Occupational Ergonomics

A Practical Approach

Author: Theresa Stack,Lee T. Ostrom,Cheryl A. Wilhelmsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118814215

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 9286

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The approach to the book is analogous to a toolkit. The user will open the book and locate the tool that best fits the ergonomic assessment task he/she is performing. The chapters of the book progress from the concept of ergonomics, through the various assessment techniques, and into the more complex techniques. In addition to discussing the techniques, this book presents them in a form that the readers can readily adapt to their particular situation. Each chapter, where applicable, presents the technique discussed in that chapter and demonstrates how it is used. The supporting material at the end of each chapter contains exercises, case studies and review questions. The case study section of the book presents how to use techniques to analyze a range of workplace scenarios. Topics include: The Basics of Ergonomics; Anthropometry; Office Ergonomics; Administrative Controls; Biomechanics; Hand Tools; Vibration; Workstation Design; Manual Material Handling; Job Requirements and Physical Demands Survey; Ergonomic Survey Tools; Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders; How to Conduct an Ergonomics Assessment; and Case Studies

Occupational Health and Safety Management

A Practical Approach, Third Edition

Author: Charles D. Reese

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482231344

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 4355

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Reflecting changes in the current health and safety landscape, Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition includes examples and tools to facilitate development and implementation of a safety and health management approach. This how-to book is not just an information providing text. It shows you how to write a program and identify hazards as well as involve workers and attain their cooperation. It emphasizes the need for better and more effective communication regarding safety and health. See What’s New in the Third Edition: Chapters on workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety/sustainability Additional coverage of flammable liquids and ventilation, accident reporting, and accident investigation New compliance requirements as well as expanded accident investigation, environmental, and risk analysis guidelines PowerPoint presentation slides for each chapter A complete and practical guide for the development and management of occupational safety and health programs in any industry setting, the book supplies a management blueprint that can be used for occupational safety and health in any organization, from the smallest to the largest, beginning to develop or wanting to improve its safety and health approach. It includes comprehensive guidelines for development of occupational health and safety programs to a variety of industries and is especially useful for start-up companies. The author takes a total management approach to the development of written programs, the identification of hazards, the mitigation of hazards by the use of common safety and health tools, the development of a safe workforce through communications, motivational techniques, involvement, and training. He addresses the tracking and acceptable risk from both safety and health hazards. He also discusses how to work with and within the OSHA compliance approach as well as how to deal with the OSHA regulations, workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety. As you understand and apply the guidelines in each chapter, you can put your company on the way toward building a successful and effective safety and health effort for its employers and employees.

Interventions, Controls, and Applications in Occupational Ergonomics

Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142000364X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 8722

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Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The editors have brought together researchers from a wide range of disciplines with pioneering practitioners in industry to cover a diverse list of ergonomics topics. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each individual volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Interventions, Controls, and Applications in Occupational Ergonomics begins with descriptions of the elements of the ergonomics processes, including success factors for implementation of industrial ergonomics programs. It includes coverage of injury surveillance database systems and corporate health management for the design and evaluation of health in industrial organizations, ergonomics processes from the small and large industry perspectives, and human digital modeling, as well as facilities planning and organizational design and macro-ergonomics. Additional chapters present methods and techniques for engineering control, including tried and true strategies and pitfalls to avoid, and discuss the theory and practice of ergonomics interventions in the workplace. Using this information as a cornerstone, the book addresses the issues of medical management of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, systems approach to rehabilitation, wrist splints, and application of the clinical lumbar motion monitor. It provides an overview of best practices for ergonomics intervention with respect to the design and use of chairs and office furniture, as well as design of computer keyboards and notebook computers. The book closes with discussions of the problem of medical errors, the challenge and rewards of applying ergonomics in developing areas, and the future of human work.

Advances in Social & Occupational Ergonomics

Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA

Author: Richard H.M. Goossens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331941688X

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 4324

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This book reports on cutting-edge research related to social and occupational factors. It presents innovative contributions to the optimization of sociotechnical management systems, which consider organizational, policy, and logistical issues. It discusses timely topics related to communication, crew resource management, work design, participatory design, as well as teamwork, community ergonomics, cooperative work, and warning systems. Moreover, it reports on new work paradigms, organizational cultures, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management. The book reports on cutting-edge infrastructures implemented for different purposes such as urban, health, and enterprise. It discusses the growing role of automated systems and presents innovative solutions addressing the needs of special populations. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, held on July 27-31 in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book provides readers with a comprehensive view of the current challenges in both organizational and occupational ergonomics, highlighting key connections between them and underlining the importance of emotional factors in influencing human performance.

Orthopaedic Nursing

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Orthopedic nursing

Page: 814

View: 7230

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This comprehensive text provides the practicing nurse access to the physical, sociocultural, and physiological aspects of orthopedic nursing care and emphasizes up-to-date care for patients of all ages. The text takes a team approach to care for patients in various transitional healthcare settings. Pathophysiology and management modalities are covered in depth. Introductory chapters offer the fundamentals necessary to provide care to orthopedic patients with various diagnoses. The remainder of the book addresses orthopedic disorders categorized by physiologic processes. New evidence based content and outpatient care strategies have been added throughout the text and Internet resources are included at the end of every chapter. New chapters in the third edition explore genetics and wellness.

Occupational Ergonomics

Theory and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Amit Bhattacharya,James D. McGlothlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439819343

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1332

View: 8596

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In the fifteen years since the publication of Occupational Ergonomics: Theory and Applications significant advances have been made in this field. These advances include understanding the impact of ageing and obesity on workplace, the role of ergonomics in promoting healthy workplaces and healthy life styles, the role of ergonomic science in the design of consumer products, and much more. The caliber of information and the simple, practical ergonomics solutions in the second edition of this groundbreaking resource, though, haven’t changed. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Enhanced coverage of ergonomics in the international arena Emerging topics such as Healthcare Ergonomics and economics of ergonomics Coverage of disability management and psychosocial rehabilitation aspects of workplace and its ergonomics implication Current ergonomics solutions from "research to practice" Synergy of healthy workplaces with healthy lifestyles Impact of physical agents on worker health/safety and its control Additional problems with solutions in the appendix The book covers the fundamentals of ergonomics and the practical application of those fundamentals in solving ergonomic problems. The scope is such that it can be used as a reference for graduate students in the health sciences, engineering, technology and business as well as professional practitioners of these disciplines. Also, it can be used as a senior level undergraduate textbook, with solved problems, case studies, and exercises included in several chapters. The book blends medical and engineering applications to solve musculoskeletal, safety, and health problems in a variety of traditional and emerging industries ranging from the office to the operating room to operations engineering.

Occupational Therapy for People with Learning Disabilities , A Practical Guide

Psychology, Cognitive psychology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467222747

Category: Education

Page: 27

View: 6252

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Occupational Therapy for People with Learning Disabilities , A Practical Guide. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Fundamentals and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics

Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003631

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 7534

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Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, written by leading experts, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Fundamental and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics merges the frontiers of ergonomics, workplace design, and management issues. The editors have brought together researchers from disciplines such as biomechanics, anthropometry, and cognitive science with pioneering practitioners in industry. They discuss tools of the trade, upper extremity analysis, backs, interventions, management issues, design for ergonomics, principles of product design, band-aid approaches, processing, distribution centers, and service systems. The handbook is a compendium of information authored by top-flight investigators who represent the cutting edge of opinion, research, and interest in the field.

Health and Safety

Questions and Answers: a Practical Approach

Author: Pat Perry

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727732408

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 295

View: 3897

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Health and safety requirements, Health and safety management, Occupational safety, Management, Safety measures, Legislation, Building and Construction

The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook

Author: Waldemar Karwowski,William S. Marras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849326417

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2088

View: 1995

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Occupational ergonomics and safety studies the application of human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design, testing, and evaluation of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for productive, safe, comfortable, and effective use. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook provides current, comprehensive knowledge in this broad field, providing essential, state-of-the-art information from nearly 150 international leaders of this discipline. The text assesses the knowledge and expertise applied to industrial environments: Providing engineering guidelines for redesigning tools, machines, and work layouts Evaluating the demands placed on workers by current jobs Simulating alternative work methods Determining the potential for reducing physical job demands based on the implementation of new methods Topics also include: Fundamental ergonomic design principles at work Work-related musculoskeletal injuries, such as cumulative trauma to the upper extremity (CTDs) and low back disorders (LBDs), which affect several million workers each year with total costs exceeding $100 billion annually Current knowledge used for minimizing human suffering, potential for occupational disability, and related worker's compensation costs Working conditions under which musculoskeletal injuries might occur Engineering design measures for eliminating or reducing known job-risk factors Optimal manufacturing processes regarding human perceptual and cognitive abilities as well as task reliability Identifying the worker population affected by adverse conditions Early medical and work intervention efforts Economics of an ergonomics maintenance program Ergonomics as an essential cost to doing business Ergonomics intervention includes design for manufacturability, total quality management, and work organization. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook demonstrates how ergonomics serves as a vital component for the activities of the company and enables an advantageous cooperation between management and labor. This new handbook serves a broad segment of industrial practitioners, including industrial and manufacturing engineers; managers; plant supervisors and ergonomics professionals; researchers and students from academia, business, and government; human factors and safety specialists; physical therapists; cognitive and work psychologists; sociologists; and human-computer communications specialists.

A Practical Approach to Movement Disorders

Diagnosis and Medical and Surgical Management

Author: Michael S. Okun, MD,Ramon L. Rodriguez, MD,Frank M. Skidmore, MD

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 1935281887

Category: Medical

Page: 274

View: 5740

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This book provides the busy clinician with a quick, symptom-based guide to the clinical presentation, diagnosis, work-up, and management of the most common types of movement disorders encountered in clinical practice, including Parkinson's disease, chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, and ataxia. Written in expanded outline format, with frequent diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms, tables, and scales, it is an essential guide for clinicians faced with patients with movement disorders. A Practical Approach to Movement Disorders is a welcome departure from the typical lengthy, disease-based hardbound texts ill suited for the busy clinician. Practical yet authoritative, this fit-in-your-coat-pocket guide begins with a comprehensive description of the different presentations of movement disorders. It then details the medical, surgical, and non-pharmacological approaches, including speech and swallowing therapy and physical and occupational therapy. Key features include: Symptom-based, rather than disease-based, chapters A focus on the most common movement disorders A unique section on the neurological aspects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) Dozens of diagnostic and management pearls Suggested readings for each chapter Handy and comprehensive, A Practical Approach to Movement Disorders is the only guide for busy clinicians needing quick information on movement disorders.

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics

A Systems Approach, Second Edition

Author: Stephen J. Guastello

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146656010X

Category: Computers

Page: 501

View: 2632

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Although still true to its original focus on the person–machine interface, the field of human factors psychology (ergonomics) has expanded to include stress research, accident analysis and prevention, and nonlinear dynamical systems theory (how systems change over time), human group dynamics, and environmental psychology. Reflecting new developments in the field, Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach, Second Edition addresses a wide range of human factors and ergonomics principles found in conventional and twenty-first century technologies and environments. Based on the author’s thirty years of experience, the text emphasizes fundamental concepts, systems thinking, the changing nature of the person-machine interface, and the dynamics of systems as they change over time. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Developments in working memory, degrees of freedom in cognitive processes, subjective workload, decision-making, and situation awareness Updated information on cognitive workload and fatigue Additional principles for HFE, networks, multiple person-machine systems, and human-robot swarms Accident analysis and prevention includes resilience, new developments in safety climate, and an update to the inventory of accident prevention techniques and their relative effectiveness Problems in "big data" mining Psychomotor control and its relevance to human-robot systems Navigation in real-world environment Trust in automation and augmented cognition Computer technology permeates every aspect of the human–machine system, and has only become more ubiquitous since the previous edition. The systems are becoming more complex, so it should stand to reason that theories need to evolve to cope with the new sources of complexity. While many books cover traditional topics and theory, they to not focus on the practical problems students will face in the future. With broad coverage that ranges from physical ergonomics to cognitive aspects of human-machine interaction and includes dynamic approaches to system failure, this book increases the number of methods and analytical tools that are available for the human factors researcher.

Introduction to Ergonomics, Third Edition

Author: Robert Bridger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439894922

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 808

View: 457

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The past decade has seen the development and testing of an increasingly large set of ergonomics tools. With new sections in every chapter, the third edition of Introduction to Ergonomics describes a representative selection of tools and demonstrates how to apply them in practice. In fully researched, stand alone sections with worked examples, the book provides useful, practical skills for dealing with real-world ergonomic problems. The author’s approach is based on a professional model in which specialized skills are backed-up by a good general knowledge of ergonomics. This approach is in accordance with International Ergonomics Association guidelines. See what’s new in the Third Edition: Ergonomics Workshop sections in each chapter with worked examples and advice for using problem solving tools Guidance for the design of questionnaires, rating scales, and the conduct of surveys applicable across all areas of ergonomics Task analysis examples together with a wide variety of ergonomics checklists and design guidelines Increased coverage of the role of stress and psychological well-being on the health of workers and on systems safety New material for course lectures, examinations, and projects – over 200 essays and exercises Glossary of technical terms New evidence for the cost-effectiveness of ergonomics in practice Advice for further study Updated Instructor’s Manual The book’s built-in flexibility allows it to be used in a variety of ways. Reading the main text supplies a general overview of ergonomics in action. Delving deeper, the Ergonomics Workshop sections include tutorials and exercises that provide a basic toolkit for carrying out risk assessments and for solving real-world problems. This multi-level organization allows those studying human factors, psychology, industrial engineering, and occupational ergonomics to get both general knowledge and specialized information. The self-contained chapters are also accessible to non-ergonomics professionals who need to know more about the subject.

Ergonomics in Back Pain

A Guide to Prevention and Rehabilitation

Author: Tarek M. Khalil,Elsayed M. Abdel-Moty,Renee S. Rosomoff,Hubert L. Rosomoff

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471285441

Category: Medical

Page: 223

View: 690

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Back pain is a leading cause of suffering, high medical costs, and loss of productivity in the workplace. Through a multidisciplinary approach, this book addresses the widespread problem of musculoskeletal injuries in general and lower back injury in particular. It presents the principles of ergonomics and bioengineering and their application to the prevention and rehabilitation of lower back injuries. Special attention is given to ergonomic methodologies such as human performance analysis and functional capacity assessment. Ways to structure workplaces and job tasks so as to minimize stresses to the back and improve productivity are presented. Case studies and population profiles are drawn from ergonomic research performed at the Comprehensive Pain and Rehabilitation Center at the University of Miami. The authors discuss the origins of low back pain, events that lead to injury, and the consequences to employers. Back pain is correlated with specific occupational factors. Nearly 150 illustrations further these discussions. Among the important preventive and therapeutic measures explored are: * Bodymechanics education and muscle reeducation * Workplace design and biomechanics * Functional electrical stimulation, electromyography, and biofeedback * Management of low back pain during rehabilitation and post-rehabilitation stages Extensive epidemiological data show the devastating effects of low back pain on the economy, industry, and healthcare delivery. Also examined are the role of medical personnel in the evaluation and treatment of back pain and the contributions that can be made by an ergonomist who is part of a multidisciplinary healthcare delivery team. Ergonomics in Back Pain is intended for use by ergonomists, physicians, physical therapists, occupational therapists, vocational counselors, chiropractors, osteopaths, and rehabilitation medicine specialists, as well as by engineers, workplace designers, and people working on the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Risk Assessments Questions and Answers

A Practical Approach

Author: Pat Perry

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727732385

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 4967

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The term 'risk assessment' is all too familiar in business and applies not only to health and safety but also other business processes. The Turnball Report focused the minds of many businesses on risk management, but while we may know that we must undertake risk assessments in health and safety, there is oftern a lack of Knowledge and understanding on how to do it and what is ""suitable and sufficient"". Each chapter covers a key health and safety area and the approach to risk assessment is outlined in a series of questions - how, what , why, when? - and solutions and approaches given to understanding the legal requirements and how to implement them. References are made throughout to HSE approved codes of practice, best practice guidance and industry specific guides. The book is aimed at everyone from company directors through to someone who needs to assume the competent person's role in undertaking health and safety responsibilities.

Ergonomics For Beginners

A Quick Reference Guide, Second Edition

Author: Jan Dul,Bernard Weerdmeester

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0748408258

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 154

View: 2627

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This is a fully revised and updated edition of the 1993 title Ergonomics for Beginners. It provides an excellent practical primer for anyone approaching the subject for the first time with the aim of bringing benefits to the performance of tasks in work and domestic environments. Embracing the concepts of designing tasks and the environment for human comfort and satisfaction as well as for optimum performance, the book shows, in an easy and accessible fashion, the steps by which managers, workers and users can achieve an appropriate balance. The authors have extensively revised this new edition, maintaining the size and flavour that made the first edition so successful, and replacing out-of-date material with new insights and raising the emphasis placed on computing-related ergonomics. This renowned text is will be essential reading for all those people who need a basic, easy-to-follow guide to the subject of ergonomics and human factors working in a variety of occupations including psychology, design, engineering, management, health, occupational health and safety, human-computer interaction and ergonomics. Essential!

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3644

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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care and Patient Safety, Second Edition

Author: Pascale Carayon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439830347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 876

View: 521

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The first edition of Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care and Patient Safety took the medical and ergonomics communities by storm with in-depth coverage of human factors and ergonomics research, concepts, theories, models, methods, and interventions and how they can be applied in health care. Other books focus on particular human factors and ergonomics issues such as human error or design of medical devices or a specific application such as emergency medicine. This book draws on both areas to provide a compendium of human factors and ergonomics issues relevant to health care and patient safety. The second edition takes a more practical approach with coverage of methods, interventions, and applications and a greater range of domains such as medication safety, surgery, anesthesia, and infection prevention. New topics include: work schedules error recovery telemedicine workflow analysis simulation health information technology development and design patient safety management Reflecting developments and advances in the five years since the first edition, the book explores medical technology and telemedicine and puts a special emphasis on the contributions of human factors and ergonomics to the improvement of patient safety and quality of care. In order to take patient safety to the next level, collaboration between human factors professionals and health care providers must occur. This book brings both groups closer to achieving that goal.

Risk Assessment

A Practical Guide to Assessing Operational Risks

Author: Georgi Popov,Bruce K. Lyon,Bruce Hollcroft

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118911040

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 8246

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Covers the fundamentals of risk assessment and emphasizes taking a practical approach in the application of the techniques Written as a primer for students and employed safety professionals covering the fundamentals of risk assessment and emphasizing a practical approach in the application of the techniques Each chapter is developed as a stand-alone essay, making it easier to cover a subject Includes interactive exercises, links, videos, and downloadable risk assessment tools Addresses criteria prescribed by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) for safety programs