Philosophy for Life: Teach Yourself

The Ideas That Shape Our World and How To Use Them

Author: Mel Thompson

Publisher: Teach Yourself

ISBN: 1473657911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 3093

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Philosophy For Life is the definitive introduction to the history of Western thought, but more than that, it is a toolkit for using philosophy in your daily life. As you read, you will develop your own critical and creative thinking, exploring the key ideas in Western Philosophy and the arguments that continue to shape our world. You will discover what philosophy is really about, learn to be a sceptic, meet Plato and Aristotle, explore the concept of mind, question free will, use philosophy to be happy, find out about Marx and materialism, see how philosophy relates to everything from comics to coffee, and ask whether god exists. Philosophy is a life-tool, a set of skills for engaging with any subject, and in Philosphy For Life, you will discover a body of wisdom and a way to develop your own critical and creative thinking. ABOUT THE SERIES People have been learning with Teach Yourself since 1938. With a vast range of practical, how-to guides covering language learning, lifestyle, hobbies, business, psychology and self-help, there's a Teach Yourself book for whatever you want to do. Join more than 60 million people who have reached their goals with Teach Yourself, and never stop learning.

Philosophy for Life

Applying Philosophy in Politics and Culture

Author: Rupert Read

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441162550

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 1710

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Philosophy for Life is a bold call for the practice of philosophy in our everyday lives. Philosopher and writer Rupert Read explores a series of important and often provocative contemporary political and cultural issues from a philosophical perspective, arguing that philosophy is not a body of doctrine, but a practice, a vantage point from which life should be analysed and, more importantly, acted upon. Philosophy for Life is a personal journey that explores four key areas of society today: Politics, Religion, Art, and the Environment. Taking tangible examples from modern politics, from climate change to the war on terror, and culture, from Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings film trilogy to the poetry of T.S. Eliot, Read shows that philosophy is already an active part of today's world. This captivating and timely book offers a philosophical response to some of the key questions facing today's society and encourages us to use philosophy as a kind of therapy. Philosophy for Life shows that we can improve our perspective on the world and our place in it by doing philosophy everyday.

Aha!

The Moments of Insight That Shape Our World

Author: William B. Irvine

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199338876

Category: PHILOSOPHY

Page: 362

View: 4304

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Draws on expertise from psychology, neurology and evolutionary psychology to illuminate the process of spontaneous flashes of human insight, surveying engaging examples from the fields of religion, science, math and art.

Teaching to Learn, Learning to Teach

A Handbook for Secondary School Teachers

Author: Alan J. Singer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136286071

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 2893

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Teaching to Learn, Learning to Teach uniquely addresses three problems that frequently concern pre-service and beginning teachers: classroom control, satisfying state and federal mandates, and figuring out exactly what is the role of the teacher. Integrating practical, theoretical, and critical teaching considerations, it presents a model student-centered approach for designing lessons, developing personal connections with students, and building classroom communities: PRO/CLASS Practices (Planning, Relationships, Organization, Community, Leadership, Assessment, Support, Struggle). Pre-service teachers are encouraged to reinterpret the principles and continually redefine them as they develop their own reflective practice. Changes in the Second Edition • Updates throughout with attention to the Common Core State Standards, high stakes testing, the possibilities and limitations of technology use in the classroom, and preparing for the job market\ • Fully revised chapter on literacy • New interviews with teachers • Companion Website: Supplemental planning, teaching, and assessment materials; 32 extended essays including a number of the author’s widely read Huffington Post columns; interviews with beginning and veteran teachers; Ideas for Your Professional Portfolio, Resume, and Cover Letter; Recommended Websites for Teachers

The Philosophy of Childhood

Author: Gareth B. Matthews

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674664807

Category: Psychology

Page: 136

View: 4878

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So many questions, such an imagination, endless speculation: the child seems to be a natural philosopher--until the ripe old age of eight or nine, when the spirit of inquiry mysteriously fades. What happened? Was it something we did--or didn't do? Was the child truly the philosophical being he once seemed? Gareth Matthews takes up these concerns in The Philosophy of Childhood, a searching account of children's philosophical potential and of childhood as an area of philosophical inquiry. Seeking a philosophy that represents the range and depth of children's inquisitive minds, Matthews explores both how children think and how we, as adults, think about them. Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child's philosophical bent, Matthews suggests, and he probes the sources of these limiting assumptions: restrictive notions of maturation and conceptual development; possible lapses in episodic memory; the experience of identity and growth as "successive selves," which separate us from our own childhoods. By exposing the underpinnings of our adult views of childhood, Matthews, a philosopher and longtime advocate of children's rights, clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry. He then conducts us through various influential models for understanding what it is to be a child, from the theory that individual development recapitulates the development of the human species to accounts of moral and cognitive development, including Piaget's revolutionary model. The metaphysics of playdough, the authenticity of children's art, the effects of divorce and intimations of mortality on a child--all have a place in Matthews's rich discussion of the philosophical nature of childhood. His book will prompt us to reconsider the distinctions we make about development and the competencies of mind, and what we lose by denying childhood its full philosophical breadth.

The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy

Author: Robert C. Solomon,Kathleen M. Higgins

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337517445

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 3255

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Solomon and Higgins's engaging text covers philosophy's central ideas in an accessible, approachable manner. Through an exploration of timeless big questions about the self, God, justice, and other meaningful topics, the authors provide students with the context they need for an understanding of the foundational issues, while giving them the impetus and confidence to establish their own informed positions on these big questions. To give you the flexibility to fit the book to your course, the authors have designed each chapter with self-contained discussions, thus making it easy for you to choose your preferred topics and presentation order. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Plato at the Googleplex

Why Philosophy Won't Go Away

Author: Rebecca Goldstein

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0307908879

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 8226

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Is philosophy obsolete? Are the ancient questions still relevant in the age of cosmology and neuroscience, not to mention crowd-sourcing and cable news? The acclaimed philosopher and novelist Rebecca Newberger Goldstein provides a dazzlingly original plunge into the drama of philosophy, revealing its hidden role in today’s debates on religion, morality, politics, and science. At the origin of Western philosophy stands Plato, who got about as much wrong as one would expect from a thinker who lived 2,400 years ago. But Plato’s role in shaping philosophy was pivotal. On her way to considering the place of philosophy in our ongoing intellectual life, Goldstein tells a new story of its origin, re-envisioning the extraordinary culture that produced the man who produced philosophy. But it is primarily the fate of philosophy that concerns her. Is the discipline no more than a way of biding our time until the scientists arrive on the scene? Have they already arrived? Does philosophy itself ever make progress? And if it does, why is so ancient a figure as Plato of any continuing relevance? Plato at the Googleplex is Goldstein’s startling investigation of these conundra. She interweaves her narrative with Plato’s own choice for bringing ideas to life—the dialogue. Imagine that Plato came to life in the twenty-first century and embarked on a multicity speaking tour. How would he handle the host of a cable news program who denies there can be morality without religion? How would he mediate a debate between a Freudian psychoanalyst and a tiger mom on how to raise the perfect child? How would he answer a neuroscientist who, about to scan Plato’s brain, argues that science has definitively answered the questions of free will and moral agency? What would Plato make of Google, and of the idea that knowledge can be crowd-sourced rather than reasoned out by experts? With a philosopher’s depth and a novelist’s imagination and wit, Goldstein probes the deepest issues confronting us by allowing us to eavesdrop on Plato as he takes on the modern world. (With black-and-white photographs throughout.)

The Cave and the Light

Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization

Author: Arthur Herman

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0553907832

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 5064

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Arthur Herman has now written the definitive sequel to his New York Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book—which sold half a million copies worldwide—back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. The Cave and the Light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato’s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato’s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor’s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man’s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light “A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews “Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.”—Publishers Weekly “A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.”—Library Journal “Entertaining and often illuminating.”—The Wall Street Journal From the Hardcover edition.

The Integration of Faith and Learning

A Worldview Approach

Author: Robert A. Harris

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 159244671X

Category: Religion

Page: 314

View: 6043

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The Integration of Faith and Learning: A Worldview Approach'provides students with the philosophical context and practical tools necessary for making the connections between Christian knowledge and the knowledge they will acquire during their undergraduate and graduate years in higher education. This book focuses on helping students understand how worldviews influence the interpretation of data and even what is judged to be knowledge itself. The worldviews of philosophical naturalism, postmodernism, and Christianity are compared and analyzed. Throughout the book, emphasis is placed on helping students develop the practical skills needed to evaluate knowledge claims and to integrate all knowledge into a unified whole through the touchstone of Christian truth.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 5836

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

The Consequences of Ideas

Understanding the Concepts that Shaped Our World

Author: R. C. Sproul

Publisher: Crossway

ISBN: 9781433522642

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 9771

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Sproul's survey of the ongoing impact of history's most influential philosophies urges readers to take prevailing cultural mind-sets seriously… because ideas do have consequences. The greatest thinkers of all time are impacting us still. From public-policy decisions and current laws to world events, theology, the arts, education, and even conversations between friends, history's most influential philosophies have wrought massive consequences on nearly everything we see, think, and do. Thus it is critical for Christians to understand the ideas that are shaping them. The greater their familiarity with the streams of thought that have saturated Western culture through the ages, the greater their ability to influence this culture for Christ. With The Consequences of Ideas, now in paperback, R. C. Sproul expertly leads the way for thoughtful readers. Tracing the contours of Western philosophy from the ancients to the molders of modern and postmodern thought-including Plato, Aquinas, Descartes, Kant, and Freud-Sproul proves that ideas are not just passing fads; they endure for generations to come and demand our serious attention.

Maths is all Around You

Author: Marianne Knaus

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472913396

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 7477

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We encounter mathematics on a regular basis in one form or another. For some people, maths is 'scary' and not something they feel confident about. Even though many educators and parents attempt to provide good mathematics experiences, there is still a high level of anxiety about the teaching and learning of mathematics. This book presents a broad range of concepts and aims to widen the narrow view that maths for young children is just about numbers and shapes. The content includes pattern (early algebra), counting, number, early operations, measurement, shape and spatial awareness (geometry), matching, sorting, data analysis and the introduction of chance (statistics and probability). This book is intended for educators and parents who would like to explore and investigate maths concepts to enrich children's experiences and extend their current thinking and learning.

The Conspiracy Rhetoric of Mankind

Author: Paul J. Linke

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 147970654X

Category: Fiction

Page: 377

View: 5511

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When we think we learned something new, we are quite proud of it. But it wears off quickly for an unknown reason. So, what is wrong with what we do? When you start to think about the things you learn, and what the reason or purpose actually is, then you have to wonder sometimes is it really something new we just learned. Because having in mind to learn something new can be quite exhausting at times. Maybe we have to start to think about this in a different way, and take a different approach in discovering new things. It is like a treasure hunt, imagine that we are all pirates looking for an adventure or treasures. Obviously our life is about searching for something, but most of the time we dont even know what we are looking for. We do this quite instinctively, maybe we are preprogrammed in a way and we are not aware of it. But when you find out who we are, then everything seams to make sense. Our entire world (Universe) stands on myth and mythology (including our history), making us wonder if it is real. Lets look at life in a different way. Learn more about our history, maybe we can learn from old things our ancestors already new, and then set that aside and try to find your own way. You most certainly will see things with different eyes. This is what our life is all about, it is a soul search where the experience we have along the way is the reward (treasure). In Australia the Aboriginal people are most likely a candidate for such an idea. They go on a regular Walkabout, which literately means looking for something. They might find something which can be worth bringing home as an idea for which the whole community can benefit from. This is what a walkabout is all about, looking for something which is useful, and has a value in the community. After all we are constantly occupied by making a living or providing for our needs. The westerners actually practice the same thing, we call them the Backpackers. People who go and see other parts of the world, enjoy the diversity and beauty of nature, as well as other cultures and traditions. Yes, we can learn something old, have a lot of fun and it can be quite rewarding. This book was taking shape, based on an ironic thought; How much knowledge there is, and we know so little. How come we know so little? We know all the most complicated things there can be, but we know very little of what life is about. What is the cause for all things? How does it all work? What is the reason? And last but not least; How do we fit into everything? Is it possible that we have taken valuable information from ancient Greek knowledge, but ignored one of their most important practices the philosophy of all things. Has everything to us become scientific or important because sciences can explain the real world. Have we forgotten that this real world we live in comes from a mystical source (something unseen). Something we call a different dimension because we cant possibly explain it. It is such an exotic source, that it would take a lot of ancient knowledge to discover the truth. Do you want to discover the truth? This book might have some answers.

The Laws of M.O.S.E.S (America's Financial Future)

Volume One "A New Philosophy"

Author: Claus M. Bohm

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469126974

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 357

View: 1679

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Dare to take a journey in a discussion to change the face of our financial world. Discover a new way to run the United States economy with a simple approach that gives us all real freedom. This content will not use economic jargon and complicated graphs. It will analyze our system with simple models and theories. We will then see how a system of fairness and equality can come from the effort. This will be a true revolution in how we view money today and how we will handle it in the future. This proposal, questions and critiques our financial institutions. It says we can do better to achieve something that has never been done before. This unusual view of our financial system by spirituality and political morality will identify the hypocrisy of our times. It will show and legitimize our reasons for building a new and sustainable capitalism.

From Master Student to Master Employee

Author: Dave Ellis

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0618951601

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 4234

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Career readiness and workplace development are more important than ever to today's students. To be competitive and successful in today's job market, they need to learn how to continuously expand their knowledge and skills. Master Student to Master Employee helps your students discover what their skills are, what skills they already use in school are most applicable to the workplace, and how best to apply them. The Second Edition maintains the vision and proven content of the text while offering a cleaner, more sophisticated interior design to appeal to both traditional students and adult learners. The Second Edition focuses on transferable skills that promote success in the classroom and in a global, knowledge-based economy. Enhancements include a new Money chapter addressing money management during the college years as well as strategies for planning for the future; additional coverage of diversity in the Communication chapter; and updated Master Student Profiles focus on individuals who have made a successful transition from school to the workplace. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Science and Culture

Author: Joseph Agassi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401729468

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 9417

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This work addresses scientism and relativism, two false philosophies that divorce science from culture in general and from tradition in particular. It helps break the isolation of science from the rest of culture by promoting popular science and reasonable history of science. It provides examples of the value of science to culture, discussions of items of the general culture, practical strategies and tools, and case studies. It is for practising professionals, political scientists and science policy students and administrators.

Critical Pedagogy and the Everyday Classroom

Author: Tony Monchinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084633

Category: Education

Page: 227

View: 9271

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Critical Pedagogy addresses the shortcomings of mainstream educational theory and practice and promotes the humanization of teacher and student. Where Critical Pedagogy is often treated as a discourse of academics in universities, this book explores the applications of Critical Pedagogy to actual classroom situations. Written in a straight-forward, concise, and lucid form by an American high school teacher, drawing examples from literature, film, and, above all, the everyday classroom, this book is meant to provoke thought in teachers, students and education activists as we transform our classrooms into democratic sites. From grading to testing, from content area disciplines to curriculum planning and instruction, from the social construction of knowledge to embodied cognition, this book takes the theories behind Critical Pedagogy and illustrates them at work in common classroom environments.

Dimensions of Human Behavior

Person and Environment

Author: Elizabeth D. Hutchison

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412941253

Category: Psychology

Page: 630

View: 4442

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In this text, you will meet social workers and clients from a variety of work settings and situations who bring the passion and power of social work to life through engaging case studies found throughout the text. These case studies help apply the latest theory and research to real life practice situations. The Third Edition offers new case studies and is thoroughly updated and revised to reflect recent census data, developing trends, and cutting-edge research on human behavior.

The Allegory of the Cave

Author: Plato

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1365673227

Category: History

Page: 36

View: 6765

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The Allegory of the Cave is a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter, in which Plato elucidates his Theory of Forms. Plato's Allegory is considered one of Western philosophy's most important metaphors.