Advances in Dermatological Sciences

Author: Keith R Brain,Robert P Chilcott

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733988

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 5998

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1. Collating the major research achievements over the past two years in toxicological dermatological research. 2. This is currently the only text of its kind. 3. Medicinal chemists, toxicologists, dermatologists, health information officers. 4. Toxicology Research, RSC Drug Discovery Series 5. Covering regulatory science, toxicology, exposure asssessment and decontamination aspects of dermatological research.

Molecules

The Elements and the Architecture of Everything

Author: Theodore Gray

Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal

ISBN: 0316392839

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3626

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In his highly anticipated sequel to The Elements, Theodore Gray demonstrates how the elements of the periodic table combine to form the molecules that make up our world. Everything physical is made up of the elements and the infinite variety of molecules they form when they combine with each other. In Molecules, Theodore Gray takes the next step in the grand story that began with the periodic table in his best-selling book, The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe. Here, he explores through fascinating stories and trademark stunning photography the most interesting, essential, useful, and beautiful of the millions of chemical structures that make up every material in the world. Gray begins with an explanation of how atoms bond to form molecules and compounds, as well as the difference between organic and inorganic chemistry. He then goes on to explore the vast array of materials molecules can create, including: soaps and solvents; goops and oils; rocks and ores; ropes and fibers; painkillers and dangerous drugs; sweeteners; perfumes and stink bombs; colors and pigments; and controversial compounds including asbestos, CFCs, and thimerosal. Theodore Gray is the author of The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe; Theo Gray's Mad Science: Experiments You Can Do At Home, But Probably Shouldn't; Mad Science 2: Experiments You Can Do At Home, But Still Probably Shouldn't; and Popular Science magazine's "Gray Matter" column. With his company Touch Press, Gray is the developer of best-selling iPad and iPhone apps, including The Elements, Solar System, Disney Animated, The Orchestra, The Waste Land, and Skulls by Simon Winchester. He lives in Urbana, Illinois. Nick Mann is the photographer of The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe. Aside from having photographed more elements and compounds than probably anyone in the world, he is an accomplished landscape, sports, and event photographer. He lives in Urbana, Illinois.

Ecology of Populations

Author: Esa Ranta,Per Lundberg,Veijo Kaitala

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448529

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 3191

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The theme of the book is the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time. The core of the book lies in how local births and deaths are tied to emigration and immigration processes, and how environmental variability at different scales affects population dynamics with stochastic processes and spatial structure and shows how elementary analytical tools can be used to understand population fluctuations, synchrony, processes underlying range distributions and community structure and species coexistence. The book also shows how spatial population dynamics models can be used to understand life history evolution and aspects of evolutionary game theory. Although primarily based on analytical and numerical analyses of spatial population processes, data from several study systems are also dealt with.

Molecules of Murder

Criminal Molecules and Classic Cases

Author: John Emsley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782627995

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 9554

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Molecules of Murder is about infamous murderers and famous victims; about people like Harold Shipman, Alexander Litvinenko, Adelaide Bartlett, and Georgi Markov. Few books on poisons analyse these crimes from the viewpoint of the poison itself, doing so throws a new light on how the murders or attempted murders were carried out and ultimately how the perpetrators were uncovered and brought to justice. Part I includes molecules which occur naturally and were originally used by doctors before becoming notorious as murder weapons. Part II deals with unnatural molecules, mainly man-made, and they too have been dangerously misused in famous crimes. The book ends with the most famous poisoning case in recent years, that of Alexander Litvinenko and his death from polonium chloride. The first half of each chapter starts by looking at the target molecule itself, its discovery, its history, its chemistry, its use in medicine, its toxicology, and its effects on the human body. The second half then investigates a famous murder case and reveals the modus operandi of the poisoner and how some were caught, some are still at large, and some literally got away with murder. Molecules of Murder will explain how forensic chemists have developed cunning ways to detect minute traces of dangerous substances, and explain why some of these poisons, which appear so life-threatening, are now being researched as possible life-savers. Award winning science writer John Emsley has assembled another group of true crime and chemistry stories to rival those of his highly acclaimed Elements of Murder.

The Science of Ice Cream

Author: Chris Clarke

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625348

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 8541

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Ice cream as we recognize it today has been in existence for at least 300 years, though its origins probably go much further back in time. Before the development of refrigeration, ice cream was a luxury reserved for special occasions but its advance to commercial manufacture was helped by the first ice cream making machine patented by Nancy Johnson in Philadelphia in the 1840s. The second edition of The Science of Ice Cream has been fully revised and updated with new material. The book still begins with the history of ice cream, subsequent chapters looking at the link between the microscopic and macroscopic properties and how these relate to the ultimate texture of the product you eat. Information on nutritional aspects and developments in new products and processes for making ice cream have been added and the books is completed with some suggestions for experiments relating to ice cream and how to make it at home or in a school laboratory. The book has authenticity and immediacy, being written by an active industrial practitioner, and is ideal for undergraduate food science students as well as those working in the food industry. It is also accessible to the general reader who has studied science to A-level and provides teachers with ideas for using ice cream to illustrate scientific principles.

Molecular Visions (Organic, Inorganic, Organometallic) Molecular Model Kit #1 by Darling Models to accompany Organic Chemistry

Author: Darling Models

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780964883710

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5664

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Molecular models are as vital a tool for the study of chemistry as calculators are for the study of mathematics. Molecular Visions models may be assembled in infinite combinations enabling the user to construct not only familiar configurations but also undiscovered possibilities. Models are intended to inspire the imagination, stimulate thought, and assist the visualization process. They present the user with a solid form of an abstract object that can otherwise only be visualized by the chemist. While chemistry textbooks use letters and graphics to describe molecules, molecular models make them "real". MOLECULAR VISIONS Organic Kit #1 is in a green plastic box, 9"x4"x2"

More Molecules of Murder

Author: John Emsley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1788011031

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 4723

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How can a plant as beautiful as the foxglove be so deadly and yet for more than a century be used to treat heart disease? The same is true of other naturally occurring molecules as will be revealed in this current book by award-winning author and chemist, John Emsley. More Molecules of Murder follows on from his highly-acclaimed earlier book Molecules of Murder, and again it deals with 14 potential poisons; seven of which are man-made and seven of which are natural. It investigates the crimes committed with them, not from the point of view of the murderers, their victims, or the detectives, but from the poison used. In so doing it throws new light on how these crimes were carried out and ultimately how the perpetrators were uncovered and brought to justice. Each chapter starts by looking at the target molecule itself, its discovery, its chemistry, its often-surprising use in medicine, its effects on the human body, and its toxicology. The rest of the chapter is devoted to murders and attempted murders in which it has been used. But, be reassured that murder by poison is not the threat it once was, thanks to laws which restrict access to such materials and to the skills of analytical chemists in detecting their presence in incredibly tiny amounts.

Media And Society

Critical Perspectives

Author: Burton, Graeme

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335227236

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 3044

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This book introduces undergraduates to critical perspectives on the relationship between media and society, and to ideas about the production of meaning through media. The opening chapters provide a foundation to understanding the triangular relationship between media businesses (institutions) and texts and audiences. Succeeding chapters look at specialist areas such as popular music, news, new technologies, advertising and globalization. .There is a development and application of ideas about such key terms as representation, difference, discourse and ideology. The student reader is encouraged to take on different views around issues relating to questions of media power, media influence, audience consumption. There is an emphasis on applying ideas to media practices and media texts. There is engagement with debates around such topics as public service broadcasting and the public sphere. Students are introduced to a range of key thinkers and their ideas as concepts, issues and debates are introduced..The reader is engaged through key questions, case studies, illustrations and diagrams, as well as a clearly argued text bedded in examples. .This book is already used both as a foundation at level 1 for degree courses in media studies, as a key text for general media modules at different levels, and as a key text at various levels in respect of specific chapters supporting specific modules and their topics..

Organic Stereochemistry

Author: Michael J. T. Robinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198792758

Category: Science

Page: 89

View: 8901

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This book is an account for students of how the three-dimensional shapes of molecules influence their chemical and physical properties. It begins with the structures of molecules and then describes how such structures can be changed.

A Flash of Light

The Science of Light and Colour

Author: Mark Lorch,Andy Miah

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782628592

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 1565

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A Flash of Light is an intriguing book that starts at the beginning of time itself and then winds its way through a host of fascinating light related topics including the hues of aliens sunsets, the psychology of colour, and the chemistry of LCD screens. Written as part of a novel experiment, editors Mark Lorch and Andy Miah hatched a plan to collect a critical mass of academics in a room and charged them with writing a popular science book, under the watchful eye of the general public at the Manchester Science Festival. The result is an enlightening look into the science behind colour and light, encompassing biology, chemistry and physics and including simple and fun “try this at home” ideas to illustrate the concepts covered. Drawing on the experience of some of the UK’s best science communicators, this book will appeal to anyone with an interest in science. Its pacey, witty and engaging tone provides illuminating insight into how and why we see the universe the way we do.

The Chemistry of Human Nature

Author: Tom Husband

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782621342

Category:

Page: 417

View: 6073

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Why does chocolate taste so good? Why do we seek 'the one'? How do traits such as intelligence, creativity and violence arise and what purpose do they serve? This book links these characteristics to the origins of life, showing that the conditions necessary to bring life into existence echo through our modern day behaviour. The chemistry of the body is not only fascinating but also highly relevant to everyone, since we are all concerned with maximising our health and enjoyment of life. Currently, there are not many popular science books concerned with biochemistry. One reason for this might be the particularly complex nature of the science involved. This book starts with the fundamentals and then works towards a deeper understanding of the chemistry of human nature. Essential reading for anyone with an interest in this science and written at a level accessible to experts and non-experts alike.

Chemistry in Your Kitchen

Author: Matthew Hartings

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782623132

Category:

Page: 330

View: 9362

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Introducing basic chemistry through everyday foods and meal preparations, this book is a fascinating read for anyone interested in the science behind cooking.

Chocolate as Medicine

A Quest over the Centuries

Author: Philip K Wilson,W Jeffrey Hurst

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625127

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 8567

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The Mesoamerican population who lived near the indigenous cultivation sites of the "Chocolate Tree" (Theobromo cacao) had a multitude of documented applications of chocolate as medicine, ranging from alleviating fatigue to preventing heart ailments to treating snakebite. Until recently, these applications have received little sound scientific scrutiny. Rather, it has been the reputed health claims stemming from Europe and the United States which have attracted considerable biomedical attention. This book, for the first time, describes the centuries-long quest to uncover chocolate's potential health benefits. The authors explore variations in the types of evidence used to support chocolate's use as medicine as well as note the ongoing tension over categorizing chocolate as food or medicine, and more recently, as functional food or nutraceutical. The authors, Wilson an historian of science and medicine, and Hurst an analytical chemist in the chocolate industry, bring their collective insights to bear upon the development of ideas and practices surrounding the use of chocolate as medicine. Chocolate's use in this manner is explored first among the Mesoamerican peoples, then as it is transported to Europe, and back into Colonial North America. The authors then focus upon more recent bioscience experimental undertakings which have been aimed to ascertain both long-standing and novel suggestions as to chocolate's efficacy as a medicinal and a nutritional substance. Chocolate/s reputation as the most craved food boosts this book's appeal to food and biomedical scientists, cacao researchers, ethnobotanists, historians, folklorists, and healers of all types as well as to the general reading audience.

The Sociology of Food and Agriculture

Author: Michael Carolan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317368622

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 3722

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In this second edition of The Sociology of Food and Agriculture, students are provided with a substantially revised and updated introductory text to this emergent field. The book begins with the recent development of agriculture under capitalism and neo-liberal regimes, and the transformation of farming and peasant agriculture from a small-scale, family-run way of life to a globalized system. Topics such as the global hunger and obesity challenges, GM foods, and international trade and subsidies are assessed as part of the world food economy. The final section concentrates on themes of sustainability, food security, and food sovereignty. The book concludes on a positive note, examining alternative agri-food movements aimed at changing foodscapes at levels from the local to the global. With increased coverage of the financialization of food, food and culture, gender, ethnicity and justice, food security, and food sovereignty, the book is perfect for students with little or no background in sociology and is also suitable for more advanced courses as a comprehensive primer. All chapters include learning objectives, suggested discussion questions, and recommendations for further reading to aid student learning.

Practical Process Research and Development

Author: Neal G. Anderson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080514480

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 3066

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This book provides a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries. Process R&D describes the steps taken, following synthesis and evaluation, to bring key compounds to market in a cost-effective manner. More people are being hired for work in this area as increasing numbers of drug candidates are identified through combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening. The book is directed to industrial (primarily organic) chemists, and academicians (particularly those involved in a growing number of start-up companies) and students who need insight into industrial process R&D. Current books do not describe hands-on, step-by-step, approaches to solving process development problems, including route, reagent, and solvent selection; optimising catalytic reactions; chiral syntheses; and "green chemistry." "Practical Process Research and Development" will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers, and graduate students. Provides insights into generating rugged, practical, cost-effective processes for the chemical preparation of "small molecules" Breaks down process optimization into route, reagent and solvent selection, development of reaction conditions, workup, crystallizations and more Includes over 100 tips for rapid process development Presents guidelines for implementing and troubleshooting processes

Organic Synthesis

Strategy and Control

Author: Paul Wyatt,Stuart Warren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681444

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 6005

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Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control is the long-awaited sequel to Stuart Warren’s bestseller Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, which looked at the planning behind the synthesis of compounds. This unique book now provides a comprehensive, practical account of the key concepts involved in synthesising compounds and focuses on putting the planning into practice. The two themes of the book are strategy and control: solving problems either by finding an alternative strategy or by controlling any established strategy to make it work. The book is divided into five sections that deal with selectivity, carbon-carbon single bonds, carbon-carbon double bonds, stereochemistry and functional group strategy. A comprehensive, practical account of the key concepts involved in synthesising compounds Takes a mechanistic approach, which explains reactions and gives guidelines on how reactions might behave in different situations Focuses on reactions that really work rather than those with limited application Contains extensive, up-to-date references in each chapter Students and professional chemists familiar with Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach will enjoy the leap into a book designed for chemists at the coalface of organic synthesis.

Journalism

Principles and Practice

Author: Tony Harcup

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473918138

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 7547

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Get 12 months FREE access to an interactive eBook* when you buy the paperback! (Print paperback version only, ISBN 9781446274095) To find out more and for a preview of the new edition visit https://study.sagepub.com/journalism Journalism: Principles & Practice remains the essential textbook for all students of journalism. With each print copy of the new third edition, you receive FREE access to the interactive eBook edition offering on-the-go access to a wealth of digital resources including video tutorials from the author. This book is the must-have guide to everything you need to know about how journalism works. The new edition is fully updated to cover the new essentials: social media, the impact of Twitter, and the need for an ethical approach. This book will equip you with all the skills and savvy you need to become the resourceful yet ethical journalists of the future. New and improved features will help you: Get to grips with the huge impact of social and mobile media on how we gather information and tell stories Grasp the rights and wrongs of journalism with a new chapter on ethics and regulation Learn how to make the most of your skills with tips from journalists such as Cathy Newman and Andrew Norfolk Think through ‘what would you do?' in a new feature that takes you into the real world of journalism at the end of every chapter This new edition retains its innovative two-column structure, stylishly blending theory and practice. As relevant to the newsroom as the seminar room, it is the one book you will need to take you through your degree and into your career as a journalist. *interactivity only available through Vitalsource eBook