New Approaches to Old Stones

Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts

Author: Yorke M. Rowan,Jennie R. Ebeling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134949715

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4816

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Ground stone artefacts were widely used in food production in prehistory. However, the archaeological community has widely neglected the dataset of ground stone artefacts until now. 'New Approaches to Old Stones' offers a theoretical and methodological analysis of the archaeological data pertaining to ground stone tools. The essays draw on a range of case studies - from the Levant, Egypt, Crete, Anatolia, Mexico and North America - to examine ground stone technologies. From medieval Islamic stone cooking vessels and late Minoan stone vases, to the use of stone in ritual and as a symbol of luxury, 'New Approaches to Old Stones' offers a radical reassessment of the impact of ground-stone artefacts on technological change, production and exchange.

Mochlos III: The Late Hellenistic Settlement

The Beam-Press Complex

Author: Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan

Publisher: INSTAP

ISBN: 1623033845

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 1922

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Section 508 Compliant This volume presents the first of several Late Hellenistic buildings that were uncovered on the island of Mochlos, located off the northeastern coast of Crete, during the Greek-American excavations of the last 25 years. It also provides an introduction to the Hellenistic settlement that flourished on the island for nearly a century before it was abandoned. The Hellenistic remains overlay much of the Late Minoan III and Neopalatial settlement. Due to the excavation of both the Bronze Age and later phases of the town, the publication of this Hellenistic building includes paleoenvironmental material (among all the other artifacts), which is often neglected in excavations of historical material. The role that Mochlos played in East Crete is discussed and conclusions are drawn about its relations with Hierapytna during the Late Hellenistic period.

Ultimate Devotion

The Historical Impact and Archaeological Expression of Intense Religious Movements

Author: Yoav Arbel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317491122

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 5551

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From the first Jewish revolt against Rome in the first century CE to contemporary Islamic fanaticism, faith in the hands of religious zealots has been a powerful and often catastrophic means of enacting radical change. 'Ultimate Devotion' examines a range of religious movements across history to reveal the striking similarities in the way they emerged, the characters of their leaders and followers, and their often tragic conclusions. A rich variety of archaeological materials intersect with textual evidence and anthropological theory to develop a model of mass action inspired by intense religion. In its exploration of religious rebellion in history, 'Ultimate Devotion' illuminates religious fanaticism today.

Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna

The Origins of a West African Political System

Author: Stephen A. Dueppen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317543661

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 5900

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Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.

Axe Age

Acheulian Tool-making from Quarry to Discard

Author: Gonen Sharon

Publisher: Acumen Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781845531386

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 991

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"Axe Age" is dedicated to the Acheulian, a unique cultural phenomenon with the longest duration and the widest distribution in the history of humanity. The Acheulian lasted over 1 million years and is well known over three continents (Africa, Europe and Asia). This stone tool tradition is characterized by its hallmark bifacial tools, which include handaxes and cleavers. Though this prehistoric culture has been investigated extensively for over a century, countless questions have remained unanswered. Many of them are addressed in this volume. The volume, of interest to both scholars and students, presents original contributions that expand the scope of our understanding of this intriguing cultural entity. The contributions cover a vast geographic terrain and a large array of issues expressing hominin cognitive abilities and behavioral modes, such as landscape exploitation, production of bifacial tools and their classification, regional diversity, transmission of knowledge, transportation and discard patterns. Of the many authors, some are eminent scholars of worldwide reputation in Acheulian research, while others are young scholars reporting on their original research data. All of them contribute to gaining an improved understanding of the Acheulians and their culture.

Flexible Stones

Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave

Author: Anna Stroulia

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 223

View: 5142

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Despite their ubiquitous presence among prehistoric remains in Greece, ground stone tools have yet to attract the same kind of attention as have other categories of archaeological material, such as pottery or lithics. Flexible Stones provides a detailed analysis of the material discovered during the excavations at Franchthi Cave, Peloponnese, Greece. Approximately 500 tools, the raw material used for their manufacture, as well as the byproducts of such manufacture were found. Most of this collection comes from the Neolithic component of the site—including a small number of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic cases—with a large number of the studied tools indicating multiple uses. Anna Stroulia sees the multifunctional character of these tools as a conscious choice that reflects a flexible attitude of tool makers and users toward tools and raw materials. A CD-Rom with 209 additional plates is included.

Prioritizing Death and Society

The Archaeology of Chalcolithic and Contemporary Cemeteries in the Southern Levant

Author: Assaf Nativ

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 3334

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First published in 2014. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

ʻEn Esur (ʻEin Asawir) I

Excavations at a Protohistoric Site in the Coastal Plain of Israel

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: 'En Esur (Israël)

Page: 302

View: 7673

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Fragile patterns

the archaeology of the Western Papaguería

Author: Jeffrey H. Altschul,Adrianne G. Rankin

Publisher: Univ of Arizona Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 730

View: 2189

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The Smithsonian Institution Excavation at Tell Jemmeh, Israel,1970-1990

Author: David Ben-Shlomo,Gus Willard Van Beek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 1087

View: 9073

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This monograph describes the results of the archaeological excavation at the site of Tell Jemmeh, Israel, undertaken by the Smithsonian Institution and directed by Gus W. Van Beek during the years 1970–1990. All the artifacts from the excavations were shipped from Israel to Washington, D.C., and have been restored, studied, and analyzed in the National Museum of Natural History for the past four decades. The site is a strategic and large mound located near Gaza and the Mediterranean coast. It was inhabited continuously for at least 1,400 years during the Middle and Late Bronze Age, the Iron Age, and the Persian period. The highlights of this excavation are the findings of a large and affluent courtyard house from the Late Bronze Age, a sophisticated well-preserved pottery kiln from the early Iron Age, a complex of Assyrian-related administrative buildings during the late Iron Age, and a complete granary of the Persian period. This is a detailed and final report on all of the excavation results, including the architectural remains, stratigraphy, pottery, and other finds. In addition, several more detailed and focused studies of certain aspects of the site’s material include (among others) chapters on imported, decorated, Philistine, Assyrian-style and Greek pottery and chapters on figurines, sealings, jewelry, amulets, scarabs, cylinder seals, flint, coins, ostraca, and fauna. The volume is richly illustrated with nearly 1,000 figures showing field photographs, plans, sections, and drawings and photographs of artifacts. The significance of the results is summarized and discussed in the final chapter. -- Publisher.

Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus

Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847404067

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 5701

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Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Contemporary Archaeology

A Guide to Theory and Contributions

Author: Mark P. Leone

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: America

Page: 460

View: 5479

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Intended as a guide or reader in graduate or advanced under­graduate courses and as a reference for professionals interested in the latest archaeological achievements, this significant compilation of articles dealing with the theoretical bases and substantive accomplishments of contem­porary archaeology provides the coherent theory and concrete results of recent developments in anthropological archaeology. The thirty-three con­tributions here brought together, most of them previously published but several of which were written especially for this volume, are divided into seven main sections and are linked together by Mr. Leone’s extensive commentary and discussion. A comprehensive bibliography provides uni­fying concepts of the work presented here and serves as a further guide to contemporary developments.