Njal's Saga

Author: Leifur Eiricksson,Anonymous

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780140447699

Category: Fiction

Page: 377

View: 962

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"Full of dreams, strange prophecies, sexual slander, violent power struggles and fragile peace settlements, Njal's Saga is a compelling chronicle of a fifty-year blood feud." "Written in the late thirteenth century, it is the most powerful and popular of the great Icelandic Family Sagas and teems with memorable and complex characters such as Gunnar of Hlidarendi, a great warrior with an aversion to killing, the Iago-like Mord Valgardsson, and the wise and prescient Njal himself. Alongside the heroism and prowess there is also blood spilt in acts of cowardice and cruelty. Despite its distance from us in time and place, Njal's Saga explores perennial human problems: from failed marriages to divided loyalties, from the law's inability to curb human passions to the terrible consequences when decent men and women are swept up in a tide of violence quite beyond their control."--BOOK JACKET.

Nordic Magic Healing

Healing Galdr, Healing Runes

Author: Yves Kodratoff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581125739

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 4156

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Galdr is a song or howling by which a poem written in runes is "made active." Anthropological texts will often describe a healing ritual where the healer has been seen to mutter some indistinct words over the patient. This book gives these 'mutterings' back their true meaning and importance. It will also explain their rational value by clearly stating the root causes of the sickness, and explore their religious meaning. The poetry and creativity of these chants combine to form a very effective healing technique, albeit a very difficult one. Many of you will be familiar with karate's 'scream that kills', that came to us from the East. We will explore the 'scream (or song) that heals' called galdr by the Norse. In this book, galdr will be explored in two ways: by looking at a new interpretation of the famous Finish epic, Kalevala; and by considering pagan charms from various parts of the world, including two unexpected sources, those from Lithuania (not yet published) and those from Hildegard von Bingen (a German Christian visionary of the early twelfth century, whose charms were not considered to be Pagan). The Kalevala teaches us the twelve steps for physical healing, and the nine steps for healing mental illness. Old charms are used as a model for buidling new ones.

Njál's saga

Author: N.A

Publisher: Penguin Classics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 375

View: 504

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An Icelandic family saga, probably from the 13th century, in a modern translation.

The Rewriting of Njáls Saga

Translation, Ideology, and Icelandic Sagas

Author: Jón Karl Helgason

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853594571

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 175

View: 7581

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The Rewriting of Njáls saga concerns itself with the process which enables literary texts to cross cultures and endure history. Through six interrelated case studies, Jón Karl Helgason focuses on the reception of Njáls saga, the most distinguished of the Icelandic sagas, in Britain, the United States, Denmark, Norway and Iceland, between 1861 and 1945. The editions and translations in question claim to represent a medieval narrative to their audience, but Helgason emphasises how these texts simultaneously reflect the rewriters' contemporary ideas about race, culture, politics and poetics. Introducing the principles of comparative Translation Studies to the field of Medieval Literature, Helgason's book identifies the dialogue between literary (re)production and society.

Njal's Saga

Author: N.A

Publisher: Wordsworth Editions

ISBN: 9781853267857

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 5213

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Proclaimed as one of the finest Icelandic sagas, this text was written in about 1280 and refers to events a couple of centuries earlier. It is full of the details of everyday life, as well as the social structures of the society in which they take place.

Afterwords

Hellenism, Modernism, and the Myth of Decadence

Author: Louis A. Ruprecht Jr.

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438418337

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 6709

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Reading both philosophical and theological texts, this book presents an argument against nostalgia: against the myth of a Golden Age, against the posture that sees "modernity" as a problem to be solved.

The Rule of the Clan

What an Ancient Form of Social Organization Reveals About the Future of Individual Freedom

Author: Mark S. Weiner

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1466836385

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4674

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A revealing look at the role kin-based societies have played throughout history and around the world A lively, wide-ranging meditation on human development that offers surprising lessons for the future of modern individualism, The Rule of the Clan examines the constitutional principles and cultural institutions of kin-based societies, from medieval Iceland to modern Pakistan. Mark S. Weiner, an expert in constitutional law and legal history, shows us that true individual freedom depends on the existence of a robust state dedicated to the public interest. In the absence of a healthy state, he explains, humans naturally tend to create legal structures centered not on individuals but rather on extended family groups. The modern liberal state makes individualism possible by keeping this powerful drive in check—and we ignore the continuing threat to liberal values and institutions at our peril. At the same time, for modern individualism to survive, liberals must also acknowledge the profound social and psychological benefits the rule of the clan provides and recognize the loss humanity sustains in its transition to modernity. Masterfully argued and filled with rich historical detail, Weiner's investigation speaks both to modern liberal societies and to developing nations riven by "clannism," including Muslim societies in the wake of the Arab Spring.

Dostoevsky and Social and Metaphysical Freedom

Author: Tatyana Buzina

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780773466432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 325

View: 8996

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In structuring its argument about the dynamic by which the notions of fate and freedom operate throughout Dostoevsky's canon, this work brings together four traditions, the romantic tradition, old Norse mythology, the Russian folk tradition, and the Bible.

The divided heart

heroism and violence in the Old French chanson de geste

Author: Jeri Lizabeth Fackelman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2163

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Aeneid

Author: Virgil,John Dryden

Publisher: Wordsworth Editions

ISBN: 9781853267772

Category: Fiction

Page: 399

View: 6608

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Recounts the adventures of the Trojan prince Aeneas, who helped found Rome, after the fall of Troy.

'Why is your axe bloody?'

A Reading of Njàls Saga

Author: William Ian Miller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191014915

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 336

View: 5826

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Nijáls saga the greatest of the sagas of the Icelanders, was written around 1280. It tells the story of a complex feud, that starts innocently enough in a tiff over seating arrangement at a local feast, and expands over the course of 20 years to engulf half the country, in which both sides are effectively exterminated, Njal and his family burned to death in their farmhouse, the other faction picked off over the entire course of the feud. Law and feud feature centrally in the saga, Njál, its hero, being the greatest lawyer of his generation. No reading of the saga can do it justice unless it takes its law, its feuding strategies, as well as the author's stunning manipulation and saga conventions. In 'Why is your axe bloody' W.I. Miller offers a lively, entertaining, and completely oriignal personal reading of this lengthy saga.

La Saga De Njal

Author: Anonyme

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781406531237

Category: Fiction

Page: 364

View: 5618

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La Saga de Njal (egalement connue sous le nom de Saga de Brennu-Njals ou Histoire de la Brulure de Njall) est discutablement la plus celebre des Saga des Islandais. Parmi des Islandais, la saga designe le plus souvent simplement sous le nom de Njala. Ce texte du XII/XIIIe siecle decrit le deroulement d'une serie de querelles sanglantes. On pense que son auteur est un habitant du Sud-Est de l'ile. Il a la reputation d'etre le plus grand auteur de sagas. Le champ tres large de ses sujets et l'immensite de ses references montrent qu'il devait s'agir de quelqu'un de tres cultive. La saga detaille ce qui s'est passe entre 930 et 1020, periode qui couvre la christianisation de l'ile, en l'an 1000, ainsi que la Bataille de Clontarf, pres de Dublin, en 1014. Bien que le texte corresponde dans les grandes lignes avec l'histoire connue par d'autres sources et que les localites dont il parle ont pu etre retrouvees, les chercheurs essayent encore de determiner quelle part du texte releve de l'histoire et quelle part est fictive. La saga montre notamment la nature destructrice des innombrables querelles, et la maniere dont les Islandais resolvaient ces querelles.

Viking Age Iceland

Author: Jesse L Byock

Publisher: ePenguin

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 447

View: 6933

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Medieval Iceland was unique amongst Western Europe, with no foreign policy, no defence forces, no king, no lords, no peasants and few battles. It should have been a utopia yet its literature is dominated by brutality and killing. The reasons for this, argues Jesse Byock, lie in the underlying structures and cultural codes of the islands' social order. 'Viking Age Iceland' is an engaging, multi-disciplinary work bringing together findings in anthropology and ethnography interwoven with historical fact and masterful insights into the popular Icelandic sagas, this is a brilliant reconstruction of the inner workings of a unique and intriguing society.

Chaos and Love

Author: Thomas Bredsdorff

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 9788772895703

Category: History

Page: 156

View: 7504

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The Icelandic Family Sagas -- major medieval prose epics such as Egil's Saga, Laxdaela Saga, Njal's Saga, Hrafnkel's Saga -- present detailed sophisticated images of a society in which man acts and suffers the consequences of his actions -- or have them visited upon others. Feuds rage and disaster triumphs. The book introduces the reader to a number of such narratives, studies the notions of guilt and causes embedded in them, and, as a result of the study, suggests that reckless erotic desire, is often at the root of the evil. When love is practised within the boundaries set by family and tradition, peace prevails. When love is pursued as a means of individual satisfaction, regardless of the views of others, disaster prevails. The rules of society, notably the rules of feud, designed to balance competing forces, tend rather to aggravate the disasters, sometimes, as in Laxdaela and Njala, to the extent that only Christian divine grace can restore the peace.

The Real Middle Earth

Exploring the Magic and Mystery of the Middle Ages, J.R.R. Tolkien, and "The Lord of the Rings"

Author: Brian Bates

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466891092

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 791

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J.R.R. Tolkien claimed that he based the land of Middle Earth on a real place. The Real Middle Earth brings alive, for the first time, the very real civilization in which those who lived had a vision of life animated by beings beyond the material world. Magic was real to them and they believed their universe was held together by an interlaced web of golden threads visible only to wizards. At its center was Middle Earth, a place peopled by humans, but imbued with spiritual power. It was a real realm that stretched from Old England to Scandinavia and across to western Europe, encompassing Celts, Anglo Saxons and Vikings. Looking first at the rich and varied tribes who made up the populace of this mystical land, Bates looks at how the people lived their daily lives in a world of magic and mystery. Using archaeological, historical, and psychological research, Brian Bates breathes life into this civilization of two thousand years ago in a book that every Tolkien fan will want.

Feud in the Icelandic Saga

Author: Jesse L. Byock

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520082595

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 8682

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Byock sees the crucial element in the origin of the Icelandic sagas not as the introduction of writing or the impact of literary borrowings from the continent but the subject of the tales themselves - feud. This simple thesis is developed into a thorough examination of Icelandic society and feud, and of the narrative technique of recounting it.