Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573360

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 7866

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The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Frederick Wooten

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483220761

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3798

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Optical Properties of Solids covers the important concepts of intrinsic optical properties and photoelectric emission. The book starts by providing an introduction to the fundamental optical spectra of solids. The text then discusses Maxwell's equations and the dielectric function; absorption and dispersion; and the theory of free-electron metals. The quantum mechanical theory of direct and indirect transitions between bands; the applications of dispersion relations; and the derivation of an expression for the dielectric function in the self-consistent field approximation are also encompassed. The book further tackles current-current correlations; the fluctuation-dissipation theorem; and the effect of surface plasmons on optical properties and photoemission. People involved in the study of the optical properties of solids will find the book invaluable.

Optical Properties of Solids

An Introductory Textbook

Author: Kitsakorn Locharoenrat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814669075

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9744

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This textbook presents the general point of views of the optical properties of solids and gives an overview of the landscape of optics in solid-state materials, especially focusing on optical imaging techniques. It presents the background of electromagnetic theory, which is based on Maxwell’s equations. It shows how to manipulate Maxwell’s equations in differential forms by utilizing vector analysis and how to calculate the electric field emerging from a single charge and from charge distributions in conductors and dielectrics under Maxwell’s boundary conditions. It analyzes the optical spectra from localized electronic states and goes over some well-known phenomena currently under research, such as nonlinear optical response of materials. It also gives a background on optical microscopy, focusing on the optical response of modern confocal microscopy on asymmetric materials, and introduces optical tomographic techniques to identify the locations and profiles of matter, concentrating on fluorescence diffuse optical tomography used as a probe in deep biological tissue. The book is designed for all kinds of learners, especially independent learners, and is aimed to facilitate the visualization of related theoretical concepts. Problem sets have been provided with each chapter to examine the readers’ understanding of each concept.

Electrodynamics of Solids

Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter

Author: Martin Dressel,George Gruner,George Grüner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521597265

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 8293

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A graduate-level book about the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interaction with condensed matter.

Electronic Structure and Magneto-Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Victor Antonov,Bruce Harmon,Alexander Yaresko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402019068

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 673

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The aim of this book is to review recent achievements in thetheoretical investigations of the electronic structure, optical, magneto-optical (MO), and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD)properties of compounds and Multilayered structures.Chapter 1 of this book is of an introductory character and presentsthe theoretical foundations of the band theory of solids such as thedensity functional theory for ground state properties of solidsincluding local density approximation (LDA). It also presents somemodifications to the LDA, such as gradient correction, self-interaction correction, LDA+U method, orbital polarizationcorrection, GW approximation, and dynamical mean- field theory. Thedescription of the magneto-optical effects and linear response theoryare also presented.The book describes the MO properties for a number of 3d materials, such as elemental ferromagnetic metals (Fe, Co and Ni) andparamagnetic metals in external magnetic fields (Pd and Pt), someimportant 3d compounds such as XPt3 (X=V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co), Heusleralloys, chromium spinel chalcogenides, MnB and strongly correlatedmagnetite Fe304. It also describes the recent achievements in both theexperimental and theoretical investigations of the electronicstructure, optical and MO properties of transition metal multilayeredstructures (MLS).The book presents also the MO properties of f band ferromagneticmaterials: Tm, Nd, Sm, Ce and La monochalcogenides, some important Y

Optical Properties of Solids

Papers from the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Optical Properties of Solids Held August 7–20, 1966, at Freiburg, Germany

Author: S. Mitra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1475711239

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 641

View: 7168

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This book is an account of the manner in which the optical phenomena observed from solids relate to their fundamental properties. Written at the graduate level, it attempts a threefold purpose: an indication of the breadth of the subject, an in-depth examination of important areas, and a text for a two-semester course. The first two chapters present introductory theory as a foundation for subsequent reading. The following ten chapters broadly concern electronic properties associated with semiconductors ranging from narrow to wide energy gap materials. Lattice properties are examined in the remaining chap ters, in which effects governed by phonons in perfect crystals, point defects, their vibrational and electronic spectra, and electron-phonon interactions are stressed. Fun and hard work, both in considerable measure, have gone into the preparation of this volume. At the University of Freiburg, W. Germany, from August 7-20, 1966, the occasion of a NATO Advanced Study Institute on "The Optical Properties of Solids," the authors of these various chapters lectured for the Institute; this volume provides essentially the "Proceed ings" of that meeting. Many major revisions of original lectures (contrac tions and enlargements) were required for better organization and presentation of the subject matter. Several abbreviated chapters appear mainly to indicate the importance of their contents in optical properties research and to indicate recently published books that provide ample coverage. We are indebted to many people: the authors for their efforts and patience; our host at the University of Freiburg, the late Professor Dr.

Optical Properties of Ions in Solids

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468427873

Category: Science

Page: 493

View: 9072

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These proceedings report the lectures and seminars presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Optical Properties of Ions in Solids," held at Erice, Italy, June 6-21, 1974. The Institute was the first activity of the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture. The Institute consisted of a series of lectures on optical properties of ions in solids that, starting at a fundamental level, finally reached the current level of research. The sequence of lectures and the organization of the material taught were in keeping with a didactical presentation. In essence the Institute had the two-fold purpose of organizing what was known on the subject, and updating the knowledge in the field. Fif'teen series of lectures for a total of 44 hours were given. Five one-hour seminars and five twenty-minute seminars were presented. A total of 57 participants came from 40 laboratories in the following countries: Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands; Polatid, Romania, Switzerland, the United Ki~gdom, and the United States. The secretaries of the Institute were: D. Pacheco for the scientific aspects and A. La Francesca for the administrative aspects of the meeting. These proceedings report the lectures, the one-hour seminars (abstracts only) and the twenty-minute- seminars (titles only). The proceedings report also the contributions sent by Prof. K. Rebane and Dr. L. A. Rebane who, unfortunately, were not able to come.

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

Author: Bernard Bendow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468421786

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 538

View: 7210

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Although much work has been performed on measure ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be tween these two limits, where the material is transpar ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de pends exponentially on frequency.

Optical Properties of Excited States in Solids

Author: Baldassare di Bartolo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146153044X

Category: Science

Page: 733

View: 2321

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This book presents an account of the course "Optical Properties of Excited States in Solids" held in Erice, Italy, from June 16 to 3D, 1991. This meeting was organized by the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture. The purpose of this course was to present physical models, mathematical formalisms and experimental techniques relevant to the optical properties of excited states in solids. Some active physical species, such as ions or radicals, could survive indefinitely if they were completely 'isolated in space. Other active species, such as excited molecular and solid-state systems, are inherently unstable, even in isolation, due to the spontaneous mechanisms that may convert their excitation energies into radiation or heat. Physical parameters that may be used to characterize these excited systems are the localization or delocalization, and the coherence or incoherence, of their state excitations. In solids the excited states, whether they are localized (as for impurities in insulators) or delocalized (as they may occur in semiconductors), are relevant in several regards. Their de-excitation is extremely sensitive to the nature of the excitations of the systems, and a study of the de-excitation processes can yield a variety of information. For example, the excited states may represent the initial condition of the onset of such processes as Stokes-shifted emission, hot luminescence, symmetry-dependent Jahn-Teller and scattering processes, tunneling processes, energy transfer to like and unlike centers, superradiance, coherent radiation, and excited state absorption.

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids

Author: Edward D. Palik

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080556302

Category: Science

Page: 1096

View: 8261

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This handbook--a sequel to the widely used Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids--contains critical reviews and tabulated values of indexes of refraction (n) and extinction coefficients (k) for almost 50 materials that were not covered in the original handbook. For each material, the best known n and k values have been carefully tabulated, from the x-ray to millimeter-wave region of the spectrum by expert optical scientists. In addition, the handbook features thirteen introductory chapters that discuss the determination of n and k by various techniques. * Contributors have decided the best values for n and k * References in each critique allow the reader to go back to the original data to examine and understand where the values have come from * Allows the reader to determine if any data in a spectral region needs to be filled in * Gives a wide and detailed view of experimental techniques for measuring the optical constants n and k * Incorporates and describes crystal structure, space-group symmetry, unit-cell dimensions, number of optic and acoustic modes, frequencies of optic modes, the irreducible representation, band gap, plasma frequency, and static dielectric constant

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, Five-Volume Set

Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications

Author: Edward D. Palik

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080523757

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3224

View: 1233

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This set of five volumes, four volumes edited by Edward D. Palik and a volume by Gorachand Ghosh, is a unique resource for any science and technology library. It provides materials researchers and optical device designers with reference facts in a context not available anywhere else. The singular functionality of the set derives from the unique format for the three core volumes that comprise the Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids. The Handbook satisfies several essential needs: first, it affords the most comprehensive database of the refractive index and extinction (or loss) coefficient of technically important and scientifically interesting dielectrics. This data has been critically selected and evaluated by authorities on each material. Second, the dielectric constant database is supplemented by tutorial chapters covering the basics of dielectric theory and reviews of experimental techniques for each wavelength region and material characteristic. As an additional resource, two of the tutorial chapters summarize the relevant characteristics of each of the materials in the database. The data in the core volumes have been collected and analyzed over a period of twelve years, with the most recent completed in 1997. The volumes systematically define the dielectric properties of 143 of the most engaging materials, including metals, semiconductors, and insulators. Together, the three Palik books contain nearly 3,000 pages, with about 2/3 devoted to the dielectric constant data. The tutorial chapters in the remaining 1/3 of the pages contain a wealth of information, including some dielectric data. Hence, the separate volume, Index to Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, which is included as part of the set, substantially enhances the utility of the Handbook and in essence, joins all the Palik volumes into one unit. It isthen of great importance to users of the set. A final volume rounds out the set. The Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications collects refractive index measurements and their temperature dependence for a large number of crystals and glasses. Mathematical models represent these data, and in turn are used in the design of nonlinear optical devices. * Unique source of extremely useful optical data for a very broad community of scientists, researchers, and practitioners * Will be of great practical applicability to both industry and research * Presents optical constants for a broadest spectral range, for a very large number of materials: Paliks three volumes include 143 materials including 43 elements; Ghoshs volume includes some 70 technologically interesting crystals and many commercial glasses * Includes a special index volume that enables the user to search for the information in the three Palik volumes easily and quickly * Critique chapters in the Palik volumes discuss the data and give reference to most of the literature available for each material * Presents various techniques for measuring the optical constants and mathematical models for analytical calculations of some data

Solid State Properties

From Bulk to Nano

Author: Mildred Dresselhaus,Gene Dresselhaus,Stephen B. Cronin,Antonio Gomes Souza Filho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662559226

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 4341

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This book fills a gap between many of the basic solid state physics and materials sciencebooks that are currently available. It is written for a mixed audience of electricalengineering and applied physics students who have some knowledge of elementaryundergraduate quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. This book, based on asuccessful course taught at MIT, is divided pedagogically into three parts: (I) ElectronicStructure, (II) Transport Properties, and (III) Optical Properties. Each topic is explainedin the context of bulk materials and then extended to low-dimensional materials whereapplicable. Problem sets review the content of each chapter to help students to understandthe material described in each of the chapters more deeply and to prepare them to masterthe next chapters.

Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids

Author: Brian Henderson,G. Frank Imbusch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298624

Category: Science

Page: 645

View: 1003

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This text describes the technique of optical spectroscopy applied to problems in condensed matter physics. It relates theoretical understanding to experimental measurement, including discussion of the optical spectroscopy of inorganic insulators, with many illustrative examples. Symmetry arguments are developed from a formal group theoretical basis and are frequently used, and a special effort is made to treat the subject of lattice vibrations and to show how these can affect the spectroscopic properties of solids. The elements of laser theory are developed, and the authors also explore the use of optically detected magnetic resonance techniques for the investigation of semiconducting materials.

Optical Characterization of Solids

Author: D. Dragoman,M. Dragoman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540418030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 5525

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One of the first books to give a comprehensive and coherent account of the basic methods to characterize a solid through its interaction with an electromagnetic field. The basic theory is focused on the determination of the main parameters of a solid (energy bands, energy levels, effective mass of electrons and holes etc.) from absorption coefficients, scattering data, magneto-optical results etc. The discussion is at an intermediate level and all the formulas are carefully deduced and explained. All types of solid (semiconductors, crystals, metals, etc.) are discussed. The latest experimental results are also presented.