Physics

Author: Aristotle,Robin Waterfield,David Bostock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192835864

Category: Fiction

Page: 301

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For many centuries, Aristotle's Physics was the essential starting point for anyone who wished to study the natural sciences This book begins with an analysis of change, which introduces us to Aristotle's central concepts of matter and form, before moving on to an account of explanation in the sciences and a defence of teleological explanation. Aristotle then turns to detailed, important, and often ingenious discussions of notions such as infinity, place, void, time, and conintuity. He ends with an argument designed to show that the changes we experience in the world demand as their cause a single unchanging cause of all change, namely God. This is the first complete translation of Physics into English since 1930. It presents Aristotle's thought accurately, while at the same time simplifying and expanding the often crabbed and elliptical style of the original, so that it is very much easier to read. A lucid introduction and extensive notes explain the general structureof each section of the book and shed light on particular problems.

Gorgias

Author: Plato

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192836304

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

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The struggle which Plato has Socrates recommend to his interlocutors in Gorgias - and to his readers - is the struggle to overcome the temptations of worldly success and to concentrate on genuine morality. Ostensibly an enquiry into the value of rhetoric, the dialogue soon becomes an investigation into the value of these two contrasting ways of life. In a series of dazzling and bold arguments, Plato attempts to establish that only morality can bring a person true happiness, and to demolish alternative viewpoints. It is not suprising that Gorgias is one of Plato's most widely read dialogues. Philosophers read it for its coverage of central moral issues; others enjoy its vividness, clarity and occasional bitter humour. This new translation is accompanied by explanatory notes and an informative introduction.

The Elements of Avicenna's Physics

Greek Sources and Arabic Innovations

Author: Andreas Lammer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110546795

Category: Philosophy

Page: 614

View: 9029

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This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the physical theory of the Islamic philosopher Avicenna (d. 1037). It seeks to understand his contribution against the developments within the preceding Greek and Arabic intellectual milieus, and to appreciate his philosophy as such by emphasising his independence as a critical and systematic thinker. Exploring Avicenna’s method of "teaching and learning," it investigates the implications of his account of the natural body as a three-dimensionally extended composite of matter and form, and examines his views on nature as a principle of motion and his analysis of its relation to soul. Moreover, it demonstrates how Avicenna defends the Aristotelian conception of place against the strident criticism of his predecessors, among other things, by disproving the existence of void and space. Finally, it sheds new light on Avicenna’s account of the essence and the existence of time. For the first time taking into account the entire range of Avicenna’s major writings, this study fills a gap in our understanding both of the history of natural philosophy in general and of the philosophy of Avicenna in particular.

God, Time, and the Incarnation

Author: Richard A. Holland

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630872407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

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The dominant view among Christian theologians and philosophers is that God is timeless--that he exists outside of time in an "atemporal" eternity. In God, Time, and the Incarnation, Richard Holland offers a critical evaluation of this traditional view in light of the most central doctrine of Christianity: the Incarnation of Christ. Holland reviews the history of this controversy, highlighting the various theological problems for which atemporal models have been offered as a solution. He asserts the central importance of the Incarnation for Christian theology and evaluates several atemporal models in light of this doctrine. Finally, he suggests that the traditional atemporal view is not compatible with a robust and orthodox view of the Incarnation. This book rejects the traditional atemporal view of God's relationship to time and argues, based on the Incarnation, that God experiences temporal sequence in his existence.

Modernist Physics

Waves, Particles, and Relativities in the Writings of Virginia Woolf and D. H. Lawrence

Author: Rachel Crossland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192547976

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 2003

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Modernist Physics takes as its focus the ideas associated with three scientific papers published by Albert Einstein in 1905, considering the dissemination of those ideas both within and beyond the scientific field, and exploring the manifestation of similar ideas in the literary works of Virginia Woolf and D. H. Lawrence. Drawing on Gillian Beer's suggestion that literature and science 'share the moment's discourse', Modernist Physics seeks both to combine and to distinguish between the two standard approaches within the field of literature and science: direct influence and the zeitgeist. The book is divided into three parts, each of which focuses on the ideas associated with one of Einstein's papers. Part I considers Woolf in relation to Einstein's paper on light quanta, arguing that questions of duality and complementarity had a wider cultural significance in the early twentieth century than has yet been acknowledged, and suggesting that Woolf can usefully be considered a complementary, rather than a dualistic, writer. Part II looks at Lawrence's reading of at least one book on relativity in 1921, and his subsequent suggestion in Fantasia of the Unconscious that 'we are in sad need of a theory of human relativity', a theory which is shown to be relevant to Lawrence's writing of relationships both before and after 1921. Part III considers Woolf and Lawrence together alongside late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century discussions of molecular physics and crowd psychology, suggesting that Einstein's work on Brownian motion provides a useful model for thinking about individual literary characters.

Themistius: On Aristotle Physics 5-8

Author: Themistius

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 198

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Discusses the core ideas in Aristotle's account of change, his theory of the continuum, and his doctrine of the unmoved mover. This book covers the central features of Aristotle's physical theory, synthesized and epitomized in a manner that has always marked Aristotelian exegesis.

Landmarks in Classical Literature

Author: Philip Gaskell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 227

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Although deconstruction has become a popular catchword, as an intellectual movement it has never entirely caught on within the university. For some in the academy, deconstruction, and Jacques Derrida in particular, are responsible for the demise of accountability in the study of literature. Countering these facile dismissals of Derrida and deconstruction, Herman Rapaport explores the incoherence that has plagued critical theory since the 1960s and the resulting legitimacy crisis in the humanities. Against the backdrop of a rich, informed discussion of Derrida's writings -- and how they have been misconstrued by critics and admirers alike -- The Theory Mess investigates the vicissitudes of Anglo-American criticism over the past thirty years and proposes some possibilities for reform.

How to Read Ancient Philosophy

Author: Miriam Leonard

Publisher: Granta Books

ISBN: 9781862079977

Category: Philosophy

Page: 116

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Thinkers such as Aristotle, Plato, and Parmenides have shaped the way we see the world, and it is their original conception of philosophy which has placed topics such as logic, metaphysics, ethics, and ontology at the heart of philosophical debates for centuries. Miriam Leonard not only explores the central theories of their works, but also gives some sense of the messy process of abstraction, where written texts get transformed into timeless ideals. She looks at how simple phrases such as ?in what way?” or ?there is” are turned into the language of philosophy. Taking passages from Heraclitus, Parmenides, Lucretius, and Cicero as well as Plato and Aristotle, this guide provides an insight into the influence of its texts on the later history of ideas.

Selected Speeches

Author: Demosthenes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645737

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 480

View: 8354

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'Even if everyone else succumbs to slavery, we must still fight for our freedom.' Admired by many in the ancient world as the greatest of the classic Athenian orators, Demosthenes was intimately involved in the political events of his day. As well as showing a master orator at work, his speeches are a prime source for the history of the period, when Athens was engaged in a doomed struggle against the rising power of Macedon under the brilliant father and son, Philip and Alexander. Demosthenes wrote for the courts, both for political trials in which he was involved and for other cases in which he acted as ghost-writer for plaintiff or defendant, and his lawcourt speeches give an unrivalled glimpse of the daily life of ancient Athens. He also played a central role in education in Greece and Rome from the Hellenistic period onward, and was imitated by the greatest of Roman orators, Cicero. This selection includes the fullest range of Demosthenes' speeches, for trials both public and private and for the assembly, in a single volume.

Discourses, Fragments, Handbook

Author: Epictetus

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641979

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 9678

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'About things that are within our power and those that are not.' Epictetus's Discourses have been the most widely read and influential of all writings of Stoic philosophy, from antiquity onwards. They set out the core ethical principles of Stoicism in a form designed to help people put them into practice and to use them as a basis for leading a good human life. Epictetus was a teacher, and a freed slave, whose discourses have a vivid informality, animated by anecdotes and dialogue. Forceful, direct, and challenging, their central message is that the basis of happiness is up to us, and that we all have the capacity, through sustained reflection and hard work, of achieving this goal. They still speak eloquently to modern readers seeking meaning in their own lives. This is the only complete modern translation of the Discourses, together with the Handbook or manual of key themes, and surviving fragments. Robin Hard's accurate and accessible translation is accompanied by Christopher Gill's full introduction and comprehensive notes. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Fifty Key Classical Authors

Author: Alison Sharrock,Rhiannon Ash

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415165112

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 421

View: 5511

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A chronological guide to influential Greek and Roman writers, Fifty Key Classical Authors is an invaluable introduction to the literature, philosophy and history of the ancient world. Including essays on Sappho, Polybius and Lucan, as well as on major figures such as Homer, Plato, Catullus and Cicero, this book is a vital tool for all students of classical civilization.

The Art of Rhetoric

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019872425X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 9904

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For all men are persuaded by considerations of where their interest lies... Aristotle's Art of Rhetoric is the earliest systematic treatment of the subject, and it remains among the most incisive works on rhetoric that we possess. In it, we are asked: What is a good speech? What do popular audiences find persuasive? How does one compose a persuasive speech? Aristotle considers these questions in the context of the ancient Greek democratic city-state, in which large audiences of ordinary citizens listened to speeches pro and con before casting the votes that made the laws, decided the policies, and settled the cases in court. Persuasion by means of the spoken word was the vehicle for conducting politics and administering the law. After stating the basic principles of persuasive speech, Aristotle places rhetoric in relation to allied fields such as politics, ethics, psychology, and logic, and he demonstrates how to construct a persuasive case for any kind of plea on any subject of communal concern. Aristotle views persuasion flexibly, examining how speakers should devise arguments, evoke emotions, and demonstrate their own credibility. The treatise provides ample evidence of Aristotle's unique and brilliant manner of thinking, and has had a profound influence on later attempts to understand what makes speech persuasive. The new translation of the text is accompanied by an introduction discussing the political, philosophical, and rhetorical background to Aristotle's treatise, as well as the composition and transmission of the original text and an account of Aristotle's life.

The First Philosophers

The Presocratics and Sophists

Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019953909X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

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These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.

Ice Physics

Author: Peter V. Hobbs

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019958771X

Category: Science

Page: 837

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This classic monograph provided the first comprehensive account of the physics and chemistry of ice, and remains authoritative and relevant today. The book places emphasis on the basic physical properties of ice (electrical, optical, mechanical, and thermal), the modes of nucleation and growth of ice, and the interpretation of these phenomena in terms of molecular structure. The book should serve both as a reference on ice physics for research workers and as aunified survery of the subject for those new to the field.

The Physics of Liquid Crystals

Author: P. G. de Gennes,J. Prost

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198517856

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 1979

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The original edition was immediately recognized as a classic of condensed matter physics. This new edition covers the main properties of nematics, cholesterics, and smectics and columnar phases, particularly the symmetry and the mechanical and optical characteristics of each phase. The latter includes some applications to display systems. The emphasis on order-of-magnitude considerations should make it accessible to researchers and graduate students alike.

El enigma de la realidad

Author: Pilar Ruiz-Lapuente

Publisher: Editorial GEDISA

ISBN: 8497847032

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 7341

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A lo largo de la Historia del pensamiento sobre la naturaleza, han surgido temas recurrentes de discusión filosófica. La misma cuestión del ser y la nada planteada en la Grecia antigua toca de lleno la Física de hoy ¿Qué es el tiempo? ¿Qué es el espacio? ¿Son entidades reales? Y el nuevo espacio–tiempo de la relatividad ¿cómo se relaciona con el tiempo y el espacio clásicos? Desde Aristóteles a Einstein se ha reflexionado en profundidad sobre la realidad del tiempo y el espacio. Pero, a pesar de la coincidencia parcial en las conclusiones, persisten discrepancias de fondo sobre una larga lista de términos y hechos de la Física. La realidad de ciertas entidades ha sido cuestionada desde el mismo momento en que fueron propuestas: el movimiento de traslación de la Tierra, la atracción gravitatoria entre dos cuerpos... Desgranaremos aquí estos apasionantes debates y las diversas formas en que estos hechos físicos se han ido aceptando. Por otra parte y para mayor desconcierto, las teorías se suceden sin una continuidad evidente entre sus elementos teóricos. Es difícil describir la transición de la mecánica de Newton a la relatividad especial y general como una transición continua en el significado de sus términos. ¿Son compatibles las diferentes teorías de la Física? Al pasar de una a otra ¿qué es lo que se conserva? ¿Acaso cambia la realidad según la perspectiva? Frente al relativismo, al fin siempre prevalecen, las leyes de la naturaleza.

Space and Place in Children’s Literature, 1789 to the Present

Author: Maria Sachiko Cecire,Hannah Field,Kavita Mudan Finn,Malini Roy

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 147242056X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 8725

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Focusing on questions of space and locale in children’s literature, this collection explores how metaphorical and physical space can create landscapes of power, knowledge, and identity in texts from the early nineteenth century to the present. The collection is comprised of four sections that take up the space between children and adults, the representation of 'real world' places, fantasy travel and locales, and the physical space of the children’s book-as-object. In their essays, the contributors analyze works from a range of sources and traditions by authors such as Sylvia Plath, Maria Edgeworth, Gloria Anzaldúa, Jenny Robson, C.S. Lewis, Elizabeth Knox, and Claude Ponti. While maintaining a focus on how location and spatiality aid in defining the child’s relationship to the world, the essays also address themes of borders, displacement, diaspora, exile, fantasy, gender, history, home-leaving and homecoming, hybridity, mapping, and metatextuality. With an epilogue by Philip Pullman in which he discusses his own relationship to image and locale, this collection is also a valuable resource for understanding the work of this celebrated author of children’s literature.

The Emperor's New Mind

Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics

Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198784929

Category: Computers

Page: 602

View: 7797

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For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating tour through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Molecular Beams

Author: Norman Ramsey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198520214

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 2808

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This book represents a notable contribution to the literature of atomic and molecular structure. The introductory section of the book gives us a preliminary survey of experimental apparatus and the kinds of quantities that can be measured. Subsequent chapters give accounts of gas kinetics, chemical equilibria and atomic and nuclear magnetic moments.