Common Morality

Deciding What to Do

Author: Bernard Gert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198038720

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 3017

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls "common morality"--the moral system that most thoughtful people implicitly use when making everyday, common sense moral decisions and judgments. Common Morality is useful in that--while not resolving every disagreement on controversial issues--it is able to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable answers to moral problems.

Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures -

Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477548

Category: Diseases

Page: 1071

View: 6119

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Ethics of Care

Moral Knowledge, Communication, and the Art of Caregiving

Author: Alan Blum,Stuart J Murray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131703385X

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 8154

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Beginning with a focus on the ethical foundations of caregiving in health and expanding towards problems of ethics and justice implicated in a range of issues, this book develops and expands the notion of care itself and its connection to practice. Organised around the themes of culture as a restraint on caregiving in different social contexts and situations, innovative methods in healthcare, and the way in which culture works to position care as part of a rhetorical approach to dependency, responsibility, and justice, The Ethics of Care presents case studies examining institutional responses to end-of-life issues, the notion of informed consent, biomedicine, indigenous rights and postcolonialism in care and theoretical approaches to the concept of care. Offering discussions from a variety of disciplinary approaches, including sociology, communication, and social theory, as well as hermeneutics, phenomenology, and deconstruction, this book will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in healthcare, medicine, justice and the question of how we think about care as a notion and social form, and how this is related to practice.

Annals of Bioethics: Regional Perspectives in Bioethics

Author: Mark J. Cherry,John F. Peppin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135302278

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 5764

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Regional Perspectives in Bioethics" illustrates the ways in which the national and international political landscape encompasses persons from diverse and often fragmented moral communities with widely varying moral intuitions, premises, evaluations and commitments.

On the Moral Nature of the Universe

Theology, Cosmology, and Ethics

Author: Nancey C. Murphy,George Francis Rayner Ellis

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781451408423

Category: Religion

Page: 268

View: 859

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ellis and Murphy show how contemporary sciences actually support a religiously based ethic of nonviolence, not by appealing to the Enlightment's mechanismic Creator God or revelation's Father God but by discerning the transcendent ground in the laws of nature, the emergence of intelligent freedom, and the echoes of "knoetic" self-giving in cosmology and biology.

Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics

A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal

Author: Ronald A. Carson,C.R. Burns

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306481332

Category: Medical

Page: 341

View: 7759

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series. To help celebrate more than 20 years of extraordinary success with the series, another symposium was convened in Galveston in 1995. The convenors asked the participants these questions: In what ways and to what ends have academic humanists and medical scientists and practitioners become serious conversation partners in recent years? How have their dialogues been shaped by prevailing social views, political philosophies, academic habits, professional mores, and public pressures? What have been the key concepts and questions of these dialogues? Have the dialogues made any appreciable intellectual or social difference? Have they improved the care of the sick? Authors respond from a variety of theoretical perspectives in the humanities. They also articulate conceptions of philosophy of medicine and bioethics from various practice experiences, and bring critical attention to aspects of the contemporary health policy.

Disability Bioethics

Moral Bodies, Moral Difference

Author: Jackie Leach Scully

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742551220

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 6530

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book reconceives disability as a set of social relations and practices, as experienced embodiment, and as an emancipatory movement, as well as a biomedical phenomenon. The author brings new attention to complex ethical questions surrounding disability, looking at not only the biomedical understanding of impairment, but also its cultural representations and social organization.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 1400052181

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 381

View: 5886

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Documents the story of how scientists took cells from an unsuspecting descendant of freed slaves and created a human cell line that has been kept alive indefinitely, enabling discoveries in such areas as cancer research, in vitro fertilization and gene mapping. Includes reading-group guide. Reprint. A best-selling book.

The Ends of Human Life

Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity

Author: Ezekiel J. Emanuel

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674253261

Category: Medical

Page: 307

View: 1425

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ezekiel Emanuel, trained as both a physician and a political theorist, rejects the claim that most of today's dilemmas of medical ethics are created by advances in medical technology. He maintains that the seemingly endless debates are the inevitable consequence of liberal political values. He proposes an alternative ideology, a liberal communitarianism that imagines a federation of political communities dedicated to democratic deliberations to guide the formulation of laws and policies.

Negotiating Bioethics

The Governance of UNESCO’s Bioethics Programme

Author: Adèle Langlois

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136237003

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 9812

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The sequencing of the entire human genome has opened up unprecedented possibilities for healthcare, but also ethical and social dilemmas about how these can be achieved, particularly in developing countries. UNESCO’s Bioethics Programme was established to address such issues in 1993. Since then, it has adopted three declarations on human genetics and bioethics (1997, 2003 and 2005), set up numerous training programmes around the world and debated the need for an international convention on human reproductive cloning. Negotiating Bioethics presents Langlois' research on the negotiation and implementation of the three declarations and the human cloning debate, based on fieldwork carried out in Kenya, South Africa, France and the UK, among policy-makers, geneticists, ethicists, civil society representatives and industry professionals. The book examines whether the UNESCO Bioethics Programme is an effective forum for (a) decision-making on bioethics issues and (b) ensuring ethical practice. Considering two different aspects of the UNESCO Bioethics Programme – deliberation and implementation – at international and national levels, Langlois explores: how relations between developed and developing countries can be made more equal who should be involved in global level decision-making and how this should proceed how overlap between initiatives can be avoided what can be done to improve the implementation of international norms by sovereign states how far universal norms can be contextualized what impact the efficacy of national level governance has at international level Drawing on extensive empirical research, Negotiating Bioethics presents a truly global perspective on bioethics. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, politics, science and technology studies, bioethics, anthropology, international relations, and public health. A PDF version of this book is available for free in Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

The Making of British Bioethics

Author: Duncan Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719096197

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 372

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Making of British Bioethics provides the first in-depth study of how philosophers, lawyers and other 'outsiders' came to play a major role in discussing and helping to regulate issues that used to be left to doctors and scientists. It details how British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals who helped create the demand for outside involvement and transformed themselves into influential 'ethics experts'. Highlighting this interplay helps us appreciate how issues such as embryo research and assisted dying became high-profile 'bioethical' concerns in the late twentieth century, and why different groups now play a critical role in developing regulatory standards and leading public debates. The book draws on a wide range of original sources and will be of interest to historians of medicine and science, general historians and bioethicists.

The Limits of Moral Obligation

Moral Demandingness and Ought Implies Can

Author: Marcel van Ackeren,Michael Kühler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131758130X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 1484

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume responds to the growing interest in finding explanations for why moral claims may lose their validity based on what they ask of their addressees. Two main ideas relate to that question: the moral demandingness objection and the principle "ought implies can." Though both of these ideas can be understood to provide an answer to the same question, they have usually been discussed separately in the philosophical literature. The aim of this collection is to provide a focused and comprehensive discussion of these two ideas and the ways in which they relate to one another, and to take a closer look at the consequences for the limits of moral normativity in general. Chapters engage with contemporary discussions surrounding "ought implies can" as well as current debates on moral demandingness, and argue that applying the moral demandingness objection to the entire range of normative ethical theories also calls for an analysis of its (metaethical) presuppositions. The contributions to this volume are at the leading edge of ethical theory, and have implications for moral theorists, philosophers of action, and those working in metaethics, theoretical ethics and applied ethics.

Routledge Handbook of Medical Law and Ethics

Author: Yann Joly,Bartha Maria Knoppers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134448724

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 711

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book explores the scope, application and role of medical law, regulatory norms and ethics, and addresses key challenges introduced by contemporary advances in biomedical research and healthcare. While mindful of national developments, the handbook supports a global perspective in its approach to medical law. Contributors include leading scholars in both medical law and ethics, who have developed specially commissioned pieces in order to present a critical overview and analysis of the current state of medical law and ethics. Each chapter offers comprehensive coverage of longstanding and traditional topics in medical law and ethics, and provides dynamic insights into contemporary and emerging issues in this heavily debated field. Topics covered include: Bioethics, health and human rights Medical liability Law and emerging health technologies Public health law Personalized medicine The law and ethics of access to medicines in developing countries Medical research in the genome era Emerging legal and ethical issues in reproductive technologies This advanced level reference work will prove invaluable to legal practitioners, scholars, students and researchers in the disciplines of law, medicine, genetics, dentistry, theology, and medical ethics.

Ethics in Everyday Places

Mapping Moral Stress, Distress, and Injury

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262343916

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 2697

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In Ethics in Everyday Places, ethicist and geographer Tom Koch considers what happens when, as he puts it, "you do everything right but know you've done something wrong." The resulting moral stress and injury, he argues, are pervasive in modern Western society. Koch makes his argument "from the ground up," from the perspective of average persons, and through a revealing series of maps in which issues of ethics and morality are embedded. The book begins with a general grounding in both moral stress and mapping as a means of investigation. The author then examines the ethical dilemmas of mapmakers and others in the popular media and the sciences, including graphic artists, journalists, researchers, and social scientists. Koch expands from the particular to the general, from mapmaker and journalist to the readers of maps and news. He explores the moral stress and injury in educational funding, poverty, and income inequality ("Why aren't we angry that one in eight fellow citizens lives in federally certified poverty?"), transportation modeling (seen in the iconic map of the London transit system and the hidden realities of exclusion), and U.S. graft organ transplantation. This uniquely interdisciplinary work rewrites our understanding of the nature of moral stress, distress and injury, and ethics in modern life. Written accessibly and engagingly, it transforms how we think of ethics -- personal and professional -- amid the often conflicting moral injunctions across modern society. Copublished with Esri Press

Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp,James F. Childress

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195143310

Category: Medical

Page: 454

View: 5402

DOWNLOAD NOW »
For many years this has been a leading textbook of bioethics. It established the framework of principles within the field. This is a very thorough revision with a new chapter on methods and moral justification.

Bioethics: The Basics

Author: Alastair V. Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351818155

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 2965

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Bioethics: The Basics is an introduction to the foundational principles, theories and issues in the study of medical and biological ethics. Readers are introduced to bioethics from the ground up before being invited to consider some of the most controversial but important questions facing us today. Topics addressed include: the range of moral theories underpinning bioethics arguments for the rights and wrongs of abortion, euthanasia and animal research health care ethics including the nature of the practitioner-patient relationship public policy ethics and the implications of global and public health ‘3 parents’, enhancement, incidental findings and nudge approaches in health care. This thoroughly revised second edition provides a concise, readable and authoritative introduction for anyone interested in the study of bioethics.

Mind, Language and Morality

Essays in Honor of Mark Platts

Author: Gustavo Ortiz-Millán,Juan Antonio Cruz Parcero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135120257X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 5163

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Mark Platts is responsible for the first systematic presentation of truth-conditional semantics and for turning a generation of philosophers on to the Davidsonian program. He is also a pioneer in discussions of moral realism, and has made important contributions to bioethics, the philosophy of human rights and moral responsibility. This book is a tribute to Platts’s pioneering work in these areas, featuring contributions from number of leading scholars of his work from the US, UK and Mexico. It features replies to the individual essays from Platts, as well as a concluding chapter reflecting on his philosophical career from Oxford to Mexico City. Mind, Language and Morality will be of interest to philosophers across a wide range of areas, including ethics, moral psychology, philosophy of law, and philosophy of language.

Private Bodies, Public Texts

Race, Gender, and a Cultural Bioethics

Author: Karla FC Holloway

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822349175

Category: Medical

Page: 225

View: 8637

DOWNLOAD NOW »
InPrivate Bodies, Public Texts, Karla FC Holloway reflects on those bodies made hyper-visible as private medical matters are thrust into the public sphere, and on that which is rendered invisible or not knowable by the professional cultures of law and medicine. Maintaining that the bodies of women and African Americans are accorded less privacy than those of white men, Holloway considers the intersection of medicine, law, ethics, race, and gender in reproductive medicine, genomics and DNA testing, the conduct of clinical trials, and death and dying. She looks at these issues in light of literary texts such as Octavia Butler'sBloodchild, Margaret Edson's playWit, and Ernest Gaines'sA Lesson before Dying, highlighting the capacity of literature to grasp cultural and historical complexities elided by law and medicine. Holloway contends that bioethics is always a cultural inquiry. Ultimately, inPrivate Bodies, Public Textsshe argues for a cultural ethics that recognizes cultural complexity as the origin of subjectivity. Such an ethics would involve reflexive analysis of the discourses and practices that constitute the medical and legal professions. It would also entail accountability for which subjects particular professional cultures construct or bring into view and which they obscure. Holloway advocates an ethics that acknowledges that professional cultures produce their subjects.