Philosophy and Public Affairs

Author: John Haldane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 465

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A collection of new essays on topics including education, welfare policy, religion, and cloning.

Philosophy and Public Affairs

Author: John Haldane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 4218

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A collection of new essays on topics including education, welfare policy, religion, and cloning.

Contemporary French Philosophy

Modernity and the Persistence of the Subject

Author: Caroline Williams

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184714263X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8957

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French philosophy and cultural theory continue to hold a prestigious and influential position in European thought. One of the central themes of contemporary French philosophy is its concern with the theoretical and political status of the subject, a question which has been broached by structuralists and poststructuralists through an analysis of the construction of the subject in and by language, discourse, power and ideology.Contemporary French Philosophy outlines the construction of the subject in modern philosophy, focusing in particular on the seminal work of Althusser, Lacan, Derrida and Foucault. The book interrogates some of the most influential perspectives on the question of the subject to contest those postmodern voices which announce its disappearance or death. It argues instead that the question of the subject persists, even in those perspectives which seek to abandon it altogether.Providing a broad introduction to the field and an original analysis of some of the most influential theorists of the 20th Century, the book will be of great interest to political and literary theorists, cultural historians, as well as to philosophers.

Philosophy and Museums

Essays on the Philosophy of Museums

Author: Victoria S. Harrison,Gary Kemp,Anna Bergqvist

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107545670

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 6717

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Museums and their practices - especially those involving collection, curation and exhibition - generate a host of philosophical questions. Such questions are not limited to the domains of ethics and aesthetics, but go further into the domains of metaphysics, epistemology and philosophy of religion. Despite the prominence of museums as public institutions, they have until recently received surprisingly little scrutiny from philosophers in the Anglo-American tradition. By bringing together contributions from philosophers with backgrounds in a range of traditional areas of philosophy, this volume demonstrates how their work can enhance our understanding of museums and shed light on the philosophical questions raised by museum practices. Many of the chapters in this volume make the case that the philosophy of museums is of vital concern, not only to those philosophers at work in the emerging field but also to practitioners within the museum world and to anyone who enjoys visiting museums.

Modern Moral Philosophy

Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement: 54

Author: Anthony O'Hear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521603263

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 6758

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Collection of original essays by leading researchers on current approaches to moral philosophy.

Logic, Thought and Language

Author: Anthony O'Hear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529662

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 2058

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Original essays by leading philosophers on topics of logic, thought and language.

The American Pragmatists

Author: Cheryl Misak

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651389

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 7429

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Cheryl Misak presents a history of the great American philosophical tradition of pragmatism, from its inception in the Metaphysical Club of the 1870s to the present day. This ambitious new account identifies the connections between traditional American pragmatism and contemporary philosophy and argues that the most defensible version of pragmatism — roughly, that of Peirce, Lewis, and Sellars — must be seen and recovered as an important part of the analytic tradition.

Pauli's Exclusion Principle

The Origin and Validation of a Scientific Principle

Author: Michela Massimi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445924

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1529

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There is hardly another principle in physics with wider scope of applicability and more far-reaching consequences than Pauli's exclusion principle. This 2005 book explores the principle's origin in the atomic spectroscopy of the early 1920s, its subsequent embedding into quantum mechanics, and later experimental validation with the development of quantum chromodynamics. The reconstruction of this crucial historic episode provides an excellent foil to reconsider Kuhn's view on incommensurability. The author defends the prospective rationality of the revolutionary transition from the old to the new quantum theory around 1925 by focusing on the way Pauli's principle emerged as a phenomenological rule 'deduced' from some anomalous phenomena and theoretical assumptions of the old quantum theory. The subsequent process of validation is historically reconstructed and analysed within the framework of 'dynamic Kantianism'. The variety of themes skilfully interwoven in this book will appeal to philosophers, historians, scientists and anyone interested in philosophy.

Naturalism, Evolution and Mind

Author: D. M. Walsh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521003735

Category: Nature

Page: 282

View: 4038

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Examines the impact of concepts from evolutionary biology on the philosophy of mind.

Time, Reality and Experience

Author: Royal Institute of Philosophy. Annual Conference,Royal Institute of Philosophy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529679

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 4458

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Collection of original essays by leading philosophers on a range of questions about time.

Perspectives in Bioethics, Science, and Public Policy

Author: Jonathan Beever,Nicolae Morar

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 161

View: 9435

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In this book, nine thought-leaders engage with some of the hottest moral issues in science and ethics. Based on talks originally given at the annual “Purdue Lectures in Ethics, Policy, and Science,” the chapters explore interconnections between the three areas in an engaging and accessible way. Addressing a mixed public audience, the authors go beyond dry theory to explore some of the difficult moral questions that face scientists and policy-makers every day. The introduction presents a theoretical framework for the book, defining the term “bioethics” as extending well beyond human well-being to wider relations between humans, nonhuman animals, the environment, and biotechnologies. Three sections then explore the complex relationship between moral value, scientific knowledge, and policy making. The first section starts with thoughts on nonhuman animal pain and moves to a discussion of animal understanding. The second section explores climate change and the impact of “green” nanotechnology on environmental concerns. The final section begins with dialog about ethical issues in nanotechnology, moves to an exploration of bio-banks (a technology with broad potential medical and environmental impact), and ends with a survey of the impact of biotechnologies on (synthetic) life itself.

Human Nature

The History Collection

Author: Paul Cornell

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1849909091

Category: Fiction

Page: 272

View: 6686

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Hulton College in Norfolk is a school dedicated to producing military officers. With the First World War about to start, the boys of the school will soon be on the front line. But no one expects a war - not even Dr John Smith, the college's new house master. The Doctor's friend Benny is enjoying her holiday in the same town. But then she meets a future version of the Doctor, and things start to get dangerous very quickly. With the Doctor she knows gone, and only a suffragette and an elderly rake for company, can Benny fight off a vicious alien attack? And will Dr Smith be able to save the day? This is an adventure set in Britain on the eve of the First World War, featuring the Seventh Doctor as played by Sylvester McCoy and his companion Bernice Summerfield. This book was the basis for the Tenth Doctor television story Human Nature/The Family of Blood starring David Tennant.

Understanding Music

Philosophy and Interpretation

Author: Roger Scruton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474270182

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 2298

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With Understanding Music and The Aesthetics of Music (1997) Roger Scruton set a new standard of rigour and seriousness in the philosophy of music. This collection of wide-ranging essays covers all aspects of the theory and practice of music, showing the significance of music as an expression of the moral life. The book is split into two parts, the first is devoted to the aesthetics and theory of music and the second consists of critical studies of individual composers, thinkers and works including essays on Mozart, Wagner, Beethoven's Ninth, Janácek & Schoenberg, Szymanowski and Adorno. Understanding Music will appeal to specialists in philosophy and musicology and also to music lovers who wish to find deeper meaning in this mysterious art. The Bloomsbury Revelations editions includes a new preface from author.

Equality and Opportunity

Author: Shlomi Segall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019102273X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 1883

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Egalitarians have traditionally been suspicious of equality of opportunity. But the past twenty five years or so have seen a sea-change in egalitarian thinking about that concept. 'Luck egalitarians' such as G. A. Cohen, Richard Arneson, and John Roemer have paved a new way of thinking about equality of opportunity, and infused it with radical egalitarian content. In this book, Shlomi Segall brings together these developments in egalitarian theory and offers a comprehensive account of 'radical equality of opportunity'. Radical equality of opportunity (EOp) differs from more traditional conceptions on several dimensions. Most notably, while other accounts of equality of opportunity strive to neutralize legal and/or socio-economic obstacles to one's opportunity-set the radical account seeks to remove also natural ones. Radical EOp, then, aims at neutralizing all obstacles that lie outside individuals' control. This has far-reaching implications, and the book is devoted to exploring and defending them. The book touches on four main themes. First, it locates the ideal of radical EOp within egalitarian distributive justice. Segall advances there three claims in particular: that we ought to be concerned with equality in individual holdings (rather than merely social relations); that we ought to be bothered, as egalitarians, with unequal outcomes, and never equal ones; and that we ought to be concerned with disadvantages the absolute (rather than relative) badness of which, the agent could not have controlled. Second, the book applies the concept of radical equality of opportunity to office and hiring. It demonstrates that radical EOp yields an attractive account both with regard to justice in the allocation of jobs on the one hand, and discrimination, on the other. Third, the book offers an account of radical EOp in education and upbringing. Segall tries to defend there the rather radical implications of the account, namely that it may hold children responsible for their choices, and that it places quite demanding requirements on parents. Finally, the book develops an account of radical equality of opportunity for health, to rival Norman Daniels's Rawlsian account. The proposed account is distinguished in the parity that it creates between social and natural causes of ill health.

Adaptation, Poverty and Development

The Dynamics of Subjective Well-Being

Author: D. Clark

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360564

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 5208

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Adaptation and Development -- Issues, Evidence and Policy Relevance PART I: ADAPTATION AND DEVELOPMENT: CONCEPTS AND ISSUES Utilitarianism, 'Adaptation' and Paternalism-- M.Qizilbash Adaptation: Implications for Development in Theory and Practice PART II: ADAPTATION AND DEVELOPMENT: THREE CASE STUDIES Aspirations, Adaptation and Subjective Well-Being of Rural-Urban Migrants in China-- J.Knight & R.Gunatilaka A Multidimensional Analysis of Adaptation in a Developing Country Context-- A.Barr Adaptation, Poverty and Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from South India-- D.Neff PART III: ADAPTATION AND DEVELOPMENT: SPECIFIC ISSUES Subjective Well-being, Disability and Adaptation: A Case Study from Rural Ethiopia-- M.Fafchamps & B.Kebede Adaptation of the Rural Working Class in India: A Case Study of Migrant Workers-- B.Reddy & W.Olsen.

Philosophy, the Good, the True and the Beautiful

Author: Anthony O'Hear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785112

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 9842

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Discussions of value play a central role in contemporary philosophy. This book considers the role of values in truth seeking, in morality, in aesthetics and also in the spiritual life. We have got beyond the simplistic view that values are simply expressions of feeling, but their precise ontological and epistemological status remains controversial. The essays in this book indicate in an accessible way the state of the discussion as it is at the end of the second millennium. The distinguished contributors include Simon Blackburn, Jonathan Dancy, Paul Horwich, John Leslie, Timothy Sprigge, David Wiggins and others who have made significant contributions in this field.

Ethics for Disaster

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742564959

Category: Philosophy

Page: 143

View: 9191

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Ethics for Disaster addresses the moral aspects of the aftermath of natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and tornadoes. The book explores how these catastrophes illuminate the existing inequalities in society, combining a unique philosophical approach with new moral thinking. Zack stresses the obligation of both individuals and government in preparing for and responding to dangerous times, forcefully arguing for the preservation of normal moral principles even in times of crisis and national emergency.