Outlier Analysis

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475789

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 1489

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This book provides comprehensive coverage of the field of outlier analysis from a computer science point of view. It integrates methods from data mining, machine learning, and statistics within the computational framework and therefore appeals to multiple communities. The chapters of this book can be organized into three categories: Basic algorithms: Chapters 1 through 7 discuss the fundamental algorithms for outlier analysis, including probabilistic and statistical methods, linear methods, proximity-based methods, high-dimensional (subspace) methods, ensemble methods, and supervised methods. Domain-specific methods: Chapters 8 through 12 discuss outlier detection algorithms for various domains of data, such as text, categorical data, time-series data, discrete sequence data, spatial data, and network data. Applications: Chapter 13 is devoted to various applications of outlier analysis. Some guidance is also provided for the practitioner. The second edition of this book is more detailed and is written to appeal to both researchers and practitioners. Significant new material has been added on topics such as kernel methods, one-class support-vector machines, matrix factorization, neural networks, outlier ensembles, time-series methods, and subspace methods. It is written as a textbook and can be used for classroom teaching.

Outlier Analysis

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461463963

Category: Computers

Page: 446

View: 1253

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With the increasing advances in hardware technology for data collection, and advances in software technology (databases) for data organization, computer scientists have increasingly participated in the latest advancements of the outlier analysis field. Computer scientists, specifically, approach this field based on their practical experiences in managing large amounts of data, and with far fewer assumptions– the data can be of any type, structured or unstructured, and may be extremely large. Outlier Analysis is a comprehensive exposition, as understood by data mining experts, statisticians and computer scientists. The book has been organized carefully, and emphasis was placed on simplifying the content, so that students and practitioners can also benefit. Chapters will typically cover one of three areas: methods and techniques commonly used in outlier analysis, such as linear methods, proximity-based methods, subspace methods, and supervised methods; data domains, such as, text, categorical, mixed-attribute, time-series, streaming, discrete sequence, spatial and network data; and key applications of these methods as applied to diverse domains such as credit card fraud detection, intrusion detection, medical diagnosis, earth science, web log analytics, and social network analysis are covered.

Outlier Analysis

Author: Charu C Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319837727

Category:

Page: 488

View: 8186

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This book provides comprehensive coverage of the field of outlier analysis from a computer science point of view. It integrates methods from data mining, machine learning, and statistics within the computational framework and therefore appeals to multiple communities. The chapters of this book can be organized into three categories: Basic algorithms: Chapters 1 through 7 discuss the fundamental algorithms for outlier analysis, including probabilistic and statistical methods, linear methods, proximity-based methods, high-dimensional (subspace) methods, ensemble methods, and supervised methods. Domain-specific methods: Chapters 8 through 12 discuss outlier detection algorithms for various domains of data, such as text, categorical data, time-series data, discrete sequence data, spatial data, and network data. Applications: Chapter 13 is devoted to various applications of outlier analysis. Some guidance is also provided for the practitioner. The second edition of this book is more detailed and is written to appeal to both researchers and practitioners. Significant new material has been added on topics such as kernel methods, one-class support-vector machines, matrix factorization, neural networks, outlier ensembles, time-series methods, and subspace methods. It is written as a textbook and can be used for classroom teaching.

Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques

Author: Jiawei Han,Jian Pei,Micheline Kamber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123814807

Category: Computers

Page: 744

View: 6072

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Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques provides the concepts and techniques in processing gathered data or information, which will be used in various applications. Specifically, it explains data mining and the tools used in discovering knowledge from the collected data. This book is referred as the knowledge discovery from data (KDD). It focuses on the feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability of techniques of large data sets. After describing data mining, this edition explains the methods of knowing, preprocessing, processing, and warehousing data. It then presents information about data warehouses, online analytical processing (OLAP), and data cube technology. Then, the methods involved in mining frequent patterns, associations, and correlations for large data sets are described. The book details the methods for data classification and introduces the concepts and methods for data clustering. The remaining chapters discuss the outlier detection and the trends, applications, and research frontiers in data mining. This book is intended for Computer Science students, application developers, business professionals, and researchers who seek information on data mining. Presents dozens of algorithms and implementation examples, all in pseudo-code and suitable for use in real-world, large-scale data mining projects Addresses advanced topics such as mining object-relational databases, spatial databases, multimedia databases, time-series databases, text databases, the World Wide Web, and applications in several fields Provides a comprehensive, practical look at the concepts and techniques you need to get the most out of your data

Outliers

The Story of Success

Author: Malcolm Gladwell

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014190349X

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 6275

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From the bestselling author of Blink and The Tipping Point, Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers: The Story of Success overturns conventional wisdom about genius to show us what makes an ordinary person an extreme overachiever. Why do some people achieve so much more than others? Can they lie so far out of the ordinary? In this provocative and inspiring book, Malcolm Gladwell looks at everyone from rock stars to professional athletes, software billionaires to scientific geniuses, to show that the story of success is far more surprising, and far more fascinating, than we could ever have imagined. He reveals that it's as much about where we're from and what we do, as who we are - and that no one, not even a genius, ever makes it alone. Outliers will change the way you think about your own life story, and about what makes us all unique. 'Gladwell is not only a brilliant storyteller; he can see what those stories tell us, the lessons they contain' Guardian 'Malcolm Gladwell is a global phenomenon ... he has a genius for making everything he writes seem like an impossible adventure' Observer 'He is the best kind of writer - the kind who makes you feel like you're a genius, rather than he's a genius' The Times

Outlier Ensembles

An Introduction

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal,Saket Sathe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319547658

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 6969

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This book discusses a variety of methods for outlier ensembles and organizes them by the specific principles with which accuracy improvements are achieved. In addition, it covers the techniques with which such methods can be made more effective. A formal classification of these methods is provided, and the circumstances in which they work well are examined. The authors cover how outlier ensembles relate (both theoretically and practically) to the ensemble techniques used commonly for other data mining problems like classification. The similarities and (subtle) differences in the ensemble techniques for the classification and outlier detection problems are explored. These subtle differences do impact the design of ensemble algorithms for the latter problem. This book can be used for courses in data mining and related curricula. Many illustrative examples and exercises are provided in order to facilitate classroom teaching. A familiarity is assumed to the outlier detection problem and also to generic problem of ensemble analysis in classification. This is because many of the ensemble methods discussed in this book are adaptations from their counterparts in the classification domain. Some techniques explained in this book, such as wagging, randomized feature weighting, and geometric subsampling, provide new insights that are not available elsewhere. Also included is an analysis of the performance of various types of base detectors and their relative effectiveness. The book is valuable for researchers and practitioners for leveraging ensemble methods into optimal algorithmic design.

Liars and Outliers

Enabling the Trust that Society Needs to Thrive

Author: Bruce Schneier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118239016

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 7962

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In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.

Apache Spark for Data Science Cookbook

Author: Padma Priya Chitturi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785288806

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 5874

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Over insightful 90 recipes to get lightning-fast analytics with Apache Spark About This Book Use Apache Spark for data processing with these hands-on recipes Implement end-to-end, large-scale data analysis better than ever before Work with powerful libraries such as MLLib, SciPy, NumPy, and Pandas to gain insights from your data Who This Book Is For This book is for novice and intermediate level data science professionals and data analysts who want to solve data science problems with a distributed computing framework. Basic experience with data science implementation tasks is expected. Data science professionals looking to skill up and gain an edge in the field will find this book helpful. What You Will Learn Explore the topics of data mining, text mining, Natural Language Processing, information retrieval, and machine learning. Solve real-world analytical problems with large data sets. Address data science challenges with analytical tools on a distributed system like Spark (apt for iterative algorithms), which offers in-memory processing and more flexibility for data analysis at scale. Get hands-on experience with algorithms like Classification, regression, and recommendation on real datasets using Spark MLLib package. Learn about numerical and scientific computing using NumPy and SciPy on Spark. Use Predictive Model Markup Language (PMML) in Spark for statistical data mining models. In Detail Spark has emerged as the most promising big data analytics engine for data science professionals. The true power and value of Apache Spark lies in its ability to execute data science tasks with speed and accuracy. Spark's selling point is that it combines ETL, batch analytics, real-time stream analysis, machine learning, graph processing, and visualizations. It lets you tackle the complexities that come with raw unstructured data sets with ease. This guide will get you comfortable and confident performing data science tasks with Spark. You will learn about implementations including distributed deep learning, numerical computing, and scalable machine learning. You will be shown effective solutions to problematic concepts in data science using Spark's data science libraries such as MLLib, Pandas, NumPy, SciPy, and more. These simple and efficient recipes will show you how to implement algorithms and optimize your work. Style and approach This book contains a comprehensive range of recipes designed to help you learn the fundamentals and tackle the difficulties of data science. This book outlines practical steps to produce powerful insights into Big Data through a recipe-based approach.

Python Data Science Essentials

Author: Alberto Boschetti,Luca Massaron

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1786462834

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 3733

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Become an efficient data science practitioner by understanding Python's key concepts About This Book Quickly get familiar with data science using Python 3.5 Save time (and effort) with all the essential tools explained Create effective data science projects and avoid common pitfalls with the help of examples and hints dictated by experience Who This Book Is For If you are an aspiring data scientist and you have at least a working knowledge of data analysis and Python, this book will get you started in data science. Data analysts with experience of R or MATLAB will also find the book to be a comprehensive reference to enhance their data manipulation and machine learning skills. What You Will Learn Set up your data science toolbox using a Python scientific environment on Windows, Mac, and Linux Get data ready for your data science project Manipulate, fix, and explore data in order to solve data science problems Set up an experimental pipeline to test your data science hypotheses Choose the most effective and scalable learning algorithm for your data science tasks Optimize your machine learning models to get the best performance Explore and cluster graphs, taking advantage of interconnections and links in your data In Detail Fully expanded and upgraded, the second edition of Python Data Science Essentials takes you through all you need to know to suceed in data science using Python. Get modern insight into the core of Python data, including the latest versions of Jupyter notebooks, NumPy, pandas and scikit-learn. Look beyond the fundamentals with beautiful data visualizations with Seaborn and ggplot, web development with Bottle, and even the new frontiers of deep learning with Theano and TensorFlow. Dive into building your essential Python 3.5 data science toolbox, using a single-source approach that will allow to to work with Python 2.7 as well. Get to grips fast with data munging and preprocessing, and all the techniques you need to load, analyse, and process your data. Finally, get a complete overview of principal machine learning algorithms, graph analysis techniques, and all the visualization and deployment instruments that make it easier to present your results to an audience of both data science experts and business users. Style and approach The book is structured as a data science project. You will always benefit from clear code and simplified examples to help you understand the underlying mechanics and real-world datasets.

Outliers in Statistical Data

Author: Vic Barnett,Professor of Statistics Vic Barnett,Toby Lewis

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 2616

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From its initial publication this book has been the standard text on the subject. Since then there has been a continuing high level of activity, and work has developed in all major areas. This third edition reflects the latest state of knowledge with fully revised and extended coverage of all topics. Additional topics and new emphases are presented and a richer coverage of practical fields and computer-based facilities, together with a fully updated reference list, are provided.

Identification of Outliers

Author: D. Hawkins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401539944

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 568

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The problem of outliers is one of the oldest in statistics, and during the last century and a half interest in it has waxed and waned several times. Currently it is once again an active research area after some years of relative neglect, and recent work has solved a number of old problems in outlier theory, and identified new ones. The major results are, however, scattered amongst many journal articles, and for some time there has been a clear need to bring them together in one place. That was the original intention of this monograph: but during execution it became clear that the existing theory of outliers was deficient in several areas, and so the monograph also contains a number of new results and conjectures. In view of the enormous volume ofliterature on the outlier problem and its cousins, no attempt has been made to make the coverage exhaustive. The material is concerned almost entirely with the use of outlier tests that are known (or may reasonably be expected) to be optimal in some way. Such topics as robust estimation are largely ignored, being covered more adequately in other sources. The numerous ad hoc statistics proposed in the early work on the grounds of intuitive appeal or computational simplicity also are not discussed in any detail.

Robust Regression and Outlier Detection

Author: Peter J. Rousseeuw,Annick M. Leroy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471725374

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 9866

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WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "The writing style is clear and informal, and much of the discussion is oriented to application. In short, the book is a keeper." –Mathematical Geology "I would highly recommend the addition of this book to the libraries of both students and professionals. It is a useful textbook for the graduate student, because it emphasizes both the philosophy and practice of robustness in regression settings, and it provides excellent examples of precise, logical proofs of theorems. . . .Even for those who are familiar with robustness, the book will be a good reference because it consolidates the research in high-breakdown affine equivariant estimators and includes an extensive bibliography in robust regression, outlier diagnostics, and related methods. The aim of this book, the authors tell us, is ‘to make robust regression available for everyday statistical practice.’ Rousseeuw and Leroy have included all of the necessary ingredients to make this happen." –Journal of the American Statistical Association

Outlier Ensembles

An Introduction

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal,Saket Sathe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319547658

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 5821

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This book discusses a variety of methods for outlier ensembles and organizes them by the specific principles with which accuracy improvements are achieved. In addition, it covers the techniques with which such methods can be made more effective. A formal classification of these methods is provided, and the circumstances in which they work well are examined. The authors cover how outlier ensembles relate (both theoretically and practically) to the ensemble techniques used commonly for other data mining problems like classification. The similarities and (subtle) differences in the ensemble techniques for the classification and outlier detection problems are explored. These subtle differences do impact the design of ensemble algorithms for the latter problem. This book can be used for courses in data mining and related curricula. Many illustrative examples and exercises are provided in order to facilitate classroom teaching. A familiarity is assumed to the outlier detection problem and also to generic problem of ensemble analysis in classification. This is because many of the ensemble methods discussed in this book are adaptations from their counterparts in the classification domain. Some techniques explained in this book, such as wagging, randomized feature weighting, and geometric subsampling, provide new insights that are not available elsewhere. Also included is an analysis of the performance of various types of base detectors and their relative effectiveness. The book is valuable for researchers and practitioners for leveraging ensemble methods into optimal algorithmic design.

Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems

6th International Conference, HAIS 2011, Wroclaw, Poland, May 23-25, 2011, Proceedings

Author: Emilio S. Corchado,Marek Kurzynski,Michal Wozniak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642212190

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 1141

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The two LNAI volumes 6678 and 6679 constitute the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems, HAIS 2011, held in Wroclaw, Poland, in May 2011. The 114 papers published in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 241 submissions. They are organized in topical sessions on hybrid intelligence systems on logistics and intelligent optimization; metaheuristics for combinatorial optimization and modelling complex systems; hybrid systems for context-based information fusion; methods of classifier fusion; intelligent systems for data mining and applications; systems, man, and cybernetics; hybrid artificial intelligence systems in management of production systems; hybrid artificial intelligent systems for medical applications; and hybrid intelligent approaches in cooperative multi-robot systems.

Business Analysis Using Regression

A Casebook

Author: Dean P. Foster,Robert A. Stine,Richard P. Waterman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387983561

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 3108

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This book introduces students to modern data analysis techniques in an elementary course on regression analysis. It includes the commands needed to perform regression analyses in the statistical programs JMP and Minitab.

Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems

9th International Conference, HAIS 2014, Salamanca, Spain, June 11-13, 2014, Proceedings

Author: Marios M. Polycarpou,Andre de Carvalho,Jeng-Shyang Pan,Michał Woźniak,Héctor Quintián,Emilio Corchado

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319076175

Category: Computers

Page: 710

View: 6938

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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems, HAIS 2014, held in Salamanca, Spain, in June 2014. The 61 papers published in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 199 submissions. They are organized in topical sessions on HAIS applications; data mining and knowledge discovery; video and image analysis; bio-inspired models and evolutionary computation; learning algorithms; hybrid intelligent systems for data mining and applications and classification and cluster analysis.

Modern Analysis of Customer Surveys

with Applications using R

Author: Ron S. Kenett,Silvia Salini

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 1119961165

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 6806

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Customer survey studies deals with customers, consumers and user satisfaction from a product or service. In practice, many of the customer surveys conducted by business and industry are analyzed in a very simple way, without using models or statistical methods. Typical reports include descriptive statistics and basic graphical displays. As demonstrated in this book, integrating such basic analysis with more advanced tools, provides insights on non-obvious patterns and important relationships between the survey variables. This knowledge can significantly affect the conclusions derived from a survey. Key features: Provides an integrated, case-studies based approach to analysing customer survey data. Presents a general introduction to customer surveys, within an organization’s business cycle. Contains classical techniques with modern and non standard tools. Focuses on probabilistic techniques from the area of statistics/data analysis and covers all major recent developments. Accompanied by a supporting website containing datasets and R scripts. Customer survey specialists, quality managers and market researchers will benefit from this book as well as specialists in marketing, data mining and business intelligence fields.

Data Mining, Southeast Asia Edition

Author: Jiawei Han,Jian Pei,Micheline Kamber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080475585

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 4946

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Our ability to generate and collect data has been increasing rapidly. Not only are all of our business, scientific, and government transactions now computerized, but the widespread use of digital cameras, publication tools, and bar codes also generate data. On the collection side, scanned text and image platforms, satellite remote sensing systems, and the World Wide Web have flooded us with a tremendous amount of data. This explosive growth has generated an even more urgent need for new techniques and automated tools that can help us transform this data into useful information and knowledge. Like the first edition, voted the most popular data mining book by KD Nuggets readers, this book explores concepts and techniques for the discovery of patterns hidden in large data sets, focusing on issues relating to their feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability. However, since the publication of the first edition, great progress has been made in the development of new data mining methods, systems, and applications. This new edition substantially enhances the first edition, and new chapters have been added to address recent developments on mining complex types of data— including stream data, sequence data, graph structured data, social network data, and multi-relational data. A comprehensive, practical look at the concepts and techniques you need to know to get the most out of real business data Updates that incorporate input from readers, changes in the field, and more material on statistics and machine learning Dozens of algorithms and implementation examples, all in easily understood pseudo-code and suitable for use in real-world, large-scale data mining projects Complete classroom support for instructors at www.mkp.com/datamining2e companion site

Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records

Author: MIT Critical Data

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319437429

Category: Medical

Page: 427

View: 9211

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This book trains the next generation of scientists representing different disciplines to leverage the data generated during routine patient care. It formulates a more complete lexicon of evidence-based recommendations and support shared, ethical decision making by doctors with their patients. Diagnostic and therapeutic technologies continue to evolve rapidly, and both individual practitioners and clinical teams face increasingly complex ethical decisions. Unfortunately, the current state of medical knowledge does not provide the guidance to make the majority of clinical decisions on the basis of evidence. The present research infrastructure is inefficient and frequently produces unreliable results that cannot be replicated. Even randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the traditional gold standards of the research reliability hierarchy, are not without limitations. They can be costly, labor intensive, and slow, and can return results that are seldom generalizable to every patient population. Furthermore, many pertinent but unresolved clinical and medical systems issues do not seem to have attracted the interest of the research enterprise, which has come to focus instead on cellular and molecular investigations and single-agent (e.g., a drug or device) effects. For clinicians, the end result is a bit of a “data desert” when it comes to making decisions. The new research infrastructure proposed in this book will help the medical profession to make ethically sound and well informed decisions for their patients.