Peace Operations and Intrastate Conflict

The Sword Or the Olive Branch?

Author: Thomas R. Mockaitis

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275961732

Category: History

Page: 166

View: 518

Based upon consideration of United Nation missions to the Congo, Somalia, and the former Yugoslavia and examination of counterinsurgency campaigns, Mockaitis develops a new model for intervening in intrastate conflicts and commends the British approach to civil strife as the basis for a new approach to peace operations.

NATO and Peace Support Operations, 1991-1999

Policies and Doctrines

Author: Henning Frantzen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134270305

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1374

This new book addresses the key question of how NATO and three of its member states are configuring their policies and military doctrines in order to handle the new strategic environment. This environment is increasingly dominated by 'new wars', more precisely civil wars within states, and peacekeeping as the strategy devised by outside actors for dealing with them. The book seeks to explain how this new strategic environment has been interpreted and how the new conflicts and peacekeeping have been fitted into 'defence' and 'war' - key concepts in the field of security studies.

Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping

Author: Terry M. Mays

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810875166

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 6635

Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping: Third Edition is a single source research guide for current and completed peacekeeping operations. With a extensive chronology; an introductory essay; an appendix with the mandates for three UN peacekeeping operations; a research oriented bibliography based on numerous categories of peacekeeping operations and issues related to peacekeeping; 32 photographs of UN, EU, and NATO peacekeeping operations; and over 500 cross referenced dictionary entries on peacekeeping operations, people, organizations, countries, and events associated with peacekeeping and brief descriptions of all currently fielded operations as well as those that have completed their missions dating back to the League of Nations in 1920.

Managing Armed Conflicts in the 21st Century

Author: Adekeye Adebajo,Chandra Lekha Sriram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135271186

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2053

Produced with the International Peace Academy in New York, this volume focuses largely on the conflicts of the 1990s and future projects, examining multifacteted issues involved in conflict management, suggesting new approaches and tools for future conflict management.

Reader's Guide to Military History

Author: Charles Messenger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135959773

Category: Reference

Page: 986

View: 5806

This book contains some 600 entries on a range of topics from ancient Chinese warfare to late 20th-century intervention operations. Designed for a wide variety of users, it encompasses general reviews of aspects of military organization and science, as well as specific wars and conflicts. The book examines naval and air warfare, as well as significant individuals, including commanders, theorists, and war leaders. Each entry includes a listing of additional publications on the topic, accompanied by an article discussing these publications with reference to their particular emphases, strengths, and limitations.

Peace Operations and Organized Crime

Enemies Or Allies?

Author: James Cockayne,Adam Lupel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136643125

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5129

Peace operations are increasingly on the front line in the international community’s fight against organized crime; this book explores how, in some cases, peace operations and organized crime are clear enemies, while in others, they may become tacit allies. The threat posed by organized crime to international and human security has become a matter of considerable strategic concern for national and international decision-makers, so it is somewhat surprising how little thought has been devoted to addressing the complex relationship between organized crime and peace operations. This volume addresses this gap, questioning the emerging orthodoxy that portrays organized crime as an external threat to the liberal peace championed by western and allied states and delivered through peace operations. Based upon a series of case studies it concludes that organized crime is both a potential enemy and a potential ally of peace operations, and it argues for the need to distinguish between strategies to contain organized crime and strategies to transform the political economies in which it flourishes. The editors argue for the development of intelligent, transnational, and transitional law enforcement that can make the most of organized crime as a potential ally for transforming political economies, while at the same time containing the threat it presents as an enemy to building effective and responsible states. The book will be of great interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, organised crime, Security Studies and IR in general.

UN Peace Operations and Asian Security

Author: Mely Cabellero-Anthony,Amitav Acharya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134194293

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 9378

This is an unparallelled analysis of the state of the United Nations peace operations and their impact on Asian security.This new volume examines new strategies being adopted by the UN; including doctrinal shifts in peace operation, and assesses the division of labour between the UN, regional organisation and non-governmental organisations/actors. Based on selected papers from mostly Asian scholars, the book offers regional perspectives from South, Southeast and Northeast Asia on the changing nature of UN Peace operations and analyses some of the core issues that are of critical relevance to regional security in Asia. In addition it reveals interesting new insights on the new players in the area of peace operations – i.e. China and Japan and considers their projected roles as defined by their respective security concepts. It also delves into issues of possible areas of concern caused by the new activism of these regional powers in peace operations. Finally, the book also revisits the significant lessons learnt from the UN experience in Cambodia and East Timor and examines their impact on future directions of peace operations. This book was previously published as a special issue of the leading journal International Peacekeeping.

Counterinsurgency in Crisis

Britain and the Challenges of Modern Warfare

Author: David H. Ucko,Robert Egnell

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535414

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3216

Long considered the masters of counterinsurgency, the British military encountered significant problems in Iraq and Afghanistan when confronted with insurgent violence. In their effort to apply the principles and doctrines of past campaigns, they failed to prevent Basra and Helmand from descending into lawlessness, criminality, and violence. By juxtaposing the deterioration of these situations against Britain's celebrated legacy of counterinsurgency, this investigation identifies both the contributions and limitations of traditional tactics in such settings, exposing a disconcerting gap between ambitions and resources, intent and commitment. Building upon this detailed account of the Basra and Helmand campaigns, this volume conducts an unprecedented assessment of British military institutional adaptation in response to operations gone awry. In calling attention to the enduring effectiveness of insurgent methods and the threat posed by undergoverned spaces, David H. Ucko and Robert Egnell underscore the need for military organizations to meet the irregular challenges of future wars in new ways.

Intra-State Conflict, Governments and Security

Dilemmas of Deterrence and Assurance

Author: Stephen M. Saideman,Marie-Joelle J. Zahar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134045042

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9649

This volume seeks to understand the central role of governments in intra-state conflicts. The book explores how the government in any society plays two pivotal roles: as a deterrent against those who would use violence; and as a potential danger to the society. These roles come into conflict with each other, as those governments that can best deter potential rebels are also those that can do the most harm to their citizens. Therefore, a balance must be achieved, raising difficult tradeoffs for policy-makers. This volume marks a departure from studies of ethnic conflict and civil war in recent years, which have focused on failed states, in considering the idea that governments themselves may be the source of violence. The contributors not only explore the balancing act that governments must perform, but also on the positive and negative roles that the international community can play in these conflicts. In doing so, the book covers a range of cases from both advanced and newer democracies to the most conflict-prone parts of the world.

Legitimacy, Peace Operations and Global-Regional Security

The African Union-United Nations Partnership in Darfur

Author: Linnéa Gelot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136285784

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 3999

At the turn of the century the regional-global security partnership became a key element of peace and security policy-making. This book investigates the impact of the joint effort made by the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN) to keep the peace and protect civilians in Darfur. This book focuses on the collaboration that takes place in the field of conflict management between the global centre and the African regional level. It moves beyond the dominant framework on regional-global security partnerships, which mainly considers one-sided legal and political factors. Instead, new perspectives on the relationships are presented through the lens of international legitimacy. The book argues that the AU and the UN Security Council fight for legitimacy to ensure their positions of authority and to improve the chances of success of their activities. It demonstrates in regard to the case of Darfur why and how legitimacy matters for states, international organisations, and also for global actors and local populations. Legitimacy, Peace Operations and Global-Regional Security will be of interest to students and scholars of International Relations, African Security and Global Governance.

Internationale Polizei

ein empirisch fundiertes Konzept der zivilen Konfliktbearbeitung

Author: Thorsten Stodiek

Publisher: N.A


Category: International police

Page: 503

View: 7301


Determinants of Success in UN Peacekeeping Operations

Author: Jacques L. Koko,Essoh J. M. C. Essis

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761858652

Category: Political Science

Page: 114

View: 4333

This book examines 46 UN peacekeeping operations, initiated from 1956 through 2006, to identify the most significant factors that could help to explain the success or lack of success of such operations.

The Internal Implementation of Peace Agreements After Violent Intrastate Conflict

Guidance for Internal Actors Responsible for Implementation

Author: Arist von Hehn

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004195874

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 832

This study provides guidance on how to best approach the management of an internally-led peace implementation process after violent intrastate conflict, gives an overview of tasks to be taken on, explains the legal framework provided for under international law, and addresses management implications. With a foreword by Nobel Peace Prize Laureate President Martti Ahtisaari.

On Building Peace

Rescuing the Nation-state and Saving the United Nations

Author: M. von der Schulenburg

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048534909

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2897

Now, 25 years after the end of the Cold War, the global peace order is going through renewed geopolitical changes that are less dramatic than those in 1989 but probably equally important. The post-Cold War Western dominance of global affairs and the singular US superpower status are eroding, making room for a more diffuse multi-polar world with many different global and regional players. Post-Cold War hopes that the winning political system of liberal democracy would spread around the world and bring global peace have turned out an illusion. To the contrary, Western efforts and military interventions to promote liberal democracy have increasingly resulted in the destabilization of countries and whole regions. At the same time, intra-state armed conflicts have, probably for the first time in human history, replaced inter-state wars as the main threats to global peace and security. This has created a completely new global threat scenario. Now, weak and corrupt governments are challenged by powerful belligerent non-state actors, be they Islamic extremist groups, other ideologically-motivated groups, separatist movements, or even transnational crime syndicates. Globalization has turned these local intra-state armed conflicts into international security concerns.

Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement in Africa

Methods of Conflict Prevention

Author: Robert I. Rotberg

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815775768

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 7507

Edited by World Peace Foundation president Robert I. Rotberg, the chapters in this volume focus on preventing outbreaks of civil war and other vicious internal conflicts in Africa. The contributors review the sorry state of African conflict prevention and weigh the merits of new methods of peace enforcement, including militant early intervention by African crisis response forces to avoid or reduce intrastate mayhem. Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement in Africa assesses the realities and challenges of reducing the frequency of civil warfare in Africa. It features a detailed report of extensive candid discussions of these issues by leading African ministers of defense and chiefs of staff.

US-Indian Strategic Cooperation into the 21st Century

More than Words

Author: Sumit Ganguly,Andrew Scobell,Brian Shoup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135989672

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7251

In this edited book, leading scholars and analysts trace the origins, evolution and the current state of Indo-US strategic cooperation. During the Cold War, owing to opposing grand strategies, the two states frequently found themselves at odds. With the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union, Indo-US security cooperation started in a fitful fashion, but in recent years it has acquired considerable stability. The armed forces of the two states have participated in exercises on land, sea and air and have also carried out joint humanitarian missions. Drawing on new information and with contributions from both academics and policy makers, this wide-ranging volume analyzes the strategic convergence of the world’s two largest democracies, whilst explaining why important differences do remain. These notably include questions pertaining to the future of India’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs, US-Pakistan ties and India’s links with Iran. This volume will be of great interest to students of South Asian politics, Asian security, US foreign policy and security studies in general.

War and Intervention

Issues for Contemporary Peace Operations

Author: Michael V. Bhatia

Publisher: Kumarian Press

ISBN: 1565491645

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 4587

* Explains developments in recent peacekeeping operations and politico-military environments * Bridges the gap between peace and conflict scholarship * Highlights new aspects of war studies Following over a decade of substantial and extensive American military involvement, peace operations have passed from a position of strategic irrelevance to one of strategic importance. War and Intervention provides a snapshot of the contemporary environment of peace operations, in terms of both war and intervention. It also answers two broad questions: 1) What are key characteristics of armed competitors in the current environment of peace operations, particularly in terms of their structure and organization, financing, access to military resources, and the tactical tools and methods applied by these movements? And 2) What are key recent developments in the dimensions and methods of intervention, particularly regarding the use of force, the adaptation of global militaries to peace operations and the emerging political, legal and economic components of intervention? War and Intervention allows readers from a range of domains--military, academic, humanitarian, political, and diplomatic--to understand the priorities and methods of different actors in today’s peace operations.

Walking the Tightrope

Do UN Peacekeeping Operations Actually Contribute to Durable Peace?

Author: Jaïr van der Lijn

Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers

ISBN: 9036100372

Category: Political Science

Page: 411

View: 5839

The media generally tend to focus in particular on the failures of U.N. peacekeeping operations. In Walking the Tightrope, Jair Van Der Lijn draws a different conclusion. He argues once a peace agreement has been signed, the efforts of the U.N. peacekeeping operations do contribute to durable peace. By analyzing the U.N. peacekeeping operations in Cambodia, Mozambique, Rwanda, and El Salvador in a structured focused comparison, this book shows how U.N. operations do have a contribution to make.