Monoidal Categories and Topological Field Theory

Author: Vladimir Turaev,Alexis Virelizier

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319498347

Category: Mathematics

Page: 523

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This monograph is devoted to monoidal categories and their connections with 3-dimensional topological field theories. Starting with basic definitions, it proceeds to the forefront of current research. Part 1 introduces monoidal categories and several of their classes, including rigid, pivotal, spherical, fusion, braided, and modular categories. It then presents deep theorems of Müger on the center of a pivotal fusion category. These theorems are proved in Part 2 using the theory of Hopf monads. In Part 3 the authors define the notion of a topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and construct a Turaev-Viro-type 3-dimensional state sum TQFT from a spherical fusion category. Lastly, in Part 4 this construction is extended to 3-manifolds with colored ribbon graphs, yielding a so-called graph TQFT (and, consequently, a 3-2-1 extended TQFT). The authors then prove the main result of the monograph: the state sum graph TQFT derived from any spherical fusion category is isomorphic to the Reshetikhin-Turaev surgery graph TQFT derived from the center of that category. The book is of interest to researchers and students studying topological field theory, monoidal categories, Hopf algebras and Hopf monads.

Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry

Volume I: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin

Author: Yuri Tschinkel,Yuri Zarhin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647452

Category: Mathematics

Page: 698

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EMAlgebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: In Honor of Yu. I. ManinEM consists of invited expository and research articles on new developments arising from Manin’s outstanding contributions to mathematics.

Advances in the Mathematical Sciences

Research from the 2015 Association for Women in Mathematics Symposium

Author: Gail Letzter,Kristin Lauter,Erin Chambers,Nancy Flournoy,Julia Elisenda Grigsby,Carla Martin,Kathleen Ryan,Konstantina Trivisa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319341391

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

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Presenting the latest findings in topics from across the mathematical spectrum, this volume includes results in pure mathematics along with a range of new advances and novel applications to other fields such as probability, statistics, biology, and computer science. All contributions feature authors who attended the Association for Women in Mathematics Research Symposium in 2015: this conference, the third in a series of biennial conferences organized by the Association, attracted over 330 participants and showcased the research of women mathematicians from academia, industry, and government.

Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory and Perturbative String Theory

Author: Hisham Sati,Urs Schreiber

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851950

Category: Mathematics

Page: 354

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Conceptual progress in fundamental theoretical physics is linked with the search for the suitable mathematical structures that model the physical systems. Quantum field theory (QFT) has proven to be a rich source of ideas for mathematics for a long time. However, fundamental questions such as ``What is a QFT?'' did not have satisfactory mathematical answers, especially on spaces with arbitrary topology, fundamental for the formulation of perturbative string theory. This book contains a collection of papers highlighting the mathematical foundations of QFT and its relevance to perturbative string theory as well as the deep techniques that have been emerging in the last few years. The papers are organized under three main chapters: Foundations for Quantum Field Theory, Quantization of Field Theories, and Two-Dimensional Quantum Field Theories. An introduction, written by the editors, provides an overview of the main underlying themes that bind together the papers in the volume.

Low Dimensional Topology

Proceedings of a Conference on Low Dimensional Topology, January 12-17, 1998, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal

Author: Hanna Nencka

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821808842

Category: Mathematics

Page: 249

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This volume presents the proceedings from the conference on low dimensional topology held at the University of Madeira (Portugal). The event was attended by leading scientists in the field from the U.S., Asia, and Europe. The book has two main parts. The first is devoted to the Poincare conjecture, characterizations of $PL$-manifolds, covering quadratic forms of links and to categories in low dimensional topology that appear in connection with conformal and quantum field theory. The second part of the volume covers topological quantum field theory and polynomial invariants for rational homology 3-spheres, derived from the quantum $SU(2)$-invariants associated with the first cohomology class modulo two, knot theory, and braid groups. This collection reflects development and progress in the field and presents interesting and new results.

Towards the Mathematics of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Frederic Paugam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319045644

Category: Science

Page: 487

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This ambitious and original book sets out to introduce to mathematicians (even including graduate students ) the mathematical methods of theoretical and experimental quantum field theory, with an emphasis on coordinate-free presentations of the mathematical objects in use. This in turn promotes the interaction between mathematicians and physicists by supplying a common and flexible language for the good of both communities, though mathematicians are the primary target. This reference work provides a coherent and complete mathematical toolbox for classical and quantum field theory, based on categorical and homotopical methods, representing an original contribution to the literature. The first part of the book introduces the mathematical methods needed to work with the physicists' spaces of fields, including parameterized and functional differential geometry, functorial analysis, and the homotopical geometric theory of non-linear partial differential equations, with applications to general gauge theories. The second part presents a large family of examples of classical field theories, both from experimental and theoretical physics, while the third part provides an introduction to quantum field theory, presents various renormalization methods, and discusses the quantization of factorization algebras.

General Galois Geometries

Author: James Hirschfeld,Joseph A. Thas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447167902

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

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This book is the second edition of the third and last volume of a treatise on projective spaces over a finite field, also known as Galois geometries. This volume completes the trilogy comprised of plane case (first volume) and three dimensions (second volume). This revised edition includes much updating and new material. It is a mostly self-contained study of classical varieties over a finite field, related incidence structures and particular point sets in finite n-dimensional projective spaces. General Galois Geometries is suitable for PhD students and researchers in combinatorics and geometry. The separate chapters can be used for courses at postgraduate level.

The $K$-book

An Introduction to Algebraic $K$-theory

Author: Charles A. Weibel

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821891324

Category: Mathematics

Page: 618

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Informally, $K$-theory is a tool for probing the structure of a mathematical object such as a ring or a topological space in terms of suitably parameterized vector spaces and producing important intrinsic invariants which are useful in the study of algebr

Mathematical Aspects of Quantum Field Theories

Author: Damien Calaque,Thomas Strobl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319099493

Category: Science

Page: 556

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Despite its long history and stunning experimental successes, the mathematical foundation of perturbative quantum field theory is still a subject of ongoing research. This book aims at presenting some of the most recent advances in the field, and at reflecting the diversity of approaches and tools invented and currently employed. Both leading experts and comparative newcomers to the field present their latest findings, helping readers to gain a better understanding of not only quantum but also classical field theories. Though the book offers a valuable resource for mathematicians and physicists alike, the focus is more on mathematical developments. This volume consists of four parts: The first Part covers local aspects of perturbative quantum field theory, with an emphasis on the axiomatization of the algebra behind the operator product expansion. The second Part highlights Chern-Simons gauge theories, while the third examines (semi-)classical field theories. In closing, Part 4 addresses factorization homology and factorization algebras.

Lie Theory and Geometry

In Honor of Bertram Kostant

Author: Jean-Luc Brylinski,Ranee Brylinski,Victor Guillemin,Victor Kac

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461202612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

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This volume, dedicated to Bertram Kostant on the occasion of his 65th birthday, is a collection of 22 invited papers by leading mathematicians working in Lie theory, geometry, algebra, and mathematical physics. Kostant’s fundamental work in all these areas has provided deep new insights and connections, and has created new fields of research. The papers gathered here present original research articles as well as expository papers, broadly reflecting the range of Kostant’s work.

Algebra, Geometry, and Physics in the 21st Century

Kontsevich Festschrift

Author: Denis Auroux,Ludmil Katzarkov,Tony Pantev,Yan Soibelman,Yuri Tschinkel

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319599399

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

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This volume is a tribute to Maxim Kontsevich, one of the most original and influential mathematicians of our time. Maxim’s vision has inspired major developments in many areas of mathematics, ranging all the way from probability theory to motives over finite fields, and has brought forth a paradigm shift at the interface of modern geometry and mathematical physics. Many of his papers have opened completely new directions of research and led to the solutions of many classical problems. This book collects papers by leading experts currently engaged in research on topics close to Maxim’s heart. Contributors: S. Donaldson A. Goncharov D. Kaledin M. Kapranov A. Kapustin L. Katzarkov A. Noll P. Pandit S. Pimenov J. Ren P. Seidel C. Simpson Y. Soibelman R. Thorngren

Tensor Categories

Author: Pavel Etingof,Shlomo Gelaki,Dmitri Nikshych,Victor Ostrik

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470434415

Category:

Page: 344

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Is there a vector space whose dimension is the golden ratio? Of course not—the golden ratio is not an integer! But this can happen for generalizations of vector spaces—objects of a tensor category. The theory of tensor categories is a relatively new field of mathematics that generalizes the theory of group representations. It has deep connections with many other fields, including representation theory, Hopf algebras, operator algebras, low-dimensional topology (in particular, knot theory), homotopy theory, quantum mechanics and field theory, quantum computation, theory of motives, etc. This book gives a systematic introduction to this theory and a review of its applications. While giving a detailed overview of general tensor categories, it focuses especially on the theory of finite tensor categories and fusion categories (in particular, braided and modular ones), and discusses the main results about them with proofs. In particular, it shows how the main properties of finite-dimensional Hopf algebras may be derived from the theory of tensor categories. Many important results are presented as a sequence of exercises, which makes the book valuable for students and suitable for graduate courses. Many applications, connections to other areas, additional results, and references are discussed at the end of each chapter.

The Algebra of Secondary Cohomology Operations

Author: Hans-Joachim Baues

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764374495

Category: Mathematics

Page: 484

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The algebra of primary cohomology operations computed by the well-known Steenrod algebra is one of the most powerful tools of algebraic topology. This book computes the algebra of secondary cohomology operations which enriches the structure of the Steenrod algebra in a new and unexpected way. The book solves a long-standing problem on the algebra of secondary cohomology operations by developing a new algebraic theory of such operations. The results have strong impact on the Adams spectral sequence and hence on the computation of homotopy groups of spheres.

An Alpine Anthology of Homotopy Theory

Proceedings of the Second Arolla Conference on Algebraic Topology, August 24-29, 2004, Arolla, Switzerland

Author: Dominique Arlettaz,Kathryn Hess

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082183696X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 209

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The second Arolla conference on algebraic topology brought together specialists covering a wide range of homotopy theory and $K$-theory. These proceedings reflect both the variety of talks given at the conference and the diversity of promising research directions in homotopy theory. The articles contained in this volume include significant contributions to classical unstable homotopy theory, model category theory, equivariant homotopy theory, and the homotopy theory of fusion systems, as well as to $K$-theory of both local fields and $C^*$-algebras.

Geometry, Analysis and Probability

In Honor of Jean-Michel Bismut

Author: Jean-Benoît Bost,Helmut Hofer,François Labourie,Yves Le Jan,Xiaonan Ma,Weiping Zhang

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319496387

Category: Mathematics

Page: 361

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This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by: K. Behrend N. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. Duplantier G. Faltings E. Getzler G. Kings R. Mazzeo J. Millson C. Moeglin W. Müller R. Rhodes D. Rössler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. Yoshikawa H. Weiss W. Werner The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

Categorical Homotopy Theory

Author: Emily Riehl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139952633

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book develops abstract homotopy theory from the categorical perspective with a particular focus on examples. Part I discusses two competing perspectives by which one typically first encounters homotopy (co)limits: either as derived functors definable when the appropriate diagram categories admit a compatible model structure, or through particular formulae that give the right notion in certain examples. Emily Riehl unifies these seemingly rival perspectives and demonstrates that model structures on diagram categories are irrelevant. Homotopy (co)limits are explained to be a special case of weighted (co)limits, a foundational topic in enriched category theory. In Part II, Riehl further examines this topic, separating categorical arguments from homotopical ones. Part III treats the most ubiquitous axiomatic framework for homotopy theory - Quillen's model categories. Here, Riehl simplifies familiar model categorical lemmas and definitions by focusing on weak factorization systems. Part IV introduces quasi-categories and homotopy coherence.

Basic Category Theory

Author: Tom Leinster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107044243

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

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A short introduction ideal for students learning category theory for the first time.