Molecular Driving Forces

Statistical Thermodynamics in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Nanoscience

Author: Ken Dill,Sarina Bromberg

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136672990

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 1445

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The VitalBook e-book version of Molecular Driving Forces is only available in the US and Canada at the present time. To purchase or rent please visit http://store.vitalsource.com. Molecular Driving Forces, Second Edition is an introductory statistical thermodynamics text that describes the principles and forces that drive chemical and biological processes. It demonstrates how the complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes, and how simple models provide surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Widely adopted in its First Edition, Molecular Driving Forces is regarded by teachers and students as an accessible textbook that illuminates underlying principles and concepts. The Second Edition includes two brand new chapters: (1) "Microscopic Dynamics" introduces single molecule experiments; and (2) "Molecular Machines" considers how nanoscale machines and engines work. "The Logic of Thermodynamics" has been expanded to its own chapter and now covers heat, work, processes, pathways, and cycles. New practical applications, examples, and end-of-chapter questions are integrated throughout the revised and updated text, exploring topics in biology, environmental and energy science, and nanotechnology. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.

Molecular Driving Forces

Statistical Thermodynamics in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Nanoscience

Author: Ken Dill,Sarina Bromberg

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136672982

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 3174

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Molecular Driving Forces, Second Edition E-book is an introductory statistical thermodynamics text that describes the principles and forces that drive chemical and biological processes. It demonstrates how the complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes, and how simple models provide surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Widely adopted in its First Edition, Molecular Driving Forces is regarded by teachers and students as an accessible textbook that illuminates underlying principles and concepts. The Second Edition includes two brand new chapters: (1) "Microscopic Dynamics" introduces single molecule experiments; and (2) "Molecular Machines" considers how nanoscale machines and engines work. "The Logic of Thermodynamics" has been expanded to its own chapter and now covers heat, work, processes, pathways, and cycles. New practical applications, examples, and end-of-chapter questions are integrated throughout the revised and updated text, exploring topics in biology, environmental and energy science, and nanotechnology. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.

Molecular Driving Forces

Statistical Thermodynamics in Chemistry and Biology

Author: Ken A. Dill,Sarina Bromberg

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780815320517

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 6527

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This text shows how many complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes. A central theme is the idea that simplistic models can give surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Written in a clear and student-friendly style, the book gives an excellent introduction to the field for novices. It should also be useful to those who want to refresh their understanding of this important field, and those interested in seeing how physical principles can be applied to the study of problems in the chemical, biological, and material sciences. Furthermore, Molecular Driving Forces contains a number of features including: 449 carefully produced figures illustrating the subject matter; 178 worked examples in the chapters which explain the key concepts and show their practical applications; The text is mathematically self-contained, with 'mathematical toolkits' providing the required maths; Advanced material that might not be suitable for some elementary courses is clearly delineated in the text; End-of-chapter references and suggestions for further reading.

Physical Biology of the Cell

Author: Rob Phillips,Jane Kondev,Julie Theriot,Hernan Garcia

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1134111584

Category: Science

Page: 1058

View: 8121

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Physical Biology of the Cell is a textbook for a first course in physical biology or biophysics for undergraduate or graduate students. It maps the huge and complex landscape of cell and molecular biology from the distinct perspective of physical biology. As a key organizing principle, the proximity of topics is based on the physical concepts that unite a given set of biological phenomena. Herein lies the central premise: that the appropriate application of a few fundamental physical models can serve as the foundation of whole bodies of quantitative biological intuition, useful across a wide range of biological problems. The Second Edition features full-color illustrations throughout, two new chapters, a significantly expanded set of end-of-chapter problems, and is available in a variety of e-book formats.

An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Terrell L. Hill

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486130908

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 3991

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Four-part treatment covers principles of quantum statistical mechanics, systems composed of independent molecules or other independent subsystems, and systems of interacting molecules, concluding with a consideration of quantum statistics.

Thermodynamics in Biology

Author: Enrico Di Cera

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195123272

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 9386

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book describes several approaches to biological phenomena based on thermodynamics and illustrates the descriptive and predictive power of the laws that govern molecular recognition in biological systems. The current structural emphasis in the study of biological macromolecules provides the motivation for a deeper understanding of the driving forces that determine biological interactions. Because molecular explanations of biological phenomena as inferred from structural information must be informed by and consistent with the laws and principles of thermodynamics, a thorough understanding of biological function requires approaches well balanced between structure and energetics. Topics covered in this book are protein and nucleic acid folding and stability, enzyme-substrate interactions, prediction of the affinity of complexes, electrostatics, and non-equilibrium aspects of protein function. The breadth of the topics covered illustrates the growing importance of thermodynamic approaches in the study of biological phenomena. As more information continues to emerge from structural studies, and faster and more accurate computational methods are developed, we will look at biological thermodynamics with renewed interest as a fundamental tool to decipher the rules for specificity and function in proteins and nucleic acids.

A Student's Guide to Entropy

Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470048

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 1238

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Striving to explore the subject in as simple a manner as possible, this book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy. Innovative aspects of the book include the construction of statistical entropy from desired properties, the derivation of the entropy of classical systems from purely classical assumptions, and a statistical thermodynamics approach to the ideal Fermi and ideal Bose gases. Derivations are worked through step-by-step and important applications are highlighted in over 20 worked examples. Around 50 end-of-chapter exercises test readers' understanding. The book also features a glossary giving definitions for all essential terms, a time line showing important developments, and list of books for further study. It is an ideal supplement to undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

Physical chemistry

with applications to the life sciences

Author: David S. Eisenberg,Donald M. Crothers

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 868

View: 9683

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Statistical Physics of Biomolecules

An Introduction

Author: Daniel M. Zuckerman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420073796

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 2685

DOWNLOAD NOW »
From the hydrophobic effect to protein-ligand binding, statistical physics is relevant in almost all areas of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, making it essential for modern students of molecular behavior. But traditional presentations of this material are often difficult to penetrate. Statistical Physics of Biomolecules: An Introduction brings "down to earth" some of the most intimidating but important theories of molecular biophysics. With an accessible writing style, the book unifies statistical, dynamic, and thermodynamic descriptions of molecular behavior using probability ideas as a common basis. Numerous examples illustrate how the twin perspectives of dynamics and equilibrium deepen our understanding of essential ideas such as entropy, free energy, and the meaning of rate constants. The author builds on the general principles with specific discussions of water, binding phenomena, and protein conformational changes/folding. The same probabilistic framework used in the introductory chapters is also applied to non-equilibrium phenomena and to computations in later chapters. The book emphasizes basic concepts rather than cataloguing a broad range of phenomena. Focuses on what students need to know now Students build a foundational understanding by initially focusing on probability theory, low-dimensional models, and the simplest molecular systems. The basics are then directly developed for biophysical phenomena, such as water behavior, protein binding, and conformational changes. The book’s accessible development of equilibrium and dynamical statistical physics makes this a valuable text for students with limited physics and chemistry backgrounds.

Thermodynamics and kinetics for the biological sciences

Author: Gordon G. Hammes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471374916

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 9387

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Gain a working knowledge of thermodynamics and kinetics with a minimum of mathematics-a guide for individuals in the biological sciences An understanding of thermodynamics and kinetics is essential for researchers investigating molecular phenomena in diverse disciplines, including bioorganic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, and biology. The use of these physical chemistry tools in the biological sciences has exploded over the past fifteen years, but the majority of works on thermodynamics and kinetics require mathematical expertise beyond that of many researchers in the field. Presenting a highly accessible introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics, Thermodynamics and Kinetics for the Biological Sciences employs a minimum of mathematics, assuming only a basic calculus background, while treating a wide range of topics in a logical and easy-to-follow style. All principles and concepts are clearly illustrated through the use of relevant applications and examples from the biological sciences, and explanations are further enhanced with problems and up-to-date references. Written by a world-renowned authority on biochemical kinetics, this remarkable book also features an easy-to-understand statistical development of entropy and a more extensive coverage of chemical kinetics and ligand binding to macromolecules than is usually found in books of this kind. Readers will acquire a working knowledge of thermodynamics and kinetics that they can readily apply to biological systems and use for exploring the scientific literature.

Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195042771

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 6481

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"[This] book contains concise explanations of such fundamentals as the connection between measurements and ensemble averages, discussions of equilibrium fluctuations and stability criteria, and the utility of Legendre transforms. It also explores many of the traditional elementary applications of statistical mechanics. Most importantly, it treats the principles and basic methods of time correlation functions (including the fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the Langevin equation), renormalization group theory, Monte Carlo simulations, and liquid structure."--Back cover.

Thermodynamics Kept Simple – A Molecular Approach

What is the Driving Force in the World of Molecules?

Author: Roland Kjellander

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148224411X

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 8553

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thermodynamics Kept Simple – A Molecular Approach: What is the Driving Force in the World of Molecules? offers a truly unique way of teaching and thinking about basic thermodynamics that helps students overcome common conceptual problems. For example, the book explains the concept of entropy from the perspective of probabilities of various molecular processes. Temperature is then addressed and related to probabilities for heat transfer between different systems. This approach gives the second law of thermodynamics a natural and intuitive background. The book delivers a concise and brilliantly conceived introduction to thermodynamics by focusing at the molecular level in a manner that is easy to follow and illustrated by engaging, concrete examples. By providing a guided tour of the world of molecules, the book gives insights into essential principles of thermodynamics with minimal use of mathematics. It takes as a unifying theme an application of simple but appropriate reasoning that leads to the correct mathematical relationships. Many well-chosen examples are employed to clearly illustrate the core laws and to supply valuable insight into the molecular events underlying the thermodynamic macroscopic description, such as how spreading of energy and spreading of particles can sometimes oppose each other and at other times work together. Thereby, insight into the world experienced in everyday life also is gained. The book covers key concepts such as entropy, energy transfer, heat exchange, work, enthalpy, free energy, irreversible and reversible processes, chemical equilibrium, and phase transitions. It provides an intuitive understanding of the distinction between microscopic and macroscopic states and shows how statistics play out in the molecular world. Based on the author’s popular, classroom-proven Swedish textbook, this book presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics in a straightforward manner accessible to students at the first-year university level and beyond.

Statistical Mechanics

Author: Donald Allan McQuarrie

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781891389153

Category: Science

Page: 641

View: 5772

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A renowned accessible introduction to the subject, this text contains a large number of problems at the end of each chapter to help students understand the material and to introduce them to selected extensions.

Ethics of Emerging Technologies

Scientific Facts and Moral Challenges

Author: Thomas F. Budinger,Miriam D. Budinger

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 2919

DOWNLOAD NOW »
An insightful guide to understanding and navigating the ethical issues faced by anyone affected by the ethical dilemmas associated with current and emerging technologies Ethics of Emerging Technologies provides the background, insight, and tools for approaching and solving ethical dilemmas across a broad range of topics. The text discusses ethical problems, using examples and reasoning tools that will aid engineers, scientists, managers, administrators, and the public who wish to understand risks, benefits, and possible approaches to resolving conflicts associated with new technologies in the context of the global community. Solutions we choose to ethical dilemmas accompanying new technologies will profoundly affect future generations. Scientific facts and guides to decision-making for all associated with emerging technologies are presented. Some of the topics are: * Human health and environmental effects of alternative energy production methods * Communications and privacy * Plagiarism and authorship * Genetic modification of organisms * Human and animal experimentation * Synthetic biology and bioterrorism * Confidentiality in science, engineering, and business communications * Risks and consequences of enhancing human beings through new technologies * Cloning of human beings and stem cell research * Brain modifications * Space exploration

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080923635

Category: Science

Page: 710

View: 7775

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Photochemistry and Photophysics

Concepts, Research, Applications

Author: Vincenzo Balzani,Paola Ceroni,Alberto Juris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671048

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 1139

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This textbook covers the spectrum from basic concepts of photochemistry and photophysics to selected examples of current applications and research. Clearly structured, the first part of the text discusses the formation, properties and reactivity of excited states of inorganic and organic molecules and supramolecular species, as well as experimental techniques. The second part focuses on the photochemical and photophysical processes in nature and artificial systems, using a wealth of examples taken from applications in nature, industry and current research fields, ranging from natural photosynthesis, to photomedicine, polymerizations, photoprotection of materials, holography, luminescence sensors, energy conversion, and storage and sustainability issues. Written by an excellent author team combining scientific experience with didactical writing skills, this is the definitive answer to the needs of students, lecturers and researchers alike going into this interdisciplinary and fast growing field.

Introduction to Nanoscience

Author: Stuart Lindsay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199544212

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 1701

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Accompanying disc contains Powerpoint slides, animations and texts in various formats.

Life's Ratchet

How Molecular Machines Extract Order from Chaos

Author: Peter M. Hoffmann

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465022537

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 1546

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A physicist describes how life emerges from the random motion of atoms through sophisticated cellular machinery and describes the long quest to determine the true nature of life from ancient Greece to the study of modern nanotechnology. 20,000 first printing.

Transport Phenomena

Author: R. Byron Bird,Warren E. Stewart,Edwin N. Lightfoot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470115394

Category: Science

Page: 905

View: 5703

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents balanced treatment of transport phenomena and equal emphasis on mass transport, momentum transport and energy transport. It include extensive reference to applications of material covered and the addition of appendices on applied mathematics topics, the Boltzmann equation, and a summary of the basic equations in several coordinate systems. 'Transport phenomena' offers literature citations throughout so you and your students know where to find additional material. It contains - Transport properties in two-phase systems; Boundary-layer theory; Heat and mass transfer coefficients; Dimensional analysis and scaling.

Fundamental Concepts in Biophysics

Author: Thomas Jue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1597453978

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 1668

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the first volume, Fundamental Concepts in Biophysics, the authors lay down a foundation for biophysics study. Rajiv Singh opens the book by pointing to the central importance of “Mathematical Methods in Biophysics”. William Fink follows with a discussion on “Quantum Mechanics Basic to Biophysical Methods”. Together, these two chapters establish some of the principles of mathematical physics underlying many biophysics techniques. Because computer modeling forms an intricate part of biophysics research, Subhadip Raychaudhuri and colleagues introduce the use of computer modeling in “Computational Modeling of Receptor–Ligand Binding and Cellular Signaling Processes”. Yin Yeh and coworkers bring to the reader’s attention the physical basis underlying the common use of fluorescence spectroscopy in biomedical research in their chapter “Fluorescence Spectroscopy”. Electrophysiologists have also applied biophysics techniques in the study of membrane proteins, and Tsung-Yu Chen et al. explore stochastic processes of ion transport in their “Electrophysiological Measurements of Membrane Proteins”. Michael Saxton takes up a key biophysics question about particle distribution and behavior in systems with spatial or temporal inhomogeneity in his chapter “Single–Particle Tracking”. Finally, in “NMR Measurement of Biomolecule Diffusion”, Thomas Jue explains how magnetic resonance techniques can map biomolecule diffusion in the cell to a theory of respiratory control. This book thus launches the Handbook of Modern Biophysics series and sets up for the reader some of the fundamental concepts underpinning the biophysics issues to be presented in future volumes.