Madness and Civilization

A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415253857

Category: Civilization

Page: 282

View: 7833

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This text is a classic of French post-structuralist scholarship and is widely recommended on humanities courses across a variety of disciplines. Foucault's analysis of psychology is a devastating critique of the common understanding of insanity.

Civilization and Its Discontents

Author: Sigmund Freud,General Press

Publisher: GENERAL PRESS

ISBN: 9387669521

Category: History

Page: 136

View: 8344

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Civilization and Its Discontents is one of the last of Freud's books, written in the decade before his death and first published in German in 1929. It is considered his most brilliant work. In it he states his views on the broad question of man's place in the world. It seeks to answer several questions fundamental to human society and its organization: What influences led to the creation of civilization? Why and how did it come to be? What determines civilization’s trajectory? Freud’s theories on the effect of the knowledge of death on human existence and the birth of art are central to his work. Many of humankind's primitive instincts (for example, the desire to kill and the insatiable craving for sexual gratification) are clearly harmful to the well-being of a human community. As a result, civilization creates laws that prohibit killing, rape, and adultery, and it implements severe punishments if such commandments are broken. This process, argues Freud, is an inherent quality of civilization that instills perpetual feelings of discontent in its citizens. Freud's theme is that what works for civilization doesn't necessarily work for man. Man, by nature aggressive and egotistical, seeks self-satisfaction.

Mind, Modernity, Madness

Author: Liah Greenfeld

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674074408

Category: Social Science

Page: 688

View: 742

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A leading interpreter of modernity argues that our culture of limitless self-fulfillment is making millions mentally ill. Training her analytic eye on manic depression and schizophrenia, Liah Greenfeld, in the culminating volume of her trilogy on nationalism, traces these dysfunctions to society’s overburdening demands for self-realization.

Madness in Civilization

A Cultural History of Insanity, from the Bible to Freud, from the Madhouse to Modern Medicine

Author: Andrew Scull

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691166153

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 2797

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Originally published: London: Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2015.

The Edge of Madness

Author: Michael Dobbs

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 184737560X

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 9303

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Cyber-warfare: the kind that brings nations to their knees, switching off energy lifelines, crippling the financial markets, starving leaders of authority. An old Russian nuclear reactor goes into Chernobyl-style meltdown while, on the other side of the world, the US Eastern Seaboard is plunged into darkness. No one knows - yet - who is responsible for the chaos. Hidden from view of the rest of the world, an extraordinary meeting of the US President, the Russian President and the British Prime Minister is about to take place. They have the weekend to save the world - and they must do it alone. Something serious is going on in Beijing. Military manoeuvres. Troops on the streets. It's as though the Chinese are preparing for the final thrust against their old enemies, bringing them to their knees in a war that will see not a single shot being fired.

The Left Hand of Darkness

Author: Ursula K. Le Guin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143111590

Category: FICTION

Page: 288

View: 2662

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The Left Hand of Darkness tells the story of a lone human emissary's mission to Winter, an unknown alien world whose inhabitants can choose--and change--their gender. His goal is to facilitate Winter's inclusion in a growing intergalactic civilization. But to do so he must bridge the gulf between his own views and those of the completely dissimilar culture that he encounters. Exploring questions of psychology, society, and human emotion in an alien world, The Left Hand of Darkness stands as a landmark achievement in the annals of science fiction.

Shahnameh

The Persian Book of Kings

Author: Abolqasem Ferdowsi

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101993235

Category: Poetry

Page: 1040

View: 6195

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The definitive translation by Dick Davis of the great national epic of Iran—now newly revised and expanded to be the most complete English-language edition Dick Davis—“our pre-eminent translator from the Persian” (The Washington Post)—has revised and expanded his acclaimed translation of Ferdowsi’s masterpiece, adding more than 100 pages of newly translated text. Davis’s elegant combination of prose and verse allows the poetry of the Shahnameh to sing its own tales directly, interspersed sparingly with clearly marked explanations to ease along modern readers. Originally composed for the Samanid princes of Khorasan in the tenth century, the Shahnameh is among the greatest works of world literature. This prodigious narrative tells the story of pre-Islamic Persia, from the mythical creation of the world and the dawn of Persian civilization through the seventh-century Arab conquest. The stories of the Shahnameh are deeply embedded in Persian culture and beyond, as attested by their appearance in such works as The Kite Runner and the love poems of Rumi and Hafez. For more than sixty-five years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,500 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Lord of the Flies

(Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition)

Author: William Golding

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101993227

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 3542

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William Golding’s unforgettable classic of boyhood adventure and the savagery of humanity comes to Penguin Classics in a stunning Graphic Deluxe Edition with a new foreword by Lois Lowry As provocative today as when it was first published in 1954, Lord of the Flies continues to ignite passionate debate with its startling, brutal portrait of human nature. William Golding’s compelling story about a group of very ordinary boys marooned on a coral island has been labeled a parable, an allegory, a myth, a morality tale, a parody, a political treatise, and even a vision of the apocalypse. But above all, it has earned its place as one of the indisputable classics of the twentieth century for readers of any age. This Penguin Classics Graphic Deluxe Edition features an array of special features to supplement the novel, including a foreword by Lois Lowry, an introduction by Stephen King, an essay by E. M. Forster, an essay on teaching and reading the novel and suggestions for further exploration by scholar Jennifer Buehler, and an extended note by E. L. Epstein, the publisher of the first American paperback edition of Lord of the Flies. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Discipline & Punish

The Birth of the Prison

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307819299

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6439

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In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.

Learning to Die in the Anthropocene

Reflections on the End of a Civilization

Author: Roy Scranton

Publisher: City Lights Publishers

ISBN: 087286670X

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 9026

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An Iraq War vet's bracing, visionary response to the challenge posed by global warming and his hope in the humanities.

The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon

Toward a Political History of Madness

Author: Laure Murat

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022602587X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 6899

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The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon is built around a bizarre historical event and an off-hand challenge. The event? In December 1840, nearly twenty years after his death, the remains of Napoleon were returned to Paris for burial—and the next day, the director of a Paris hospital for the insane admitted fourteen men who claimed to be Napoleon. The challenge, meanwhile, is the claim by great French psychiatrist Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol (1772–1840) that he could recount the history of France through asylum registries. From those two components, Laure Murat embarks on an exploration of the surprising relationship between history and madness. She uncovers countless stories of patients whose delusions seem to be rooted in the historical or political traumas of their time, like the watchmaker who believed he lived with a new head, his original having been removed at the guillotine. In the troubled wake of the Revolution, meanwhile, French physicians diagnosed a number of mental illnesses tied to current events, from “revolutionary neuroses” and “democratic disease” to the “ambitious monomania” of the Restoration. How, Murat asks, do history and psychiatry, the nation and the individual psyche, interface? A fascinating history of psychiatry—but of a wholly new sort—The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon offers the first sustained analysis of the intertwined discourses of madness, psychiatry, history, and political theory.

A Fine Madness

Author: Mashingaidze Gomo

Publisher: Ayebia Clarke Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780956240149

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 174

View: 6034

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A Fine Madness gives an insider's perspective on the nature of war and the effect on African identities, filling a longstanding gap in the literature of Africa. Gomo combines powerful prose and poetry to reflect on Zimbabwe's struggle for independence. This first novel portrays a warrior who fights in places where the battlefronts keep changing but the enemy remains the same - and foreign influences continue to dictate the direction of his and Africa's future. Where Joseph Conrad saw darkness and death in his Heart of Darkness (set in the Congo of 1902), Gomo's narrative recounts a soldier's recent experiences of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and documents the suffering of the victims of a bigger continual imperial war over Africa's resources - but this time the victims are recognizable as still human, loving and lovable. Gomo's work is already being compared to African classics such as Franz Fanon's The Wretched of the Earth, Aime Cesaire's Discourse on Colonialism and Okot p'Bitek's Song of Lawino, Song of Ocol. "To read A Fine Madness is to plunge into a nightmare of the recent war in the DRC which pitted Angola, Namibia and Zimbabwe against Uganda and Rwanda. The narrative is the voice of an airman who participated in the war not only armed with bombs, guns and bullets but also with an encyclopedic imagination steeped in world history and inspired by a Pan Africanist vision. A must read across the globe."---Dr Rino Zhuwarara, Leading Literary Critic. Zimbabwe "This is a masterful work...I found it powerful, as powerful as the fiction of the early Dambudzo Marechera."---Simon Gikandi, Princeton University, USA. "I had the privilege of being the first white person and first westerner to read Gomo's manuscript. Unable to put it down, I was enchanted, challenged and immediately committed to help find a publisher for this extraordinary work. Serendipity led me to Nana Ayebia Clarke. It is immensely rewarding to have played a small part in introducing this original African philosopher and poet to readers worldwide." Fran Feamley, Managing Director, ZimArt, Canada.

Foucault

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Gary Gutting

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192805576

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 124

View: 3073

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From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilisation to avant-garde literature, Foucault strove to understand the deep concepts of identity, knowledge, and power. He rejected old models of thinking and replaced them with versions that are still widely debated today. A major influence on Queer Theory and gender studies, he also wrote on architecture, history, law, medicine, literature, politics and of course philosophy. Gutting presents a comprehensive but non-systematic treatment of some highlights of Foucault's life and thought. Beginning with a brief biography to set the social and political stage, he then tackles Foucault's thoughts on literature, in particular the avant-garde scene; his philosophical and historical work; his treatment of knowledge and power in modern society; and his thoughts on sexuality.

The Wretched of the Earth

Author: Frantz Fanon

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

ISBN: 9780802198853

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4067

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Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

Creativity, madness and civilisation

Author: Richard Pine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 311

View: 4230

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What is 'creativity'? And what is 'madness'? How far can we interpret an artist's work through our knowledge of his or her mental state, and how far can we infer a mental state from a work of art? When does a work of art cease to be a personal statement by the artist and become a matter of public concern?The contributions to this book attempt to answer some of these questions. They come from a wide range of disciplines and experiences - a practising psychiatrist, a practising artist suffering from reactive depression, and critics working in literature, film, music and the visual arts.The essays include discussions of the 'myth of creativity', the music of Robert Schumann, the borders of sanity in the writing of Lawrence Durrell, the 'insane truth' of Virginia Woolf, the meeting of doctor and patient in the poetry of Anne Sexton, mood disorders in the fiction of David Foster Wallace, love and madness in the poetry of Hafiz of Shiraz, and the paintings of Adolf Walfli.Central to this discussion of creativity, madness and civilisation is the difficulty of establishing an appropriate and effective vocabulary and mindset between critics and clinical psychiatrists, which would enable them to work together in understanding mental disturbance in creative artists.

The Heart of Redness

A Novel

Author: Zakes Mda

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9780374708214

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 7601

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A startling novel by the leading writer of the new South Africa In The Heart of Redness -- shortlisted for the prestigious Commonwealth Writers Prize -- Zakes Mda sets a story of South African village life against a notorious episode from the country's past. The result is a novel of great scope and deep human feeling, of passion and reconciliation. As the novel opens Camugu, who left for America during apartheid, has returned to Johannesburg. Disillusioned by the problems of the new democracy, he follows his "famous lust" to Qolorha on the remote Eastern Cape. There in the nineteenth century a teenage prophetess named Nonqawuse commanded the Xhosa people to kill their cattle and burn their crops, promising that once they did so the spirits of their ancestors would rise and drive the occupying English into the ocean. The failed prophecy split the Xhosa into Believers and Unbelievers, dividing brother from brother, wife from husband, with devastating consequences. One hundred fifty years later, the two groups' decendants are at odds over plans to build a vast casino and tourist resort in the village, and Camugu is soon drawn into their heritage and their future -- and into a bizarre love triangle as well. The Heart of Redness is a seamless weave of history, myth, and realist fiction. It is, arguably, the first great novel of the new South Africa -- a triumph of imaginative and historical writing.

The Crowd

A Study of the Popular Mind

Author: Gustave Le Bon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Collective behavior

Page: 219

View: 6067

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The Geography of Madness

Penis Thieves, Voodoo Death, and the Search for the Meaning of the World's Strangest Syndromes

Author: Frank Bures

Publisher: Melville House

ISBN: 1612193730

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2072

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Why do some men become convinced—despite what doctors tell them—that their penises have, simply, disappeared. Why do people across the world become convinced that they are cursed to die on a particular date—and then do? Why do people in Malaysia suddenly “run amok”? In The Geography of Madness, acclaimed magazine writer Frank Bures investigates these and other “culture-bound” syndromes, tracing each seemingly baffling phenomenon to its source. It’s a fascinating, and at times rollicking, adventure that takes the reader around the world and deep into the oddities of the human psyche. What Bures uncovers along the way is a poignant and stirring story of the persistence of belief, fear, and hope.

This is the Beat Generation

New York, San Francisco, Paris

Author: James Campbell

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520230330

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 2376

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In New York in 1944, Campbell finds the leading members of what was to become the Beat Generation in the shadows of madness and criminality. Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, and William Burroughs had each seen the insides of a mental hospital and a prison by the age of 30. This book charts the transformation of these experiences into literature, and a literary movement that spread across the globe. 35 photos.