Philosophy and Public Affairs

Author: Royal Institute of Philosophy. Annual Conference

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 4978

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A collection of essays on topics including education, welfare policy, religion, and cloning.

Philosophy and Public Affairs

Author: Royal Institute of Philosophy. Annual Conference

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 7520

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A collection of essays on topics including education, welfare policy, religion, and cloning.

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology

Author: Sahotra Sarkar,Anya Plutynski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470695846

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 8256

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Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

Adaptation, Poverty and Development

The Dynamics of Subjective Well-Being

Author: D. Clark

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137002778

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 7024

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The first book to examine in detail the ways in which people adapt their understanding and behaviours towards poverty as a direct result to their experiences of poverty in developing countries, including world-leading academics and case studies from China, India, Ethiopia and South Africa.

Naturalism, Evolution and Mind

Author: Royal Institute of Philosophy. Annual Conference

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521003735

Category: Nature

Page: 282

View: 1439

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This volume examines the impact of concepts from evolutionary biology on the philosophy of mind.

Einführung in die mathematische Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787321020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 5543

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Dem Versuch, die These zu stützen, daß Logik und Mathematik eins seien, hat Russell mehrere Bücher gewidmet, unter anderem das dreibändige, gemeinsam mit A. N. Whitehead verfaßte Werk "Principia Mathematica" (1910-1913). Die "Einführung in die mathematische Philosophie" faßt die Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen zusammen, ohne Kenntnisse der mathematischen Symbolik vorauszusetzen. Sie ist zuweilen und mit Recht "eine bewundernswerte Exposition des Monumentalwerks Principia Mathematica" genannt worden; und sie ist zugleich etwas anderes, insofern sie eine relativ eigenständige Einführung in die Grundlagen der Mathematik und der Erkenntnistheorie darstellt.Das Buch entstand 1918 im Gefängnis von Brixton, wo Russell eine sechsmonatige Haftstrafe für seine pazifistische Tätigkeit während des 1. Weltkrieges absaß. Es ist sehr anregend zu lesen, wie beinahe alles, was Bertrand Russell geschrieben hat, und es ist ein Buch von der Art, wie es nur jemand wie Russell schreiben kann, wenn er im Gefängnis sitzt und keine Hilfsmittel hat und sich daher entschließt, allen technischen Ballast abzustreifen. Anders als die heute üblichen Texte im Bereich der Philosophie der Mathematik läßt Russell seine Leser immer an seinem Denken teilhaben, an seinen Vermutungen und Irrtümern und an der Begeisterung, die er bei der Beschäftigung mit seinem Gegenstand empfindet. Da er einer der herausragenden Protagonisten des modernen wissenschaftlichen Empirismus und einer der Begründer der heute dominierenden Philosophie der Mathematik ist, gewinnt man auf diese Weise aus seinen Schriften einen einzigartigen Einblick in die Wechselfälle und Ideen der erkenntnistheoretischen und logischen Diskussionen dieses Jahrhunderts.Die Ausgabe bietet eine revidierte Fassung der deutschen Übersetzung des in den 20er Jahren prominenten Mathematikers E. J. Gumbel sowie W. Gordon.

Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice

Themes and Challenges

Author: Stephen De Wijze,Matthew H. Kramer,Ian Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135218552

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 5282

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Throughout the English-speaking world, and in the many other countries where analytic philosophy is studied, Hillel Steiner is esteemed as one of the foremost contemporary political philosophers. This volume is designed as a festschrift for Steiner and as an important collection of philosophical essays in its own right. The editors have assembled a roster of highly distinguished international contributors, all of whom are eager to pay tribute to Steiner by focusing on topics on which he himself has concentrated. Some of the contributors engage directly with Steiner's work, whereas others focus not directly on his writings but instead grapple with issues that have figured prominently therein. Each essay seeks to advance the debates in which Steiner himself has so notably participated. The study concludes with a response by Steiner himself.

Meta-Narrative in the Movies

Tell Me a Story

Author: J. Kupfer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137410884

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 133

View: 3772

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Meta-Narrative in the Movies investigates narrative theory through close analysis of films featuring stories and storytelling. The cinematic interpretations investigate the role of story creation in knowing ourselves and planning our future, in structuring social relationships, and in sharpening our experience of popular culture.

Being: Developments in Contemporary Metaphysics:

Author: Robin Le Poidevin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 995

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What is it for an object to persist through time? Do things have essences? What is the relation between an object and its parts? Are objects more real than their parts, or vice versa? Could there be spatio-temporally coincident objects? Do we need an ontology of truth-makers? These interrelated questions reflect the central concerns of contemporary metaphysics, which in recent years has seen an intensification of interest in ontological issues. They are the focus of the essays collected in this volume, which arose from the Being: Developments in Contemporary Metaphysics conference held at the University of Leeds in September, 2006.

Philosophie

Abenteuer Denken

Author: Stephen Law

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783401061788

Category:

Page: 247

View: 557

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Eine Anleitung zum Philosophieren, wie man sich mit Scharfsinn und Methode grossen Menschheitsfragen nähert: Z.B. was ist richtig, was ist falsch; gibt es einen Gott?

Handbook of Health Economics

Author: A J. Culyer,J.P. Newhouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444504715

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1996

View: 7938

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V. 1B. Economics and mental health / Richard G. Frank and Thomas G. McGuire ; Long-term care / Edward C. Norton ; Economics of disability and disability policy / Robert Haveman and Barbara Wolfe ; Child health in developed countries / Janet Currie ; The industrial organization of health care markets / David Dranove and Mark A. Satterthwaite ; Not-for-profit ownership and hospital behavior / Frank A. Sloan ; Economics of general practice / Anthony Scott ; Waiting lists and medical treatment / John G. Cullis, PhilipR. Jones and Carol Propper ; Economics of dental services / Harri sintonen and Ismo Linnosmaa ; The pharmaceutical industry / F.M. Scherer ; Liability for medical malpractice / Patricia M. Danzon ; Antitrust and competition in health care markets / Martin Gaynor and William B. Vogt ; Regulation of prices and investment in hospitals in th U.S. / David S. Salkever ; The economics of smoking / Frank J. Chaloupka and Kenneth E. Warner ; Alcohol / Philip J. Cook and Michael J. Moor ...

Yearbook of International Cooperation on Environment and Development 2002-03

Author: Olav Schram Stokke,Oystein B. Thommessen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134055749

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 2063

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'An important tool for researchers and decision-makers alike' Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO) 'An invaluable source for everyone who needs to be up-to-date on international efforts to solve global environmental challenges. Unique in its presentations of the interrelationship between treaties, IGO, NGOs and governments' Jonathan Lash, President, World Resources Institute (WRI) The essential reference to all the rapidly multiplying international agreements on environment and development issues. This ninth annual edition of the Yearbook demonstrates the international community's position on specific environment and development problems, the main obstacles to effective international solutions, and how to overcome them. It assesses both the achievements and shortcomings of co-operation, distinguishing between the rhetoric and the reality of environment world politics. Contents Current Issues and Key Themes Agreements on Environment and Development Systematically listed key data and illustrations concerning the most important international agreements presented on the basis of information from the organizations in question and other sources, covering such matters as: objectives ? scope ? time and place of establishment ? status of participation ? affiliated instruments and organizations ? major activities ? secretariat ? finance ? rules and standards ? monitoring and implementation ? decision-making bodies ? key publications ? Internet sources. This edition includes the new International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs), including UN specialized agencies objectives ? type of organization ? membership ? date of establishment ? secretariat ? activities ? decision-making bodies ? finance ? key publications ? Internet sources. International Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) objectives ? type of organization ? membership ? date of establishment ? secretariat ? activities ? budget ? key publications ? Internet sources. Originally published in 2002

International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004

Author: Europa Publications

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781857431797

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 590

View: 6500

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Provides biographical information on key novelists, authors, playwrights, columnists, journalists, editors, and critics throughout the world.

Gründe der Liebe

Author: Harry G. Frankfurt

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737724

Category: Philosophy

Page: 111

View: 8355

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Für den Liebenden ist die Liebe eine Quelle von Gründen. Sie ist »auf berüchtigte Weise schwer zu erhellen«, darf aber, so Harry Frankfurt, nicht mit Vernarrtheit oder Lust, Besessenheit oder Abhängigkeit verwechselt werden, also mit dem, was eine Person glaubt oder fühlt. Liebe, so die Generalthese des Buches, ist vielmehr eine Sache des Willens, genauer: der praktischen Sorge um das, was für den, den man liebt, gut ist. Frankfurts scharfsinniges Buch schließt mit einer überraschenden Reflexion über die Selbstliebe, die er als die reinste Form der Liebe bezeichnet.

Characterizing and Communicating Uncertainty in the Assessment of Benefits and Risks of Pharmaceutical Products

Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309310032

Category: Medical

Page: 150

View: 1333

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Despite the extensive body of evidence that informs regulatory decisions on pharmaceutical products, significant uncertainties persist, including the underlying variability in human biology, factors associated with the chemistry of a drug, and limitations in the research and clinical trial process itself that might limit the generalizability of results. As a result, regulatory reviewers are consistently required to draw conclusions about a drug's safety and efficacy from imperfect data. Efforts are underway within the drug development community to enhance the evaluation and communication of the benefits and risks associated with pharmaceutical products, aimed at increasing the predictability, transparency, and efficiency of pharmaceutical regulatory decision making. Effectively communicating regulatory decisions necessarily includes explanation of the impact of uncertainty on decision making. On February 12 and May 12, 2014, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held public workshops to advance the development of more systematic and structured approaches to characterize and communicate the sources of uncertainty in the assessment of benefits and risks, and to consider their implications for pharmaceutical regulatory decisions. Workshop presentations and discussions on February 12 were convened to explore the science of identifying and characterizing uncertainty in scientific evidence and approaches to translate uncertainties into decisions that reflect the values of stakeholders. The May 12 workshop presentations and discussions explored tools and approaches to communicating about scientific uncertainties to a range of stakeholders in the drug development process. Characterizing and Communicating Uncertainty in the Assessment of Benefits and Risks of Pharmaceutical Products summarizes the presentation and discussion of both events. This report explores potential analytical and communication approaches and identifies key considerations on their development, evaluation, and incorporation into pharmaceutical benefit- risk assessment throughout the entire drug development lifecycle.