal resources, hydrocarbon geology, and related areas dealing with the exploration and extraction of natural resources. The book fills a gap in the literature through its discussion of geochemical modeling, which simulates the chemical and physical processes affecting the distribution of chemical species in liquid, gas, and solid phases. Geochemical modeling applies to a diversity of subsurface environments, from the vadose zone close to the Earth’s surface, down to deep-seated geothermal reservoirs. This book provides the fundamental thermodynamic concepts of liquid-gas-solid phase systems. It introduces the principal types of geochemical models, such as speciation, reaction-path or forward, inverse- and reactive-transport models, together with examples of the most common codes and the best-practices for constructing geochemical models. The physical laws describing homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions, their kinetics, and the transport of reactive solutes are presented. The partial differential or algebraic equations representing these laws, and the principal numerical methods that allow approximate solutions of these equations that can provide useful solutions to model different geochemical processes, are discussed in detail. Case studies applying geochemical models in different scientific areas and environmental settings, conclude the book. The book is addressed to students, teachers, other professionals, and to the institutions involved in water, geothermal and hydrocarbon resources, mining, and environmental management. The book should prove useful to undergraduate and graduate students, postgraduates, professional geologists and geophysicists, engineers, environmental scientists, soil scientists, hydrochemists, and others interested in water and geochemistry.

History of Hydrogeology

Author: Nicholas Howden,John Mather

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203071344

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 1081

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Lessons can be learnt from the past; from time to time it is useful for practitioners to look back over the historical developments of their science. Hydrogeology has developed from humble beginnings into the broad church of investigatory procedures which collectively form the modern-day hydrogeologist’s tool box. Hydrogeology remains a branch of the over-arching science of geology and today provides analysis of the sub-surface part of the water cycle within a holistic approach to problem solving. The History of Hydrogeology, is a first attempt to bring the story of the evolution of the science of hydrogeology together from a country- or region-specific viewpoint. It does not cover history to the present day, nor does it deal with all countries involved in groundwater studies, but rather takes the story for specific key countries up and until about the period 1975 to 1980. This is when hydrogeology was still evolving and developing, and in some areas doing so quite rapidly. The book has been written not only for practitioners of hydrogeology and hydrology but also for teachers and students to see the context of the evolution of the science around the globe. The History of Hydrogeology will also be of interest to science historians and all those interested in the role that individuals, institutes and nations have played over the years in defining modern day studies of groundwater.

Hydrologic Sciences

Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Water Science and Technology Board,Proceedings of the 1997 Abel Wolman Distinguished Lecture and Symposium on the Hydrologic Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309060761

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 9541

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Hydrologic science, an important, interdisciplinary science dealing with the occurrence, distribution, and properties of water on Earth, is key to understanding and resolving many contemporary, large-scale environmental issues. The Water Science and Technology Board used the opportunity of its 1997 Abel Wolman Distinguished Lecture to assess the vitality of the hydrologic sciences by the hydrologic community. The format included focus by lecturer Thomas Dunne on the intellectual vitality of the hydrologic sciences, followed by a symposium featuring several invited papers and discussions. Hydrologic Sciences is a compilation of the Wolman Lecture and the papers, preceded by a summarizing overview. The volume stresses a number of needs for furtherance of hydrologic science, including development of a coherent body of transferable theory and an intellectual center for the science, communication across multiple geo- and environmental science disciplines, appropriate measurements and observations, and provision of central guidance for the field.