Pathways, Potholes, and the Persistence of Women in Science

Reconsidering the Pipeline

Author: Enobong Hannah Branch

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498516378

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3662

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Training for and pursuing a career in science can be treacherous for women; many more begin than ultimately complete at every stage. Characterizing this as a pipeline problem, however, leads to a focus on individual women instead of structural conditions. The goal of the book is to offer an alternative model that better articulates the ideas of agency, constraint, and variability along the path to scientific careers for women. The chapters in this volume apply the metaphor of the road to a variety of fields and moments that are characterized as exits, pathways, and potholes. The scholars featured in this volume engaged purposefully in translation of sociological scholarship on gender, work, and organizations. They focus on the themes that emerge from their scholarship that add to or build on our existing knowledge of scientific work, while identifying tools as well as challenges to diversifying science. This book contains a multitude of insights about navigating the road while training for and building a career in science. Collectively, the chapters exemplify the utility of this approach, provide useful tools, and suggest areas of exploration for those aiming to broaden the participation of women and minorities. Although this book focuses on gendered constraints, we are attentive to fact that gender intersects with other identities, such as race/ethnicity and nativity, both of which influence participation in science. Several chapters in the volume speak clearly to the experience of underrepresented minorities in science and others consider the circumstances and integration of non-U.S. born scientists, referred to in this volume as international scientists. Disaggregating gender deepens our understanding and illustrates how identity shapes the contours of the scientific road.

Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Computing

A Historical and Social Study

Author: William Aspray

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319248111

Category: Computers

Page: 271

View: 2942

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This text examines in detail the issue of the underrepresentation of women, African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics in the computing disciplines in the U.S. The work reviews the underlying causes, as well as the efforts of various nonprofit organizations to correct the situation, in order to both improve social equity and address the shortage of skilled workers in this area. Topics and features: presents a digest and historical overview of the relevant literature from a range of disciplines, including leading historical and social science sources; discusses the social and political factors that have affected the demographics of the workforce from the end of WWII to the present day; provides historical case studies on organizations that have sought to broaden participation in computing and the STEM disciplines; reviews the different approaches that have been applied to address underrepresentation, at the individual, system-wide, and pathway-focused level; profiles the colleges and universities that have been successful in opening up computer science or engineering to female students; describes the impact of individual change-agents as well as whole organizations.

Women's Lives

A Psychological Exploration, Fourth Edition

Author: Claire A. Etaugh,Judith S. Bridges

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315449382

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 9913

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This cutting-edge and comprehensive fourth edition of Women’s Lives: A Psychological Perspective integrates the most current research and social issues to explore the psychological diversity of girls and women varying in age, ethnicity, social class, nationality, sexual orientation, and ableness. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, its use of vignettes, quotes, and numerous pedagogical tools effectively fosters students’ engagement, active learning, critical thinking, and social activism. New information covered includes: neoliberal feminism, standpoint theory, mujerista psychology (Chapter 1) LGBT individuals and individuals with disabilities in media (Chapter 2) testosterone testing of female athletes, precarious manhood (Chapter 3) raising a gender non-conforming child, impact of social media on body image (Chapter 4) gender differences in narcissism and Big Five personality traits, women video-game designers (Chapter 5) asexuality, transgender individuals, sexual agency, "Viagra for women" controversy (Chapter 6) adoption of frozen embryos controversy (Chapter 7) intensive mothering, integrated motherhood, "living apart together", same-sex marriage (Chapter 8) single-sex schooling controversy (Chapter 9) combat roles opened to U.S. women, managerial derailment (Chapter 10) work-hours dilemmas of low-wage workers (Chapter 11) feminist health care model, health care for transgender individuals, Affordable Care Act (Chapter 12) feminist critique of CDC guidelines on women and drinking (Chapter 13) cyberharassment, gendertrolling, campus sexual assault (Chapter 14) transnational feminism, men and feminism (Chapter 15) Women’s Lives stands apart from other texts on the psychology of women because it embeds within each topical chapter a lifespan approach and robust coverage of the impact of social, cultural, and economic factors in shaping women’s lives around the world. It provides extensive information on women with disabilities, middle-aged and older women, and women in transnational contexts. Its up-to-date coverage reflects current scientific and social developments, including over 2,200 new references. This edition also adds several new boxed features for student engagement. In The News boxes present current, often controversial, news items to get students thinking critically about real-life applications of course topics. Get Involved boxes encourage students to actively participate in the research process. What You Can Do boxes give students applied activities to promote a more egalitarian society. Learn About the Research boxes expose students to a variety of research methods and highlight the importance of diversity in research samples by including studies of underrepresented groups.

Where Science and Ethics Meet: Dilemmas at the Frontiers of Medicine and Biology

Author: Chris Willmott,Salvador Macip

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440851352

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 2545

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Through engaging case studies and clear explanations of the underlying science, this book makes the social impacts and ethical consequences of recent advances in biomedicine understandable for general readers. • Provides clear, easily understandable information for nonspecialist readers with sufficient detail to enable an understanding of the science behind the discoveries and the range of ethical problems they generate • Presents a dynamic mix of present or near-future case studies (fictional), scientific explanations, and discussions of ethics • Addresses topics that are frequently in the media, such as cloning, organ transplantation, and genetic modification, and clarifies concepts that people have heard about but may not fully understand • Summarizes arguments in favor and against to allow readers to form their own opinions on important ethical debates

Intersectional Approach

Author: Guidroz Kathleen,Berger Michele Tracy

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1458755592

Category:

Page: 652

View: 3461

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Inter sectionality, or the consideration of race, class, and gender, is one of the prominent contemporary theoretical contributions made by scholars in the field of women's studies that now broadly extends across the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Taking stock of this transformative paradigm, The Intersectional Approach guides new and established researchers to engage in a critical reflection about the broad adoption of inter sectionality that constitutes what the editors call a new ''social literacy'' for scholars. In eighteen essays, contributors examine various topics of interest to students and researchers from a feminist perspective as well as through their respective disciplines, looking specifically at gender inequalities related to globalization, health, motherhood, sexuality, body image, and aging. Together, these essays provide a critical overview of the paradigm, highlight new theoretical and methodological advances, and make a strong case for the continued use of the intersectional approach both within the borders of women's and gender studies and beyond.

Opportunity Denied

Limiting Black Women to Devalued Work

Author: Enobong Branch

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813551978

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9790

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Blacks and Whites. Men and Women. Historically, each group has held very different types of jobs. The divide between these jobs was stark—clean or dirty, steady or inconsistent, skilled or unskilled. In such a rigidly segregated occupational landscape, race and gender radically limited labor opportunities, relegating Black women to the least desirable jobs. Opportunity Denied is the first comprehensive look at changes in race, gender, and women’s work across time, comparing the labor force experiences of Black women to White women, Black men and White men. Enobong Hannah Branch merges empirical data with rich historical detail, offering an original overview of the evolution of Black women’s work. From free Black women in 1860 to Black women in 2008, the experience of discrimination in seeking and keeping a job has been determinedly constant. Branch focuses on occupational segregation before 1970 and situates the findings of contemporary studies in a broad historical context, illustrating how inequality can grow and become entrenched over time through the institution of work.

Musculoskeletal Injuries In Military Women

Author: Barbara A. Springer,Amy E. Ross

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160916992

Category: Medical

Page: 83

View: 1789

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Print Product Only NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT -- OVERSTOCK SALE -- Significantly reduced list price This monograph discusses the most common musculoskeletal injuries in military women. Prevention and management of these injuries are very important to sustain the fighting force and maintain military readiness. Information about the incidence, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation of common musculoskeletal overuse and traumatic injuries sustained by women in the military is included. Sections topics cover an overview of musculoskeletal injuries in military women; common lower extremity overuse injuries; common traumatic injuries; an overview of general injury prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation techniques; and specific injury prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation techniques in the military.

Playboy Laughs

The Comedy, Comedians, and Cartoons of Playboy

Author: Patty Farmer

Publisher: Beaufort Books

ISBN: 9780825308437

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 697

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Following her success with Playboy Swings, Patty Farmer looks at Playboy's relationship with comedians and cartoonists in her new book Playboy Laughs. Playboy Laughs invites readers onto the sets of the organization's groundbreaking TV shows, Playboy Penthouse and Playboy After Dark. These popular variety series brought top-tier comedians, impressionists, and monologists--as well as the finest musicians--into people's homes each week. Readers will learn how before he ever dreamed of conquering the magazine publishing world--and along the way establish a worldwide brand--Hugh Hefner harbored aspirations of making his mark in the world as a cartoonist. Playboy Laughs delves into the darker aspects of the time as well, tackling the ways Playboy and its comedy stars helped break down social and racial barriers as well as sexual ones. Known for her devotion to meticulous research and clear, honest storytelling, Farmer has gained the full cooperation of the Playboy organization--and Hugh Hefner himself--making this not only an entertaining read but a trustworthy history of an under-appreciated aspect of American comic culture.

21st Century Dads

A Father's Journey to Break the Cycle of Father Absence

Author: David a. Hirsch,St John Augustine

Publisher: Transformation Media Books

ISBN: 9781941799352

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 162

View: 7030

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Being a dad in the 21st century is different than in the past. More is expected of dads. We need to be present physically, emotionally, financially and spiritually."--David HirschFor David Hirsch, the Dads Honor Ride was a daunting 2,300+ mile, 21-day journey to honor dads and raise awareness for the importance of fathers and father figures. With an estimated 24 million kids growing up without their dad in the home, the ripple effect is a higher incidence of drug and alcohol abuse, incarceration and crime, depression, and suicide. The cycle of father absence is devastating the lives of countless youth, crushing families, and crippling communities.With passion, discipline, and courage David takes us along on the Dads Honor Ride journey from Santa Monica to Chicago. He shares personal reflections about overcoming fear, his struggles to find his identity, forgive his own absent father, and break his family's cycle of father absence. More actuary than athlete, David pushed himself past his own limits, crossing paths with sages, saints, and veterans, as well as dads of different backgrounds. Along the way, he discovered that the journey of fatherhood is filled with potholes, flat tires, wrong turns, and closed roads that all contain valuable lessons. Hoping to shed light on the dark statistics that are the children of absent fathers, David has become a formidable voice for 21st Century Dads.

Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions

Author: G. Tyler Miller,Scott Spoolman

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133169546

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 5997

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Sustainability is the integrating theme of this current and thought-provoking book. LIVING IN THE ENVIRONMENT provides the basic scientific tools for understanding and thinking critically about the environment. Co-authors G. Tyler Miller and Scott Spoolman inspire students to take a positive approach toward finding and implementing useful environmental solutions in their own lives and in their careers. Updated with the most up-to-date information, art, and Good News examples, the text engages and motivates students with vivid case studies and hands-on quantitative exercises. The concept-centered approach transforms complex environmental topics and issues into key concepts that students will understand and remember. Overall, by framing the concepts with goals for more sustainable lifestyles and human communities, students see how promising the future can be. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Provocateur

Images of Women and Minorities in Advertising

Author: Anthony J. Cortese

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780742568761

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 428

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In the third edition of Provocateur, sociologist Anthony Cortese offers an in-depth critical analysis of modern advertising_perhaps the most powerful cultural and economic institution. Focusing on images of women and minorities, he unravels the ideologies of domination and control in contemporary commerce. The depiction of ethnic and gender relations in advertising subtly colors our understanding of status arrangements and social boundaries. Connecting these images to periods of social change also highlights, in a more nuanced way, the social norms and cultural ideologies of a particular age. The third edition includes updated advertisements and analyses, and Cortese concludes with policy implications for advertising. The previous edition of Provocateur was honored by CHOICE magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title, with its highest rating: 'Essential.'

Poverty and Power

The Problem of Structural Inequality

Author: Edward Royce

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538110466

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 9591

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Poverty and Power introduces structural inequality through the lens of poverty. The book shows that American poverty is not due to individual failings but rather to broader structural forces. The third edition features new material on the current political climate, the shortage of quality job opportunities, the implications of the Trump presidency, and more.

Black Girlhood Celebration

Toward a Hip-hop Feminist Pedagogy

Author: Ruth Nicole Brown

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433100741

Category: Education

Page: 163

View: 4081

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This book passionately illustrates why the celebration of Black girlhood is essential. Based on the principles and practices of a Black girl-centered program, it examines how performances of everyday Black girlhood are mediated by popular culture, personal truths, and lived experiences, and how the discussion and critique of these factors can be a great asset in the celebration of Black girls. Drawing on scholarship from women’s studies, African American studies, and education, the book skillfully joins poetry, autobiographical vignettes, and keen observations into a wholehearted, participatory celebration of Black girls in a context of hip-hop feminism and critical pedagogy. Through humor, honesty, and disciplined research it argues that hip-hop is not only music, but also an effective way of working with Black girls. Black Girlhood Celebration recognizes the everyday work many young women of color are doing, outside of mainstream categories, to create social change by painting an unconventional picture of how complex – and necessary – the goal of Black girl celebration can be.

Everyday Antiracism

Getting Real about Race in School

Author: Mica Pollock

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1458784371

Category:

Page: 760

View: 7314

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Which acts by educators are ''racist'' and which are ''antiracist''? How can an educator constructively discuss complex issues of race with students and colleagues? In Everyday Antiracism leading educators deal with the most challenging questions about race in school, offering invaluable and effective advice. Contributors including Beverly Daniel Tatum, Sonia Nieto, and Pedro Noguera describe concrete ways to analyze classroom interactions that may or may not be ''racial,'' deal with racial inequality and ''diversity,'' and teach to high standards across racial lines. Topics range from using racial incidents as teachable moments and responding to the ''n-word'' to valuing students' home worlds, dealing daily with achievement gaps, and helping parents fight ethnic and racial misconceptions about their children. Questions following each essay prompt readers to examine and discuss everyday issues of race and opportunity in their own classrooms and schools. For educators and parents determined to move beyond frustrations about race, Everyday Antiracism is an essential tool.

Biomath in the Schools

Author: Margaret B. Cozzens,Fred S. Roberts

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842951

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 4742

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Even though contemporary biology and mathematics are inextricably linked, high school biology and mathematics courses have traditionally been taught in isolation. But this is beginning to change. This volume presents papers related to the integration of biology and mathematics in high school classes. The first part of the book provides the rationale for integrating mathematics and biology in high school courses as well as opportunities for doing so. The second part explores the development and integration of curricular materials and includes responses from teachers. Papers in the third part of the book explore the interconnections between biology and mathematics in light of new technologies in biology. The last paper in the book discusses what works and what doesn't and presents positive responses from students to the integration of mathematics and biology in their classes.

Identity and Capitalism

Author: Marie Moran

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473911060

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6656

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"This is a splendid book that dispels myths about 'identity' and presents a cultural-materialist case for the study of such keywords and their preoccupations under the hegemony of neoliberal capitalism." - Professor Jim McGuigan, Loughborough University 'Identity’, particularly as it is elaborated in the associated categories of ‘personal’ and ‘social’ identity, is a relatively novel concept in western thought, politics and culture. The explosion of interest in the notion of identity across popular, political and academic domains of practice since the 1960s does not represent the simple popularisation of an older term, as is widely assumed, but rather, the invention of an idea. Identity and Capitalism explores the emergence and evolution of the idea of identity in the cultural, political and social contexts of contemporary capitalist societies. Against the common supposition that identity always mattered, this book shows that what we now think of routinely as ‘personal identity’ actually only emerged with the explosion of consumption in the late-twentieth century. It also makes the case that what we now think of as different social and political ‘identities’ only came to be framed as such with the emergence of identity politics and new social movements in the political landscapes of capitalist societies in the 60s and 70s. Marie Moran provides an important new exploration of the articulation of the idea of identity to the social logic of capitalism, from the ‘organised capitalism’ of the mid-twentieth century, up to and including the neoliberal capitalism that prevails today. Drawing on the work of Raymond Williams, the cultural materialist approach developed here provides an original means of addressing the political debates about the value of identity in contemporary capitalist societies.

Race, Class, and Gentrification in Brooklyn

A View from the Street

Author: Jerome Krase,Judith N. DeSena

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498512569

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 8811

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In this book, the authors “revisit” two iconic Brooklyn neighborhoods, Crown Heights-Prospect-Lefferts Gardens and Greenpoint-Williamsburg, where they have been active scholars since the 1970s. Krase and DeSena's comprehensive view from the street describes and analyses the neighborhoods' decline and rise with a focus on race and social class. They look closely at the strategies used to resist and promote neighborhood change and conclude with an analysis of the ways in which these neighborhoods contribute to current images and trends in Brooklyn. This book contributes to a better understanding of the elevated status of Brooklyn as a global city and destination place.

Getting Here from There

Conversations on Life and Work

Author: Margaret R. Miles,Hiroko Sakomura

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 0718892631

Category: Religion

Page: 128

View: 5324

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This book of conversations between Margaret R. Miles and Hiroko Sakomura compares the experiences of two women who grew up in different societies, with different educations, different professions, and different religious orientations. Reflecting on the ways in which Japanese and American societies inhibited and enabled them, these two women share their struggles, difficulties, and achievements. All of this is set in the context of the feminist movement, one of the most radical social movements in the twentieth century, as women are gaining increments of equality with men in designing and administering the institutions of public life with opportunities, dangers, and rewards. This is a moment in which a critical mass of women 'want it all now' in the best sense of the phrase, seeking to preserve and reinterpret traditional values while exercising their capabilities and skills both in the home and in public life. This book is the memoir of two women's painful and joyful experiences in 'getting here from there'.

The Ageless Woman

Natural Health and Beauty After Forty with Maharishi Ayurveda

Author: Nancy Lonsdorf

Publisher: McD Century Publications

ISBN: 9780972123358

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 251

View: 3453

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The Ageless Woman weaves the timeless wisdom of Ayurvedic medicine with the latest medical discoveries into a unique, highly-effective anti-aging guide for women.

Families in an Era of Increasing Inequality

Diverging Destinies

Author: Paul R. Amato,Alan Booth,Susan M. McHale,Jennifer Van Hook

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319083082

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 6550

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The widening gap between the rich and the poor is turning the American dream into an impossibility for many, particularly children and families. And as the children of low-income families grow to adulthood, they have less access to opportunities and resources than their higher-income peers--and increasing odds of repeating the experiences of their parents. Families in an Era of Increasing Inequality probes the complex relations between social inequality and child development and examines possibilities for disrupting these ongoing patterns. Experts across the social sciences track trends in marriage, divorce, employment, and family structure across socioeconomic strata in the U.S. and other developed countries. These family data give readers a deeper understanding of how social class shapes children's paths to adulthood and how those paths continue to diverge over time and into future generations. In addition, contributors critique current policies and programs that have been created to reduce disparities and offer suggestions for more effective alternatives. Among the topics covered: Inequality begins at home: the role of parenting in the diverging destinies of rich and poor children. Inequality begins outside the home: putting parental educational investments into context. How class and family structure impact the transition to adulthood. Dealing with the consequences of changes in family composition. Dynamic models of poverty-related adversity and child outcomes. The diverging destinies of children and what it means for children's lives. As new initiatives are sought to improve the lives of families and children in the short and long term, Families in an Era of Increasing Inequality is a key resource for researchers and practitioners in family studies, social work, health, education, sociology, demography, and psychology.