Minorities and Representation in American Politics

Author: Rebekah Herrick

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483386856

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 3624

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Minorities and Representation in American Politics is the first book of its kind to examine underrepresented minorities with a framework based on four types of representation—descriptive, formalistic, symbolic, and substantive. Through this lens, author Rebekah Herrick looks at race, ethnic, gender, and sexual minorities not in isolation but synthesized within every chapter. This enables readers to better recognize both the similarities and differences of groups’ underrepresentation. Herrick also applies her unique and constructive approach to intergroup cooperation and intersectionality, highlighting the impact that groups can have on one another.

Diversity in Democracy

Minority Representation in the United States

Author: Gary M. Segura,Shaun Bowler

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813923383

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 862

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As the racial and ethnic minority populations of the United States grow past 30 percent, candidates cannot afford to ignore the minority vote. The studies collected in Diversity and Democracy show that political scientists, too, must fully recognize the significance of minority-representation studies for our understanding of the electoral process in general. If anything has limited such inquiry in the past, it has been the tendency for researchers to address only a single group or problem, yielding little that can be applied to other contexts. Diversity in Democracy avoids this limitation by examining several aspects of representation, including both Latino and African American perspectives, and a wide range of topics, ranging from the dynamics of partisanship to various groups’ perceptions of the political system. The result is a work that pulls together decades of disparate work into a broad and cohesive overview of minority representation. The most significant conclusion to emerge from this multifaceted examination is the overwhelming importance of context. There is no single strategic key, but taken together, these studies begin to map the strategies, institutions, and contexts that enhance or limit minority representation. In navigating the complexities of minority politics, moreover, the book reveals much about American representative democracy that pertains to all of us. Contributors Susan A. Banducci, Texas Tech University * Matt A. Barreto, University of California, Irvine * Shaun Bowler, University of California, Riverside * Todd Donovan, Western Washington University * Luis Ricardo Fraga, Stanford University * F. Chris Garcia, University of New Mexico * Elisabeth R. Gerber, University of Michigan * Stacy B. Gordon, University of Nevada, Reno * Bernard Grofman, University of California, Irvine * Zoltan L. Hajnal, University of California, San Diego * Sarah Harsh, Fleishman Hillard * Rodney E. Hero, University of Notre Dame * Martin Johnson, University of California, Riverside * Jeffrey A. Karp, Texas Tech University * Hugh Louch, Cambridge Systematics * Stephen P. Nicholson, Georgia State University * Adrian D. Pantoja, Arizona State University * Gary M. Segura, University of Iowa * Katherine Tate, University of California, Irvine * Caroline J. Tolbert, Kent State University * Carole J. Uhlaner, University of California, Irvine * Nathan D. Woods, Welch Consulting

Media & Minorities

The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment

Author: Stephanie Greco Larson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847694532

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 363

View: 2992

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Media & Minorities looks at the media's racial tendencies with an eye to identifying the "system supportive" messages conveyed and offering challenges to them. The book covers all major media including television, film, newspapers, radio, magazines, and the Internet and systematically analyzes their representation of the four largest minority groups in the U.S.: African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans. Entertainment media are compared and contrasted with news media, and special attention is devoted to coverage of social movements for racial justice and politicians of color."

Can We All Get Along?

Racial and Ethnic Minorities in American Politics

Author: Paula Denice McClain,Joseph Stewart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Minorities

Page: 250

View: 8817

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Rodney King framed what might be called the enduring question of American politics from the Founding forward: “Can we all get along?” In a nation built by immigrants and bedeviled by the history and legacy of slavery, issues of liberty, equality, and community continue to challenge Americans. Whether we look at the Los Angeles riots, the patterns of ethnic representation in Congress, or examples of discrimination in schools, we see that “getting along” is intimately connected with “who gets what, when, and how”—the traditional definition of politics.The second edition of this widely acclaimed text has been extensively revised to reflect the latest scholarship and the most recent events in America’s ongoing struggle with racial issues. Here, Paula McClain and Joseph Stewart combine traditional elements of political science analysis—history, Constitutional theory, institutions, political behavior, and policy actors—with a thoroughgoing survey of the political status of four major groups: African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, and American Indians. They show similarities and differences in these groups’ political action and experience, and point the way toward coalition, competition, and consensus-building in the face of ongoing conflict. Two dilemmas shape the book: How do we as a nation reconcile a commitment to equality with persistent inequality and discrimination? And what can we do about it—from the perspective of ethnic and racial minorities as well as within the dominant culture? The revised version of the second edition features an updated discussion on Supreme Court decisions on majority-minority districts; updated information on African American, Latino, Asian, and American Indian Representation in Congress; a new discussion of residential segregation; revised and updated maps and tables; a new concluding chapter that touches on theoretical frameworks useful for studying racial minority politics; and results and analysis of the 1998 mid-term elections.

America's Uneven Democracy

Race, Turnout, and Representation in City Politics

Author: Zoltan Hajnal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190347

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 652

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This book demonstrates that low and uneven voter turnout leads to disadvantages for racial and ethnic minorities and proposes a practical and cost-effective solution.

Representation of minority groups in the U.S.

implications for the twenty-first century

Author: Charles Menifield

Publisher: Austin & Winfield Pub

ISBN: 9781572921641

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 4373

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Representation of Minority Groups in the U.S. aims to assess the changes that have occurred with respect to the descriptive and substantive representation of women, African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, and American Indians in the U.S. political system from 1965 to the present. Each institutionally oriented chapter provides the reader with detailed demographic and behavioral facts concerning minority groups in the political system. How these groups are represented is assessed through discussions of partisanship, ideology, policy impact, role orientations, leadership, committee assignment, bill co-sponsorship, and voting behavior.

Out and Running

Gay and Lesbian Candidates, Elections, and Policy Representation

Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589016149

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2076

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Out and Running is the first systematic analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) political representation that explores the dynamics of state legislative campaigns and the influence of lesbian and gay legislators in the state policymaking process. By examining state legislative elections from 1992 to 2006 and state policymaking from 1992 to 2009, Donald Haider-Markel suggests that the LGBT community can overcome hurdles and win elections; and, once in office, these officials can play a critical role in the policy representation of the community. However, he also discovers that there are limits to where and when LGBT candidates can run for office and that, while their presence in office often enhances policy representation, it can also create backlash. But even with some of these negative consequences, Out and Running provides compelling evidence that gays and lesbians are more likely to see beneficial legislation pass by increasing the number of LGBT state legislators. Indeed, grassroots politics in the states may allow the LGBT community its best opportunity for achieving its policy goals.

Electoral Reform and Minority Representation

Local Experiments with Alternative Elections

Author: Shaun Bowler,Department of Political Science Todd Donovan,Todd Donovan,David Brockington

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 9780814209172

Category: Political Science

Page: 158

View: 8902

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Minority Report

Evaluating Political Equality in America

Author: John D. Griffin,Brian Newman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226308693

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9069

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Are the views of Latinos and African Americans underrepresented in our federal government? For that matter, what does it mean to be represented equitably? Rather than taking for granted a single answer to these complex questions, John Griffin and Brian Newman use different measures of political equality to reveal which groups get what they want from government and what factors lead to their successes. One of the first books to compare the representation of both African Americans and Latinos to that of whites, Minority Report shows that congressional decisions and federal policy tend to mirror the preferences of whites as a group and as individuals better than the preferences of either minority group, even after accounting for income disparities. This is far from the whole story, though, and the authors’ multifaceted approach illustrates the surprising degree to which group population size, an issue’s level of importance, the race or ethnicity of an office holder, and electoral turnout can affect how well government action reflects the views of each person or group. Sure to be controversial, Minority Report ultimately goes beyond statistical analyses to address the root question of what equal representation really means.

New Race Politics in America

Understanding Minority and Immigrant Politics

Author: Jane Junn,Kerry L. Haynie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471864

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5630

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Foreign migration to the United States is dramatically altering the demographic profile of the American electorate. Nearly a third of all Americans are of non-white and non-European descent. Latinos and Hispanics have recently eclipsed African Americans as the largest minority group in the United States. Between 1990 and 2000, Asians doubled the size of their population to more than 4 percent of Americans. Though immigration has altered the racial and ethnic composition of every state in the nation, surprisingly little is known about the consequences of this new heterogeneity for American politics. This book explores the impact and political consequences of immigration. After considering the organizations that mobilize new citizens to politics, the authors examine the political psychology of group consciousness for political mobilization. Finally, they consider the emerging patterns and choices of new voters.

Fair and Effective Representation?

Debating Electoral Reform and Minority Rights

Author: Mark E. Rush,Richard Lee Engstrom

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847692125

Category: Political Science

Page: 189

View: 1756

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Two experts on political representation, voting rights, and the election process debate the most pertinent issues of electoral reform and assess them in the context of the Founders' vision of representation and minority rights. Mark E. Rush and Richard L. Engstrom discuss the promises and pitfalls of electoral reform--specifically, the merits of converting from the traditional single-member district to some form of proportional representation. The authors examine the shortcomings of the existing methods of elections (such as gerrymandering, low turnout, voter apathy, and underrepresentation of minorities and women), debate the merits of converting to proportional representation, ask whether it would address the imperfections of the current system, and investigate the extent to which proportional representation adheres to the Founders' (particularly Madison's) plan for representation. With an introduction by esteemed political scientist Bruce E. Cain, this is an essential text for courses in voting rights and behavior, elections, and American political thought.

Minority Representation and the Quest for Voting Equality

Author: Bernard Grofman,Lisa Handley,Richard G. Niemi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521477642

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 8916

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This book is the most up-to-date treatment of voting rights law and the numerous controversies surrounding minority representation. Written by authors with first-hand experience in the case law, the book details the evolution of the law and precedent from 1965 forward. The authors explain the basic logic underlying the major decisions, introduce the reader to the procedures for establishing standards of representation and measuring discrimination, and discuss the major points of recent contention. In the concluding chapter, the authors address the implications of the recent developments in voting rights law for the future of representation in America.

The Political Representation of Immigrants and Minorities

Voters, Parties and Parliaments in Liberal Democracies

Author: Karen Bird,Thomas Saalfeld,Andreas M. Wüst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136914161

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 9915

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In 2005, almost 700,000 immigrants acquired the citizenship of a member state of the European Union; over 600,000 became US citizens; nearly 100,000 became Australians and approximately 200,000 Canadians. 2005 was not an exceptional year. During the past decades, many advanced liberal democracies have become more ethnically diverse societies. This book breaks new ground in the analysis of the political representation of immigrants and visible minorities both theoretically and empirically. It examines the upward trend in migrant and minority representation and demonstrates that there remain crucial differences across liberal democracies in the timing of these developments; in channels of access for minority representatives, in the policy focus and outcomes of minority representation; in the nature of the connections between minority representatives and minority communities, and in the nature of their relationships with constituents at large. Part I analyses immigrants and visible minorities as voters, who must be the starting point of any analysis of political representation. Part II deals with the stage of candidate selection within political parties, a crucial and under-researched stage in the process of political representation. Part III deals with immigrants and members of visible minorities, once elected to parliament and includes analyses of the Canadian Parliament, the German Bundestag, MPs in the United Kingdom and Members of the United States Congress. The book will of interest to students and scholars of migration and ethnicity studies and political science, especially those with an interest in political representation, democratic institutions, voting behaviour, party organisation, legislative behaviour and comparative politics.

African American Legislators in the American States

Author: Kerry L. Haynie

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505140

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4783

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Has black inclusion in the political process changed political institutions and led to more black influence in the governmental process? How do African American legislators balance racial interests with broader issues of government? And how is their effectiveness subjectively perceived and objectively evaluated? In one of the first book-length studies to analyze the behavior of African American state legislators in multiple legislative sessions across five states, Kerry Haynie has compiled a wealth of valuable data that reveals the dynamics and effectiveness of black participation in the legislative process. Owing to the increasing role of state government in administering what he defines as key "black issues"— education, healthcare, poverty/social welfare, civil rights, and children's issues—Haynie focuses on bills introduced in these categories in Arkansas, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, and North Carolina. The book reveals how responsive political institutions have been to the nation's largest minority group. It explores the question of how legislators deal with the "duality dilemma"—which requires them to be both responsible legislators and race representatives—and whether agendas should be "deracialized" in order to appeal to a broader constituency. Along with numerous statistical charts illustrating everything from representation on house standing committees to a ranking of the fifteen legislative sessions by quartiles of African American political incorporation, a useful and revealing portrait emerges—one that will fuel debate and inform future discussions of the role of African Americans in the political process.

Asian American Politics

Author: Andrew Aoki,Okiyoshi Takeda

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 074563446X

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 6641

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An introduction to the study of Asian American participation in US politics. It covers historical and cultural context, political behaviour and attitudes, interest groups and parties, elected officials, and public policies that have an important impact on Asian Americans.

Electoral Politics Is Not Enough

Racial and Ethnic Minorities and Urban Politics

Author: Peter F. Burns

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079148226X

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 2775

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Examines how and why government leaders understand and respond to African Americans and Latinos in northeastern cities with strong political traditions.

Controversies in Minority Voting

The Voting Rights Act in Perspective

Author: Bernard N. Grofman,Chandler Davidson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815707257

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

View: 9244

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Widely regarded as one of the most successful pieces of modern legislation, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 has transformed the nature of minority participation and representation in the United States. But with success came controversy as some scholars claim the Act has outlived its usefulness or been subverted in its aim. This volume brings together leading scholars to offer a twenty-five year perspective on the consequences of this landmark act. The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, stated that the right of U.S. citizens to vote "shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or condition of previous servitude." The South, however, virtually ignored this right, disfranchising blacks through violence, intimidation, literacy tests, and poll taxes. The primary purpose of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was to break down these barriers to minority voting. Beginning with chapters covering the key provisions of the Act, the book discusses the way the Act has transformed American politics and looks at the role played by major civil rights groups in lobbying for extensions and amendments to it and in insuring that its provisions would be enforced.

African-American Representation in US Cinema, Economy and Politics (1980-2010). Myth or Reality?

Author: Jean Cédric Obame Emane

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668801053

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 108

View: 969

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Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 15/20, Omar Bongo University, course: Rédaction du Mémoire de Maîtrise, language: English, abstract: Whether we are in cinema, economy or politics, there is a great debate concerning the issues of representation in the United States. In fact, it is a permanent debate drawing the attention of people, as it is difficult to assert if a group is well represented. So the question of representation has already and always been debated by university professors and specialists of the issue, and continues to be debated. But some questions are worth asking: at which level can we talk about representation? Or when can we say that a group is actually represented? These questions lead us to deal with minority representation. Here we want to consider the notion of visibility and invisibility. In the United States there is what we term visible minority and invisible minority. Representation here is not about telling how many African Americans have succeeded in various fields. It is not about the number of Blacks who succeeded in cinema, economy or politics. The issue of representation goes beyond that perception. Of course, it does not imply that the quantity of Blacks advancing socially cannot be taken into account. But the point is that if we look at this, we shall notice that their representation is not that visible. For this reason we find useful to transcend that perception of representation. Our paper focuses on representation as the fact of being visible in the mainstreams. For instance, concerning minority visibility, can we say that Hispanics and African Americans have the same representation? We do not think so. This is why the notion of visible and invisible minority has to be considered. Representation here is more related to merit. Take for example, the case of the business world, do we know an icon among Hispanics whose visibility is worldwide? Certainly not! However, we have Oprah Winfrey whose fame has reached worldwide as the only Black billionaire. Take also politics with President Obama. And finally, consider American cinema, can we speak about Hispanic or Chinese cinema in the United States today? Certainly not! Yet, we can speak about African American cinema, because it is visible. That is what we have termed as minority visibility.

Contours of African American Politics

Race and Representation in American Politics

Author: Georgia A. Persons

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412847877

Category: Social Science

Page: 329

View: 2465

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An anthology of articles drawn from prior issues of the National Political Science Review.